The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right


Author: Michael J. Graetz,Linda Greenhouse
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476732515
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 9012

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A revelatory look at the Warren Burger Supreme Court finds that it was not moderate or transitional, but conservative—and it shaped today’s constitutional landscape. It is an “important book…a powerful corrective to the standard narrative of the Burger Court” (The New York Times Book Review). When Richard Nixon campaigned for the presidency in 1968 he promised to change the Supreme Court. With four appointments to the court, including Warren E. Burger as the chief justice, he did just that. In 1969, the Burger Court succeeded the famously liberal Warren Court, which had significantly expanded civil liberties and was despised by conservatives across the country. The Burger Court is often described as a “transitional” court between the Warren Court and the Rehnquist and Roberts Courts, a court where little of importance happened. But as this “landmark new book” (The Christian Science Monitor) shows, the Burger Court veered well to the right in such areas as criminal law, race, and corporate power. Authors Graetz and Greenhouse excavate the roots of the most significant Burger Court decisions and in “elegant, illuminating arguments” (The Washington Post) show how their legacy affects us today. “Timely and engaging” (Richmond Times-Dispatch), The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right draws on the personal papers of the justices as well as other archives to provide “the best kind of legal history: cogent, relevant, and timely” (Publishers Weekly).

The Rise of Modern Judicial Review

From Constitutional Interpretation to Judge-made Law
Author: Christopher Wolfe
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780822630265
Category: Law
Page: 447
View: 1477

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'A clear, readable and fair account of the development of judicial review.'-Ashley Montagu

Rise of Judicial Management in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Texas, 1955-2000


Author: Steven Harmon Wilson
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820327280
Category: Law
Page: 576
View: 4830

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This is the first book-length study of a federal district court to analyze the revolutionary changes in its mission, structure, policies, and procedures over the past four decades. As Steven Harmon Wilson chronicles the court's attempts to keep pace with an expanding, diversifying caseload, he situates those efforts within the social, cultural, and political expectations that have prompted the increase in judicial seats from four in 1955 to the current nineteen. Federal judges have progressed from being simply referees of legal disputes to managers of expanding courts, dockets, and staffs, says Wilson. The Southern District of Texas offers an especially instructive model by which to study this transformation. Not only does it contain a varied population of Hispanics, African Americans, and whites, but its jurisdiction includes an international border and some of the busiest seaports in the United States. Wilson identifies three areas of judicial management in which the shift has most clearly manifested itself. Through docket and case management judges have attempted to rationalize the flow of work through the litigation process. Lastly, and most controversially, judges have sought to bring "constitutionally flawed" institutions into compliance through "structural reform" rulings in areas such as housing, education, employment, and voting. Wilson draws on sources ranging from judicial biography and oral-history interviews to case files, published opinions, and administrative memoranda. Blending legal history with social science, this important new study ponders the changing meaning of federal judgeship as it shows how judicial management has both helped and hindered the resolution of legal conflicts and the protection of civil rights.

Die Federalist papers


Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406547546
Category: Constitutional history
Page: 583
View: 7475

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Perversion for Profit

The Politics of Pornography and the Rise of the New Right
Author: Whitney Strub
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520158
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 6880

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While America is not alone in its ambivalence toward sex and its depictions, the preferences of the nation swing sharply between toleration and censure. This pattern has grown even more pronounced since the 1960s, with the emergence of the New Right and its attack on the "floodtide of filth" that was supposedly sweeping the nation. Antipornography campaigns became the New Right's political capital in the 1960s, laying the groundwork for the "family values" agenda that shifted the country to the right. Perversion for Profit traces the anatomy of this trend and the crucial function of pornography in constructing the New Right agenda, which has emphasized social issues over racial and economic inequality. Conducting his own extensive research, Whitney Strub vividly recreates the debates over obscenity that consumed members of the ACLU in the 1950s and revisits the deployment of obscenity charges against purveyors of gay erotica during the cold war, revealing the differing standards applied to heterosexual and homosexual pornography. He follows the rise of the influential Citizens for Decent Literature during the 1960s and the pivotal events that followed: the sexual revolution, feminist activism, the rise of the gay rights movement, the "porno chic" moment of the early 1970s, and resurgent Christian conservatism, which now shapes public policy far beyond the issue of sexual decency. Strub also examines the ways in which the left failed to mount a serious or sustained counterattack to the New Right's use of pornography as a political tool. As he demonstrates, this failure put the Democratic Party at the mercy of Republican rhetoric. In placing debates about pornography at the forefront of American postwar history, Strub revolutionizes our understanding of sex and American politics.

Liberty, Property, and Government

Constitutional Interpretation Before the New Deal
Author: Ellen Frankel Paul,Howard Dickman
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400869
Category: Law
Page: 303
View: 5129

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This book examines the constitutional protection of economic rights through the nineteenth century and the first three decades of the twentieth. The authors grapple with such questions as: how should the commerce clause be interpreted? To what extent did the historical development of eminent domain law depart from the "rhetoric" of takings jurisprudence? How was the Constitution connected to economic growth in the nineteenth century? What was the effect of the post-/civil War constitutional amendments? How did the right to contract affect government attempts to balance private rights with the public good? What was the reaction of leading constitutional theorists to the dominance of a laissez-fair philosophy in the Court and the nation at the turn of the century?

Furcht

Trump im Weißen Haus
Author: Bob Woodward
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644002738
Category: Political Science
Page: 512
View: 4470

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Bob Woodward, die Ikone des investigativen Journalismus in den USA, hat alle amerikanischen Präsidenten aus nächster Nähe beobachtet. Nun nimmt er sich den derzeitigen Präsidenten vor und enthüllt den erschütternden Zustand des Weißen Hauses unter Donald Trump. Woodward beschreibt, wie dieser Präsident Entscheidungen trifft, er berichtet von eskalierenden Debatten im Oval Office und in der Air Force One, dem volatilen Charakter Trumps und dessen Obsessionen und Komplexen. Woodwards Buch ist ein Dokument der Zeitgeschichte: Hunderte Stunden von Interviews mit direkt Beteiligten, Gesprächsprotokolle, Tagebücher, Notizen – auch von Trump selbst – bieten einen dramatischen Einblick in die Machtzentrale der westlichen Welt, in der vor allem eines herrscht: Furcht. Woodward ist das Porträt eines amtierenden amerikanischen Präsidenten gelungen, das es in dieser Genauigkeit noch nicht gegeben hat.

Meine geliebte Welt


Author: Sonia Sotomayor
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406659489
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 349
View: 7256

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Aufgewachsen in der Bronx, Puertoricanerin, die Kindheit prekär, der Vater Alkoholiker, die Mutter überfordert – Sonia Sotomayor war es nicht gerade in die Wiege gelegt, eines Tages Richterin am höchsten Gericht der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zu werden. Mit einem großen Herzen und viel Humor erzählt diese Ausnahmefrau von ihrem Weg, aber nicht um sich dabei auf die Schulter zu klopfen, sondern um anderen Menschen mit ihrer eigenen Geschichte Mut zu machen. Ein hinreißendes, ansteckendes Buch über das Trotzdem und über die – wirklich wichtigen – Dinge des Lebens. „’Nach der Lektüre werden mich die Leser nach menschlichen Kriterien beurteilen’, schreibt Sonia Sotomayor. Wir, die wir in diesem Fall die Jury sind, finden sie einfach unwiderstehlich.“ Washingtonian „Überwältigende und stark geschriebene Memoiren zum Thema Identität und Persönlichkeitsfindung ... Offenherzig, scharf beobachtet und vor allem tief empfunden.“ The New York Times „Eine Frau, die weiß, wo sie herkommt und die die Kraft hat, uns dorthin mitzunehmen.“ The New York Times Book Review

A Companion to Ronald Reagan


Author: Andrew L. Johns
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118607821
Category: History
Page: 696
View: 7060

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A Companion to Ronald Reagan evaluates in unprecedenteddetail the events, policies, politics, and people of Reagan’sadministration. It assesses the scope and influence of his variouscareers within the context of the times, providing wide-rangingcoverage of his administration, and his legacy. Assesses Reagan and his impact on the development of the UnitedStates based on new documentary evidence and engagementwith the most recent secondary literature Offers a mix of historiographic chapters devoted to foreign anddomestic policy, with topics integrated thematically andchronologically Includes a section on key figures associated politically andpersonally with Reagan

The Rehnquist Court

Justices, Rulings, and Legacy
Author: Thomas R. Hensley,Kathleen Hale,Carl Snook
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576072002
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 443
View: 4057

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Highlights: - Provides an analysis of the major conservative changes in U.S. constitutional law during the Rehnquist Court- Analyzes the Rehnquist Court's voting record and the lasting impacts of those votes

Law, Gender, and Injustice

A Legal History of U.S. Women
Author: Joan Hoff
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814744869
Category: Law
Page: 580
View: 1549

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In this widely acclaimed landmark study, