The Development of Latin Clause Structure

A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase
Author: Lieven Danckaert
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191077410
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 352
View: 1842

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This book examines Latin word order, and in particular the relative ordering of i) lexical verbs and direct objects (OV vs VO) and ii) auxiliaries and non-finite verbs (VAux vs AuxV). In Latin these elements can freely be ordered with respect to each other, whereas the present-day Romance languages only allow for the head-initial orders VO and AuxV. Lieven Danckaert offers a detailed, corpus-based description of these two word order alternations, focusing on their diachronic development in the period from c. 200 BC until 600 AD. The corpus data reveal that some received wisdom needs to be reconsidered: there is in fact no evidence for any major increase in productivity of the order VO during the eight centuries under investigation, and the order AuxV only becomes more frequent in clauses with a modal verb and an infinitive, not in clauses with a BE-auxiliary and a past participle. The book also explores a more fundamental question about Latin syntax, namely whether or not the language is configurational, in the sense that a phrase structure grammar (with 'higher-order constituents' such as verb phrases) is needed to describe and analyse Latin word order patterns. Four pieces of evidence are presented that suggest that Latin is indeed a fully configurational language, despite its high degree of word order flexibility. Specifically, it is shown that there is ample evidence for the existence of a verb phrase constituent. The book thus contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the status of configurationality as a language universal.

Clause Structure and Word Order in the History of German


Author: Agnes Jäger,Gisella Ferraresi,Helmut Weiß
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192543075
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 480
View: 7989

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This volume presents the first comprehensive generative account of the historical syntax of German. Leading scholars in the field survey a range of topics and offer new insights into central aspects of clause structure and word order, outlining the different stages of their historical development. Each chapter combines a solid empirical basis with descriptive generalizations, supported by a detailed discussion of theoretical analyses couched in the generative framework. Reference is also made throughout to the more traditional descriptive model of the German clause. The volume is divided into three parts that correspond to the main parts of the clause. Part I explores the left periphery, looking at verb placement (verb second and competing orders), the prefield, and adverbial connectives, while Part II discusses the middle field, including pronominal syntax, the order of full NPs, and the history of negation. The final part examines the right periphery with chapters covering basic word order (OV/VO), prosodic and information-structural factors, and the verbal complex. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students in historical syntax and the Germanic languages, and for both descriptive and theoretical linguists alike.

Verb Second in Medieval Romance


Author: Sam Wolfe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192526820
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 288
View: 9282

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This volume provides the first book-length study of the controversial topic of Verb Second and related properties in a range of Medieval Romance varieties. It presents an examination and analysis of both qualitative and quantitative data from Old French, Occitan, Sicilian, Venetian, Spanish, and Sardinian, in order to assess whether these were indeed Verb Second languages. Sam Wolfe argues that V-to-C movement is a point of continuity across all the medieval varieties - unlike in the modern Romance languages - but that there are rich patterns of synchronic and diachronic variation in the medieval period that have not previously been observed and investigated. These include differences in the syntax-pragmatics mapping, the locus of verb movement, the behaviour of clitic pronouns, the syntax of subject positions, matrix/embedded asymmetries, and the null argument properties of the languages in question. The book outlines a detailed formal cartographic analysis of both the attested synchronic patterns and the diachronic evolution of Romance clausal structure. The findings have widespread implications for the understanding of both the key typological property of Verb Second and the development of Latin into the modern Romance languages.

Cycles in Language Change


Author: Miriam Bouzouita,Anne Breitbarth,Lieven Danckaert,Elisabeth Witzenhausen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780198824961
Category:
Page: 336
View: 9121

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This volume explores multiple aspects of cyclical syntactic change, including the diachrony of negation, the internal structure of wh-words, and changes in argument structure. It combines descriptions of novel data with detailed theoretical analysis, and will appeal to historical linguists and to anyone working on language variation and change.

