The Cambridge Companion to Frege


Author: Tom Ricketts,Michael Potter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113982578X
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) was unquestionably one of the most important philosophers of all time. He trained as a mathematician, and his work in philosophy started as an attempt to provide an explanation of the truths of arithmetic, but in the course of this attempt he not only founded modern logic but also had to address fundamental questions in the philosophy of language and philosophical logic. Frege is generally seen (along with Russell and Wittgenstein) as one of the fathers of the analytic method, which dominated philosophy in English-speaking countries for most of the twentieth century. His work is studied today not just for its historical importance but also because many of his ideas are still seen as relevant to current debates in the philosophies of logic, language, mathematics and the mind. The Cambridge Companion to Frege provides a route into this lively area of research.

The Cambridge Companion to Carnap


Author: Richard Creath,Michael Friedman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521840155
Category: Philosophy
Page: 371
View: 9152

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This book explores the major themes of Carnap's philosophy and discusses his relationship with the Vienna Circle.

The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein


Author: Hans Sluga,David G. Stern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108547249
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951) is one of the most important and influential philosophers in modern times, but he is also one of the least accessible. In this volume, leading experts chart the development of his work and clarify the connections between its different stages. The essays, which are both expository and original, address central themes in Wittgenstein's writing on a wide range of topics, particularly his thinking about the mind, language, logic, and mathematics. The contributors illuminate the character of the whole body of work by focusing on key topics: the style of the philosophy, the conception of grammar contained in it, rule-following, convention, logical necessity, the self, and what Wittgenstein called, in a famous phrase, 'forms of life'. This revised edition includes a new introduction, five new essays - on Tractarian ethics, Wittgenstein's development, aspects, the mind, and time and history - and a fully updated comprehensive bibliography.

The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell


Author: Nicholas Griffin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521636346
Category: History
Page: 550
View: 1964

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Bertrand Russell ranks as one of the giants of 20th century philosophy. This Companion focuses on Russell's contributions to modern philosophy and, therefore, concentrates on the early part of his career. Through his books, journalism, correspondence and political activity he exerted a profound influence on modern thought. New readers will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Russell available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Russell.

The Cambridge Companion to Locke's 'Essay Concerning Human Understanding'


Author: Lex Newman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139827235
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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First published in 1689, John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding is widely recognised as among the greatest works in the history of Western philosophy. The Essay puts forward a systematic empiricist theory of mind, detailing how all ideas and knowledge arise from sense experience. Locke was trained in mechanical philosophy and he crafted his account to be consistent with the best natural science of his day. The Essay was highly influential and its rendering of empiricism would become the standard for subsequent theorists. This Companion volume includes fifteen new essays from leading scholars. Covering the major themes of Locke's work, they explain his views while situating the ideas in the historical context of Locke's day and often clarifying their relationship to ongoing work in philosophy. Pitched to advanced undergraduates and graduate students, it is ideal for use in courses on early modern philosophy, British empiricism and John Locke.

The Cambridge Companion to Husserl


Author: Barry Smith,David Woodruff Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521436168
Category: Philosophy
Page: 518
View: 5638

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Exploring the full range of Husserl's work, these essays reveal just how systematic his philosophy is. There are treatments of his most important contributions to phenomenology, intentionality and the philosophy of mind, epistemology, the philosophy of language, ontology, and mathematics. An underlying theme of the volume is a resistance to the idea, current in much intellectual history, of a radical break between "modern" and "postmodern" philosophy, with Husserl as the last of the great Cartesians.

Politische Philosophie heute

eine Einführung
Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593358918
Category: Political science
Page: 297
View: 3137

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Eine grundlegende und umfassende Einführung in die modernen Strömungen der politischen Philosophie: Utilitarismus, Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Marxismus, Kommunitarismus und Feminismus.

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle


Author: Jonathan Barnes,Professor of Ancient Philosophy Jonathan Barnes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422949
Category: Philosophy
Page: 404
View: 2998

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The most accessible and comprehensive guide to Aristotle currently available.

Purposiveness

Teleology Between Nature and Mind
Author: Luca Illetterati,Francesca Michelini
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110321246
Category: Philosophy
Page: 219
View: 6733

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Since the rise of modern thought and natural science, teleological discourses have been banished as explanatory tools in natural investigations. The various contributions to this volume embrace the task of rethinking natural purposiveness in accordance with natural science. They set out from the issue of whether, and in which form, it is possible to talk of purposes in nature, without resorting to an account requesting some intentional agent. The legitimacy of such a notion as that of internal teleology has been addressed, together with the issue of what the term "internal" properly denotes. It is meant to be an alternative both to the position of those who assume that teleology in biology requires a dimension transcending nature itself and find in teleological language an argument for the Intelligent Designer, and to the stance of those who aim to eliminate teleology from scientific inquiry altogether.

The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy


Author: A. A. Long
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139825151
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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The Western tradition of philosophy began in Greece with a cluster of thinkers often called the Presocratics, whose influence has been incalculable. They include the early Ionian cosmologists, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, the Eleatics (Parmenides, Melissus, and Zeno), Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the atomists and the sophists. All these thinkers are discussed in this 1999 volume both as individuals and collectively in chapters on rational theology, epistemology, psychology, rhetoric and relativism, justice, and poetics. A chapter on causality extends the focus to include historians and medical writers.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel


Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518780204
Category: Philosophy
Page: 813
View: 2323

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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre als Handschrift für seine Zuhörer

1794
Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Fritz Medicus,Wilhelm G Jacobs
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3787332200
Category: Philosophy
Page: 274
View: 1059

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Im Zentrum seines Werkes steht Fichtes WL, die er siebenmal bearbeitete. Die zweite Darstellung, die Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre (1794), in der er das Wissen von Tatsachen von den Prinzipien der Gegenstandserfahrung aus erörtert, ist die einflußreichste geblieben. Fichte hat in der Gegenstandserfahrung nicht nur die praktischen, sondern auch die theoretischen Prinzipien aufgezeigt und damit die Verbindung von theoretischer und praktischer Vernunft nachgewiesen. Sein Werk wurde durch diese Leistung Ausgangspunkt des deutschen Idealismus. Dem Text dieser seit dem Neudruck 1956 vierten Auflage liegt die "zweite verbesserte Ausgabe" von 1802, Leipzig zugrunde. Varianten zur Erstausgabe von 1794 und der Auflage von 1802, Tübingen werden mitgeteilt, ebenso die Marginalbemerkungen Fichtes. Mit Einleitung, Registern und Verzeichnis der Ausgaben.