The Chemistry of Powder And Explosives


Author: Dr. Tenney L. Davis
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 178625896X
Category: Science
Page: 338
View: 2755

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The present volume contains in one binding the whole contents of Volume I, first published in May, 1941, and the whole contents of Volume II which was published in March, 1943. The book was primarily for chemists. The writing of it was commenced in order that a textbook might be available for the use of students in the course in powder and explosives which the author gave for about twenty years (nearly every year since the first World War) to fourth-year and graduate students of chemistry and of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[...] The aim of the book has been to describe as clearly and interestingly as possible, and as fully as seemed profitable the modes of behavior, both physical and chemical, of explosive substances, whether these modes find practical application or not. Historical material has been included where it was thought that it contributed to this end, and has not been included elsewhere or for any other reason. It is a fact that a knowledge of the history of ideas, of persons, or of things produces something of the same sympathetic understanding of them that living with them and working with them does.-Print ed.

The Chemistry of Fireworks


Author: Michael S. Russell
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854045983
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 117
View: 6716

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For centuries fireworks have been a source of delight and amazement in cultures around the world. But what produces their dazzling array of effects? This book takes you behind the scenes to explore the chemistry and physics behind the art of pyrotechnics. Topics covered include history and characteristics of gunpowder; principles behind each of the most popular firework types: rockets, shells, fountains, sparklers, bangers, roman candles and wheels; special effects, including sound effects, coloured smokes and electrical firing; firework safety for private use and displays; and firework legislation. The Chemistry of Fireworks is aimed at students with A level qualifications or equivalent. The style is concise and easy to understand, and the theory of fireworks is discussed in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible. It will also be a useful source of reference for anyone studying pyrotechnics as applied to fireworks.Review Extracts"a worthwhile addition to the pyrotechnist's library"Fireworks "a useful source of information which makes absorbing reading."Angewandte Chemie, International Edition

Organic Chemistry of Explosives


Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal,Robert Hodgson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470059357
Category: Science
Page: 414
View: 9163

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Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

Boom!

The Chemistry and History of Explosives
Author: Simon Quellen Field
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
ISBN: 1613738080
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 4756

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Black powder, the world's first chemical explosive, was originally developed during the Tang dynasty in China.It was a crude mixture at first, but over time chemists discovered the optimum proportion of sulfur, charcoal, and nitrates, as well as the best way to mix them for a complete and powerful reaction. Author and chemistry buff Simon Quellen Field takes readers on a decades-long journey through the history of things that go boom, from the early days of black powder to today's modern plastic explosives. Not just the who, when, and why, but also the how. How did Chinese alchemists come to create black powder? What accidents led to the discovery of high explosives? How do explosives actually work on a molecular scale? Boom! The Chemistry and History of Explosives reviews the original papers and patents written by the chemists who invented them, to shed light on their development, to explore the consequences of their use for good and ill, and to give the reader a basic understanding of the chemistry that makes them possible.

Black and Smokeless Powders

Technologies for Finding Bombs and the Bomb Makers
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Smokeless and Black Powder
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309062462
Category: Political Science
Page: 180
View: 738

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Some 600 pipe bomb explosions have occurred annually in the United States during the past several years. How can technology help protect the public from these homemade devices? This book, a response to a Congressional mandate, focuses on ways to improve public safety by preventing bombings involving smokeless or black powders and apprehending the makers of the explosive devices. It examines technologies used for detection of explosive devices before they explode--including the possible addition of marking agents to the powders--and technologies used in criminal investigations for identification of these powders--including the possible addition of taggants to the powders--in the context of current technical capabilities. The book offers general conclusions and recommendations about the detection of devices containing smokeless and black powders and the feasibility of identifying makers of the devices from recovered powder or residue. It also makes specific recommendations about marking and tagging technologies. This volume follows the work reported in Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings (NRC 1998), which studied similar issues for bombings that utilize high explosives.

The Chemistry of Explosives


Author: Jacqueline Akhavan
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847552021
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 3885

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"Revised and expanded to reflect new developments in the field, this book outlines the basic principles required to understand the chemical processes of explosives. The Chemistry of Explosives provides an overview of the history of explosives, taking the reader to future developments. The text on the classification of explosive materials contains much data on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. The explosive processes of deflagration and detonation, including the theory of 'hotspots' for the detonation process, are introduced and many examples are provided in the detailed description on the thermochemistry of explosives. New material includes coverage of the latest explosive compositions, such as high temperature explosives, nitrocubanes, energetic polymers, plasticizers and insensitive munitions (IM). This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject."

