The Dark Abyss of Time

The History of the Earth and the History of Nations from Hooke to Vico
Author: Paolo Rossi
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226728322
Category: History
Page: 354
View: 6981

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"A rich historical pastiche of 17th- and 18th-century philosophy, science, and religion."—G. Y. Craig, New Scientist "This book, by a distinguished Italian historian of philosophy, is a worthy successor to the author's important works on Francis Bacon and on technology and the arts. First published in Italian (in 1979), it now makes available to English readers some subtly wrought arguments about the ways in which geology and anthropology challenged biblical chronology and forced changes in the philosophy of history in the early modern era. . . . [Rossi] shows that the search for new answers about human origins spanned many disciplines and involved many fascinating intellects—Bacon, Bayle, Buffon, Burnet, Descartes, Hobbes, Holbach, Hooke, Hume, Hutton, Leibniz, de Maillet, Newton, Pufendorf, Spinoza, Toland, and, most especially, Vico, whose works are impressively and freshly reevaluated here."—Nina Gelbart, American Scientist

Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton’s Theology


Author: J.E. Force,R.H. Popkin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400919441
Category: Philosophy
Page: 226
View: 9329

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This collection of essays is the fruit of about fifteen years of discussion and research by James Force and me. As I look back on it, our interest and concern with Newton's theological ideas began in 1975 at Washington University in St. Louis. James Force was a graduate student in philosophy and I was a professor there. For a few years before, I had been doing research and writing on Millenarianism and Messianism in the 17th and 18th centuries, touching occasionally on Newton. I had bought a copy of Newton's Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John for a few pounds and, occasionally, read in it. In the Spring of 1975 I was giving a graduate seminar on Millenarian and Messianic ideas in the development of modem philosophy. Force was in the seminar. One day he came very excitedly up to me and said he wanted to write his dissertation on William Whiston. At that point in history, the only thing that came to my mind about Whiston was that he had published a, or the, standard translation of Josephus (which I also happened to have in my library. ) Force told me about the amazing views he had found in Whiston's notes on Josephus and in some of the few writings he could find in St. Louis by, or about, Whiston, who was Newton's successor as Lucasian Professor of mathematics at Cambridge and who wrote inordinately on Millenarian theology.

The Man Who Knew Too Much

The Strange and Inventive Life of Robert Hook 1653 - 1703
Author: Stephen Inwood
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 0330532189
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 9632

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Robert Hooke was one of the most inventive, versatile and prolific scientists of the late 17th Century, but for 300 years his reputation has been overshadowed by those of his two great contemporaries, his friend Sir Christopher Wren and his rival Sir Isaac Newton. If he is remembered today, it is as the author of a law of elasticity or as amisanthrope who accused Newton of stealing his ideas on gravity. This book, the first life of Hooke for nearly fifty years, rescues its subject from centuries of obscurity and misjudgement. It shows us Hooke the prolific inventor, the mechanic, the astronomer, the anatomist, the pioneer of geology, meteorology and microscopy, the precursor of Lavoisier and Darwin. It also gives us Hooke the architect of Bedlam and the Monument, the supervisor of London's rebuilding after the Great Fire, the watchmaker, the consumer of prodigious quantities of medicines and purgatives, the candid diarist, the lover, the hoarder of money and secrets, the coffee house conversationalist. This is an absorbing study of a fascinating and unduly forgotten man.

Descartes' System of Natural Philosophy


Author: Stephen Gaukroger,Senior Lecturer in Philosophy Stephen Gaukroger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521005258
Category: Philosophy
Page: 258
View: 6910

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Towards the end of his life, Descartes published the first four parts of a projected six-part work, The Principles of Philosophy. This was intended to be the definitive statement of his complete system of philosophy, dealing with everything from cosmology to the nature of human happiness. Stephen Gaukroger examines the whole system, and reconstructs the last two parts, 'On Living Things' and 'On Man', from Descartes' other writings. He relates the work to the tradition of late Scholastic textbooks which it follows, and also to Descartes' other philosophical writings.

Latitudinarianism in the Seventeenth-Century Church of England


Author: Griffin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004246819
Category: History
Page: 226
View: 2996

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The Latitudinarians, a group of prominent clergymen in the late seventeenth-century Church of England, were articulate opponents of Anglicanism's intellectual foes. This definition and analysis of the Latitudinarians by the late Martin Griffin has now been completely updated since the latter's death by Professor Richard H. Popkin.

