The Globalisation of Modern Architecture

The Impact of Politics, Economics and Social Change on Architecture and Urban Design since 1990
Author: Robert Adam
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443839485
Category: Architecture
Page: 360
View: 1514

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Taking the break-up of the Soviet Union and the entry of Russia, China and India into the global market as the start of a new era of globalisation, Robert Adam compares new developments in architecture and urban design with major shifts in the balance of power since 1990. Based on the principle that design unavoidably follows social change, politics and economics, this analysis casts a new light on recent architecture. Starting with the lead up to events in the 1990s, links are established between the global dominance of the North Atlantic economies, architectural style and a dramatic increase in international architectural practice. The widely-observed homogeneity of the global consumer economy is examined in relation to branding, tourism and international competition between cities, and parallels are drawn with universal architectural and urban types, iconic architecture and the rise of the star architect. Contrasting pressures to maintain differences are identified in the break-up of nation states, identity politics, targeted marketing and environmentalism, and these are related to attempts to reinforce local identity through architecture and urban design. Using social, political and economic change as a guide to new directions in architecture and urban design, the book ends by tracing the changes in global power revealed by the 2008 Western financial crash and its immediate impact on the built environment. By comparing past patterns of cultural influence, the book speculates on how architecture and urban design may come to reflect wider global trends.

Bonner Enzyklopädie der Globalität


Author: Ludger Kühnhardt,Tilman Mayer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365813819X
Category: Social Science
Page: 1627
View: 6742

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Im Zentrum der Enzyklopädie steht die Frage, ob und inwieweit Europa im Zeitalter der Globalität durch Kontinuität und Wandel Referenzrahmen für Begriffsbildungen, Symbolisierungen und Sinndeutungen in den Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften bleibt. Angesichts weltweiter Diskurse zur Globalität wird exemplarisch nach den Konsequenzen des global turn für den seit der Aufklärung erhobenen Anspruch Europas auf geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Deutungshoheit gefragt. Bezogen auf die geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Perspektive lautet die Kernfrage der Enzyklopädie: Wie verändert Globalität Europa und wie verändert Europa die Globalität? Grundsätzlich und am Beispiel wichtiger Sachverhalte und Begriffe aus den Lebenssphären des Menschen untersuchen mehr als einhundert Professoren der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, wie der global turn die geistes- und kulturwissenschaftliche Begriffsbildung prägt. Die Bonner Enzyklopädie der Globalität bietet weitreichende Denkanstöße zu der Frage, ob und auf welche Weise europäische Deutungsmuster und Begriffsbestimmungen durch Kontinuität und Wandel im Zeichen der Globalität universell bedeutsam bleiben. ​

Reflections on Architecture, Society and Politics

Social and Cultural Tectonics in the 21st Century
Author: Graham Cairns
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317069641
Category: Architecture
Page: 274
View: 9351

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Reflections on Architecture, Society and Politics brings together a series of thirteen interview-articles by Graham Cairns in collaboration with some of the most prominent polemic thinkers and critical practitioners from the fields of architecture and the social sciences, including Noam Chomsky, Peggy Deamer, Robert A.M. Stern, Daniel Libeskind and Kenneth Frampton. Each chapter explores the relationship between architecture and socio-political issues through discussion of architectural theories and projects, citing specific issues and themes that have led to, and will shape, the various aspects of the current and future built environment. Ranging from Chomsky’s examination of the US–Mexico border as the architecture of oppression to Robert A.M. Stern’s defence of projects for the Disney corporation and George W. Bush, this book places politics at the center of issues within contemporary architecture.

