The Limits of Free Will


Author: Paul Russell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190627603
Category: Philosophy
Page: 312
View: 9357

Continue Reading →

The Limits of Free Will presents influential articles by Paul Russell concerning free will and moral responsibility. The problems arising in this field of philosophy, which are deeply rooted in the history of the subject, are also intimately related to a wide range of other fields, such as law and criminology, moral psychology, theology, and, more recently, neuroscience. These articles were written and published over a period of three decades, although most have appeared in the past decade. Among the topics covered: the challenge of skepticism; moral sentiment and moral capacity; necessity and the metaphysics of causation; practical reason; free will and art; fatalism and the limits of agency; moral luck, and our metaphysical attitudes of optimism and pessimism. Some essays are primarily critical in character, presenting critiques and commentary on major works or contributions in the contemporary scene. Others are mainly constructive, aiming to develop and articulate a distinctive account of compatibilism. The general theory advanced by Russell, which he describes as a form of "critical compatibilism", rejects any form of unqualified or radical skepticism; but it also insists that a plausible compatibilism has significant and substantive implications about the limits of agency and argues that this licenses a metaphysical attitude of (modest) pessimism on this topic. While each essay is self-standing, there is nevertheless a core set of themes and issues that unite and link them together. The collection is arranged and organized in a format that enables the reader to appreciate and recognize these links and core themes.

The Hateful and the Obscene

Studies in the Limits of Free Expression
Author: L. W. Sumner
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802080837
Category: Law
Page: 275
View: 3243

Continue Reading →

In a series of landmark decisions since 1990, Canadian courts have shaped a distinctive approach to the regulation of obscenity, hate literature, and child pornography. Missing from the debate, however, has been any attempt to determine whether the legal status quo can be justified by reference to a framework of moral/political principles. The Hateful and the Obscene is intended to fill that gap. L.W. Sumner brings philosophical depth and theoretical rigour to some of the most important and difficult questions concerning free expression. Building on a framework set out by J.S. Mill - that a legal restriction of expression is justified only when the expression in question is harmful to others and when the benefits of the restriction will exceed its costs - Sumner shows how the Canadian courts have replicated Mill's framework in their interpretation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Hateful and the Obscene is a compelling interpretation of freedom of expression that combines serious philosophical thought with a focus on Canadian law, thus maintaining the breadth to deal with both obscenity and hate literature.

Scham, Schuld und Notwendigkeit

Eine Wiederbelebung antiker Begriffe der Moral
Author: Bernard Williams
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050077174
Category: Philosophy
Page: 232
View: 773

Continue Reading →

Wie aktuell ist die Antike? Können wir Modernen von Homer etwas lernen und können wir mit Hilfe der antiken Tragödien einige tiefsitzende Mißverständnisse unserer Zeit von uns abschütteln? Auf diese Fragen antwortet Bernard Williams in einer faszinierenden Studie, die als sein Hauptwerk gilt, indem er insbesondere die antike Literatur von einseitigen modernen Deutungen befreit. Die Antike ist uns nicht nur viel näher als wir glauben, sie verfügt auch über Begriffe, die unser moralisches Selbstverständnis und die damit verbundenen unausweichlichen Konflikte besser beschreiben als unsere eigenen Begriffe.

Human Nature and the Limits of Darwinism


Author: Whitley R.P. Kaufman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137592885
Category: Philosophy
Page: 222
View: 4888

Continue Reading →

This book compares two competing theories of human nature: the more traditional theory espoused in different forms by centuries of western philosophy and the newer, Darwinian model. In the traditional view, the human being is a hybrid being, with a lower, animal nature and a higher, rational or “spiritual” component. The competing Darwinian account does away with the idea of a higher nature and attempts to provide a complete reduction of human nature to the evolutionary goals of survival and reproduction. Whitley Kaufman presents the case that the traditional conception, regardless of one's religious views or other beliefs, provides a superior account of human nature and culture. We are animals, but we are also rational animals. Kaufman explores the most fundamental philosophical questions as they relate to this debate over human nature—for example: Is free will an illusion? Is morality a product of evolution, with no objective basis? Is reason merely a tool for promoting reproductive success? Is art an adaptation for attracting mates? Is there any higher meaning or purpose to human life? Human Nature and the Limits of Darwinism aims to assess the competing views of human nature and present a clear account of the issues on this most pressing of questions. It engages in a close analysis of the numerous recent attempts to explain all human aims in terms of Darwinian processes and presents the arguments in support of the traditional conception of human nature.

