The German Ideology

Including Theses on Feuerbach and Introduction to The Critique of Political Economy
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Pyr Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 574
View: 1926

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Nearly two years before his powerful Communist Manifesto, Marx (1818-1883) co-wrote The German Ideology in 1845 with friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels expounding a new political worldview, including positions on materialism, labor, production, alienation, the expansion of capitalism, class conflict, revolution, and eventually communism. They chart the course of "true" socialism based on Hegel's dialectic, while criticizing the ideas of Bruno Bauer, Max Stirner and Ludwig Feuerbach. Marx expanded his criticism of the latter in his now famous Theses on Feuerbach, found after Marx's death and published by Engels in 1888. Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy, also found among the posthumous papers of Marx, is a fragment of an introduction to his main works. Combining these three works, this volume is essential for an understanding of Marxism.

Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy Of Right'


Author: Karl Marx,Joseph O'Malley
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521292115
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 9917

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This book is a complete translation of Marx's critical commentary on paragraphs 261-313 of Hegel's major work in political theory. In this text Marx subjects Hegel's doctrine on the internal constitution of the state to a lengthy analysis. It was Marx's first attempt to expose and criticize Hegel's philosophy in general and his political philosophy in particular. It also represents his early efforts to criticize existing political institutions and to clarify the relations between the political and economic aspects of society. The Critique provides textual evidence in support of the argument that Marx's early writings do not exhibit radically different doctrinal principles and theoretical and practical concerns from his later work. This edition also includes a translation of the introduction Marx wrote for his proposed revised version of the Critique which he never completed. In a substantial introduction, Professor O'Malley provides valuable information on Marx's intellectual development.

The German Ideology


Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHERS CO
ISBN: 9780717803026
Category: Political Science
Page: 158
View: 8144

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With selections from Parts Two and Three, together with Marx's "Introduction to a Critique of Political Economy".

How to Be a Marxist in Philosophy


Author: Louis Althusser
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474280552
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 6199

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In How to Be a Marxist in Philosophy one of the most famous Marxist philosophers of the 20th century shares his concept of what it means to function fruitfully as a political thinker within the discipline and environs of philosophy. This is the first English translation to Althusser's provocative and, often, controversial guide to being a true Marxist philosopher. Althusser argues that philosophy needs Marxism. It can't exist fully without it. Similarly, Marxism requires the rigour and structures of philosophy to give it form and focus. He calls all thinking people to, 'Remember: a philosopher is a man who fights in theory, and when he understands the reasons for this fight, he joined the ranks of the struggle of workers and popular classes.' In short, this book comprises Althusser's elucidation of what praxis means and why it continues to matter. With a superb introduction from translator and Althusser archivist G.M. Goshgarian, this is a book that will re-inspire contemporary Marxist thought and reinvigorate our notions of what political activism can be.

The Poverty of Philosophy


Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1605204293
Category: Political Science
Page: 228
View: 4661

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Written in the winter of 1846 7 as a response to Proudhon s Systeme des Contradictions Economique ou Philosophie de la Misere, this is essential background for appreciating Marx s later work, including Capital and his Communist Manifesto. Here, Marx begins to explore such concepts as constituted or synthetic value, the division of labor and machinery, competition and monopoly, strikes and the combination of workmen, and free trade, all of which would later come to play important roles in his social and political philosophy. Anyone wishing to understand Marx s approach to capitalism as an oppressor of the proletariat and as a movement destined to collapse must consider this required reading. Prussian philosopher KARL MARX (1818-1883) was a social scientist, historian, and political revolutionary. He is indisputably the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century. Although scholars largely ignored him in his own lifetime, his social, economic, and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death."

Privacy and Capitalism in the Age of Social Media


Author: Sebastian Sevignani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131738038X
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 9612

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This book explores commodification processes of personal data and provides a critical framing of the ongoing debate of privacy in the Internet age, using the example of social media and referring to interviews with users. It advocates and expands upon two main theses: First, people’s privacy is structurally invaded in contemporary informational capitalism. Second, the best response to this problem is not accomplished by invoking the privacy framework as it stands, because it is itself part of the problematic nexus that it struggles against. Informational capitalism poses weighty problems for making the Internet a truly social medium, and aspiring to sustainable privacy simultaneously means to struggle against alienation and exploitation. In the last instance, this means opposing the capitalist form of association – online and offline.