State of Affairs

The Science-Theology Controversy
Author: Richard J. Coleman
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630875570
Category: Religion
Page: 284
View: 6393

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The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.

Down from Olympus

Archaeology and Philhellenism in Germany, 1750-1970
Author: Suzanne L. Marchand
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691114781
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 9442

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In Down from Olympus Suzanne Marchand attempts to come to grips with German Graecophilia, not as a private passion but as an institutionally generated and preserved cultural trope. The book argues that nineteenth-century philhellenes inherited both an elitist normative aesthetics and an ascetic scholarly ethos from their Romantic predecessors; German "neohumanists" promised to reconcile these intellectual commitments, and by so doing, to revitalize education and the arts. Focusing on the history of classical archaeology, Marchand shows how the injunction to imitate Greek art, especially sculpture, was made the basis for new, state-funded cultural institutions. Tracing interactions between scholars and policymakers that made possible grand-scale cultural feats like the acquisition of the Pergamum Altar, she underscores both the gains in specialized knowledge and the failures in social responsibility that were the distinctive products of German neohumanism. Most important, Marchand traces the history of the study, excavation, and exhibition of Greek art as a means to confront the social, cultural and political consequences of the specialization of scholarship in the last two centuries. Although it emphasizes the persistence of ancient models, Down from Olympus is very much a modern tale.

Enlightenment

Britain and the Creation of the Modern World
Author: Roy Porter
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141927720
Category: History
Page: 752
View: 8230

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For generations the traditional focus for those wishing to understand the roots of the modern world has been France on the eve of the Revolution. Porter certainly acknowledges France's importance, but here makes an overwhelming case for consideringBritain the true home of modernity - a country driven by an exuberance, diversity and power of invention comparable only to twentieth-century America. Porter immerses the reader in a society which, recovering from the horrors of the Civil War and decisively reinvigorated by the revolution of 1688, had emerged as something new and extraordinary - a society unlike any other in the world.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World


Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663956
Category: Social Science
Page: 864
View: 7699

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It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

Watching Vesuvius

A History of Science and Culture in Early Modern Italy
Author: Sean Cocco
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226923711
Category: History
Page: 322
View: 8389

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Mount Vesuvius has been famous ever since its eruption in 79 CE, when it destroyed and buried the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. But less well-known is the role it played in the science and culture of early modern Italy, as Sean Cocco reveals in this ambitious and wide-ranging study. Humanists began to make pilgrimages to Vesuvius during the early Renaissance to experience its beauty and study its history, but a new tradition of observation emerged in 1631 with the first great eruption of the modern period. Seeking to understand the volcano’s place in the larger system of nature, Neapolitans flocked to Vesuvius to examine volcanic phenomena and to collect floral and mineral specimens from the mountainside. In Watching Vesuvius, Cocco argues that this investigation and engagement with Vesuvius was paramount to the development of modern volcanology. He then situates the native experience of Vesuvius in a larger intellectual, cultural, and political context and explains how later eighteenth-century representations of Naples—of its climate and character—grew out of this tradition of natural history. Painting a rich and detailed portrait of Vesuvius and those living in its shadow, Cocco returns the historic volcano to its place in a broader European culture of science, travel, and appreciation of the natural world.

Geschichtswissenschaft jenseits des Nationalstaats

Studien zu Beziehungsgeschichte und Zivilisationsvergleich
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647351628
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 5906

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Die deutsche Geschichtswissenschaft ist in weiten Teilen von einer nationalgeschichtlichen Perspektive gekennzeichnet. Die in diesem Band gesammelten Aufsätze sind als Einspruch gegen diese einseitige Prägung zu verstehen. Jürgen Osterhammel behandelt zwischen den Polen Vergleich und Beziehungsgeschichte verschiedene Themen der Weltgeschichte, wobei der Begriff »Beziehung« sich nicht auf dem Bereich der internationalen Politik beschränkt, sondern andere Arten von Beziehungen wie etwa Kulturtransfers in gleicher Weise einbezieht. Auch geht es in diesem Band nicht um »Außereuropäische Geschichte« – letztlich eine Kategorie einer auf Europa zentrierten Historie – sondern vielmehr darum, Amerika, Asien, Afrika und Ozeanien in den Horizont einer »normalen« Geschichtswissenschaft zu integrieren. Neben eine nationalgeschichtliche und eine auf Europa zielende Historie könnte so eine Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht treten. Dabei geht es nicht um Antworten von globaler Gültigkeit, sondern um Fragen in einem universalen Horizont.

