The Landscape Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England

Author: N. J. Higham,Martin J. Ryan
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 1843835827
Category: History
Page: 231
View: 4919

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The Anglo-Saxon period was crucial to the development of the English landscape, but is rarely studied. The essays here provide radical new interpretations of its development.

Place-names, Language and the Anglo-Saxon Landscape

Author: N. J. Higham,Martin J. Ryan
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 1843836033
Category: History
Page: 245
View: 6958

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An exploration of the landscape of Anglo-Saxon England, particularly through the prism of place-names and what they can reveal.

The Material Culture of the Built Environment in the Anglo-Saxon World

Author: Gale Owen-Crocker,Maren Clegg Hyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1781384460
Category: History
Page: 398
View: 4440

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The Material Culture of the Built Environment in the Anglo-Saxon World, second volume of Daily Living in the Anglo-Saxon World, continues to introduce students of Anglo-Saxon culture to aspects of the realities of the built environment that surrounded Anglo-Saxon peoples through reference to archaeological and textual sources. It considers what structures intruded on the natural landscape the Anglo-Saxons inhabited - roads and tracks, ancient barrows and Roman buildings, the villages and towns, churches, beacons, boundary ditches and walls, grave-markers and standing sculptures - and explores the interrelationships between them and their part in Anglo-Saxon life.

The Early Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms of Southern Britain AD 450-650

Beneath the Tribal Hidage
Author: Sue Harrington,Martin Welch
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782976159
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 2523

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The Tribal Hidage, attributed to the 7th century, records the named groups and polities of early Anglo-Saxon England and the taxation tribute due from their lands and surpluses. Whilst providing some indication of relative wealth and its distribution, rather little can be deduced from the Hidage concerning the underlying economic and social realities of the communities documented. Sue Harrington and the late Martin Welch have adopted a new approach to these issues, based on archaeological information from 12,000 burials and 28,000 objects of the period AD 450_650. The nature, distribution and spatial relationships of settlement and burial evidence are examined over time against a background of the productive capabilities of the environment in which they are set, the availability of raw materials, evidence for metalworking and other industrial/craft activities, and communication and trade routes. This has enabled the identification of central areas of wealth that influenced places around them. Key within this period was the influence of the Franks who may have driven economic exploitation by building on the pre-existing Roman infrastructure of the south-east. Frankish material culture was as widespread as that of the Kentish people, whose wealth is evident in many well-furnished graves, but more nuanced approaches to wealth distribution are apparent further to the West, perhaps due to ongoing interaction with communities who maintained an essentially ïRomano-BritishÍ way of life.

King Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry

Author: Gale R. Owen-Crocker
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 1843836157
Category: History
Page: 202
View: 889

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Essays on the brief but tumultuous reign of Harold II, and one of our most important sources of knowledge of the time - the Bayeux Tapestry.

Transformation in Anglo-Saxon Culture

Toller Lectures on Art, Archaeology and Text
Author: Charles Insley,Gale R. Owen-Crocker
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
ISBN: 1785705008
Category: Social Science
Page: 144
View: 9782

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The five authoritive papers presented here are the product of long careers of research into Anglo-Saxon culture. In detail the subject areas and approaches are very different, yet all are cross-disciplinary and the same texts and artefacts weave through several of them. Literary text is used to interpret both history and art; ecclesiastical-historical circumstances explain the adaptation of usage of a literary text; wealth and religious learning, combined with old and foreign artistic motifs are blended into the making of new books with multiple functions; religio-socio-economic circumstances are the background to changes in burial ritual. The common element is transformation, the Anglo-Saxon ability to rework older material for new times and the necessary adaptation to new circumstances. The papers originated as five recent Toller Memorial Lectures hosted by the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies (MANCASS).

The Place of the Cross in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Catherine E. Karkov,Sarah Larratt Keefer,Karen Louise Jolly
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9781843831945
Category: Art
Page: 171
View: 1199

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The cross pervaded the whole of Anglo-Saxon culture, in art, in sculpture, in religion, in medicine. These new essays explore its importance and significance.

Tradition and Transformation in Anglo-Saxon England

Archaeology, Common Rights and Landscape
Author: Susan Oosthuizen
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472505360
Category: History
Page: 176
View: 4418

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Most people believe that traditional landscapes did not survive the collapse of Roman Britain, and that medieval open fields and commons originated in Anglo-Saxon innovations unsullied by the past. The argument presented here tests that belief by contrasting the form and management of early medieval fields and pastures with those of the prehistoric and Roman landscapes they are supposed to have superseded. The comparison reveals unexpected continuities in the layout and management of arable and pasture from the fourth millennium BC to the Norman Conquest. The results suggest a new paradigm: the collective organisation of agricultural resources originated many centuries, perhaps millennia, before Germanic migrants reached Britain. In many places, medieval open fields and common rights over pasture preserved long-standing traditions for organising community assets. In central, southern England, a negotiated compromise between early medieval lords eager to introduce new managerial structures and communities as keen to retain their customary traditions of landscape organisation underpinned the emergence of nucleated settlements and distinctive, highly-regulated open fields.

