The impossible science

an institutional analysis of American sociology
Author: Stephen P. Turner,Jonathan H. Turner
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 5512

Continue Reading →

What accounts for American sociology's diversity, its broad and eclectic research agenda, its lack of unifying paradigms, and its overall weakness as an institutional force in both academia and the policy arena? Stephen Park Turner and Jonathan H. Turner critically examine the discipline, tracing its historical roots back to the Civil War. In their comprehensive analysis, the authors point out the "accidents" in the history of the discipline and the role of political decisions and strategies in shaping it: particularly the attempts to reform sociology, and the equivocal, often contradictory missions that these reforms have prescribed for sociologists. They highlight the variable nature of the human, financial, and intellectual resources available to the profession and show how fundamentally this has affected the fashions and factionalism of sociology. Finally, Turner and Turner explore the current state of the discipline, based on this history, and reflect on the future of sociology. The Impossible Science is a radical revision of the conventional history of American sociology. It rejects both "triumphalism" and the "successful institutionalization" model, as well as the conventional "Chicago-centered" image of its early history. They show the extent to which the choices of the discipline today are limited, and the systematic reasons behind the failure of past disciplinary reforms. This controversial and pessimistic appraisal deserves immediate attention from all professionals and all upper-division students in the field. "In fewer than 200 pages of text Turner and Turner have produced a remarkably fair and evenhanded account of the development of American sociology. . . . The Impossible Science is well worth the attention of readers of this journal."

The Possibilities of Society

Wordsworth, Coleridge, and the Sociological Viewpoint of English Romanticism
Author: Regina Hewitt
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791434192
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 231
View: 1583

Continue Reading →

Approaches English Romanticism through sociological theory, arguing that Wordsworth and Coleridge tested hypotheses about social organization and action in their poetry. Offers a timely reevaluation of the Romantic poets as socially engaged thinkers.

Contemporary Sociological Theory

An Integrated Multi-Level Approach
Author: Doyle Paul Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387765212
Category: Social Science
Page: 630
View: 7371

Continue Reading →

This volume is designed as a basic text for upper level and graduate courses in contemporary sociological theory. Most sociology programs require their majors to take at least one course in sociological theory, sometimes two. A typical breakdown is between classical and contemporary theory. Theory is perhaps one of the bro- est areas of sociological inquiry and serves as a foundation or framework for more specialized study in specific substantive areas of the field. In addition, the study of sociological theory can readily be related to various aspects of other social science disciplines as well. From the very beginning sociology has been characterized by alternative theoretical perspectives. Classical theory includes the European founding figures of the dis- pline whose works were produced during the later half of the nineteenth century and the first couple of decades of the twentieth century plus early American th- rists. For most of the second half of the twentieth century, a fairly high consensus has developed among American sociologists regarding these major founders, p- ticularly with regard to the works of Durkheim and Weber in analyzing the overall society and of Simmel in analyzing social interaction processes. Since the late 1960s and early 1970s the influence of Marx has also been recognized. Recent decades have also witnessed an increased emphasis on the important contributions of several pioneering feminist perspectives in the early years of sociology.

American Sociology

From Pre-Disciplinary to Post-Normal
Author: S. Turner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137377178
Category: Political Science
Page: 145
View: 7036

Continue Reading →

American Sociology has changed radically since 1945. This volume traces these changes to the present, with special emphasis on the feminization of sociology and the decline of the science ideal as well as the challenges sociology faces in the new environment for universities.

America, History and Life

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Canada
Page: N.A
View: 5099

Continue Reading →

Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 8150

Continue Reading →

The Practice of Social Research

Author: Earl R. Babbie
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534574741
Category: Social Science
Page: 498
View: 6630

Continue Reading →

This best-selling book covers all the major methods of social research. By emphasizing an understanding of the theoretical logic behind the research process and demonstrating preferred techniques, this book helps readers see methods as a way of thinking and gathering evidence.

Journal of the American Society for Information Science

Author: American Society for Information Science
Publisher: N.A
Category: Documentation
Page: N.A
View: 7007

Continue Reading →

This journal serves as a forum for new research in information transfer and communication processes in general, and in the context of recorded knowledge in particular. Concerns include the generation, recording, distribution, storage, representation, retrieval, and dissemination of information, as well as its social impact and management of information agencies.

