The Clubwomen's Daughters

Collectivist Impulses in Progressive-era Girl's Fiction, 1890-1940
Author: Gwen Tarbox
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131777602X
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 7926

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Before the New Deal

Social Welfare in the South, 1830-1930
Author: Elna C. Green
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820321141
Category: Political Science
Page: 222
View: 6291

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The Civil War and Reconstruction changed the face of social welfare provision in the South as thousands of people received public assistance for the first time in their lives. This book examines the history of southern social welfare institutions and policies in those formative years. Ten original essays explore the local nature of welfare and the limited role of the state prior to the New Deal. The contributors consider such factors as southern distinctiveness, the impact of gender on policy and practice, and ways in which welfare practices reinforced social hierarchies. By examining the role of the South’s unique political economy, the impact of racism on social institutions, and the region’s experience of war, this book makes it clear that the South’s social welfare story is no mere carbon copy of the nation’s.

A City for Children

Women, Architecture, and the Charitable Landscapes of Oakland, 1850-1950
Author: Marta Gutman
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226311287
Category: Architecture
Page: 448
View: 9244

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We like to say that our cities have been shaped by creative destruction the vast powers of capitalism to remake cities. But Marta Gutman shows that other forces played roles in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as cities responded to industrialization and the onset of modernity. Gutman focuses on the use and adaptive reuse of everyday buildings, and most tellingly she reveals the determinative roles of women and charitable institutions. In Oakland, Gutman shows, private houses were often adapted for charity work and the betterment of children, in the process becoming critical sites for public life and for the development of sustainable social environments. Gutman makes a strong argument for the centrality of incremental construction and the power of women-run organizations to our understanding of modern cities. "

Texas Through Women's Eyes

The Twentieth-Century Experience
Author: Judith N. McArthur,Harold L. Smith
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292723032
Category: History
Page: 295
View: 6441

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"This is social history at its very best...The wide selection of firsthand accounts found in this text draw the reader in, and most are absolutely fascinating...This volume will make a significant contribution to the field of Texas women's history, and I predict it will be the one book to which scholars and the reading public turn for information on twentieth-century Texas women."-Elizabeth Hayes Turner, Professor of History, University of North Texas Texas Women broke barriers throughout the twentieth century, winning the right to vote, expanding their access to higher education, entering new professions, participating fully in civic and political life, and planning their families. Yet these major achievements have hardly been recognized in histories of twentieth-century Texas. By contrast, Texas Through Women's Eyes offers a fascinating overview of women's experiences and achievements in the twentieth century, with an inclusive focus on rural women, working-class women, and women of color. Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith trace the history of Texas women through four eras. They discuss how women entered the public sphere to work for social reforms and the right to vote during the Progressive era (1900-1920); how they continued working for reform and social justice and for greater opportunities in education and the workforce during the Great Depression and World War II (1920-1945); how African American and Mexican American women fought for labor and civil rights while Anglo women laid the foundation for two-party politics during the postwar years (1945-1965); and how second-wave feminists (1965-2000) promoted diverse and sometimes competing goals, including passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, reproductive freedom, gender equity in sports, and the rise of the New Right and the Republican party. The authors take particular account of the interactions between genders and the hierarchies of race and ethnicity as they synthesize information from published histories with their own original research into women's lives. They also include a wealth of first-person accountsùwomen's letters, memoirs, and oral histories. This lively combination will appeal to a wide audience.

Food in Film

A Culinary Performance of Communication
Author: Jane Ferry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317793900
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 6855

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First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Deconstructing Post-WWII New York City

The Literature, Art, Jazz, and Architecture of an Emerging Global Capital
Author: Robert Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317793870
Category: History
Page: 142
View: 7269

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Situating post-WWII New York literature within the material context of American urban history, this work analyzes how literary movements such as the Beat Generation, the New York poets and Black Arts Moment criticized the spatial restructuring of post-WWII New York City.

Edith D. Pope and Her Nashville Friends

Guardians of the Lost Cause in the Confederate Veteran
Author: John A. Simpson
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
ISBN: 9781572332119
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 276
View: 5235

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As Simpson reveals, this alliance of women actively shaped southern culture in the early decades of the century, and his analysis sheds new light on the role of professional and club women in southern history."--Jacket.

African American Women and Social Action

The Clubwomen and Volunteerism from Jim Crow to the New Deal, 1896-1936
Author: Floris Loretta Barnett Cash
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: 9780313315633
Category: History
Page: 213
View: 6919

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Examines the volunteer efforts of black clubwomen from 1896 to 1936 and how their work influenced the impact and direction of social services in black communities during the Progressive era.

Gender, Race, and Politics in the Midwest

Black Club Women in Illinois
Author: Wanda A. Hendricks
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253334473
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 6161

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Examines the structures and ideologies of Illinois black club women, looks at the activities of some rural and urban clubs, and describes individual women's work in the areas of child and health care, establishing settlement houses, and suffrage efforts.

