The Emotion Machine

Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future of the Human Mind
Author: Marvin Minsky
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416579303
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 6405

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In this mind-expanding book, scientific pioneer Marvin Minsky continues his groundbreaking research, offering a fascinating new model for how our minds work. He argues persuasively that emotions, intuitions, and feelings are not distinct things, but different ways of thinking. By examining these different forms of mind activity, Minsky says, we can explain why our thought sometimes takes the form of carefully reasoned analysis and at other times turns to emotion. He shows how our minds progress from simple, instinctive kinds of thought to more complex forms, such as consciousness or self-awareness. And he argues that because we tend to see our thinking as fragmented, we fail to appreciate what powerful thinkers we really are. Indeed, says Minsky, if thinking can be understood as the step-by-step process that it is, then we can build machines -- artificial intelligences -- that not only can assist with our thinking by thinking as we do but have the potential to be as conscious as we are. Eloquently written, The Emotion Machine is an intriguing look into a future where more powerful artificial intelligences await.

The Turing Option


Author: Harry Harrison
Publisher: Tor Books
ISBN: 1466822821
Category: Fiction
Page: 250
View: 2491

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Turing Option is written by Harry Harrison who is also the author of Deathworld, Make Room! Make Room! (filmed as Soylent Green), the popular Stainless Steel Rat books, and many other famous works of SF. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Society Of Mind


Author: Marvin Minsky
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0671657135
Category: Psychology
Page: 339
View: 5149

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An authority on artificial intelligence introduces a theory that explores the workings of the human mind and the mysteries of thought

Robot

Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind
Author: Hans Moravec
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195136302
Category: Computers
Page: 227
View: 7584

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Moravec predicts a near-future in which robots will not only attain human levels of intelligence, they will also first displace human workers and then completely supplant humanity.

Commonsense Reasoning

An Event Calculus Based Approach
Author: Erik T. Mueller
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128016477
Category: Computers
Page: 516
View: 8441

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To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of artificial intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning: An Event Calculus Based Approach is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions that span many areas of the commonsense world. The Second Edition features new chapters on commonsense reasoning using unstructured information including the Watson system, commonsense reasoning using answer set programming, and techniques for acquisition of commonsense knowledge including crowdsourcing. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples and illustrative applications Erik Mueller shows you the keys to mastering commonsense reasoning. You’ll be able to: Understand techniques for automated commonsense reasoning Incorporate commonsense reasoning into software solutions Acquire a broad understanding of the field of commonsense reasoning. Gain comprehensive knowledge of the human capacity for commonsense reasoning

Robotics


Author: Marvin Lee Minsky
Publisher: Doubleday
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 317
View: 1353

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Looks at the prospects for robots used in heavy industry, as house servants and aids for the handicapped, and speculates on what life with androids will be like

On Intelligence

How a New Understanding of the Brain Will Lead to the Creation of Truly Intelligent Machines
Author: Jeff Hawkins,Sandra Blakeslee
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781429900454
Category: Computers
Page: 272
View: 7465

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From the inventor of the PalmPilot comes a new and compelling theory of intelligence, brain function, and the future of intelligent machines Jeff Hawkins, the man who created the PalmPilot, Treo smart phone, and other handheld devices, has reshaped our relationship to computers. Now he stands ready to revolutionize both neuroscience and computing in one stroke, with a new understanding of intelligence itself. Hawkins develops a powerful theory of how the human brain works, explaining why computers are not intelligent and how, based on this new theory, we can finally build intelligent machines. The brain is not a computer, but a memory system that stores experiences in a way that reflects the true structure of the world, remembering sequences of events and their nested relationships and making predictions based on those memories. It is this memory-prediction system that forms the basis of intelligence, perception, creativity, and even consciousness. In an engaging style that will captivate audiences from the merely curious to the professional scientist, Hawkins shows how a clear understanding of how the brain works will make it possible for us to build intelligent machines, in silicon, that will exceed our human ability in surprising ways. Written with acclaimed science writer Sandra Blakeslee, On Intelligence promises to completely transfigure the possibilities of the technology age. It is a landmark book in its scope and clarity.

Computation

Finite and Infinite Machines
Author: Marvin Lee Minsky
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: N.A
Category: Machine theory
Page: 317
View: 4749

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Perceptrons

An Introduction to Computational Geometry
Author: Marvin Minsky,Seymour A. Papert,Léon Bottou
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262343940
Category: Computers
Page: 316
View: 2993

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Reissue of the 1988 Expanded Edition with a new foreword by Léon Bottou In 1969, ten years after the discovery of the perceptron -- which showed that a machine could be taught to perform certain tasks using examples -- Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert published Perceptrons, their analysis of the computational capabilities of perceptrons for specific tasks. As Léon Bottou writes in his foreword to this edition, "Their rigorous work and brilliant technique does not make the perceptron look very good." Perhaps as a result, research turned away from the perceptron. Then the pendulum swung back, and machine learning became the fastest-growing field in computer science. Minsky and Papert's insistence on its theoretical foundations is newly relevant. Perceptrons -- the first systematic study of parallelism in computation -- marked a historic turn in artificial intelligence, returning to the idea that intelligence might emerge from the activity of networks of neuron-like entities. Minsky and Papert provided mathematical analysis that showed the limitations of a class of computing machines that could be considered as models of the brain. Minsky and Papert added a new chapter in 1987 in which they discuss the state of parallel computers, and note a central theoretical challenge: reaching a deeper understanding of how "objects" or "agents" with individuality can emerge in a network. Progress in this area would link connectionism with what the authors have called "society theories of mind."

