The Great Warming

Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations
Author: Brian Fagan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 9781596917804
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 2219

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From the 10th to 15th centuries the earth experienced a rise in surface temperature that changed climate worldwide-a preview of today's global warming. In some areas, including much of Western Europe, longer summers brought bountiful crops and population growth that led to cultural flowering. In others, drought shook long-established societies, such as the Maya and the Indians of the American Southwest, whose monumental buildings were left deserted as elaborate social structures collapsed. Brian Fagan examines how subtle changes in the environment had far-reaching effects on human life, in a narrative that sweeps from the Arctic ice cap to the Sahara to the Indian Ocean. The lessons of history suggest we may be yet be underestimating the power of climate change to disrupt our lives today.

The Joy of x

Die Schönheit der Mathematik
Author: Steven Strogatz
Publisher: Kein & Aber AG
ISBN: 3036992693
Category: Mathematics
Page: 352
View: 2797

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Mathematik durchdringt den ganzen Kosmos. Das weiß jeder, doch nur die wenigsten verstehen die Zusammenhänge wirklich. Steven Strogatz nimmt uns bei der Hand und spaziert mit uns durch diese Welt der Weisheit, Klarheit und Eleganz. Als Reiseleiter geht er neue, erfrischende Wege, deutet auf Besonderheiten, schildert Hintergründe und erklärt die unsichtbaren Mechanismen. Wir erfahren unter anderem von dem Wunder des Zählens, der genialen Einfachheit der Algebra, dem ewigen Erbe Newtons, dem Tango mit Quadraten, der Zweisamkeit von Primzahlen und der Macht des Unendlichen. Mit all seiner Begeisterung, seinem Scharfblick und seinem leichtem Ton hat Steven Strogatz ein herrliches Buch für alle geschrieben, die ihr Verständnis von Mathematik auf eine neue Art vertiefen möchten.

The Moon in the Nautilus Shell

Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered
Author: Daniel B. Botkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019997697X
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 2830

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Why do we keep talking about so many environmental problems and rarely solve any? If these are scientific issues, then why can't scientists solve them or at least agree on what to do? In his new book, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell, ecologist Daniel Botkin explains why. For one thing, although we live in a world of constantly changing environments and talk a lot about climate change, most of our environmental laws, policies, and scientific premises are based on the idea that the environment is constant, never changing, except when people affect it. For another, we have lost contact with nature in personal ways. Disconnected from our surroundings, we lack the deep understanding and feelings about the environment to make meaningful judgments. The environment has become just another one of those special interests that interferes with our lives. Poised to be a core text of the twenty-first century environmental movement, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell challenges us to think critically about our role in nature.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History


Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394474
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 816

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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Schools Under Surveillance

Cultures of Control in Public Education
Author: Torin Monahan,Rodolfo D Torres
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813548265
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 4305

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Schools under Surveillance gathers together some of the very best researchers studying surveillance and discipline in contemporary public schools. Surveillance is not simply about monitoring or tracking individuals and their dataùit is about the structuring of power relations through human, technical, or hybrid control mechanisms. Essays cover a broad range of topics including police and military recruiters on campus, testing and accountability regimes such as No Child Left Behind, and efforts by students and teachers to circumvent the most egregious forms of surveillance in public education. Each contributor is committed to the continued critique of the disparity and inequality in the use of surveillance to target and sort students along lines of race, class, and gender.

Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung
Author: Wolfgang Behringer
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406528668
Category: Climate and civilization
Page: 352
View: 5056

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Globale Erwärmung - Kleine Eiszeit.

Environmental Anthropology Today


Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136658556
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 9487

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Today, we face some of the greatest environmental challenges in global history. Understanding the damage being done and the varied ethics and efforts contributing to its repair is of vital importance. This volume poses the question: What can increasing the emphasis on the environment in environmental anthropology, along with the science of its problems and the theoretical and methodological tools of anthropological practice, do to aid conservation efforts, policy initiatives, and our overall understanding of how to survive as citizens of the planet? Environmental Anthropology Today combines a range of new ethnographic work with chapters exploring key theoretical and methodological issues, and draws on disciplines such as sociology and environmental science as well as anthropology to illuminate those issues. The case studies include work on North America, Europe, India, Africa, Asia, and South America, offering the reader a stimulating and thoughtful survey of the work currently being conducted in the field.

