THE ISLAMIC MOVEMENT IN SOMALIA


Author: Abdurahman M. Abdullahi (Baadiyow)
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd
ISBN: 1912234033
Category: Reference
Page: 430
View: 425

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There is very little scholarship on the history of political Islam in Somalia that takes seriously both historical forces as well as the very ideas and internal organization of the Islamic movements. This book reconstructs the history of modern and moderate Islamic movement in Somalia. It covers 50 years of turbulent Somali history, in which civilian governments, military dictatorships, armed opposition factions, and Islamic movements were interacting and shaping the Somali history. It divides Islamic development in Somalia into four historical periods: the Islamic revival (1800-1950), the Islamic consciousness ( 1950-1967), the Islamic awakening (1967-1978) and the Islamic movements (1978-2000).The book provides a detailed and empirically rich narrative of the Islah Movement as a case study which has influenced and made an impact on other Islamist organizations in recent decades. The author provides an insider's view of the Islamic Movement being one of the leaders of Islah.

The Islamic Movement in Somalia

A Study of the Islah Movement, 1950-2000 (PB)
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781909112513
Category:
Page: 432
View: 4355

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There is very little scholarship on the history of Islamic development in Somalia which seriously takes into consideration both historical forces and the very ideas and internal organization of the Islamic movements. This book reconstructs the historical evolution of moderate Islamic movement in Somalia using postcolonial perspective. It succinctly accounts for the revival of Sufi brotherhoods since 1800s, focusing on the 50-year period (1950-2000) in which civilian governments, military dictatorships, armed opposition factions and Islamic movements were interacting and reshaping the Somali history. It divides Islamic development in Somalia into four historical periods: the Islamic revival (1800-1950), the Islamic consciousness ( 1950-1967), the Islamic awakening (1967-1978) and the Islamic movements (1978-2000). The book provides empirically rich narrative of the Islah Movement as a case study which has an impact on the social and political developments in Somalia since the collapse of the state in 1991. The author provides an insider's view of the Islamic Movement being one of the leaders of Islah. __________ Abdurahman M. Abdullahi (Baadiyow) was born in 1954 in Somalia. He combines rare skills of being a high ranking military officer (19971-1986) with being an electronic engineer, Islamic scholar and socio-political activist. He obtained MA &PhD in Modern Islamic History from the Islamic Institute, McGill University, Canada. He is one of the founders of the Mogadishu University and currently the Chairman of its Board of Trustees. He was a presidential candidate in the 2012 election in Somalia. Currently, he is the leader of the National Unity Party (Midnimoqaran) and the vice-president of the Forum for Unity and Democracy, the largest political coalition in Somalia that advocates for democratic transformation. Besides his political career and socio-political activism, Dr. Abdullahi is a prominent Islamic scholar and has participated in many academic conferences and published a number of academic papers, book chapters and feature articles in Arabic, Somali and English languages.

The Islamic Movement in Somalia: A Study of the Islah Movement, 1950-2000 (Hb)


Author: Abdurahman M. Abdullahi (Baadiyow)
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Publishers
ISBN: 9781909112520
Category: Political Science
Page: 432
View: 8208