The Basic Bakunin

Writings 1869-1871
Author: Robert M. Cutler
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615921656
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 2562

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Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin, the anarchist, was a political thinker; his reputation, based partly on his appetite for action and partly on unsympathetic historiography, obscures this. Bakunin's social milieu influenced the manner in which he expressed his ideas, because he tried always to tailor them to whom he spoke, promoting so far as possible the revolutionary consciousness and socialist instincts of his audience.The works included in this volume nevertheless have a certain unity, because they all were intended for the same audience. The texts presented here date from the period of Bakunin's propaganda on behalf of the International Working-Men's Association. They thus belong to a phase of his activity central to his anarchism, which is generally agreed to be one of his most significant projects, and which marks the height of his influence during his life. Most of the items first appeared in the Swiss newspapers L'Egalite and Le Progres in 1869. Isaiah Berlin, no great partisan of Bakunin's, has called him a gifted journalist, and Amedee Dunois considers these articles the best of Bakunin's written works. By making available in English an important and coherent set of Bakunin's writings, it is hoped to contribute to a more careful reevaluation of his thought.

On Religion


Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486122832
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 3525

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In these letters and essays, the founders of Marxism discuss the origins and essence of religion and offer a thought-provoking introduction to the theoretical basis of proletarian atheism.

The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 and the Communist Manifesto


Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615920722
Category: Philosophy
Page: 243
View: 1113

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Communism as a political movement attained global importance after the Bolsheviks toppled the Russian Czar in 1917. After that time the works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, especially the influential Communist Manifesto (1848), enjoyed an international audience. The world was to learn a new political vocabulary peppered with "socialism," "capitalism," "the working class," "the bourgeoisie," "labor theory of value," "alienation," "economic determinism," "dialectical materialism," and "historical materialism." Marx's economic analysis of history has been a powerful legacy, the effects of which continue to be felt world-wide. Serving as the foundation for Marx's indictment of capitalism is his extraordinary work titled Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts, written in 1844 but published nearly a century later. Here Marx offers his theory of human nature and an analysis of emerging capitalism's degenerative impact on man's sense of self and his creative potential. What is man's true nature? How did capitalism gain such a foothold on Western society? What is alienation and how does it threaten to undermine the proletariat? These and other vital questions are addressed as the youthful Marx sets forth his first detailed assessment of the human condition.

Protagoras, Philebus, and Gorgias


Author: Plato
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615921877
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 2607

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Three of Plato's most important dialogues are brought together to address vital concerns that continue to occupy serious minds today: In the Protagoras Plato attempts to answer questions about the nature of virtue and whether it is inherent to humans or a subject capable of being taught. In the Philebus he addresses the nature and content of the good and whether wisdom or pleasure is to be preferred. In the Gorgias Plato customarily applies what is learned from the previous discussions to address larger issues such as the proper functioning of society and the state and the individual's appropriate place in them.

Paradoxes of Freedom


Author: Sidney Hook
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616140631
Category: Philosophy
Page: 152
View: 2139

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One of America's most influential social philosophers offers a restatement of traditional liberal-democratic views as they pertain to our constitutional form of government.The topics explored in Sidney Hook's book include the nature and extent of human freedom, the Bill of Rights, judicial review as it pertains to constitutional interpretation and the balance of powers among the three branches of government, censorship, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, social justice, the importance of intelligence in political and moral spheres, as well as civil disobedience and the right to revolution within a democratic order.Here we have a sustained, nonpartisan analysis of the place of the Constitution and judicial review within our democracy. Special emphasis is given to reconsidering the proper role of the Supreme Court if and when a Constitutional Convention is convoked to address this and related questions.Sidney Hook (1902-1989) was professor emeritus at New York University and a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Among his many books are Convictions; Paradoxes of Freedom; The Quest for Being; Reason, Social Myths, and Democracy; and an autobiography, Out of Step: An Unquiet Life in the 20th Century.