Explosivstoffe


Author: Josef Köhler,Rudolf Meyer,Axel Homburg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527660070
Category: Science
Page: 439
View: 6953

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Aus Rezensionen voriger Auflagen: Die zehnte Auflage dieses Nachschlagewerkes ist erneut erweitert und aktualisiert worden, das bewährte Konzept wurde beibehalten. Der Textteil beschreibt ausführlich mehr als 550 Begriffe in alphabetischer Reihenfolge, darunter über 120 mit Strukturformel und Daten versehene chemische Verbindungen mit Explosivcharakter. Zu fast jeder Verbindung werden die wichtigsten chemisch-physikalischen und sicherheitstechnischen Kenndaten aufgeführt; die Gefahrgutregularien wurden gründlich überarbeitet. Der Leser findet außerdem Angaben zu den Herstellungsverfahren und Verwendungsmöglichkeiten dieser Stoffe sowie zu etwa 70 Additiven, Brennstoffen und Oxidantien. Etwa 1500 Einträge im Schlagwortregister, die Angabe der englischen und französischen Übersetzungen und die Erklärung von Kurzbezeichnungen machen dieses Buch zu einem umfassenden und aktuellen Lexikon. Es eignet sich für Fachleute, die in irgendeiner Form mit Explosivstoffen zu tun haben, aber auch für Interessenten, wie Übersetzer, Behörden und Patentanwälte. ' Ein Buch, das in mehr als 60 Jahren 8 Auflagen erlebt hat, bedarf keiner besonderen Empfehlung...' Archiv für Kriminologie

Chemistry of Pyrotechnics

Basic Principles and Theory
Author: John A. Conkling,Chris Mocella
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824774431
Category: Science
Page: 216
View: 9343

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A perennial bestseller, Chemistry of Pyrotechnics and Explosives: Basic Principles and Theory, is simply the most definitive reference in this field. Author J.A. Conkling first covers the requisite background in chemistry, thermodynamics, and light emission, introduces oxidizing agents, fuels, binders, and retardants, then explores virtually every aspect of formulating pyrotechnics. Topics include the requirements for and preparation of high-energy mixtures, ignition and propagation, heat and delay compositions, and color and light production, including sparks, flitter, and glitter. The journal Pyrotechnica said this book "...belongs on every pyrotechnist's bookshelf."

Chemie des Ingenieurs

Grundlagen zur Anwendung in der Technik
Author: Ernst Brandenberger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642526683
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 5256

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Dieses Buch erhebt nicht den Anspruch, besser in die Chemie einzuführen, als dies andere, vorab die ausgezeichneten Lehrbücher der allgemeinen Chemie von G. SCHWARZENBACH oder L. PAULING tun. Das ·Wesentliche unserer "Chemie des Ingenieurs" liegt vielmehr darin, daß ihr Autor zusammen mit den Lesern, die er sich wünscht, die Chemie bewußt, oft gar eigenwillig vom Standpunkt des Inge nieurs aus betrachten will, deshalb aus der Gesamtheit der Stoffe und der Fülle der Erscheinungen mit Entschiedenheit jene herausgreifend, welche den Ingenieur selber betreffen und unmittelbar angehen. Unter technischen Gesichtspunkten zu einem Ganzen geordnet, soll sich daraus eine Lehre der Stoffe und chemischen Reaktionen ergeben, welche eindrücklicher als bisher die Bedeutung der Chemie, wesentliche Hilfswissenschaft des Ingenieurs zu sein, aufzuzeigen und das Interesse von Ingenieuren jeder Richtung an Fragen der Chemie zu wecken vermag. Werden dabei auf der einen Seite beim Leser Kenntnisse der elementaren Chemie voraus gesetzt, so sollte umgekehrt über eine gedrängte, häufig bloß skizzenhafte Dar stellung nicht hinausgegangen und vom Hilfsmittel tabellarischer Ubersichten reichlich Gebrauch gemacht werden. Einzelnen Abschnitten beigefügte Lite raturhinweise möchten zugleich zum vertieften Studium des einzelnen Gegen 'Standes die erwünschte Anleitung geben. Bei der Bearbeitung der Aufgabe, die sich der Verfasser gestellt, kam ihm naturgemäß sehr zu Hilfe, was ihm der Chemieunterricht an die Ingenieure der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule wie die Anwendung der chemischen Wissenschaften auf das Gesamtgebiet der Materialprüfung und Werkstoffkunde ständig an neuen Erfahrungen vermitteln.