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There is very little scholarship on the history of Islamic development in Somalia which seriously takes into consideration both historical forces and the very ideas and internal organization of the Islamic movements. This book reconstructs the historical evolution of moderate Islamic movement in Somalia using postcolonial perspective. It succinctly accounts for the revival of Sufi brotherhoods since 1800s, focusing on the 50-year period (1950-2000) in which civilian governments, military dictatorships, armed opposition factions and Islamic movements were interacting and reshaping the Somali history. It divides Islamic development in Somalia into four historical periods: the Islamic revival (1800-1950), the Islamic consciousness ( 1950-1967), the Islamic awakening (1967-1978) and the Islamic movements (1978-2000). The book provides empirically rich narrative of the Islah Movement as a case study which has an impact on the social and political developments in Somalia since the collapse of the state in 1991. The author provides an insider's view of the Islamic Movement being one of the leaders of Islah. __________ Abdurahman M. Abdullahi (Baadiyow) was born in 1954 in Somalia. He combines rare skills of being a high ranking military officer (19971-1986) with being an electronic engineer, Islamic scholar and socio-political activist. He obtained MA &PhD in Modern Islamic History from the Islamic Institute, McGill University, Canada. He is one of the founders of the Mogadishu University and currently the Chairman of its Board of Trustees. He was a presidential candidate in the 2012 election in Somalia. Currently, he is the leader of the National Unity Party (Midnimoqaran) and the vice-president of the Forum for Unity and Democracy, the largest political coalition in Somalia that advocates for democratic transformation. Besides his political career and socio-political activism, Dr. Abdullahi is a prominent Islamic scholar and has participated in many academic conferences and published a number of academic papers, book chapters and feature articles in Arabic, Somali and English languages.

Recovering the Somali State

The Role of Islam, Islamism and Transitional Justice
Author: Abdullahi, Abdurahman
Publisher: Adonis and Abbey Publishers
ISBN: 1909112623
Category: Religion
Page: 278
View: 531

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Somalia is often used as an emblem of a collapsed state. This is somewhat of a paradox given that in previous decades the country was one of the most unified states in Africa and one of the first democracies on the continent. In the last three decades however the country has faced enormous challenges including civil wars and extremism in the name of Islam. The book - probably one of the first to link Islam, Islamism and Transitional Justice with the Somali State recovery project - offers unique analyses of these themes and argues that recovering the Somali state will largely be contingent upon the skillful reconciliation between tradition and modernity, Islam and state and between the secular and the sacred.

Making Sense of Somali History

Volume 1
Author: Abdullahi, Abdurahman
Publisher: Adonis and Abbey Publishers
ISBN: 1909112798
Category: History
Page: 222
View: 9559

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In the last three decades, Somalia has been associated with such horrible terms as 'state collapse', 'civil wars', 'foreign intervention', 'warlordism', 'famine', 'piracy' and 'terrorism'. This depiction was in contradiction to its earlier images as the cradle of the human race, the kernel of ancient civilizations, the land of Punt, a homogeneous nation-state and the first democratic state in Africa. So how did things fall apart in the country? This Volume 1 of a two-volume narrative, Dr. Abdullahi explores the history of the people of Somali peninsula since ancient times, the advent of Islam and colonialism, the rise and fall of Somali nationalism and the perspectives of the Somali state collapse. The book uses a unique thematic approach and analysis to make sense of Somali history by emphasizing the responsibility of Somali political elites in creating and perpetuating the disastrous conditions in their country.

Al-Shabaab in Somalia

The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group, 2005-2012
Author: Stig Jarle Hansen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0199327874
Category: Political Science
Page: 195
View: 1110

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Hansen explores the history of the Somalia based Al Harakat Al Shabaab from 2005 to 2012, offering the first in-detail history of one of the most important Al-Qaeda affiliates today and the first to conquer large territories. He anchors the organisation in its local context, describing it as set in the nexus of global and local streams of influence, employing terror strategically, often in order to offset diplomatic and military defeats. He then follows it as an early network into the post-2010 phase where it struggles against a superior enemy but still remains an actor to be reckoned with

Infidel


Author: Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743289692
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 361
View: 7618

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The author of The Caged Virgin recounts the story of her life, from her traditional Muslim childhood in Somalia and escape from a forced marriage to her efforts to promote women's rights while surviving numerous threats to her safety. Reprint. 100,000 first printing.

Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa


Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748695443
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 4804

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The first comprehensive analysis of Muslim movements of reform in modern sub-Saharan AfricaBased on twelve case studies (Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar and the Comoros), this book looks at patterns and peculiarities of different traditions of Islamic reform. Considering both Sufi- and Salafi-oriented movements in their respective historical contexts, it stresses the importance of the local context to explain the different trajectories of development.The book studies the social, religious and political impact of these reform movements in both historical and contemporary times and asks why some have become successful as popular mass movements, while others failed to attract substantial audiences. It also considers jihad-minded movements in contemporary Mali, northern Nigeria and Somalia and looks at modes of transnational entanglement of movements of reform. Against the background of a general inquiry into what constitutes areform, the text responds to the question of what areform actually means for Muslims in contemporary Africa.Key featuresBiographies of reformist scholars complement the textCase studies are placed in the context of the dynamics of areform in the larger world of IslamAddresses the importance of trans-national entanglements and their formative powerFocuses on the dynamics of social and religious development, the political dynamics of Islamic areform and issues of youth, generational change and gender

The African jihad

Bin Laden's quest for the Horn of Africa
Author: Gregory Alonso Pirio
Publisher: Red Sea Press(NJ)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 227
View: 9259

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The Pirates of Somalia

Inside Their Hidden World
Author: Jay Bahadur
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307906981
Category: Travel
Page: 288
View: 5101

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Somalia, on the tip of the Horn of Africa, has been inhabited as far back as 9,000 BC. Its history is as rich as the country is old. Caught up in a decades-long civil war, Somalia, along with Iraq and Afghanistan, has become one of the most dangerous countries in the world. Getting there from North America is a forty-five-hour, five-flight voyage through Frankfurt, Dubai, Djibouti, Bossaso (on the Gulf of Aden), and, finally, Galkayo. Somalia is a place where a government has been built out of anarchy. For centuries, stories of pirates have captured imaginations around the world. The recent bands of daring, ragtag pirates off the coast of Somalia, hijacking multimillion-dollar tankers owned by international shipping conglomerates, have brought the scourge of piracy into the modern era. The capture of the American-crewed cargo ship Maersk Alabama in April 2009, the first United States ship to be hijacked in almost two centuries, catapulted the Somali pirates onto prime-time news. Then, with the horrific killing by Somali pirates of four Americans, two of whom had built their dream yacht and were sailing around the world (“And now on to: Angkor Wat! And Burma!” they had written to friends), the United States Navy, Special Operation Forces, FBI, Justice Department, and the world’s military forces were put on notice: the Somali seas were now the most perilous in the world. Jay Bahadur, a journalist who dared to make his way into the remote pirate havens of Africa’s easternmost country and spend months infiltrating their lives, gives us the first close-up look at the hidden world of the pirates of war-ravaged Somalia. Bahadur’s riveting narrative exposé—the first ever—looks at who these men are, how they live, the forces that created piracy in Somalia, how the pirates spend the ransom money, how they deal with their hostages. Bahadur makes sense of the complex and fraught regional politics, the history of Somalia and the self-governing region of Puntland (an autonomous region in northeast Somalia), and the various catastrophic occurrences that have shaped their pirate destinies. The book looks at how the unrecognized mini-state of Puntland is dealing with the rise—and increasing sophistication—of piracy and how, through legal and military action, other nations, international shippers, the United Nations, and various international bodies are attempting to cope with the present danger and growing pirate crisis. A revelation of a world at the epicenter of political and natural disaster. From the Hardcover edition.

Muslims in the Diaspora

The Somali Communities of London and Toronto
Author: Rima Berns McGown
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802082817
Category: Social Science
Page: 302
View: 393

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Explores the balancing act of living as a Muslim in the west. It is a comparison of the Somali communities in London, England and Toronto, and is based on a series of in-depth interviews with over 80 Somali women, men and teenagers in those cities.

