Papist Patriots

The Making of an American Catholic Identity
Author: Maura Jane Farrelly
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912149
Category: Religion
Page: 324
View: 3812

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"The persons in America who were the most opposed to Great Britain had also, in general, distinguished themselves by being particularly hostile to Catholics." So wrote the minister, teacher, and sometime-historian Jonathan Boucher from his home in Surrey, England, in 1797. He blamed "old prejudices against papists" for the Revolution's popularity - especially in Maryland, where most of the non-Canadian Catholics in British North America lived. Many historians since Boucher have noted the role that anti-Catholicism played in stirring up animosity against the king and Parliament. Yet, in spite of the rhetoric, Maryland's Catholics supported the independence movement more enthusiastically than their Protestant neighbors. Not only did Maryland's Catholics embrace the idea of independence, they also embraced the individualistic, rights-oriented ideology that defined the Revolution, even though theirs was a communally oriented denomination that stressed the importance of hierarchy, order, and obligation. Catholic leaders in Europe made it clear that the war was a "sedition" worthy of damnation, even as they acknowledged that England had been no friend to the Catholic Church. So why, then, did "papists" become "patriots?" Maura Jane Farrelly finds that the answer has a long history, one that begins in England in the early seventeenth century and gains momentum during the nine decades preceding the American Revolution, when Maryland's Catholics lost a religious toleration that had been uniquely theirs in the English-speaking world and were forced to maintain their faith in an environment that was legally hostile and clerically poor. This experience made Maryland's Catholics the colonists who were most prepared in 1776 to accept the cultural, ideological, and psychological implications of a break from England.

Unity in Diversity

English Puritans and the Puritan Reformation, 1603-1689
Author: Randall J. Pederson
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004278516
Category: Religion
Page: 396
View: 7202

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In Unity in Diversity, Randall J. Pederson critiques current trends in the study of Puritanism, and proposes a different path for defining Puritanism, centered on unitas and diversitas, by looking at John Downame, Francis Rous, and Tobias Crisp.

British Outlaws of Literature and History

Essays on Medieval and Early Modern Figures from Robin Hood to Twm Shon Catty
Author: Alexander L. Kaufman
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786485124
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 4539

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The medieval outlaws of Britain maintain a hold on the present-day imagination, judging by their presence in literature and on film. Exploring the nature of both historical and fictional outlaws, these twelve critical essays survey the literary, historical, and cultural environments that produced them, namely the medieval and early modern periods. Divided into three parts, the text examines the historical records of real outlawed men and women and the representation of Jews in medieval Britain as possible outlaws, outlaws associated specifically with Wales, and the popular figure of Robin Hood and the context of the late medieval poems and plays that feature him as a prominent figure.

Victorian Poets and the Changing Bible


Author: Charles LaPorte
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813931584
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 284
View: 4465

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Victorian Poets and the Changing Bible charts the impact of post-Enlightenment biblical criticism on English literary culture. The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw a widespread reevaluation of biblical inspiration, in which the Bible’s poetic nature came to be seen as an integral part of its religious significance. Understandably, then, many poets who followed this interpretative revolution—including Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning, and Elizabeth Barrett Browning—came to reconceive their highest vocational ambitions: if the Bible is essentially poetry, then modern poetry might perform a cultural role akin to that of scripture. This context equally illuminates the aims and achievements of famous Victorian unbelievers such as Arthur Hugh Clough and George Eliot, who also responded enthusiastically to the poetic ideal of an inspired text. Building upon a recent and ongoing reevaluation of religion as a vital aspect of Victorian culture, Charles LaPorte shows the enduring relevance of religion in a period usually associated with its decline. In doing so, he helps to delineate the midcentury shape of a literary dynamic that is generally better understood in Romantic poetry of the earlier part of the century. The poets he examines all wrestled with modern findings about the Bible's fortuitous historical composition, yet they owed much of their extraordinary literary success to their ability to capitalize upon the progress of avant-garde biblical interpretation. This book's revisionary and provocative thesis speaks not only to the course of English poetics but also to the logic of nineteenth-century literary hierarchies and to the continuing evolution of religion in the modern era. Victorian Literature and Culture Series

Encyclopedia of Christianity


Author: John Stephen Bowden
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195223934
Category: Religion
Page: 1364
View: 5038

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Presents a collection of alphabetically arranged articles related to Christianity, covering its history, events, and important figures and individuals. Includes maps, charts, and illustrations.