Grammatik der deutschen Sprache


Author: Gisela Zifonun,Ludger Hoffmann,Bruno Strecker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110872161
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 2606
View: 3250

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Die dreibändige Grammatik der deutschen Sprache ist eine Dokumentation der grammatischen Strukturen der deutschen Gegenwartssprache. Die Autoren präsentieren das deutsche Sprachsystem auf der Grundlage authentischer Belege. Es werden z.B. Textstücke aus Werken von Günther Grass, Heinrich Böll und Uwe Johnson präsentiert und in erster Linie unter grammatischen Aspekten betrachtet. Zusätzlich werden Beispieltexte aus Wissenschafts- und Sachtexten sowie den Printmedien herangezogen. Berücksichtigt werden auch erstmals in einer Grammatik Belege aus der gesprochenen Sprache (zum Teil in Transkriptionen). Die Grammatik der deutschen Sprache ist ein anspruchsvolles grammatisches Lese- und Studierbuch. Sie erläutert die zentralen Termini und Regeln und bietet anhand vieler lebendiger Beispiele die Gelegenheit, die deutsche Grammatik in ihrer Komplexität kennenzulernen.

Prinzipien Der Sprachgeschichte


Author: Hermann Paul
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270419948
Category:
Page: 384
View: 4990

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Deklinationsklassen-Wandel

eine diachron-kontrastive Studie zur Entwicklung der Pluralallomorphie im Deutschen, Niederländischen, Schwedischen und Dänischen
Author: Sebastian Kürschner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110205015
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 410
View: 515

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This study is concerned with the history of declension classes in four Germanic languages - German, Dutch, Swedish and Danish. Detailed studies in language history explore the genesis, change and structure of the present-day systems. A comparison of the language histories makes parallels and divergences particularly clear. Using many examples and schematic illustrations, the study illuminates the development of the typological variety in the Germanic languages from a contrastive perspective.

Sprache und ihre Struktur

Grundbegriffe der Linguistik
Author: Ronald W. Langacker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110947005
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 296
View: 339

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Die Buchreihe Konzepte der Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft gibt Aufschluss über Prinzipien, Probleme und Verfahrensweisen philologischer Forschung im weitesten Sinne und dient einer Bestimmung des Standorts der Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Reihe übergreift Einzelsprachen und Einzelliteraturen. Sie stellt sich in den Dienst der Reflexion und Grundlegung einer allgemeinen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft. Die Bände sind zum Teil informierende Einführungen, zum Teil wissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge.

Sprache und Geist

mit einem Anhang: Linguistik und Politik
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518276198
Category: Psycholinguistics
Page: 188
View: 546

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Bauchentscheidungen

Die Intelligenz des Unbewussten und die Macht der Intuition
Author: Gerd Gigerenzer
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641171334
Category: Psychology
Page: 288
View: 2968

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„Das Herz hat seine Gründe, die der Verstand nicht kennt.“ Viele Menschen treffen Entscheidungen „aus dem Bauch heraus“, was auf den ersten Blick aller Vernunft zu widersprechen scheint. Gerd Gigerenzer, Professor für Psychologie und Direktor am Berliner Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, erkundet anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, woher unsere Bauchgefühle oder Intuitionen kommen und welcher spezifischen Logik unsere unbewusste Intelligenz folgt. • Das Geheimnis des gefilterten Wissens – Ausgezeichnet als „Wissenschaftsbuch des Jahres 2007“. • Der Bestseller von Gerd Gigerenzer, einem der profiliertesten deutschen Psychologen der Gegenwart.

Typologie des lexikalischen Wandels

Bedeutungswandel, Wortbildung und Entlehnung am Beispiel der romanischen Sprachen ; mit einer Zusammenfassung in französischer Sprache
Author: Paul Gévaudan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783860571736
Category: Romance languages
Page: 198
View: 2441

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Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase

Zur Emergenz Syntaktischer Struktur
Author: Nikolaus P. Himmelmann
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
ISBN: N.A
Category: Artiklar
Page: 330
View: 5209

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This book proposes a new theory of the grammaticalization of articles and noun phrase structure. While most work in grammaticalization theory has focused on grammaticalizing elements, here the grammatical construction (NP) into which a grammaticalizing element (article) enters is of central concern. A rigorous and comprehensive account is given of the closely correlated development on both the element and the constructional levels is provided, addressing semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic issues. Apart from definite and specific articles, a broad variety of constructions involving articles is discussed (e.g. linking articles), and a new typology for articles is proposed. It is shown that this broad variety of article constructions derives from a single universal use of demonstratives.