The Impact of International Organizations on International Law


Author: José E. Alvarez
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004328408
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 488
View: 3514

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The Impact of International Organizations on International Law by Jose Alvarez addresses how international organizations, particularly those within the UN system, have changed the forms, contents, and effects of international law

The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation

Theoretical Perspectives
Author: Eyal Benvenisti,Moshe Hirsch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139456067
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 5835

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This 2004 book aims at advancing our understanding of the influences international norms and international institutions have over the incentives of states to cooperate on issues such as environment and trade. Contributors adopt two different approaches in examining this question. One approach focuses on the constitutive elements of the international legal order, including customary international law, soft law and framework conventions, and on the types of incentives states have, such as domestic incentives and reputation. The other approach examines specific issues in the areas of international environment protection and international trade. The combined outcome of these two approaches is an understanding of the forces that pull states toward closer cooperation or prevent them from doing so, and the impact of different types of international norms and diverse institutions on the motivation of states. The insights gained suggest ways for enhancing states' incentives to cooperate through the design of norms and institutions.

International Organizations as Law-makers


Author: José E. Alvarez
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198765639
Category: Law
Page: 660
View: 9206

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International Organizations as Law-makers addresses how international organizations with a global reach, such as the UN and the WTO, have changed the mechanisms and reasoning behind the making, implementation, and enforcement of international law. Alvarez argues that existing descriptions of international law and international organizations do not do justice to the complex changes resulting from the increased importance of these institutions after World War II, and especially from changesafter the end of the Cold War. In particular, this book examines the impact of the institutions on international law through the day to day application and interpretation of institutional law, the making of multilateral treaties, and the decisions of a proliferating number of institutionalized dispute settlers. The introductory chapters synthesize and challenge the existing descriptions and theoretical frameworks for addressing international organizations. Part I re-examines the law resulting from the activity of political organs, such as the UN General Assembly and Security Council, technocratic entities within UN specialized agencies, and international financial institutions such as the IMF, and considers their impact on the once sacrosanct 'domestic jurisdiction' of states, as well as on traditional conceptions of the basic sources of international law. Part II assesses the impact of the move towards institutions on treaty-making. It addresses the interplay between negotiating venues and procedures and interstate cooperation and asks whether the involvement of international organizations has made modern treaties 'better'. Part III examines the proliferation of institutionalized dispute settlers, from the UN Secretary General to the WTO's dispute settlement body, and re-examines their role as both settlers of disputes and law-makers. The final chapter considers the promise and the perils of the turn to formal institutions for the making of the new kinds of 'soft' and 'hard' global law, including the potential for forms of hegemonic international law.

An Introduction to International Institutional Law


Author: Jan Klabbers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139576461
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 9222

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International institutions are powerful players on the world stage, and every student of international law requires a clear understanding of the forces that shape them. For example, with increasing global influence comes the need for internal control and accountability. This thought-provoking overview considers these and other forces that govern international institutions such as the UN, EU and WTO, and the complex relationship that exists between international organizations and their member states. Covering recent scholarly developments, such as the rise of constitutionalism and global administrative law, and analysing the impact of important cases, such as the ICJ's Genocide case (2007) and the Behrami judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (2007), its clarity of explanation and analytical approach allow students to understand and think critically about a complex subject.

International Organizations


Author: Kelly-Kate Pease
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317347536
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 6652

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Drawing on mainstream and critical theoretical approaches, International Organizations offers a comprehensive examination of international organizations' political and structural role in world politics. Surveying key issues from international security to the environment, International Organizations looks at present and future possibilities for global governance from a broad range of perspectives.

Sovereignty in the Age of Global Terrorism

The Role of International Organisations
Author: Myriam Feinberg
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004299580
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 218
View: 1929

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Sovereignty in the Age of Global Terrorism: The Role of International Organisations analyses the role of international organisations in adopting counterterrorism measures after 9/11 and the impact of these measures on the sovereignty of their Member States.

International Economic Organizations in the International Legal Process


Author: Sergei a Voitovich
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792327660
Category: Political Science
Page: 199
View: 4364

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Voitovich presents a clear and lucid discussion of the manner and form in which international economic organizations (IEOs) participate in two main stages of the international legal process: law making and law implementation. The book is based on normative instruments and fragments of practice of about fifty IEOs. In order to ensure a proper and timely realization of their normative acts, IEOs exercise a number of law implementing functions which are subject to a thorough comparative examination. The author concludes that existing IEOs, not being ideal institutional models, possess a sufficient arsenal of law implementing instruments to make a considerable impact on the international legal regulations in the economic field. The book will be of interest to academics and economic political scientists.

International Institutions and National Policies


Author: Xinyuan Dai
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139468251
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 2894

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The proliferation of international institutions and their impact has become a central issue in international relations. Why do countries comply with international agreements and how do international institutions influence national policies? Most theories focus on the extent to which international institutions can wield 'carrots and sticks' directly in their relations with states. Xinyuan Dai presents an alternative framework in which they influence national policies indirectly by utilizing non-state actors (NGOs, social movements) and empowering domestic constituencies. In this way, even weak international institutions that lack 'carrots and sticks' may have powerful effects on states. Supported by empirical studies of environmental politics, human rights and economic and security issues, this book sheds fresh light on how and why international institutions matter. It will be of interest to students, scholars and policymakers in both international relations and international law.