Primary Explosives


Author: Robert Matyáš,Jiří Pachman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642284361
Category: Science
Page: 338
View: 9827

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This is the first comprehensive overview of this topic. It serves as a single source for information about the properties, preparation, and uses of all relevant primary explosives. The first chapter provides background such as the basics of initiation and differences between requirements on primary explosives used in detonators and igniters. The authors then clarify the influence of physical characteristics on explosive properties, focusing on those properties required for primary explosives. Furthermore, the issue of sensitivity is discussed. All the chapters on particular groups of primary explosives are structured in the same way, including introduction, physical and chemical properties, explosive properties, preparation and documented use. The authors thoroughly verified all data and information. A unique feature of this book are original microscopic images of some explosives.

Powder and Propellants

Energetic Materials at Indian Head, Maryland, 1890-2001
Author: Rodney P. Carlisle
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
ISBN: 9781574411492
Category: History
Page: 322
View: 1549

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The story of the U.S. Navy's premier facility for research, development, testing, and evaluation of chemical compounds used in gun and rocket propellants, notably the manufacturing and testing of Jet Assist Takeoff, Zuni, Talos, and Polaris rockets and missiles.

Gunpowder, Explosives and the State

A Technological History
Author: Brenda J. Buchanan
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754652595
Category: History
Page: 425
View: 4205

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Gunpowder studies are still in their infancy despite the long-standing civil and military importance of this explosive since its discovery in China in the mid-ninth century AD. This volume is the first to develop the implications of the subject, not just in the sense of relating it to changing military technologies, but in that of seeing the securing of gunpowder supplies as fundamental to the power of the state and imperial pretensions.

Explosives


Author: Rudolf Meyer,Josef Köhler,Axel Homburg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527616349
Category: Science
Page: 434
View: 3065

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This world-famous reference work has been enlarged and updated without tampering with its tried and tested format. Around 500 alphabetically ordered, monographic entries consider the physicochemical properties, production methods and safe applications of over 120 explosive chemicals; discuss 70 fuels, additives and oxidizing agents; and describe test methods. The extensive thermodynamic data have been thoroughly updated and for the first time are also provided in electronic format. The included CD-ROM was compiled by the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology (Pfinztal, Germany) and represents an excerpt from the ICT Thermodynamical Database. Not only additional thermodynamic data, and references to further reading, but also enhanced search facilities are provided. Other key features include: the 1500-entry combined index and glossary (comprising terms and abbreviations in English, French and German), conversion tables and many literature references. This book is suitable for explosive experts and also for translators, public authorities and patent lawyers. From reviews of previous editions: '... This wealth of information and an index that comprises some 1500 keywords and several conversion tables make this a unique source of knowledge for anybody working with explosives.' (Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics)

Mexico and the Spanish Conquest


Author: Ross Hassig
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806148195
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 3999

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What role did indigenous peoples play in the Spanish conquest of Mexico? Ross Hassig explores this question in Mexico and the Spanish Conquest by incorporating primary accounts from the Indians of Mexico and revisiting the events of the conquest against the backdrop of the Aztec empire, the culture and politics of Mesoamerica, and the military dynamics of both sides. He analyzes the weapons, tactics, and strategies employed by both the Indians and the Spaniards, and concludes that the conquest was less a Spanish victory than it was a victory of Indians over other Indians, which the Spaniards were able to exploit to their own advantage. In this second edition of his classic work, Hassig incorporates new research in the same concise manner that made the original edition so popular and provides further explanations of the actions and motivations of Cortés, Moteuczoma, and other key figures. He also explores their impact on larger events and examines in greater detail Spanish military tactics and strategies.

Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law
Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313386714
Category: History
Page: 1096
View: 757

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Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

Opus maius


Author: Roger Bacon
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783451287121
Category: Ethics
Page: 200
View: 3178

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