Beyond the Blue Horizon

How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked the Secrets of the Oceans
Author: Brian Fagan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1608193853
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 2177

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In Beyond the Blue Horizon, bestselling science historian Brian Fagan tackles his richest topic yet: the enduring mystery of the oceans, the planet's most forbidding terrain.This is not a tale of Columbus or Hudson, but of much earlier mariners. From the moment when ancient Polynesians first dared to sail beyond the horizon, Fagan vividly explains how our mastery of the oceans has changed history, even before history was written. Beyond the Blue Horizon delves into the very beginnings of humanity's long and intimate relationship with the sea. It willl enthrall readers who enjoyed Longitude, Simon Winchester's Atlantic, or in its scope and its insightful linking of technology and culture, Guns, Germs, and Steel. What drove humans to risk their lives on open water? How did early sailors unlock the secrets of winds, tides, and the stars they steered by? What were the earliest ocean crossings like? With compelling detail, Brian Fagan reveals how seafaring evolved so that the vast realms of the sea gods were transformed from barriers into highways that hummed with commerce. Indeed, for most of human history, oceans have been the most vital connectors of far-flung societies. From bamboo rafts in the Java Sea to the caravels of the Age of Discovery, from Easter Island to Crete, Brian Fagan crafts a captivating narrative of humanity's urge to seek out distant shores, of the daring men and women who did so, and of the mark they have left on civilization.

Psychology After the Crisis

Scientific paradigms and political debate
Author: Ian Parker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317683382
Category: Psychology
Page: 126
View: 5235

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Ian Parker has been a leading light in the fields of critical and discursive psychology for over 25 years. The Psychology After Critique series brings together for the first time his most important papers. Each volume in the series has been prepared by Ian Parker, features a newly written introduction and presents a focused overview of a key topic area. Psychology After the Crisis is the first volume in the series and addresses three important questions: What was the crisis in psychology and why does it continue now? How did debates regarding the traditional ‘laboratory experiment’ paradigm in psychology set the scene for discourse analysis? Why are these paradigm debates now crucial for understanding contemporary critical psychology? The first two chapters of the book describe the way critical psychology emerged in Britain during the 1970s, and introduce four key theoretical resources: Marxism, Feminism, Post-Structuralism and Psychoanalysis. The chapters which follow consider in depth the critical role of Marxist thinking as an analytic framework within psychology. Subsequent chapters explore the application and limitations of critical psychology for crucial topics such as psychotherapy, counselling and climate change. A final chapter presents an interview which reviews the main strands within critical psychology, and provides an accessible introduction to the series as a whole. Psychology After the Crisis is essential reading for students and researchers in psychology, sociology, social anthropology and cultural studies, and for discourse analysts of different traditions. It will also introduce key ideas and debates in critical psychology for undergraduates and postgraduate students across the social sciences.

Meteorology Today


Author: C. Donald Ahrens,Robert Henson
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305480627
Category: Science
Page: 656
View: 4201

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METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition combines market-leading content in weather, climate, and earth science with the interactive learning experience you expect from Cengage Learning. Grounded in the scientific method, this student-friendly and highly visual text shows you how to observe, calculate, and synthesize information as a budding scientist, systematically analyzing meteorological concepts and issues. Specific discussions center on severe weather systems, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes, as well as everyday elements, such as wind, precipitation, condensation, masses and fronts, and the seasons. Events and issues dominating today's news cycles also receive thorough attention, and include analysis of Superstorm Sandy, the Oklahoma tornadoes, and recent findings from the US National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning tool packed with self-testing features such as end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, exercises and problems, live animations, web links, and more. Whether you choose a bound book or interactive eBook, METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition takes your learning to atmospheric heights! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Losing Earth


Author: Nathaniel Rich
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644004064
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 3834

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Die Klimakatastrophe, die wir jetzt erleben, hätte verhindert werden können. Vor dreißig Jahren gab es die Chance, den Planeten zu retten – doch sie wurde verspielt. Nathaniel Rich schildert in dieser dramatischen Reportage, wie es zu diesem wahrhaft globalen Versagen kam. Wir folgen einer Gruppe von Wissenschaftlern, Aktivisten und Politikberatern rund um den Umweltlobbyisten Rafe Pomerance und den Nasa-Forscher James Hansen, die Ende der siebziger Jahre erstmals erkennen, dass sich die Erderwärmung desaströs beschleunigt, aber auch, was dagegen zu tun ist – beinahe alles, was wir heute darüber wissen, stammt aus dieser Zeit. Rich schildert ein Jahrzehnt erbitterter Kämpfe um Öffentlichkeit, Anerkennung, politische Maßnahmen – und wie diese 1989, kurz vor dem Durchbruch, tragisch scheitern. Eine historische Reportage, die aktueller nicht sein könnte: Wir bekommen in den kommenden Jahren das zu spüren, was vor drei Jahrzehnten versäumt wurde – so wie unser gegenwärtiges Scheitern das Schicksal des Planeten in naher Zukunft besiegelt. Die Erde in ihrer heutigen Gestalt ist bereits verloren, sie wurde damals verloren – und so erzählt Rich hier die Geschichte eines beispiellosen Menschheitsversagens.