Jus et Societas


Author: G.M. Wilner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789024722082
Category: Social Science
Page: 381
View: 6700

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There is an urgent need for a solution to the Arab-Israel conflict, but so far no comprehensive solution has been found. The search for a solution must be based on knowledge of the facts & of the relevant documents. There might be exist disagreement among the various parties on the facts, & the documents may be subject to differing interpretations, but it is indispensible that those who study the conflict & those who deal with it have the plain text of the basic documents readily available. This collection includes a wide range of documents including, inter alia, texts of agreements, of official documents of the Leage of Nations & of the United Nations, of official proposals & of relevant national documents. It covers a period of almost one hundred years, but it focuses mainly on documents dating from recent decades. The editors have put together an objective collection including about ninety of the main, relevant texts, irrespective of whose claim may find support in them. This volume will be of help to scholars & to students, to historians & to political scientists, to experts in international law & international relations, to journalists, to politicians & to diplomats. The availability of this collection may make it easier for the conflict to be studied & to be solved.

The Law of International Organisations


Author: Nigel D. White
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719059544
Category: International agencies
Page: 242
View: 3354

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This new edition considers the legal concepts that have emerged from a wider political debate to govern vastly differing inter-governmental organisations ranging from the UN to the EU

Research Handbook on the Law of International Organizations


Author: Jan Klabbers,Asa Wallendahl
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857931296
Category: Political Science
Page: 544
View: 4630

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This pioneering Research Handbook with contributions from renowned experts, provides an overview of the general doctrines making up the law of international organizations.The approach of this book is taken from a novel perspective: that of the tension between functionalism and constitutionalism. In doing so, this Handbook presents not only practically relevant information, but also provides a tool for understanding the ways in which internationalorganizations work. It has separate chapters on specific 'constitutional' topics and on two specific organizations: the EU and the UN. Research Handbook on the Law of international Organizations will be of particular interest to academics and graduate students in the fields ofinternational law, international politics and international relations.

The Impact of WTO SPS Law on EU Food Regulations


Author: Chris Downes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319043730
Category: Law
Page: 266
View: 3124

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This book brings a fresh perspective on the emerging field of international food law with the first detailed analysis of the process and implications of domestic compliance with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement. It investigates the influence of WTO disciplines on the domestic policy-making process and examines the extent to which international trade law determines European Union (EU) food regulations. Following controversial WTO rulings on genetically-modified foods and growth hormones in beef, awareness and criticism of global rules governing food has grown considerably. Yet the real impact of this international legal meta-framework on domestic regulations has remained obscure to practitioners and largely unexplored by legal commentators. This book examines the emergence of transnational governance practices set in motion by the SPS Agreement and their role in facilitating agricultural trade. In so doing, it complements and challenges conventional accounts of the SPS regime dominated by analysis of WTO disputes. It reviews legal commentary of the SPS Agreement to understand why WTO rules are so commonly characterised as a significant threat to domestic food policy preferences. It then takes on these assumptions through an in-depth review of food policies and decision-making practices in the EU, revealing both the potential and limits of WTO law to shape EU policies. It finally examines two important venues for the generation of global food norms – the WTO SPS Committee and Codex Alimentarius – to evaluate the practice and significance of transnational governance in this domain. Through detailed case studies including novel foods, food additives, vitamin and mineral supplements and transparency and equivalence procedures, this book provides a richer account of compliance and exposes the subtle, but important influence of WTO obligations.

The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law


Author: Dinah Shelton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199640130
Category: Law
Page: 1018
View: 862

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The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law provides an authoritative and original overview of one of the key branches of international law. Forty contributors comprehensively analyse the role of human rights in international law from a global perspective, examining its origins and principles, and measuring its impact on the world.

Local Engagement with International Economic Law and Human Rights


Author: Ljiljana Biukovic,Pitman B. Potter
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785367196
Category:
Page: 304
View: 523

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Providing an analysis of global regulation and the impact of international organizations on domestic laws, this collection grew out of a central objective to explore methods of domestic engagement with international trade and human rights norms, and the inherent difficulties in establishing balanced links between these two international law regimes. The common thread of the papers in this collection is a focus on the application of socio-legal normative paradigms in building knowledge and policy support for coordinating local performance with international trade and human rights standards in ways that are mutually sustaining.

Commitment and Compliance

The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System
Author: Dinah Shelton
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199270989
Category: Law
Page: 560
View: 507

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The studies in this book concern the nature of international law, how it is and is not constituted, and whether commitments that are not legally binding can change the behaviour of states as well as or better than legal norms do.Readership: Students and scholars of international law and international relations, civil servants, government officials and diplomats.

Sovereignty, the WTO, and Changing Fundamentals of International Law


Author: John H. Jackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139452738
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 9804

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The last decade of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first century has been one of the most challenging periods for the generally accepted assumptions of international law. This book, first published in 2006, grapples with these long-held assumptions (such as the consent basis of international law norms, equality of nations, restrictive or text-based treaty interpretations and applications, the monopoly of internal national power, and non-interference), and how they are being fundamentally altered by the forces of globalization. It also examines the challenges facing the WTO as a component of international economic law, and how that field is inextricably linked to general international law.