Contemplative Science

Where Buddhism and Neuroscience Converge
Author: B. Alan Wallace
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231138345
Category: Medical
Page: 211
View: 5222

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B. Alan Wallace, renowned Buddhist scholar, integrates the contemplative methodologies of Buddhism and Western science into a single discipline: contemplative science. The science of consciousness investigates the mind through Buddhist contemplative techniques, such as shamatha, an organized, detailed system of training the attention. Just as scientists make observations and conduct experiments with the aid of technology, contemplatives have long tested their theories with the help of highly developed meditative skills of observation and experimentation. Contemplative science allows for a deeper knowledge of mental phenomena, and its emphasis on strict mental discipline counteracts the effects of conative (intention and desire), attentional, cognitive, and affective imbalances. Just as behaviorism, psychology, and neuroscience shed light on the cognitive processes enabling us to survive and flourish, contemplative science offers a groundbreaking perspective for expanding our capacity to realize genuine well-being. It also forges a link between the material world and the realm of the subconscious, transcending a traditional science-based understanding of the self.

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness


Author: J. F. Pagel,Philip Kirshtein
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128037423
Category: Psychology
Page: 230
View: 8999

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Machine Dreaming and Consciousness is the first book to discuss the questions raised by the advent of machine dreaming. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems meeting criteria of primary and self-reflexive consciousness are often utilized to extend the human interface, creating waking experiences that resemble the human dream. Surprisingly, AI systems also easily meet all human-based operational criteria for dreaming. These “dreams are far different from anthropomorphic dreaming, including such processes as fuzzy logic, liquid illogic, and integration instability, all processes that may be necessary in both biologic and artificial systems to extend creative capacity. Today, multi-linear AI systems are being built to resemble the structural framework of the human central nervous system. The creation of the biologic framework of dreaming (emotions, associative memories, and visual imagery) is well within our technical capacity. AI dreams potentially portend the further development of consciousness in these systems. This focus on AI dreaming raises even larger questions. In many ways, dreaming defines our humanity. What is humanly special about the states of dreaming? And what are we losing when we limit our focus to its technical and biologic structure, and extend the capacity for dreaming into our artificial creations? Machine Dreaming and Consciousness provides thorough discussion of these issues for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition. Addresses the function and role of dream-like processing in AI systems Describes the functions of dreaming in the creative process of both humans and machines Presents an alternative approach to the philosophy of machine consciousness Provides thorough discussion of machine dreaming and consciousness for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Second, Enlarged Edition
Author: Philip C. Jackson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486152723
Category: Science
Page: 512
View: 658

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Comprehensive survey of artificial intelligence — the study of how computers can be made to act intelligently. Includes introductory and advanced material. Extensive notes updating the main text. 132 illustrations.

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence


Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139991655
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 8420

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Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

The Emotion Machine

Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future of the Human Mind
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781448713912
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4714

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What to Think About Machines That Think

Today's Leading Thinkers on the Age of Machine Intelligence
Author: Mr. John Brockman
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062425668
Category: Science
Page: 576
View: 8774

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Weighing in from the cutting-edge frontiers of science, today’s most forward-thinking minds explore the rise of “machines that think.” Stephen Hawking recently made headlines by noting, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” Others, conversely, have trumpeted a new age of “superintelligence” in which smart devices will exponentially extend human capacities. No longer just a matter of science-fiction fantasy (2001, Blade Runner, The Terminator, Her, etc.), it is time to seriously consider the reality of intelligent technology, many forms of which are already being integrated into our daily lives. In that spirit, John Brockman, publisher of Edge. org (“the world’s smartest website” – The Guardian), asked the world’s most influential scientists, philosophers, and artists one of today’s most consequential questions: What do you think about machines that think?

Mind Children

The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence
Author: Hans Moravec
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674576186
Category: Computers
Page: 214
View: 363

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"A dizzying display of intellect and wild imaginings by Moravec, a world-class roboticist who has himself developed clever beasts . . . Undeniably, Moravec comes across as a highly knowledgeable and creative talent--which is just what the field needs".--Kirkus Reviews.

Computer Mathematics


Author: D. J. Cooke,H. E. Bez
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521273244
Category: Computers
Page: 394
View: 9907

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Mathematics of Computing -- Discrete Mathematics.