The Egyptian Food Subsidy System

Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform
Author: Akhter U. Ahmed
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896291219
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 3251

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The Egyptian Food Subsidy System: Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform evaluates the economic, political, and technical feasibility of reducing costs while improving or maintaining the welfare of the poor. The report addresses five questions: (1) How well does the present system target the poor? (2) How much leakage- the pilferage of subsidized foods in the distribution channel-occurs? (3) At what cost does the government transfer income to the needy? (4) How can subsidies be better targeted to the needy? And (5) What are politically feasible options for reform?

The Egyptian Food Subsidy System

Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform
Author: Akhter U. Ahmed
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896291219
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 3433

Continue Reading →

The Egyptian Food Subsidy System: Structure, Performance, and Options for Reform evaluates the economic, political, and technical feasibility of reducing costs while improving or maintaining the welfare of the poor. The report addresses five questions: (1) How well does the present system target the poor? (2) How much leakage- the pilferage of subsidized foods in the distribution channel-occurs? (3) At what cost does the government transfer income to the needy? (4) How can subsidies be better targeted to the needy? And (5) What are politically feasible options for reform?

Self-targeted Subsidies

The Distributional Impact of the Egyptian Food Subsidy System
Author: Richard H. Adams
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: 42
View: 7239

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By gradually reducing the number of subsidized foods, and by focusing subsidies on foods consumed more by the poor than by the rich (like coarse baladi bread) Egyptian policymakers have found a way to self-target food subsidies to the urban poor. Yet because the rural poor do not consume as much baladi bread, this system is not as well-targeted to the rural poor.

Globalisierte Nahrungskrisen

Bruchzone Kairo
Author: Jörg Gertel
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839411149
Category: Social Science
Page: 470
View: 6457

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Ernteausfälle in der Ukraine, spekulative Preissteigerungen am »Chicago Board of Trade« sowie die Milliardendollarumsätze von Getreidehändlern wie Cargill kombinieren sich mit wachsender Armut und prägen die Nahrungsunsicherheit. Selbst wenn in Kairo die Krisenursachen verborgen bleiben, ist eines klar: »Aish« - das ägyptische Synonym für Brot und Leben - wird immer teurer. Das Buch zeigt, wie im globalen Agro-Food-System Kairo zur Bruchzone neoliberaler Deregulation wird, und argumentiert, dass durch die Nahrungsmittel-Proteste 2008 bisher nur die Spitze globalisierter Nahrungskrisen sichtbar geworden ist.

A review of food subsidy research at IFPRI


Author: Farrar, Curt
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 37
View: 2728

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Since its earliest years IFPRI has conducted research on food subsidies, concentrating on methods to achieve the social objectives of subsidies without undue distortion of the economy or excessive economic and political costs. Studies have been conducted in eleven countries, several of which have been the site of more than one project. IFPRI research on food subsidies has had, and continues to have, significant impact at the country level. Moreover, the cumulative weight of the research has influenced how the development community regards food subsidy issues.

Nutrition and economic development

Exploring Egypt's exceptionalism and the role of food subsidies
Author: Ecker, Olivier,Al-Riffai, Perrihan,Breisinger, Clemens,El-Batrawy, Rawia
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 089629238X
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 7848

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This book’s main hypothesis is that Egypt’s large food subsidy system has been ineffective in reducing undernutrition; in fact, it may have contributed to sustaining and even aggravating both nutrition challenges. For a long time, the subsidy system provided only calorie-rich foods, at very low and constant prices and with quotas much above dietary recommendations. This system has created incentives to consume calorie-overladen and unbalanced diets, increasing the risks of child and maternal overnutrition and, at high subsidy levels, the risk of inadequate child nutrition. Moreover, the large public budget allocated to the food subsidies is unavailable for possibly more nutrition-beneficial spending, such as for child and maternal nutrition-specific interventions. The authors’ findings consistently suggest that—in addition to the well-known economic rationale for reforming the Egyptian food subsidy system—there are strong reasons to reform food subsidies due to nutrition and public health concerns. A fundamental food subsidy reform process has been under way since June 2014. The already-implemented changes can be expected to have reduced some incentives for overconsumption and may have positive dietary effects. However, further major reform efforts are needed to transform the current subsidy system into a key policy instrument in the fight against malnutrition. The findings of this book should be valuable to policy makers, analysts, development partners, and others concerned with improving food security and promoting healthy nutrition in Egypt and other developing countries with large social protection programs.

Public expenditures, growth, and poverty

lessons from developing countries
Author: Shenggen Fan
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780801888595
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 249
View: 6771

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Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty assesses the efficacy of poverty reduction programs in Latin America, Africa, and Asia by synthesizing studies conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute over the past ten years. Overall, the studies find that investments in agricultural research, infrastructure, and human capital are beneficial in the long term, while food aid and poverty reduction programs have little utility beyond immediately abating hunger and generating short-run income effects.The book develops a conceptual framework for analyzing public expenditures and their short- and long-run impact on poverty through various channels. It surveys spending trends and analyzes the effect of growing public investment on urban and rural poverty through case studies of India, China, Thailand, and Uganda. And it highlights the advantages of directing spending toward public works programs that engage impoverished peoples rather than using the limited aid money on food subsidies and other passive donations.Featuring discussions about the roles of various social safety net programs and a chapter devoted solely to the vexing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty will aid policy makers and encourage further, more analytic study of worldwide poverty reduction programs.

Any Way You Slice It

The Past, Present, and Future of Rationing
Author: Stan Cox
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595588841
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 5680

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Rationing: it’s a word—and idea—that people often loathe and fear. Health care expert Henry Aaron has compared mentioning the possibility of rationing to “shouting an obscenity in church.” Yet societies in fact ration food, water, medical care, and fuel all the time, with those who can pay the most getting the most. As Nobel Prize–winning economist Amartya Sen has said, the results can be “thoroughly unequal and nasty.” In Any Way You Slice It, Stan Cox shows that rationing is not just a quaint practice restricted to World War II memoirs and 1970s gas station lines. Instead, he persuasively argues that rationing is a vital concept for our fragile present, an era of dwindling resources and environmental crises. Any Way You Slice It takes us on a fascinating search for alternative ways of apportioning life’s necessities, from the goal of “fair shares for all” during wartime in the 1940s to present-day water rationing in a Mumbai slum, from the bread shops of Cairo to the struggle for fairness in American medicine and carbon rationing on Norfolk Island in the Pacific. Cox’s question: can we limit consumption while assuring everyone a fair share? The author of Losing Our Cool, the much debated and widely acclaimed examination of air-conditioning’s many impacts, here turns his attention to the politically explosive topic of how we share our planet’s resources.

Report


Author: International Food Policy Research Institute
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Food supply
Page: N.A
View: 9222

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Arabia

The Islamic World Review
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Arabian Peninsula
Page: N.A
View: 8385

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Food subsidies in developing countries

costs, benefits, and policy options
Author: Per Pinstrup-Andersen,International Food Policy Research Institute
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 374
View: 1084

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