The End of Imperial Russia, 1855–1917


Author: Peter Waldron
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349254835
Category: Economics
Page: 200
View: 6638

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This book explores the long-term reasons for the demise of Imperial Russia, examining the failure of the autocratic state to strengthen its own political position while economic change transformed Russian society. It seeks to explain its debilitating internal tensions and to link these to the pressures exerted by Russia's repeated failure in war and by the empire's continuing expansion. Lastly, it analyzes what led to Russia being governed, only eight months after the collapse of Tsarism, by the Bolsheviks' revolutionary regime.

The End of Imperial Russia, 1855–1917


Author: Peter Waldron
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349254835
Category: Economics
Page: 200
View: 588

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This book explores the long-term reasons for the demise of Imperial Russia, examining the failure of the autocratic state to strengthen its own political position while economic change transformed Russian society. It seeks to explain its debilitating internal tensions and to link these to the pressures exerted by Russia's repeated failure in war and by the empire's continuing expansion. Lastly, it analyzes what led to Russia being governed, only eight months after the collapse of Tsarism, by the Bolsheviks' revolutionary regime.

Governing Tsarist Russia


Author: Peter Waldron
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780333717172
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 1519

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The Tsarist Empire posed unique problems to its rulers. Peter Waldron examines the challenges that faced them in terms of geography, culture, finance and military power, analysing the sources of the Russian Empire's strength and the reasons why--when other European monarchies were forced to surrender authority--the tsars were able to maintain their unlimited power for so long.

Late Imperial Russia

Problems and Prospects
Author: Ian D. Thatcher
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719067877
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 2618

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This volume offers a detailed examination of the stability of the late imperial regime in Russia. Students and scholars will appreciate the lively summaries of the latest scholarship in political, economic, social, cultural, and international history. Accessible yet insightful, contributions cover the historiography of complex topics such as peasants, workers, revolutionaries, foreign relations, and Nicholas II. In addition, there are original studies of some of the leading intellectuals of the time. The late imperial economy is examined through the writings of Tugan-Baranovsky. There is an account of M. N. Pokrovskii's radical interpretation of late imperial Russia's historical path of development. The state of the Russian theatre is studied through the lives of theatrical impresarios. Each chapter also highlights a unique interpretation, suggesting new lines of inquiry and research. This book will be compulsory reading for students of Russian and European history of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries seeking to better understand why Tsarism collapsed in 1917.

The End of the Russian Empire


Author: Prof. Michael T. Florinsky
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 1787207919
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 1020

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THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION—FROM THE TSARS TO THE SOVIETS This economic, political, and social study by a distinguished Russian authority uses a wealth of contemporary evidence—state documents, memoirs, correspondence, statistics—to analyze “the forces which brought about the fall of the Tsars and paved the way for Bolshevism” in the crucial years 1914-1917. Beginning with a survey of the state of the Russian Empire on the eve of World War I, Professor Florinsky shows how the Imperial system failed to meet the challenges raised by that conflict and why the Bolsheviks were able to assume control of the national Revolution. Every aspect of the collapse is scrutinized, from the absolutist tradition inherited by Nicholas II to the estrangement of the intelligentsia, from the peasant masses, whose only aims were peace and land. The principals are strikingly portrayed—Tsar Nicholas, Tsaritsa Alexandra, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, and Rasputin—as are the breakdown of the ministerial bureaucracy, the impotence of the Duma and Union of Zemstvos, and the colossal losses of the army. This richly documented account of the Provisional Government’s failure to meet the nation’s Revolutionary goals and of the Bolsheviks’ spectacular success in formulating and giving voice to Russian aspirations is basic to an understanding of the origins of today’s Soviet state.

A/AS Level History for AQA Tsarist and Communist Russia, 1855–1964 Student Book


Author: Robert Francis,Hannah Dalton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107531152
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 128
View: 8385

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A new series of bespoke, full-coverage resources developed for the AQA 2015 A/AS Level History. Written for the AQA A/AS Level History specifications for first teaching from 2015, this print Student Book covers the Tsarist and Communist Russia, 1855-1964 Breadth component. Completely matched to the new AQA specification, this full-colour Student Book provides valuable background information to contextualise the period of study. Supporting students in developing their critical thinking, research and written communication skills, it also encourages them to make links between different time periods, topics and historical themes.