Britons in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: N. J. Higham
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 253
View: 2823

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The question of the British presence in Anglo-Saxon England readdressed by archaeologists, historians, linguists, and place-name specialists.

Dress in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Gale R. Owen-Crocker
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 184383572X
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 7399

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This encyclopaedic study of English Anglo-Saxon dress examines the subject from the fifth and sixth centuries up to the eleventh century, drawing evidence from archaeology, text and art (with reference to re-enactors' experiences). It is based on the author's original study published two decades ago, during which time much has been learnt about the subject. Archaeological textiles, cloth production and the significance of imported cloth and foreign fashions are all put under scrutiny. Dress is discussed as a marker of gender, ethnicity, status and social role, and its contemporary significance in terms of symbolism and stylistic messaging is examined — whether Anglo-Saxons were dressing a corpse for its (pagan) grave, condemning frivolous dress among persons in holy orders, bequeathing their own clothes, or commissioning clothes for a king. The book discusses what modern observers can and cannot deduce from medieval representations of clothing, questioning stereotypes. The numerous illustrations, including specially commissioned colour plates, photographs and drawings, demonstrate clothing in contemporary art (manuscripts, ivories, metalwork, stone sculpture, mosaics), and focus on surviving dress fasteners and accessories, explaining types and geographical—chronological distribution. The colour reconstructions of early Anglo-Saxon dress are complemented by a cutting pattern for a gown from the Bayeux Tapestry (by Robin Netherton). Old English garment names are discussed throughout and a glossary is appended.

Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Helena Hamerow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199203253
Category: History
Page: 194
View: 7029

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The first major synthesis of the evidence for Anglo-Saxon settlements from across England and throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, and a study of what it reveals about the communities who built and lived in them.

Recent Approaches to the Archaeology of Land Allotment

Author: Adrian M. Chadwick
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: 9781407303550
Category: Social Science
Page: 459
View: 4014

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A substantial collection of papers on land allotment, field systems and enclosures in the landscape. The vast majority of the papers focus on the British landscape with examples from up and down the country. The list of contributors includes many of the big names in landscape archaeology today.

Royal Authority in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Gale R. Owen-Crocker,Brian W. Schneider
Publisher: British Archaeological Association
ISBN: 9781407311586
Category: History
Page: 102
View: 2837

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Since its establishment in 1985 the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies has regularly hosted international, interdisciplinary conferences, especially an annual Easter Conference. The 2006 MANCASS Easter conference titled 'Royal Authority: Kingship and Power in Anglo-Saxon England' focused on historical contributions analysing sources of knowledge about royal power; and others which pinpointed loss of power or insecure pretensions to the crown. There were also offerings which teased material relevant to the conference theme out of artefactual and literary sources. This volume includes one long essay by Gareth Williams, surveying Anglo-Saxon coins in relation to kingly authority. There are six shorter essays, two on text, and one on parchment production as an indicator of monastic economy and royal patronage. Others focus on royal weakness: retirement into a monastery as renunciation of power by aging or vunerable monarchs, failure to lead troops against an invader, and creation of a heroic image to mask weakness in the case of Edmund Ironside.

Textual and Material Culture in Anglo-Saxon England

Thomas Northcote Toller and the Toller Memorial Lectures
Author: D. G. Scragg
Publisher: DS Brewer
ISBN: 9780859917735
Category: History
Page: 345
View: 5885

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Significant Anglo-Saxon papers, with postscripts, illustrate advances in knowledge of life and culture of pre-Conquest England.

The Anglo-Saxon World

Author: Nicholas Higham,M. J. Ryan
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300125348
Category: History
Page: 477
View: 6317

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Presents the Anglo-Saxon period of English history from the fifth century up to the late eleventh century, covering such events as the spread of Christianity, the invasions of the Vikings, the composition of Beowulf, and the Battle of Hastings.

Edgar, King of the English, 959-975

New Interpretations
Author: Donald Scragg
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
ISBN: 1843839288
Category: History
Page: 294
View: 4615

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Fresh assessments of Edgar's reign, reappraising key elements using documentary, coin, and pictorial evidence.