Jonathan Edwards and the Limits of Enlightenment Philosophy


Author: Leon Chai
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195353112
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 5212

Continue Reading →

Jonathan Edwards has most often been considered in the context of the Puritanism of New England. In many ways, however, he was closer to the thinkers of the European Enlightenment. In this book. Leon Chai explores that connection, analyzing Edwards' thought in light of a number of the issues that preoccupied such Enlightenment figures as Locke, Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. The book comprises three parts, each of which begins with a detailed analysis of a crucial passage from a classic Enlightenment text, and then turns to a major theological work of Jonathan Edwards' in which the same issue is explored.

Die rothaarige Frau

Roman
Author: Orhan Pamuk
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446257683
Category: Fiction
Page: 272
View: 1032

Continue Reading →

Als er die Schauspielerin zum ersten Mal im Theaterzelt sieht, ist Cem nur der einfache Lehrling des Brunnenbauers Murat. Sie ist schön, ihr rotes Haar leuchtet wie Feuer. Je mehr der Lehrling sich zu der Rothaarigen hingezogen fühlt, desto mehr entfremdet er sich von Meister Murat, der für ihn wie ein Vater geworden war. Als ein schrecklicher Unfall passiert, flieht Cem nach Istanbul. Jahrzehnte später kehrt er an jenen Brunnen zurück, wo er etwas Ungeheures entdeckt. – Orhan Pamuk erzählt mit klassischer Wucht eine Geschichte von Vätern und Söhnen, von Liebe und Verrat, von Schuld und Sühne in der Türkei, einem Land, das noch immer zwischen Tradition und Moderne zerrissen ist.

Augustine and the Limits of Virtue


Author: James Wetzel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521405416
Category: Philosophy
Page: 246
View: 8518

Continue Reading →

This sophisticated analysis of Augustine's thought on virtue and the will makes a notable contribution to Augustine studies, and casts light both on the subject of 'moral luck' and on the relationship between theology and philosophy generally.

Was für Lebewesen sind wir?


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518748289
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 3804

Continue Reading →

Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

Die Farbe von Winterkirschen

Roman
Author: Jackie Copleton
Publisher: Limes Verlag
ISBN: 3641171458
Category: Fiction
Page: 320
View: 5329

Continue Reading →

Ein Tag, der alles zerstörte. Eine Mutter, die ihr Kind verlor. Und ihr Wunsch nach Vergebung, der nie verging – eine bewegende Geschichte um Liebe, Reue und Hoffnung. Sie verlor ihre Tochter an dem Tag, an dem die Bombe fiel. Ama hatte sich mit Yuko verabredet, um mit ihr über den Mann zu sprechen, den Yuko so liebte und Ama gleichermaßen verabscheute. Doch dazu kam es nie. Ama war zu spät – und ihre Tochter und ihr Enkel tot. Ama ließ Nagasaki hinter sich, wanderte nach Amerika aus, aber der Schmerz blieb. Nie konnte sie sich verzeihen, gab sich selbst die Schuld am Tod, ja sogar am Schicksal ihrer Tochter. Sie zog sich immer mehr zurück und lebte in ihrer eigenen Welt voll Trauer und Schmerz – bis ein junger Mann an ihre Tür klopft. Er sagt, er sei Hideo, ihr totgeglaubter Enkel. Zuerst will sie ihm nicht glauben, doch dann öffnet sie ihr Herz und lässt die Hoffnung herein ...

On Liberty


Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150185360
Category: Freiheit
Page: 350
View: 5089

Continue Reading →

Time, Will, and Mental Process


Author: Jason W. Brown
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0585346542
Category: Medical
Page: 257
View: 2002

Continue Reading →

In this volume, distinguished neurologist Jason W. Brown extends the microgenetic theory of the mind by offering a new approach to the problem of time and free will. Brown bases his work on a unitary process model of brain and behavior. He examines the problem of subjective time and free will, the experiential present, the nature of intentionality, and the creative properties of physical growth and mental process.

Bergauf mit Rückenwind

Willenskraft effizient einsetzen
Author: Kelly McGonigal
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641067510
Category: Self-Help
Page: 336
View: 5850

Continue Reading →

Innerer Schweinehund ade Die Überwindung des inneren Schweinehundes scheint fast immer nur mit eiserner Selbstbeherrschung erreichbar. Doch Kelly McGonigal zeigt, dass Willenskraft allein eine Frage des richtigen Energiemanagements ist. Mit der Einsicht in die inneren Mechanismen, durch ausreichend Regeneration, etwas Training und das Setzen von Prioritäten kann man lernen, das eigene Leben im Griff zu haben, ohne sich übermäßig anstrengen zu müssen.