Studies in the Medieval Atlantic


Author: B. Hudson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137062398
Category: History
Page: 271
View: 6274

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This collection of essays offers fresh analysis of topics in the exciting area of Atlantic World studies. Challenging standard assumptions, the essays advance the argument that the Atlantic Ocean was a region that encompassed ethnic and political boundaries, in which a sub-community shaped by culture and commerce arose.

Business and the Sustainability Challenge

An Integrated Perspective
Author: Peter N. Nemetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136262180
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 560
View: 9897

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It is vitally important for businesses to have a holistic understanding of the many issues surrounding and shaping sustainability, from competitors to government and political factors, to economics and ecological science. This integrated textbook for MBA and senior-level undergraduates offers a comprehensive overview of the issues of sustainability as they relate to business and influence corporate strategy. It also features a wide range of cases and an extensive discussion of tools to incorporate sustainability issues into strategic decision making, helping instructors and students to build and then apply a solid understanding of sustainability in business.

Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft : das Netzwerk des Leugnens


Author: Erik M. Conway,Naomi Oreskes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527412115
Category: Democracy and science
Page: 389
View: 1347

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Ein ganz realer Thriller: Wie skrupellose Lobbyisten seriöse Forscher diffamierten und gezielt Falschinformationen in lancierten Medienkampagnen global verbreiteten. Der Plot ist hollywoodreif, die Geschichte so skandalträchtig wie bestürzend Eine Handvoll Forscher leugnet, manipuliert und diskreditiert anerkannte wissenschaftliche Tatsachen wie den Klimawandel oder den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Rauchen und gesundheitlichen Risiken. Doch Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft (im Original Merchants of Doubt) ist kein fiktiver Roman, sondern berichtet von der Realität. In den USA sorgte das Buch von Naomi Oreskes und Erik M. Conway für Furore und wurde zum Bestseller. Kein Wunder, die Geschichte, die sie erzählen, ist schließlich unglaublich – es ist die Geschichte über den Kampf gegen Fakten und über den Handel mit dem Zweifel, über die Manipulation der Medien und die Diffamierung Einzelner. Und sie geht uns alle an. Schließlich lehnten die USA als einzige Industrienation die Ratifizierung des Kyoto–Protokolls ab und verhinderten so wichtige Schritte des Klimaschutzes. Ein Lehrstück über die Macht der Industrielobby und ihre Handlanger aus Politik und Wissenschaft und ein Lehrstück darüber, wie erschreckend einfach es möglich ist, mit unlauteren Absichten selbst seriöse Medien zu beeinflussen und mit nachweislich falschen Informationen zu »füttern«.

Invasion der Barbaren

Die Entstehung Europas im ersten Jahrtausend nach Christus
Author: Peter Heather
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608101896
Category: History
Page: 667
View: 5080

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Spätrömische Dekadenz und plündernde Vandalen: so lauten die Klischees über die sogenannte Völkerwanderungszeit. Doch wie entstand im ersten Jahrtausend aus dem hochentwickelten römischen Süden und dem barbarischen Norden die neue kulturelle Einheit Europa? Um Christi Geburt war Europa zweigeteilt in den hochentwickelten Süden der Mittelmeerkulturen und den unentwickelten Norden germanischund slawisch sprechender Stammeskulturen. Diese kannten weder die Schrift noch den steinernen Siedlungsbau, ein stehendes Heer oder die Geldwirtschaft, geschweige denn Städte mit Feuerwehr und Müllabfuhr. Wie konnte der »Ansturm der Barbaren« dem römischen Imperium den Todesstoß versetzen? Peter Heather stellt diese alte Frage im Licht der Erkenntnisse zur Ethnogenese und der modernen Migrationsforschung neu. Vom Hunnensturm bis zu den Wikingern untersucht er die Dynamik der europäischen Wanderungsbewegungen. Die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wechselwirkungen zwischen beiden Kulturräumen veränderten diese von Grund auf und ließen sie langfristig zu einer neuen kulturellen Einheit werden: dem Europa, das wir in weiterentwickelter Form noch heute kennen.