Somalia between Jihad and Restoration


Author: Shaul Shay
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412812100
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 521

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Since 1991 Somalia has been defined as a failing state, one that lacks an effective central government. The vacuum of power in Somalia, in turn, enabled Al Qaida and other radical Islamic organizations to find allies and refuge in there. Shay’s account shows how the presence of radical Islamic entities in the area, alongside local problems and conflicts, has turned Somalia into a focal point in the global war against terror. On June 5, 2006, the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) declared victory in its struggle against the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter Terrorism (ARPCT), a coalition of U.S. backed warlords. Shortly after their victory announcement, the ICU implemented a Taliban-style radical Islamic rule. The rule of the ICU was brief. In December 2006 they were defeated by a coalition of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and Ethiopian forces. In spite of the ICU’s defeat, internal conflict in Somalia between the ICU and the interim government of Somalia (TFG), backed by Ethiopia, is still far from concluded. Shay shows how the internal conflict may spill over into other nations, creating a larger regional theater of Jihad. He also provides some ideas on how to prevent the foundation of a new radical Islamic state that could become a haven of the Islamic terror in the Horn of Africa. This volume is instructive in demonstrating the consequences of destabilization. It will be of interest to foreign policy analysts, regional specialists, and strategists in the war against terror.

The Global Muslim Brotherhood in Britain

Non-Violent Islamist Extremism and the Battle of Ideas
Author: Damon L. Perry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135134790X
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 2966

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Since 2011, with the British Government’s counter-radicalisation strategy, Prevent, non-violent Islamist groups have been considered a security risk for spreading a divisive ideology that can lead to radicalisation and violence. More recently, the Government has expressed concerns about their impact on social cohesion, entryism, and women’s rights. The key protagonists of non-violent Islamist ‘extremism’ allegedly include groups and individuals associated with the Muslim Brotherhood and Jama’at-i-Islami. They have been described as part of the ‘global Muslim Brotherhood’, but do they constitute a singular phenomenon, a social movement? This book shows that such groups and individuals do indeed comprise a movement in Britain, one dedicated to an Islamic ‘revival’. It shows how they are networked organisationally, bonded through ideological and cultural kinship, and united in a conflict of values with the British society and state. Using original interviews with prominent revivalist leaders, as well as primary sources, the book also shows how the movement is not so much ‘Islamist’ in aspiring for an Islamic state, but concerned with institutionalising an Islamic worldview and moral framework throughout society. The conflict between the Government and the global Muslim Brotherhood is apparent in a number of different fields, including education, governance, law, and counterterrorism. But this does not simply concern the direction of Government policy or the control of state institutions. It most fundamentally concerns the symbolic authority to legitimise a way of seeing, thinking and living. By assessing this multifaceted conflict, the book presents an exhaustive and up-to-date analysis of the political and cultural fault lines between Islamic revivalists and the British authorities. It will be useful for anyone studying Islam in the West, government counter-terrorism and counter-extremism policy, multiculturalism and social cohesion.

Jihad & Co.

Black Markets and Islamist Power
Author: Aisha Ahmad
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190656786
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 6494

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For two decades, militant jihadism has been one of the world's most pressing security crises. In civil wars and insurgencies across the Muslim world, certain Islamist groups have taken advantage of the anarchy to establish political control over a broad range of territories and communities. In effect, they have built radical new jihadist proto-states. Why have some ideologically-inspired Islamists been able to build state-like polities out of civil war stalemate, while many other armed groups have failed to gain similar traction? What makes jihadists win? In Jihad & Co., Aisha Ahmad argues that there are concrete economic reasons behind Islamist success. By tracking the economic activities of jihadist groups in Afghanistan, Somalia, Pakistan, Mali, and Iraq, she uncovers an unlikely actor in bringing Islamist groups to power: the local business community. To illuminate the nexus between business and Islamist interests in civil war, Ahmad journeys into war-torn bazaars to meet with both jihadists and the smugglers who financed their rise to power. From the arms markets in the Pakistani border region to the street markets of Mogadishu, their stories reveal a powerful economic logic behind the rise of Islamist power in civil wars. Behind the fiery rhetoric and impassioned, ideological claims is the cold, hard cash of the local war economy. Moving readers back and forth between mosques, marketplaces, and battlefields, Ahmad makes a powerful argument that economic savvy, as much as ideological fervor, explains the rise of militant jihadism across the modern Muslim world.