Black Women in America

An Historical Encyclopedia
Author: Darlene Clark Hine,Elsa Barkley Brown,Rosalyn Terborg-Penn
Publisher: Carlson Publishing
ISBN: 9780926019614
Category: Social Science
Page: 1530
View: 8463

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Provides 614 biographical and 163 topical essays discussing the important roles Black women have played in American history

Remaking Respectability

African American Women in Interwar Detroit
Author: Victoria W. Wolcott
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469611007
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 2991

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In the early decades of the twentieth century, tens of thousands of African Americans arrived at Detroit's Michigan Central Station, part of the Great Migration of blacks who left the South seeking improved economic and political conditions in the urban North. The most visible of these migrants have been the male industrial workers who labored on the city's automobile assembly lines. African American women have largely been absent from traditional narratives of the Great Migration because they were excluded from industrial work. By placing these women at the center of her study, Victoria Wolcott reveals their vital role in shaping life in interwar Detroit. Wolcott takes us into the speakeasies, settlement houses, blues clubs, storefront churches, employment bureaus, and training centers of Prohibition- and depression-era Detroit. There, she explores the wide range of black women's experiences, focusing particularly on the interactions between working- and middle-class women. As Detroit's black population grew exponentially, women not only served as models of bourgeois respectability, but also began to reshape traditional standards of deportment in response to the new realities of their lives. In so doing, Wolcott says, they helped transform black politics and culture. Eventually, as the depression arrived, female respectability as a central symbol of reform was supplanted by a more strident working-class activism.

Schooling the New South

Pedagogy, Self, and Society in North Carolina, 1880-1920
Author: James L. Leloudis
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807862835
Category: Education
Page: 358
View: 8070

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Schooling the New South deftly combines social and political history, gender studies, and African American history into a story of educational reform. James Leloudis recreates North Carolina's classrooms as they existed at the turn of the century and explores the wide-ranging social and psychological implications of the transition from old-fashioned common schools to modern graded schools. He argues that this critical change in methods of instruction both reflected and guided the transformation of the American South. According to Leloudis, architects of the New South embraced the public school as an institution capable of remodeling their world according to the principles of free labor and market exchange. By altering habits of learning, they hoped to instill in students a vision of life that valued individual ambition and enterprise above the familiar relations of family, church, and community. Their efforts eventually created both a social and a pedagogical revolution, says Leloudis. Public schools became what they are today--the primary institution responsible for the socialization of children and therefore the principal battleground for society's conflicts over race, class, and gender. Southern History/Education/North Carolina

Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935


Author: Alice Smuts
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300128475
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 9981

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This book is the first comprehensive history of the development of child study during the early part of the twentieth century. Most nineteenth-century scientists deemed children unsuitable subjects for study, and parents were hostile to the idea. But by 1935, the study of the child was a thriving scientific and professional field. Here, Alice Boardman Smuts shows how interrelated movements—social and scientific—combined to transform the study of the child. Drawing on nationwide archives and extensive interviews with child study pioneers, Smuts recounts the role of social reformers, philanthropists, and progressive scientists who established new institutions with new ways of studying children. Part history of science and part social history, this book describes a fascinating era when the normal child was studied for the first time, a child guidance movement emerged, and the newly created federal Children’s Bureau conducted pathbreaking sociological studies of children.

Women's Periodicals in the United States

Social and Political Issues
Author: Kathleen L. Endres,Therese L. Lueck
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313286322
Category: History
Page: 529
View: 5181

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Women's periodicals have a long history of treating social, political, and economic issues. Through alphabetically arranged entries on individual publications, this reference traces the rich diversity of approaches that these periodicals have taken. Included are entries on more than 70 different periodicals published in the 19th and 20th centuries. Some are radical, some are reactionary, but most fall somewhere in between. Each entry provides a critical narrative history of the periodical, circulation figures, related publication information, and a selected bibliography. The volume closes with a chronology and a bibliography.

Juvenile Delinquency (national, Federal, and Youth-serving Agencies).

Hearings Before the Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-third Congress, First [-second] Session[s], Pursuant to S. Res. 89, Investigation of Juvenile Delinquency in the United States
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile delinquency
Page: 734
View: 4352

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Reform and Resistance

Gender, Delinquency, and America's First Juvenile Court
Author: Anne Meis Knupfer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415925983
Category: Social Science
Page: 290
View: 1419

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"A study of the Cook County Juvenile Court in Chicago, one of the myriad Progressive initiatives designed to impose order on an increasingly diverse turn-of-the-century American city. From its inception, the Court concerned itself primarily with "incorrigible" girls -- those young (often immigrant or African-American) women caught riding in a closed automobile, loitering in a department store, or shimmying on the dance floor. Knupfer approaches encounters between delinquents and this new arm of the state as a series of narratives promulgated by legal operatives, state bureaucrats, female social workers, and the girls themselves. Using the elastic term "delinquency" as their canvas, these parties painted conflicting portraits of modernizing America. They told stories about the emergence of the state, the gendered nature of professionalism, the dangers (and promise) of consumer culture, and the possibility of pluralism"--OCLC

Writing the Range

Race, Class, and Culture in the Women's West
Author: Elizabeth Jameson,Susan Hodge Armitage
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806129525
Category: Social Science
Page: 656
View: 3718

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In mythic sagas of the American West, the wide western range offers boundless opportunity to profile a limited cast of white men. In this pathbreaking anthology, Jameson and Armitage brings together 29 essays which present the story of women from that era. Clearly written and accessible, "Writing the Range" makes a major contribution to ethnic history, women's history, and interpretations of the American West. 27 illustrations. 3 maps.