War and Revolution in Russia, 1914-22

The Collapse of Tsarism and the Establishment of Soviet Power
Author: Christopher Read
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137295686
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 1277

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The First World War unleashed a powerful, transforming, destructive storm across the European continent. Its consequences were felt as harshly in Russia as anywhere else in the world. A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years. Read synthesises a wealth of newly available material and treats the period 1914-22 as a whole in order to contextualise and better understand the events of 1917 and their impact. As he examines the multiple revolutions, Read asks how and why the Bolsheviks were able to survive the storm, eventually taking over the world's largest country.

Russia of the Tsars


Author: Peter Waldron
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780500289297
Category: History
Page: 144
View: 2068

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History Files: This new paperback series presents the people, events, and ideas that shaped our past and made our present. Drawing upon the latest research, the books are abundantly illustrated with telling images from out-of-the-way sources, and offer the tangible fragments of vanished times in the form of loose-leaf facsimile documents that are included in the books.

Europe's Long Twelfth Century

Order, Anxiety and Adaptation, 1095-1229
Author: John D. Cotts
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137296089
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 4933

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Between 1095 and 1229, Western Europe confronted a series of alternative cultural possibilities that would fundamentally transform its social structures, its intellectual life, and its very identity. It was a period of difficult decisions and anxiety rather than a triumphant 'renaissance'. In this fresh reassessment of the twelfth century, John D. Cotts: • shows how new social, economic and religious options challenged Europeans to re-imagine their place in the world • provides an overview of political life and detailed examples of the original thought and religious enthusiasm of the time • presents the Crusades as the century's defining movement. Ideal for students and scholars alike, this is an essential overview of a pivotal era in medieval history that arguably paved the way for a united Europe.

Beyond Calvin

The Intellectual, Political and Cultural World of Europe's Reformed Churches, c. 1540-1620
Author: Graeme Murdock
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137197161
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 9522

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An international community of Reformed churches emerged during the sixteenth century. Although attempts were made by Calvinists to reach agreement over key beliefs, and to establish uniformity in patterns of worship and church government, there were continuing divisions over some ideas and differences between local practices of moral discipline and religious life. However, Reformed intellectuals developed common ideas about rights of resistance against tyrants, communities prayed, fasted and donated money to aid brethren in distress, and many Calvinists across the Continent developed a strong sense of collective identity. Beyond Calvin considers the Reformed churches of Europe in an international and comparative context from around 1540 to 1620. Graeme Murdock: - discusses how Calvinism operated as an international movement by looking at links between Reformed churches, communities and states - explains what Reformed churches across the Continent stood for - focuses on how Calvinists sought to purify the practice of Christian religion, and to renew European politics, society and culture - examines both the strengths and limits of the international Reformed community

The Medieval Papacy


Author: Brett Edward Whalen
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137374780
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 943

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During the Middle Ages, the popes of Rome claimed both spiritual authority and worldly powers, vying with emperors for supremacy, ruling over the Papal States, and legislating the norms of Christian society. They also faced profound challenges to their proclaimed primacy over Christendom. The Medieval Papacy explores the unique role that the Roman Church and its papal leadership played in the historical development of medieval Europe. Brett Edward Whalen pays special attention to the religious, intellectual and political significance of the papacy from the first century through to the Reformation in the sixteenth century. Ideal for students, scholars and general readers alike, this approachable survey helps us to understand the origins of an idea and institution that continue to shape our modern world.

Rethinking the Russian Revolution


Author: Edward Acton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780713165302
Category: History
Page: 229
View: 3232

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This study is an introduction to the momentous events of the Russian Revolution in 1917 with an analysis of the reasons behind the characteristic polarization of opinions concerning this momentous political event and why for some it is a milestone of human progress and for others, a catastrophic chapter in government oppression.

A Companion to Europe 1900-1945


Author: Gordon Martel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444391671
Category: History
Page: 584
View: 9953

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This volume brings together a distinguished group of international scholars to discuss the major debates in the study of early twentieth-century Europe. Brings together contributions from a distinguished group of international scholars. Provides an overview of current thinking on the period. Traces the great political, social and economic upheavals of the time. Illuminates perennial themes, as well as new areas of enquiry. Takes a pan-European approach, highlighting similarities and differences across nations and regions.

Abolition of Serfdom in Russia

1762-1907
Author: David Moon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317886151
Category: History
Page: 232
View: 4546

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In February 1861 Tsar Alexander II issued the statutes abolishing the institution of serfdom in Russia. The procedures set in motion by Alexander II undid the ties that bound together 22 million serfs and 100,000 noble estate owners, and changed the face of Russia. Rather than presenting abolition as an 'event' that happened in February 1861, The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia presents the reform as a process. It traces the origins of the abolition of serfdom back to reforms in related areas in 1762 and forward to the culmination of the process in 1907. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, the book shows how the reform process linked the old social, economic and political order of eighteenth-century Russia with the radical transformations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that culminated in revolution in 1917.

