The Geometry of Discrete Groups

Author: Alan F. Beardon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461211468
Category: Mathematics
Page: 340
View: 8944

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This text is intended to serve as an introduction to the geometry of the action of discrete groups of Mobius transformations. The subject matter has now been studied with changing points of emphasis for over a hundred years, the most recent developments being connected with the theory of 3-manifolds: see, for example, the papers of Poincare [77] and Thurston [101]. About 1940, the now well-known (but virtually unobtainable) Fenchel-Nielsen manuscript appeared. Sadly, the manuscript never appeared in print, and this more modest text attempts to display at least some of the beautiful geo metrical ideas to be found in that manuscript, as well as some more recent material. The text has been written with the conviction that geometrical explana tions are essential for a full understanding of the material and that however simple a matrix proof might seem, a geometric proof is almost certainly more profitable. Further, wherever possible, results should be stated in a form that is invariant under conjugation, thus making the intrinsic nature of the result more apparent. Despite the fact that the subject matter is concerned with groups of isometries of hyperbolic geometry, many publications rely on Euclidean estimates and geometry. However, the recent developments have again emphasized the need for hyperbolic geometry, and I have included a comprehensive chapter on analytical (not axiomatic) hyperbolic geometry. It is hoped that this chapter will serve as a "dictionary" offormulae in plane hyperbolic geometry and as such will be of interest and use in its own right.

Topics in Geometric Group Theory

Author: Pierre de la Harpe
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226317212
Category: Mathematics
Page: 310
View: 1383

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In this book, Pierre de la Harpe provides a concise and engaging introduction to geometric group theory, a new method for studying infinite groups via their intrinsic geometry that has played a major role in mathematics over the past two decades. A recognized expert in the field, de la Harpe adopts a hands-on approach, illustrating key concepts with numerous concrete examples. The first five chapters present basic combinatorial and geometric group theory in a unique and refreshing way, with an emphasis on finitely generated versus finitely presented groups. In the final three chapters, de la Harpe discusses new material on the growth of groups, including a detailed treatment of the "Grigorchuk group." Most sections are followed by exercises and a list of problems and complements, enhancing the book's value for students; problems range from slightly more difficult exercises to open research problems in the field. An extensive list of references directs readers to more advanced results as well as connections with other fields.

Topology '90

Author: Boris N. Apanasov,Walter D. Neumann,Alan W. Reid,Laurent Siebenmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110857723
Category: Mathematics
Page: 469
View: 7365

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This series is devoted to the publication of monographs, lecture resp. seminar notes, and other materials arising from programs of the OSU Mathemaical Research Institute. This includes proceedings of conferences or workshops held at the Institute, and other mathematical writings.

Complex Geometry

Author: G. Komatsu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824788186
Category: Mathematics
Page: 248
View: 5868

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Presents the proceedings of an international conference on complex geometry and related topics, held in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Osaka University, Osaka, Japan. The text focuses on the CR invariants, hyperbolic geometry, Yamabe-type problems, and harmonic maps.

Fuchsian Groups

Author: Svetlana Katok
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226425825
Category: Mathematics
Page: 175
View: 6660

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This introductory text provides a thoroughly modern treatment of Fuchsian groups that addresses both the classical material and recent developments in the field. A basic example of lattices in semisimple groups, Fuchsian groups have extensive connections to the theory of a single complex variable, number theory, algebraic and differential geometry, topology, Lie theory, representation theory, and group theory.

Metric Spaces of Non-Positive Curvature

Author: Martin R. Bridson,André Häfliger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662124947
Category: Mathematics
Page: 643
View: 7080

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A description of the global properties of simply-connected spaces that are non-positively curved in the sense of A. D. Alexandrov, and the structure of groups which act on such spaces by isometries. The theory of these objects is developed in a manner accessible to anyone familiar with the rudiments of topology and group theory: non-trivial theorems are proved by concatenating elementary geometric arguments, and many examples are given. Part I provides an introduction to the geometry of geodesic spaces, while Part II develops the basic theory of spaces with upper curvature bounds. More specialized topics, such as complexes of groups, are covered in Part III.

Geometry and Dynamics in Gromov Hyperbolic Metric Spaces

Author: Tushar Das,David Simmons,Mariusz Urbański
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470434652
Category: Geometry, Hyperbolic
Page: 281
View: 5288

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This book presents the foundations of the theory of groups and semigroups acting isometrically on Gromov hyperbolic metric spaces. Particular emphasis is paid to the geometry of their limit sets and on behavior not found in the proper setting. The authors provide a number of examples of groups which exhibit a wide range of phenomena not to be found in the finite-dimensional theory. The book contains both introductory material to help beginners as well as new research results, and closes with a list of attractive unsolved problems.