Time Frames

Conservation Policies for Twentieth-Century Architectural Heritage
Author: Ugo Carughi,Massimo Visone
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351980351
Category: Architecture
Page: 532
View: 987

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Time Frames provides a reconnaissance on the conservation rules and current protection policies of more than 100 countries, with particular attention to the emerging nations and twentieth-century architecture. The contributions illustrate the critical issues related to architectural listings, with a brief history of national approaches, a linkography and a short bibliography. The book also provides a short critical lexicography, with 12 papers written by scholars and experts including topics on identities, heritages, conservation, memories and the economy. By examining the methods used to designate building as heritage sites across the continents, this book provides a comprehensive overview of current protection policies of twentieth-century architecture as well as the role of architectural history.

Architecture, Mentalities and Meaning


Author: Patrick Malone
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351675362
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 5855

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In order to function, architectural theory and practice must be shaped to suit current cultural, economic, and political forces. Thus, architecture embodies reductive logic that conditions the treatment of human and social processes – which raises the question of how to define objectivity for architectural mentalities that must conform to a set of immediate conditions. This book focuses on meaning, and on the physical and mental processes that define life in built environments. The potential to draw knowledge from aesthetics, psychology, political economy, philosophy, geography, and sociology is offset by the fact that architectural logic is inevitably reductive, cultural, socio-economic, and political. However, despite the duty to conform, it is argued that the treatment of human processes, and the understanding of architectural mentalities, can benefit from interdisciplinary linkages, small freedoms, and cracks in a system of imperatives that can yield the means of greater objectivity. This is valuable reading for students and researchers interested in architectural theory as a working reality, and in the relationships between architecture and other fields.

North American architecture trends, 1990-2000


Author: Luca Molinari
Publisher: Skira
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 246
View: 8104

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There are some considerations that emerged in taking on an analysis of the last ten years of North American architecture in relation to a political, social, and economic context that is subject to a sweeping metamorphosis. A decade of changes in which architecture struggled to offer images that properly represented it, if not through an appeal to virtuality capable of responding immediately and not without problematic issues to the repeated demands of reality. A decade that was born under the axe of economic crisis and which ended in the spotlight of an unprecedented productive and financial expansion, conveyed by the affirmation and spread of the Internet on a world scale. A decade that began in the shadow of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the riots of Los Angeles and that ended with the further globalization of America's political role and a growing awareness of a multiracial society. A decade during which projects that had been conceived and designed in the Eighties were slowly brought to completion, experiencing first the effect of "S, M, L, XL', then the effect of Bilbao-Gehry, and all the while the results of a globalization of ideas and projects that, as never before, has led so many American architects to work and to obtain a definitive consecration in Europe and Asia and, at the same time, so many Asian and European designers to work in North America. These years show that the diverse architectural cultures that inhabit the United States are increasingly taking on an awareness of their own role, distant from the traditional centres of academic development and at the same time an image of social and economic realities in expansion. This volume attempts to open a window on this dimension in flux that is also of great interest by offering a selection of projects built in the Nineties by North American architects in America. A decade which marked an important transitional phase and the metamorphosis of the work of the American masters of the Sixties and Seventies like Venturi and Scott Brown, Cesar Pelli, Charles Gwathmey, I.M. Pei, with the full affirmation of new masters such as Frank Gehry, Peter Eisenman and Steven Holl and the emergence of new generations represented by Williams and Tsien, Patkau, Will Bruder, Antoine Predock, Ro.To., Morphosis, Eric Owen Moss and Asymptote. The book is introduced by a short essay of Adalberto Dal Lago.

Demystifying Doha

On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City
Author: Dr Florian Wiedmann,Professor Ashraf M Salama
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409466361
Category: Architecture
Page: 300
View: 3724