The Russian Empire, 1801-1917


Author: Hugh Seton-Watson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198221524
Category: History
Page: 813
View: 683

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This volume in the Oxford History of Modern Europe series surveys the development of the Russian empire from the reign of Alexander I to the abdication of Nicholas II. The book centres on political and social history - the history of institutions, classes, political movements, and individuals. Foreign policy is considered from the Russian rather that the general European angle. Attention is also paid to the non-Russian peoples, who formed half the population of what was essentially a multi-national empire. The author's aim has been to see the period as it was, not - as in many modern works - in terms of what happened after it. The book draws on a large body of Russian documentary material, as well as on numerous Russian memoirs, contemporary comment by Russians and by foreign observers, and the important work of Soviet and foreign scholars. In its research, analysis, and interpretation, it is an exciting and original contribution to the study of pre-revolutionary Russia.

The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia

Bibikov's System for the Old Believers, 1841-1855
Author: Thomas Marsden
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198746369
Category: Church and state
Page: 270
View: 2204

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The Crisis of Religious Toleration in Imperial Russia is about a remarkable, and hitherto untold, episode in Russia's nineteenth-century history when the tsarist regime engaged on a programme of religious persecution directed against Russia's Orthodox dissenters: the Old Believers. It concerns the development of policy in the religious sphere for the modern era, and the conflicts to which this gave rise between leading Russian statesmen within afragmented and competing bureaucracy. It also provides a fascinating insight into how the Autocracy attempted and failed to defend its divine pretensions as the revolutionary age approached, and how it responded todramatic discoveries about the Old Believers' capabilities for subversion. These capabilities had at their source the resourcefulness and determination of Russian peasants and merchants to practise their faith. Their search for salvation led them to lives of concealment in the vast forests of the Empire, to wanderings in the Middle East in search of mythical bishops, and to the ruling courts of the Ottoman and Austrian Empires.

Lenin

The Practice and Theory of Revolution
Author: James D. White
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137239271
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 2752

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A political and intellectual biographical study of Lenin which focuses on those aspects of his thought and political activities that had a bearing on the accession of the Bolsheviks to power in Russia in 1917 and the creation of the Soviet state. The book places Lenin in the context of his times and shows his relationship to other socialist thinkers. In particular it locates Lenin within the development of Marxist thought in Russia. Its historiographical chapter reveals the political factors which influenced the way biographies of Lenin were written in the Soviet Union. The book makes extensive use of first-hand materials including sources from the Russian archives.

The Early Modern European Economy


Author: Peter Musgrave
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9780333665428
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 236
View: 3434

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Until recently, study of the early modern economy in Europe has tended to have heroes and villains: the former being the progressive and modern economies of the Netherlands and England, and the latter being doomed, backward and Catholic Italy and Spain. This picture has now changed quite drastically, and there is far more emphasis on the general growth of the European economy during this period. The progressive removal of the neighbouring threats to European prosperity (particularly the gradual crippling of Ottoman power) created an environment which benefited all societies and not simply the traditionally emphasized Atlantic economies.

Tales of Imperial Russia

The Life and Times of Sergei Witte, 1849-1915
Author: Francis W. Wcislo
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191613819
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 8210

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History and biography meet in Tales of Imperial Russia, a study of the late-Romanov Russian Empire, told through the figure of Sergei Witte. Like Bismarck or Gorbachev, Witte was a European statesman serving an empire. He was the most important statesman of pre-revolutionary Russia. In the Georgia, Odessa, Kyiv, and St. Petersburg of the nineteenth century, he inhabited the worlds of the Victorian Age, as young boy, student, railway executive, lover of divorcees and Jews, monarchist, and technocrat. His political career saw him construct the Tran-Siberian Railway, propel Russia towards Far Eastern war with Japan, visit America in 1905 to negotiate the Treaty of Portsmouth concluding that war, and return home to confront revolutionary disorder with the State Duma, the first Russian parliament. The book is based on two memoir manuscripts that Witte wrote between 1906 and 1912, and includes his account of Nicholas II, the Empress Alexandra, and the machinations of a Russian imperial court that he believed were leading the country to revolution. Telling the story both of a life and of the last days of the Tsarist empire, Tales of Imperial Russia will delight and inform all those interested in biography, literature, and history, as well as readers interested in the history of modern Russia.