The Encyclopedia of Global Warming Science and Technology: I-Z


Author: Bruce Elliott Johansen
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313377068
Category: Science
Page: 738
View: 5302

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In this two-volume encyclopedia for students of all levels and for general readers, Bruce Johansen marshals the explosion of scientific work on global warming into 300 articles presented in clear and palatable language.

The Political Economy of Democracy and Tyranny


Author: Norman Schofield
Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: N.A
Category: Authoritarianism
Page: 338
View: 8150

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One theme that has emerged from the recent literature on political economy concerns the transition to democracy: why would dominant elites give up oligarchic power? This book addresses the fundamental question of democratic stability and the collapse of tyranny by considering a formal model of democracy and tyranny. The formal model is used to study elections in developed polities such as the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Canada, and Israel, as well as complex developing polities such as Turkey. The key idea is that activist groups may offer resources to political candidates if they in turn adjust their polities in favor of the interest group. In polities that use a "first past the post" electoral system, such as the US, the bargaining between interest groups and candidates creates a tendency for activist groups to coalesce; in polities such as Israel and the Netherlands, where the electoral system is very proportional, there may be little tendency for activist coalescence. A further feature of the model is that candidates, or political leaders, like Barack Obama, with high intrinsic charisma, or valence, will be attracted to the electoral center, while less charismatic leaders will move to the electoral periphery. This aspect of the model is used to compare the position taking and exercise of power of authoritarian leaders in Portugal, Argentina and the Soviet Union. The final chapter of the book suggests that the chaos that may be induced by climate change and rapid population growth can only be addressed by concerted action directed by a charismatic leader of the Atlantic democracies.

Empires of Food

Feast, Famine, and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations
Author: Andrew Rimas,Evan Fraser
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439110133
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 2681

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We are what we eat: this aphorism contains a profound truth about civilization, one that has played out on the world historical stage over many millennia of human endeavor. Using the colorful diaries of a sixteenth-century merchant as a narrative guide, Empires of Food vividly chronicles the fate of people and societies for the past twelve thousand years through the foods they grew, hunted, traded, and ate—and gives us fascinating, and devastating, insights into what to expect in years to come. In energetic prose, agricultural expert Evan D. G. Fraser and journalist Andrew Rimas tell gripping stories that capture the flavor of places as disparate as ancient Mesopotamia and imperial Britain, taking us from the first city in the once-thriving Fertile Crescent to today’s overworked breadbaskets and rice bowls in the United States and China, showing just what food has meant to humanity. Cities, culture, art, government, and religion are founded on the creation and exchange of food surpluses, complex societies built by shipping corn and wheat and rice up rivers and into the stewpots of history’s generations. But eventually, inevitably, the crops fail, the fields erode, or the temperature drops, and the center of power shifts. Cultures descend into dark ages of poverty, famine, and war. It happened at the end of the Roman Empire, when slave plantations overworked Europe’s and Egypt’s soil and drained its vigor. It happened to the Mayans, who abandoned their great cities during centuries of drought. It happened in the fourteenth century, when medieval societies crashed in famine and plague, and again in the nineteenth century, when catastrophic colonial schemes plunged half the world into a poverty from which it has never recovered. And today, even though we live in an age of astounding agricultural productivity and genetically modified crops, our food supplies are once again in peril. Empires of Food brilliantly recounts the history of cyclic consumption, but it is also the story of the future; of, for example, how a shrimp boat hauling up an empty net in the Mekong Delta could spark a riot in the Caribbean. It tells what happens when a culture or nation runs out of food—and shows us the face of the world turned hungry. The authors argue that neither local food movements nor free market economists will stave off the next crash, and they propose their own solutions. A fascinating, fresh history told through the prism of the dining table, Empires of Food offers a grand scope and a provocative analysis of the world today, indispensable in this time of global warming and food crises.

World Economic and Social Survey


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789211091595
Category: Economic history
Page: 240
View: 9183

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The separation in practice of climate change and development agendas has distorted the global debate on the two biggest policy challenges facing the international community. According to the Survey, an integrated approach based on the concept of sustainable development is urgently needed. It argues that mitigation and adaptation can move forward effectively only if they are part of a consistent development strategy built around a massive investment-led transformation along low-emissions, high-growth paths. The Survey also contends that a critical role must be played by developmental States able to mobilize public finance and build appropriate technological capacity.