Christianity

The Complete Guide
Author: John Bowden,John Stephen Bowden
Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 1364
View: 5884

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Almost 200 contributors - a team of scholars from the United States, Europe and the British Commonwealth who are all experts in their subjects - have written over 300 major articles which the book contains. In addition, 166 'boxes' provide succinct summaries of information on a whole variety of issues, supplemented by a 'Who's Who' of key figures, along with illustrations, diagrams, maps, time chart, and a comprehensive index. The Guide assumes that its readers are completely unfamiliar with Christianity and is focused primarily on them: no word or idea goes unexplained. But at the same time it is based on a wealth of scholarship, so that it can serve as an authoritative reference work. And for those who do not just want information but an answer to the fundamental questions of evil, suffering, death and the meaning of life, it offers possible answers based on the resources of the Christian tradition.

Late Churches and Chapels in Berkshire

A Geological Perspective from the Late Eighteenth Century to the First World War
Author: John R. L. Allen
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 4875

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This volume examines the building materials used in around 200 Berkshire churches dating from Georgian Gothic and Classical revivals of the turn of the nineteenth century to the Victorian Gothic rival and the years leading up the the First World War.

Shaping a Colonial Church

Bishop Harper and the Anglican Diocese of Christchurch, 1856-1890
Author: Colin Brown,Marie Peters,Frances Jane Teal
Publisher: University of Canterbury
ISBN: 9781877257445
Category: History
Page: 315
View: 6526

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Ten historians tell the story of the setting up of a branch of the Church of England in a new colony. They highlight the people – bishop, clergy, lay people, including Maori – who shaped this story. The story is set in a wider context of the evolution of provincial and colonial society and the development of the Anglican church, both in New Zealand and worldwide.

Evangelicals and Culture


Author: Doreen M. Rosman
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
ISBN: 0227680340
Category: History
Page: 196
View: 7213

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Nineteenth-century evangelicals have often been dismissed as anti-intellectual and philistine. This book draws on periodicals, memoirs and letters to discover how far this was true of British evangelicals between 1790 and 1833. It examines their leisure pursuits along with their enjoyment of art, music, literature, and study, and concludes that they shared the thought and taste of their contemporaries to a far greater extent than is always acknowledged. What is more, their theology encouraged such activities. Evangelicals regarded recreations which engaged the mind, or which could be pursued within the safety of the home, as more concordant with spirituality than 'sensual' or 'worldly' pleasures. Nevertheless, their faith did militate against culture and learning. Some evangelicals dismissed all non religious pursuits as 'vanity', since their deep-rooted otherworldliness made them suspicious of anything which did not contribute to eternal well-being. A new generation adopted a more rigid attitude to the Bible, which made them unwilling to examine new ideas. In the last resort, even the most cultured evangelicals were unable to reconcile their delight in the arts with their world-denying theology.

An Historical Atlas of Kent


Author: Terence Lawson,David Killingray
Publisher: History PressLtd
ISBN: 9781860772559
Category: History
Page: 214
View: 2472

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Kent can probably claim to have more unique features in its history than most other counties, all fully reflected in this Atlas. The Cathedral at Canterbury with its medieval shrine to St Thomas Becket requires the general subject of pilgrimage to be covered in detail; the Cinque Ports - the echoes of their ancient privileges still apparent by the early 19th century - are another Kentish phenomenon; Romney Marsh, although not quite the separate continent that some claim, is nevertheless well worthy of the detailed account of its medieval history; Kent's perennial role as a gateway is perfectly illustrated by the 'Strangers' from the near Continent who settled widely here in the 16th and 17th centuries. Kent's industrial history is dominated by the unique concentration of royal dockyards; while the story of Kent's coalfield, isolated from its cousins in the North and Midlands, is yet another remarkable chapter. Finally, being located between the Capital and the shortest crossing to the Continent, Kent's relationship with London has been exceptionally close since medieval times and is a recurring theme in this Atlas. This comprehensive, new Historical Atlas, based on current research, fills a notable gap in the published histories of the County and will serve for many years as an important work of reference for the history of Kent. The 250 newly-drawn and reader-friendly maps cover topics ranging from the earliest Stone-Age occupation to such modern developments as the growth of leisure industries. Several topics not usually covered in county historical atlases are included, for example the introduction of public water and gas supplies in the 19th century, together with the expansion of banking services and the local press. Virtually every aspect of Kent's history is clearly mapped and explained in this new work. Though Kent has seen much in its time, it has never before seen a book like this, which will be welcomed well beyond the Kentish borders.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church


