The Egyptian Food Subsidy System

Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform
Author: Akhter U. Ahmed
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896291219
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 1011

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The Egyptian Food Subsidy System: Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform evaluates the economic, political, and technical feasibility of reducing costs while improving or maintaining the welfare of the poor. The report addresses five questions: (1) How well does the present system target the poor? (2) How much leakage- the pilferage of subsidized foods in the distribution channel-occurs? (3) At what cost does the government transfer income to the needy? (4) How can subsidies be better targeted to the needy? And (5) What are politically feasible options for reform?

The Egyptian Food Subsidy System

Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform
Author: Akhter U. Ahmed
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896291219
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 8966

Continue Reading →

The Egyptian Food Subsidy System: Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform evaluates the economic, political, and technical feasibility of reducing costs while improving or maintaining the welfare of the poor. The report addresses five questions: (1) How well does the present system target the poor? (2) How much leakage- the pilferage of subsidized foods in the distribution channel-occurs? (3) At what cost does the government transfer income to the needy? (4) How can subsidies be better targeted to the needy? And (5) What are politically feasible options for reform?

Self-targeted Subsidies

The Distributional Impact of the Egyptian Food Subsidy System
Author: Richard H. Adams
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: 42
View: 8772

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By gradually reducing the number of subsidized foods, and by focusing subsidies on foods consumed more by the poor than by the rich (like coarse baladi bread) Egyptian policymakers have found a way to self-target food subsidies to the urban poor. Yet because the rural poor do not consume as much baladi bread, this system is not as well-targeted to the rural poor.

Globalisierte Nahrungskrisen

Bruchzone Kairo
Author: Jörg Gertel
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839411149
Category: Political Science
Page: 470
View: 1020

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Ernteausfälle in der Ukraine, spekulative Preissteigerungen am »Chicago Board of Trade« sowie die Milliardendollarumsätze von Getreidehändlern wie Cargill kombinieren sich mit wachsender Armut und prägen die Nahrungsunsicherheit. Selbst wenn in Kairo die Krisenursachen verborgen bleiben, ist eines klar: »Aish« - das ägyptische Synonym für Brot und Leben - wird immer teurer. Das Buch zeigt, wie im globalen Agro-Food-System Kairo zur Bruchzone neoliberaler Deregulation wird, und argumentiert, dass durch die Nahrungsmittel-Proteste 2008 bisher nur die Spitze globalisierter Nahrungskrisen sichtbar geworden ist.

Nutrition and economic development

Exploring Egypt's exceptionalism and the role of food subsidies
Author: Ecker, Olivier,Al-Riffai, Perrihan,Breisinger, Clemens,El-Batrawy, Rawia
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 089629238X
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 7368

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This book’s main hypothesis is that Egypt’s large food subsidy system has been ineffective in reducing undernutrition; in fact, it may have contributed to sustaining and even aggravating both nutrition challenges. For a long time, the subsidy system provided only calorie-rich foods, at very low and constant prices and with quotas much above dietary recommendations. This system has created incentives to consume calorie-overladen and unbalanced diets, increasing the risks of child and maternal overnutrition and, at high subsidy levels, the risk of inadequate child nutrition. Moreover, the large public budget allocated to the food subsidies is unavailable for possibly more nutrition-beneficial spending, such as for child and maternal nutrition-specific interventions. The authors’ findings consistently suggest that—in addition to the well-known economic rationale for reforming the Egyptian food subsidy system—there are strong reasons to reform food subsidies due to nutrition and public health concerns. A fundamental food subsidy reform process has been under way since June 2014. The already-implemented changes can be expected to have reduced some incentives for overconsumption and may have positive dietary effects. However, further major reform efforts are needed to transform the current subsidy system into a key policy instrument in the fight against malnutrition. The findings of this book should be valuable to policy makers, analysts, development partners, and others concerned with improving food security and promoting healthy nutrition in Egypt and other developing countries with large social protection programs.

The Rise of the Egyptian Middle Class

Socio-economic Mobility and Public Discontent from Nasser to Sadat
Author: Relli Shechter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108474489
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 2215

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Examines the results of the Middle Eastern oil boom of the 1970s-80s on the Egyptian economy and how this economic growth has an impact on Egyptian society.

Any Way You Slice It

The Past, Present, and Future of Rationing
Author: Stan Cox
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595588841
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 3047

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Rationing: it’s a word—and idea—that people often loathe and fear. Health care expert Henry Aaron has compared mentioning the possibility of rationing to “shouting an obscenity in church.” Yet societies in fact ration food, water, medical care, and fuel all the time, with those who can pay the most getting the most. As Nobel Prize–winning economist Amartya Sen has said, the results can be “thoroughly unequal and nasty.” In Any Way You Slice It, Stan Cox shows that rationing is not just a quaint practice restricted to World War II memoirs and 1970s gas station lines. Instead, he persuasively argues that rationing is a vital concept for our fragile present, an era of dwindling resources and environmental crises. Any Way You Slice It takes us on a fascinating search for alternative ways of apportioning life’s necessities, from the goal of “fair shares for all” during wartime in the 1940s to present-day water rationing in a Mumbai slum, from the bread shops of Cairo to the struggle for fairness in American medicine and carbon rationing on Norfolk Island in the Pacific. Cox’s question: can we limit consumption while assuring everyone a fair share? The author of Losing Our Cool, the much debated and widely acclaimed examination of air-conditioning’s many impacts, here turns his attention to the politically explosive topic of how we share our planet’s resources.

Food Subsidies in Egypt

Their Impact on Foreign Exchange and Trade
Author: Grant MacDonald Scobie
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 9780896290419
Category: Social Science
Page: 67
View: 4449

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Encyclopedia of African History 3-Volume Set


Author: Kevin Shillington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135456690
Category: History
Page: 1912
View: 5219

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Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.

The Geography of International Investment


Author: Howard J. Shatz,Anthony Venables
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: Debt Markets
Page: 27
View: 3525

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Multinationals have become increasingly important to the world economy. Overseas production by U.S. affiliates is three times U.S. exports, for example. Who is investing where, for sales where?

For Protection and Promotion

The Design and Implementation of Effective Safety Nets
Author: Margaret Grosh,Carlo Del Ninno,Emil Tesliuc,Azedine Ouerghi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821375822
Category: Political Science
Page: 612
View: 7615

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Safety nets are noncontributory transfer programs targeted to the poor or vulnerable. They play important roles in social policy. Safety nets redistribute income, thereby immediately reducing poverty and inequality; they enable households to invest in the human capital of their children and in the livelihoods of their earners; they help households manage risk, both ex ante and ex post; and they allow governments to implement macroeconomic or sectoral reforms that support efficiency and growth. To be effective, safety nets must not only be well intended, but also well designed and well implemented. A good safety net system and its programs are tailored to country circumstances, adequate in their coverage and generosity, equitable, cost-effective, incentive compatible, and sustainable. Good safety nets are also dynamic and change over time as the economy changes or as management problems are solved and new standards are set. Drawing on a wealth of research, policy, and operational documents from both academia and the World Bank s work in over 100 countries, For Protection and Promotion provides pragmatic and informed guidance on how to design and implement safety nets, including useful information on how to define eligibility and select beneficiaries, set and pay benefits, and monitor and evaluate programs and systems. The book synthesizes the literature to date and enriches it with new examples on various program options cash transfers (conditional and unconditional), in-kind transfers, price subsidies, fee waivers, and public works. It concludes with a comprehensive diagnostic for fitting safety net systems and programs to specific circumstances.