Freud's Moses

Judaism Terminable and Interminable
Author: Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300057560
Category: Religion
Page: 159
View: 5024

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Contends that Freud's "Moses and Monotheism" is a psychoanalytic history of the Jews and Judaism - his attempt to define the meaning of Jewishness under the threat of Nazism. Argues that, for Freud, Christianity, antisemitism, and Gentiles overlapped. While Freud felt a sense of otherness vis-a-vis non-Jews, he courted Gentiles professionally in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to prevent psychoanalysis from being attacked as a "Jewish science." Surveys the antisemitic attitudes of some of Freud's followers. Contends that Freud viewed antisemitism as endemic to Christianity, especially because of its unconscious component.

Adam's Ancestors

Race, Religion, and the Politics of Human Origins
Author: David N. Livingstone
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421401430
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 5597

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He reveals how what began as biblical criticism became a theological apologetic to reconcile religion with science—evolution in particular—and was later used to support arguments for white supremacy and segregation. From heresy to orthodoxy, from radicalism to conservatism, from humanitarianism to racism, Adam's Ancestors tells an intriguing tale of twists and turns in the cultural politics surrounding the age-old question, "Where did we come from?"

Picturing Science, Producing Art


Author: Peter Galison,Caroline A. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135207496
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 608
View: 9435

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Leibniz

An Intellectual Biography
Author: Maria Rosa Antognazza
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316154742
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4175

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Of all the thinkers of the century of genius that inaugurated modern philosophy, none lived an intellectual life more rich and varied than Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716). Maria Rosa Antognazza's pioneering biography provides a unified portrait of this unique thinker and the world from which he came. At the centre of the huge range of Leibniz's apparently miscellaneous endeavours, Antognazza reveals a single master project lending unity to his extraordinarily multifaceted life's work. Throughout the vicissitudes of his long life, Leibniz tenaciously pursued the dream of a systematic reform and advancement of all the sciences. As well as tracing the threads of continuity that bound these theoretical and practical activities to this all-embracing plan, this illuminating study also traces these threads back into the intellectual traditions of the Holy Roman Empire in which Leibniz lived and throughout the broader intellectual networks that linked him to patrons in countries as distant as Russia and to correspondents as far afield as China.

Klio und Natio

Studien zu Spenser und der englischen Renaissance
Author: Claus Uhlig
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783825303297
Category: English literature
Page: 206
View: 5535

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The Forgotten Genius


Author: Stephen Inwood
Publisher: Macadam Cage Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 482
View: 5423

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A study of the life and times of seventeenth-century scientist Robert Hooke captures the diverse facets of his life as an astronomer, inventor, anatomist, and diarist.

Naturhistoriker und Zeitenseher

Geologie und Poesie um 1800 : der Kreis um Abraham Gottlob Werner (Goethe, A.v. Humboldt, Novalis, Steffens, G.H. Schubert)
Author: Michaela Haberkorn
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 335
View: 567

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In einer Verbindung von literaturwissenschaftlichem und wissenschaftshistorischem Interesse beschreibt und untersucht diese Studie die Vernetzung des akademischen geowissenschaftlichen Diskurses mit dem literarischen Diskurs um 1800 sowie die Schnittstellen zwischen Gelehrtenkulturen im Umkreis des Professors für Bergbaukunde und Mineralogie an der Bergakademie Freiberg Abraham Gottlob Werner. Die durch neue Erkenntnisse in der Geologie und Paläontologie angestoßenen Debatten darüber, welche Ursachen und Zeitskalen für die Formung der Erdkruste anzunehmen seien, wirkten weit über die Grenzen der akademischen Fachgeologie hinaus und warfen Fragen nach dem Zeit- und Sinnhorizont menschlicher Existenz sowie nach der Darstellbarkeit und den Repräsentationsformen des Wissens auf.

Monotheismus und Kosmotheismus

Ägyptische Formen eines "Denkens des Einen" und ihre europäische Rezeptionsgeschichte : Vorgetragen am 24. April 1993
Author: Jan Assmann
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 48
View: 7889

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