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Over the past decade or so, the wealth produced by Qatar's oil and gas exports has generated a construction development boom in its capital city of Doha and the surrounding vicinity. Since the late 1990s, the number of inhabitants has grown from less than 400,000 to more than 1.7 million today. In many respects, Doha is portrayed as an important emerging global capital in the Gulf region, which has been positioning and re-inventing itself on the map of international architecture and urbanism, with a global image of building clusters of glass office towers, as well as cultural and educational facilities. While focusing on the architectural and planning aspects of Doha's intensive urbanization, this first comprehensive examination of the city sets this within the socio-political and economic context of the wider Arabian Peninsula. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' features a comprehensive discussion on contemporary architecture and urbanism of Doha as an emerging regional metropolis. It provides a critical analysis of the evolution of architecture and urbanism as products of the contemporary global condition. Issues that pertain to emerging service hubs, decentralised urban governance, integrated urban development strategies, image-making practices, urban identity, the dialectic relations between the city and its society and sustainable urbanism are all examined to elucidate the urban evolution and the contemporary condition of Doha. 'Demystifying Doha - On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' concludes by suggesting a framework for future studies of the city as well as for investigating the future of similar cities, setting out an agenda for sustainable urban growth, while invigorating the multiple roles urban planners and architects can play in shaping this future.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3835

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

EDRA.


Author: Environmental Design Research Association. Conference,Environmental Design Research Association,Janice M. Bissell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780939922338
Category: Buildings
Page: 281
View: 5737

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The United States and Germany in the Era of the Cold War, 1945-1990

A Handbook
Author: Professor of History Emeritus Heidelberg University Founding Director Detlef Junker,Detlef Junker,Philipp Gassert,Wilfried Mausbach,David B. Morris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521834209
Category: History
Page: 608
View: 5291

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Looks at German-American relations from World War II until the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Trotzki

Eine Biographie
Author: Robert Service
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874660X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 730
View: 7102

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Revolutionäres Vorbild, Internationalist und Kosmopolit, Theoretiker, Philosoph, Schriftsteller, Politiker, Liebhaber, Ehemann, Vater, Jude, Feind und verfolgtes Opfer. Leo Trotzki, einer der bedeutendsten politischen Führer der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts, war von schillernder Gestalt. Der 1879 in der Südukraine als Lew Dawidowitsch Bronstein geborene hat den Grundstein zur Gründung der Sowjetunion gelegt, und wird doch immer wieder unterschlagen, wenn die führenden Köpfe der russischen Revolution genannt werden. Zusammen mit Lenin stand er, der Gründer der Roten Armee, 1917 an der Spitze der Oktoberrevolution. Als Volkskommissar war er unter anderem verantwortlich für das Kriegs- und Verlagswesen. Trotzki war nicht nur politischer Führer, sondern auch produktiver Schriftsteller und begnadeter Redner. Fragen nach Kultur und Alltagsleben waren ihm ebenso wichtig wie Politik und Geschichte. Der Aufstieg der Stalinfraktion nach Lenins Tod 1924 führte zu seinem Ausschluß aus den politischen Führungspositionen und schließlich zu seiner Verbannung 1929. Im Jahr 1940 wurde Trotzki in Mexiko-City von einem GPU-Agenten mit einem Eispickel erschlagen. Robert Service, Professor für Russische Geschichte und Spezialist für Russische Revolutionsgeschichte, hat viele Jahre unveröffentlichtes Archivmaterial gesichtet und mit seiner packenden Biographie nicht nur das Bild eines der brillantesten politischen Köpfe der Revolution gezeichnet, sondern sich – unparteiisch und unverfälscht – auch mit der überfälligen Debatte um das Verhältnis zwischen Trotzki und Stalin auseinandergesetzt.

Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

Das Informationszeitalter. Wirtschaft. Gesellschaft. Kultur
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658113227
Category: Social Science
Page: 646
View: 2844

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Manuel Castells entwirft in seinem Werk eine Soziologie des Informationszeitalters. Auf der Grundlage reichhaltigen empirischen Materials analysiert und interpretiert er die Entwicklung von der Industriegesellschaft zur Informationsgesellschaft. Seit seinem ersten Erscheinen 1996 in den USA hat das Werk einen beispiellosen Siegeszug durch die wissenschaftlich interessierte Leserschaft genommen.