Author: Frank Leslie Cross,Elizabeth A. Livingstone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0192802909
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 1800
View: 2640

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Uniquely authoritative and wide-ranging in its scope, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church is the indispensable one-volume reference work on all aspects of the Christian Church. It contains over 6,000 cross-referenced A-Z entries, and offers unrivalled coverage of all aspects of thisvast and often complex subject, from theology; churches and denominations; patristic scholarship; and the bible; to the church calendar and its organization; popes; archbishops; saints; and mystics. In this revision, innumerable small changes have been made to take into account shifts in scholarly opinion, recent developments, such as the Church of England's new prayer book (Common Worship), RC canonizations, ecumenical advances and mergers, and, where possible, statistics. A number of existingarticles have been rewritten to reflect new evidence or understanding, for example the Holy Sepulchre entry, and there are a few new articles, on Desmond Tutu and Padre Pio, for example. Perhaps most significantly, a great number of the bibliographies have been updated. Established since its first appearance in 1957 as an essential resource for ordinands, clergy, and members of religious orders; ODCC is an invaluable tool for academics, teachers, and students of church history and theology, as well as for the general reader. THEOLOGY- the development of doctrines throughout the ages, with their philosophical background and the different traditions of the major Churches- spirituality and heresy- history of the Reformation and Counter-ReformationPATRISTIC SCHOLARSHIP: Fathers of the Church, on whose work later theology is founded, are covered in detail, for example- the Nag Hammadi papyri and their significance for our understanding of Gnosticism- the problems of Marcarius of Egypt and Macarius/Simeon are explored- the recently discovered sermons of Augustine are mentioned, with their places of publication listedCHURCHES AND DENOMINATIONS- the beliefs and structures of both the mainstream and lesser-known denominations such as Amish, Muggletonians, Shakers, and Wee Frees- lengthy articles on the history of Christianity throughout the world, in countries such as Angola, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the Philippines, Poland, Spain, the United States, Vietnam, and ZaireTHE CHURCH CALENDAR AND ORGANIZATION- feast and saints' days- Sacraments- church services, offices, rites, and practices- canon law including Catholic revision- councils and synods- religious ordersTHE BIBLE- individual Biblical Books- major figures from Abraham, Moses, and King David to St Paul and the Evangelists- schools of Biblical criticism and entries on their chief exponentsBIOGRAPHICAL ENTRIES- these are wide ranging and include saints, popes, patriarchs, and archbishops- emperors, kings, and other rulers- mystics, heretics, and reformers- theologians and philosophers, with a summary of their opinions- artists, poets, and musicians

Choice


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 2293

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Oral and Literate Culture in England, 1500-1700


Author: Adam Fox
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191542296
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 8621

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This book explores the varied vernacular forms and rich oral traditions which were such a part of popular culture in early modern England. It focuses, in particular, upon dialect speech and proverbial wisdom, "old wives' tales" and children's lore, historical legends and local customs, scurrilous versifying and scandalous rumour-mongering. Adam Fox argues that while the spoken word provides the most vivid insight into the mental world of the majority in this semi-literate society, it was by no means untouched by written influences. Even at the beginning of the period, centuries of reciprocal infusion between complementary media had created a cultural repertoire which had long ceased to be purely oral. Thereafter, the expansion of literacy together with the proliferation of texts both in manuscript and print saw the rapid acceleration and elaboration of this process. By 1700 popular traditions and modes of expression were the product of a fundamentally literate environment to a much greater extent than has yet been appreciated.

The History of British Women's Writing, 1610-1690

Volume Three
Author: M. Suzuki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230305504
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 339
View: 5382

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During the seventeenth century, in response to political and social upheavals such as the English Civil Wars, women produced writings in both manuscript and print. This volume represents recent scholarship that has uncovered new texts as well as introduced new paradigms to further our understanding of women's literary history during this period.