Grundrisse

Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141194030
Category: Political Science
Page: 912
View: 5609

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Written during the winter of 1857-8, the Grundrisse was considered by Marx to be the first scientific elaboration of communist theory. A collection of seven notebooks on capital and money, it both develops the arguments outlined in the Communist Manifesto (1848) and explores the themes and theses that were to dominate his great later work Capital. Here, for the first time, Marx set out his own version of Hegel's dialectics and developed his mature views on labour, surplus value and profit, offering many fresh insights into alienation, automation and the dangers of capitalist society. Yet while the theories in Grundrisse make it a vital precursor to Capital, it also provides invaluable descriptions of Marx's wider-ranging philosophy, making it a unique insight into his beliefs and hopes for the foundation of a communist state.

Political Ideals


Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615929274
Category: Philosophy
Page: 93
View: 3348

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The Philosophy of Marx


Author: Etienne Balibar
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859849514
Category: Philosophy
Page: 139
View: 5108

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Providing a lucid and accessible introduction to Marx, complete with pedagogical boxes, a chronology and guides to further reading, Etienne Balibar makes the most difficult areas of his philosophy easy to understand. One of the most influential French philosophers to have emerged from the 1960s, Balibar brings a lifetime of study and expertise to create a brilliantly concise portrait of Marx that will initiate the student and intrigue the scholar. He examines all the key areas of Marx's writings, including his early works, The Communist Manifesto, The German Ideology and Capital, explaining their wider historical and theoretical context. Making clear such concepts as class struggle, ideology, humanism, progress, determinism, commodity fetishism and the state, Balibar includes brief yet incisive biographical studies of key Marxists such as Althusser, Gramsci, Engels and Lenin. The Philosophy of Marx will become the standard guide to Marx's thought.

Karl Marx

A Reader
Author: Karl Marx,Jon Elster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521338325
Category: History
Page: 345
View: 6287

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A selection of Karl Marx's most important writings are contained in this volume. It was designed as a companion to Elster's "An introduction to Karl Marx" but may be used alone.

Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy


Author: Frederick Engels
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781533602374
Category:
Page: 78
View: 3115

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In the preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, published in Berlin, 1859, Karl Marx relates how the two of us in Brussels in the year 1845 set about: "to work out in common the opposition of our view" -- the materialist conception of history which was elaborated mainly by Marx -- "to the ideological view of German philosophy, in fact, to settle accounts with our erstwhile philosophical conscience. The resolve was carried out in the form of a criticism of post-Hegelian philosophy. The manuscript, two large octavo volumes, had long reached its place of publication in Westphalia when we received the news that altered circumstances did not allow of its being printed. We abandoned the manuscript to the gnawing criticism of the mice all the more willingly as we had achieved our main purpose -- self-clarification!" Since then more than 40 years have elapsed and Marx died without either of us having had an opportunity of returning to the subject. We have expressed ourselves in various places regarding our relation to Hegel, but nowhere in a comprehensive, connected account. To Feuerbach, who after all in many respects forms an intermediate link between Hegelian philosophy and our conception, we never returned.

Marx’s Attempt to Leave Philosophy


Author: Daniel BRUDNEY
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674551336
Category: Philosophy
Page: 425
View: 5092

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Daniel Brudney traces the development of post-Hegelian thought from Ludwig Feuerbach through Bruno Bauer to Karl Marx's work of 1844 and his "Theses on Feuerbach," and concludes with an examination of "The German Ideology." Brudney shows how Marx, following Feuerbach, attempted to reveal humanity's nature and what would count as the good life, while eschewing and indeed polemicizing against "philosophy"--against any concern with metaphysics and epistemology.

Selected Writings


Author: Karl Marx,Lawrence H. Simon
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872202184
Category: Philosophy
Page: 338
View: 2737

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Kenneth Winkler's deft abridgment of Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding includes generous selections from the Essay, topically arranged passages from the replies to Stillingfleet, a chronology, a bibliography, a glossary, and an index based on the entries that Locke himself devised. His insightful introduction provides the reader with both a historical and a philosophical context in which to assess Locke's masterwork.