The Sovereignty of God in Salvation

Biblical Essays
Author: E. Earle Ellis
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567606643
Category: Religion
Page: 142
View: 4467

Continue Reading →

In his new work The Sovereignty of God in Salvation E. Earle Ellis sets out to explore God's sovereign purpose both in individual salvation and in the salvation history within which the Bible has been authored, transmitted, interpreted and communicated. In the process he touches on such themes as the nature of free will; the manifestation God's sovereignty in the life and ministry of the Apostle Paul; the presence of God's hand in the transmission and interpretation of the biblical texts; and new perspectives on both the modern inclination to emphasise Paul's use of Graeco-Roman rhetoric as well as the contemporary reception of the biblical message. The sovereignty of God forms an overarching theme throughout.

The Determinants of Free Will

A Psychological Analysis of Responsible, Adjustive Behavior
Author: James A. Easterbrook
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483264815
Category: Psychology
Page: 272
View: 6078

Continue Reading →

The Determinants of Free Will: A Psychological Analysis of Responsible, Adjustive Behavior deals with the concept of personal adjustment as freedom of will and a personal responsibility. The book reviews the definitions, rationale, and general framework of concepts of free will, responsibility, and other terminologies. The text explains the determinants of free will; it also analyzes 1) educated intelligence and 2) efficacy as the determinants of mental health or proper personal adjustment. The text explains the philosophy of Kurt Goldstein and cites references to evidence pointing to the differences in thought among people who have forward-looking or situation-dependent behaviors. The issue of independence in a social context is also discussed. This topic includes the determinants of maladjustments and self-disciplined members of society. The text also examines motivation and informational independence through literature dealing with mechanisms of behavioral autonomy. The book also reviews the sharing of freedom and the limits to freedom of will. The text is suitable for psychologists, psychoanalysts, guidance counselors, child educators, and behavioral therapists.

Judging and Understanding

Essays on Free Will, Narrative, Meaning and the Ethical Limits of Condemnation
Author: Pedro Alexis Tabensky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351154788
Category: Philosophy
Page: 300
View: 8875

Continue Reading →

This collection embodies a debate that explores what could be characterised as the tension between judging and understanding. It seems that after a particular threshold of understanding of the basic facts leading to a given moral transgression, the more we understand the context and motives leading to crime, the more likely we are to abstain from harsh retributive judgement. Martha Nussbaum?s essay ?Equity and Mercy?, included in this collection, is the philosophical starting point of this debate, and Bernhard Schlink?s novel The Reader - a novel exploring the tension between judging and understanding, among other things - is used as a case study by most contributors. Some contributors, situated at one end of the spectrum of views represented in this collection, argue for the wholesale elimination of our practices of retribution in the light of the tension between judging and understanding, while contributors on the other side of the spectrum argue that the tension does not actually exist. A whole array of intermediate positions, including Nussbaum?s, are represented. This anthology is comprised of nearly all specially commissioned essays bringing together work dealing with the moral, metaphysical, epistemological and phenomenological issues required for properly understanding whether in fact there is a tension between judging and understanding and what the moral and legal implications may be of accepting or rejecting this tension.

Plädoyer gegen die Perfektion

Ethik im Zeitalter der genetischen Technik. Mit einem Vorwort von Jürgen Habermas
Author: Michael Sandel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783737413077
Category:
Page: 175
View: 9495

Continue Reading →

Die Philosophie der Freiheit

Grundzüge einer modernen Weltanschauung
Author: Rudolf Steiner
Publisher: SEVERUS Verlag
ISBN: 395801030X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 348
View: 8970

Continue Reading →

„Wer von uns kann sagen, dass er in all seinen Handlungen wirklich frei ist?“ Philosoph, Pädagoge, Naturwissenschaftler und Esoteriker. Durch seine ungemein polarisierende Wirkung teilte sich Rudolf Steiners Zuhörerschaft stets in Befürworter und Gegner. Mit der Philosophie der Freiheit, seinem philosophischen Hauptwerk, kreierte Steiner das Fundament der von ihm begründeten anthroposophischen Geisteswissenschaft. Steiner setzt sich dabei mit den Grundfragen der menschlichen Erkenntnisprozesse und Ethik auseinander. Er beschreibt dabei den Weg des erkennenden und handelnden Menschen, sich die Freiheit zu erarbeiten und sich seiner Existenz als freier Mensch gewiss zu werden.