Inside Al-Shabaab

The Secret History of Al-Qaeda’s Most Powerful Ally
Author: Harun Maruf,Dan Joseph
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253037506
Category: Political Science
Page: 324
View: 6647

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One of the most powerful Islamic militant groups in Africa, Al-Shabaab exerts Taliban-like rule over millions in Somalia and poses a growing threat to stability in the Horn of Africa. Somalis risk retaliation or death if they oppose or fail to comply with Al-Shabaab-imposed restrictions on aspects of everyday life such as clothing, media, sports, interpersonal relations, and prayer. Inside Al-Shabaab: The Secret History of Al-Qaeda's Most Powerful Ally recounts the rise, fall, and resurgence of this overlooked terrorist organization and provides an intimate understanding of its connections with Al-Qaeda. Drawing from interviews with former Al-Shabaab militants, including high-ranking officials, military commanders, police, and foot soldiers, authors Harun Maruf and Dan Joseph reveal the motivations of those who commit their lives to the group and its violent jihadist agenda. A wealth of sources including US diplomatic cables released by Wikileaks, letters taken from the Pakistani hideout of Osama bin Laden, case files from the prosecution of American Al-Shabaab members, emails from Hillary Clinton's tenure as secretary of state, and Al-Shabaab's own statements and recruiting videos inform Maruf and Joseph's investigation of the United States' campaign against Al-Shabaab and how the 2006 US-backed Ethiopian invasion of Somalia gave the group the popular support it needed to radicalize ordinary citizens and become a powerful movement.

Islam and Christianity in the Horn of Africa

Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan
Author: Ḥagai Erlikh
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588267139
Category: History
Page: 225
View: 5426

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"Can Christianity and Islam coexist? Or are Muslims and Christians destined to delegitimize and even demonize each other? Tracing the modern history of the region where the two religions first met, and where they are engaged now in active confrontation, Haggai Erlich finds legacies of both tolerance and militancy." "Erlich's analysis of political, military, and diplomatic developments in the Horn of Africa since the late nineteenth century is combined with an exploration of the ways in which religious formulations of the nearby "other" influenced policymaking and were also reshaped by it. His work demonstrates in a compelling way how initial Islamic and Christian concepts remain directly relevant in the region today." --Book Jacket.

The Symbolic Scenarios of Islamism

A Study in Islamic Political Thought
Author: Andrea Mura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317014502
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 2010

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The Symbolic Scenarios of Islamism initiates a dialogue between the discourse of three of the most discussed figures in the history of the Sunni Islamic movement—Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, and Osama bin Laden—and contemporary debates across religion and political theory, providing a crucial foundation upon which to situate current developments in world politics. Redressing the inefficiency of the terms in which the debate on Islam and Islamism is generally conducted, the book examines the role played by tradition, modernity, and transmodernity as major "symbolic scenarios" of Islamist discourses, highlighting the internal complexity and dynamism of Islamism. By uncovering forms of knowledge that have hitherto gone unnoticed or have been marginalised by traditional and dominant approaches to politics, accounting for central political ideas in non-Western sources and in the Global South, the book provides a unique contribution towards rethinking the nature of citizenship, antagonism, space, and frontiers required today. While offering valuable reading for scholars of Islamic studies, religious studies and politics, it provides a critical perspective for academics with an interest in discourse theory, post-colonial theory, political philosophy, and comparative political thought.

The Islamist

Why I Became an Islamic Fundamentalist, what I Saw Inside, and why I Left
Author: Ed Husain
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780143115984
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 5122

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The author describes how, at the age of sixteen, he became an Islamic fundamentalist, and after much emotional turmoil rejected the fundamentalist teachings and returned to his previous life and family.