Discrete Groups in Space and Uniformization Problems

Author: B. Apanasov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792302162
Category: Mathematics
Page: 482
View: 9784

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A revised and substantially enlarged edition of the Russian book Discrete transformation groups and manifold structures published by Nauka in 1983, this volume presents a comprehensive treatment of the geometric theory of discrete groups and the associated tessellations of the underlying space. Also

Fractal Geometry and Dynamical Systems in Pure and Applied Mathematics: Fractals in pure mathematics

Author: David Carfi,Michel Laurent Lapidus,Erin P. J. Pearse,Machiel Van Frankenhuysen
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821891472
Category: Mathematics
Page: 399
View: 3326

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This volume contains the proceedings from three conferences: the PISRS 2011 International Conference on Analysis, Fractal Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Economics, held November 8-12, 2011 in Messina, Italy; the AMS Special Session on Fractal Geometry in Pure and Applied Mathematics, in memory of Benoit Mandelbrot, held January 4-7, 2012, in Boston, MA; and the AMS Special Session on Geometry and Analysis on Fractal Spaces, held March 3-4, 2012, in Honolulu, HI. Articles in this volume cover fractal geometry (and some aspects of dynamical systems) in pure mathematics. Also included are articles discussing a variety of connections of fractal geometry with other fields of mathematics, including probability theory, number theory, geometric measure theory, partial differential equations, global analysis on non-smooth spaces, harmonic analysis and spectral geometry. The companion volume (Contemporary Mathematics, Volume 601) focuses on applications of fractal geometry and dynamical systems to other sciences, including physics, engineering, computer science, economics, and finance.

Bounded Cohomology of Discrete Groups

Author: Roberto Frigerio
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470441462
Category: Algebra, Homological
Page: 193
View: 5662

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The theory of bounded cohomology, introduced by Gromov in the late 1980s, has had powerful applications in geometric group theory and the geometry and topology of manifolds, and has been the topic of active research continuing to this day. This monograph provides a unified, self-contained introduction to the theory and its applications, making it accessible to a student who has completed a first course in algebraic topology and manifold theory. The book can be used as a source for research projects for master's students, as a thorough introduction to the field for graduate students, and as a valuable landmark text for researchers, providing both the details of the theory of bounded cohomology and links of the theory to other closely related areas. The first part of the book is devoted to settling the fundamental definitions of the theory, and to proving some of the (by now classical) results on low-dimensional bounded cohomology and on bounded cohomology of topological spaces. The second part describes applications of the theory to the study of the simplicial volume of manifolds, to the classification of circle actions, to the analysis of maximal representations of surface groups, and to the study of flat vector bundles with a particular emphasis on the possible use of bounded cohomology in relation with the Chern conjecture. Each chapter ends with a discussion of further reading that puts the presented results in a broader context.

From Groups to Geometry and Back

Author: Vaughn Climenhaga,Anatole Katok
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470434792
Category: Geometry
Page: 420
View: 7913

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Groups arise naturally as symmetries of geometric objects, and so groups can be used to understand geometry and topology. Conversely, one can study abstract groups by using geometric techniques and ultimately by treating groups themselves as geometric objects. This book explores these connections between group theory and geometry, introducing some of the main ideas of transformation groups, algebraic topology, and geometric group theory. The first half of the book introduces basic notions of group theory and studies symmetry groups in various geometries, including Euclidean, projective, and hyperbolic. The classification of Euclidean isometries leads to results on regular polyhedra and polytopes; the study of symmetry groups using matrices leads to Lie groups and Lie algebras. The second half of the book explores ideas from algebraic topology and geometric group theory. The fundamental group appears as yet another group associated to a geometric object and turns out to be a symmetry group using covering spaces and deck transformations. In the other direction, Cayley graphs, planar models, and fundamental domains appear as geometric objects associated to groups. The final chapter discusses groups themselves as geometric objects, including a gentle introduction to Gromov's theorem on polynomial growth and Grigorchuk's example of intermediate growth. The book is accessible to undergraduate students (and anyone else) with a background in calculus, linear algebra, and basic real analysis, including topological notions of convergence and connectedness. This book is a result of the MASS course in algebra at Penn State University in the fall semester of 2009.

Geometric Group Theory

Author: Mladen Bestvina,Michah Sageev,Karen Vogtmann
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470412276
Category: Mathematics
Page: 339
View: 4888

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Geometric group theory refers to the study of discrete groups using tools from topology, geometry, dynamics and analysis. The field is evolving very rapidly and the present volume provides an introduction to and overview of various topics which have played critical roles in this evolution. The book contains lecture notes from courses given at the Park City Math Institute on Geometric Group Theory. The institute consists of a set of intensive short courses offered by leaders in the field, designed to introduce students to exciting, current research in mathematics. These lectures do not duplicate standard courses available elsewhere. The courses begin at an introductory level suitable for graduate students and lead up to currently active topics of research. The articles in this volume include introductions to CAT(0) cube complexes and groups, to modern small cancellation theory, to isometry groups of general CAT(0) spaces, and a discussion of nilpotent genus in the context of mapping class groups and CAT(0) groups. One course surveys quasi-isometric rigidity, others contain an exploration of the geometry of Outer space, of actions of arithmetic groups, lectures on lattices and locally symmetric spaces, on marked length spectra and on expander graphs, Property tau and approximate groups. This book is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in geometric group theory. Titles in this series are co-published with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.

Quasiconformal Mappings and Their Applications

Author: Saminathan Ponnusamy,T. Sugawa,Matti Vuorinen
Publisher: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 354
View: 2946

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"Quasiconformal Mappings and their Applications covers conformal invariance and conformally invariant metrics, hyperbolic-type metrics and hyperbolic geodesics, isometries of relative metrics, uniform spaces and Gromov hyperbolicity, quasiregular mappings and quasiconformal mappings in n-space, universal Teichmuller space and related topics, quasiminimizers and potential theory, and numerical conformal mapping and circle packings."--BOOK JACKET.