Laboratory Life

The Construction of Scientific Facts
Author: Bruno Latour,Steve Woolgar
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400820413
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 1232

Continue Reading →

This highly original work presents laboratory science in a deliberately skeptical way: as an anthropological approach to the culture of the scientist. Drawing on recent work in literary criticism, the authors study how the social world of the laboratory produces papers and other "texts,"' and how the scientific vision of reality becomes that set of statements considered, for the time being, too expensive to change. The book is based on field work done by Bruno Latour in Roger Guillemin's laboratory at the Salk Institute and provides an important link between the sociology of modern sciences and laboratory studies in the history of science.

Public Sociology

From Social Facts to Literary Acts
Author: Ben Agger
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780742541054
Category: Social Science
Page: 316
View: 6377

Continue Reading →

Public Sociology examines the 'discourse' of mainstream journal articles in sociology in order to understand the essentially conservative nature of mainstream sociology. These articles primarily make advances in method, not substance. Drawing from Mills, critical theory and postmodernism, Agger develops a non-positivist version of sociological writing that is at once accessible and relevant to social problems.

Leisure Research in Europe

Methods and Traditions
Author: Hans Mommaas
Publisher: CABI Publishing
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 2641

Continue Reading →

There is a growing interest in comparative research in leisure studies and in cross-national ways of undertaking such research. In Europe in particular, it is recognized that the different academic and disciplinary traditions within which leisure research has been generated provide a fertile ground for analysis. The strengths and weaknesses of particular national traditions and schools of thought, their methodologies and their historical developments, provide the key focus of this book. By recognizing the historically nation-state bound nature of social analysis in this field, the book seeks to provide a platform for analysis which goes beyond such bounds in examining the global-local relations which are so evident in contemporary leisure. It includes six chapters on individual countries - UK, Netherlands, France, Belgium, Spain and Poland - as well as one on cross-national contacts and comparisons, plus introductory and concluding chapters

The SAGE Handbook of Youth Work Practice

Author: Pam Alldred,Fin Cullen,Kathy Edwards,Dana Fusco
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526416409
Category: Social Science
Page: 688
View: 333

Continue Reading →

The SAGE Handbook of Youth Work Practice showcases the value of professional work with young people as it is practiced in diverse forms in locations around the world. The editors have brought together an international team of contributors who reflect the wide range of approaches that identify as youth work, and the even wider range of approaches that identify variously as community work or community development work with young people, youth programmes, and work with young people within care, development and (informal) education frameworks. The Handbook is structured to explore histories, current practice and future directions: Part One: 'Youth Work' and Approaches to Professional Work with Young People Part Two: Professional Work With Young People: Projects and Practices to Inspire Part Three: Values and Ethics in Work with Young People Part Four: Current Challenges and Hopes for the Future

Good Jobs, Bad Jobs

The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s
Author: Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610447476
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 2567

Continue Reading →

The economic boom of the 1990s veiled a grim reality: in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor, the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class, but as author Arne L. Kalleberg shows, by the 1970s this upward movement had slowed, in part due to the steady disappearance of secure, well-paying industrial jobs. Ever since, precarious employment has been on the rise—paying low wages, offering few benefits, and with virtually no long-term security. Today, the polarization between workers with higher skill levels and those with low skills and low wages is more entrenched than ever. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs traces this trend to large-scale transformations in the American labor market and the changing demographics of low-wage workers. Kalleberg draws on nearly four decades of survey data, as well as his own research, to evaluate trends in U.S. job quality and suggest ways to improve American labor market practices and social policies. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs provides an insightful analysis of how and why precarious employment is gaining ground in the labor market and the role these developments have played in the decline of the middle class. Kalleberg shows that by the 1970s, government deregulation, global competition, and the rise of the service sector gained traction, while institutional protections for workers—such as unions and minimum-wage legislation—weakened. Together, these forces marked the end of postwar security for American workers. The composition of the labor force also changed significantly; the number of dual-earner families increased, as did the share of the workforce comprised of women, non-white, and immigrant workers. Of these groups, blacks, Latinos, and immigrants remain concentrated in the most precarious and low-quality jobs, with educational attainment being the leading indicator of who will earn the highest wages and experience the most job security and highest levels of autonomy and control over their jobs and schedules. Kalleberg demonstrates, however, that building a better safety net—increasing government responsibility for worker health care and retirement, as well as strengthening unions—can go a long way toward redressing the effects of today’s volatile labor market. There is every reason to expect that the growth of precarious jobs—which already make up a significant share of the American job market—will continue. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs deftly shows that the decline in U.S. job quality is not the result of fluctuations in the business cycle, but rather the result of economic restructuring and the disappearance of institutional protections for workers. Only government, employers and labor working together on long-term strategies—including an expanded safety net, strengthened legal protections, and better training opportunities—can help reverse this trend. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology.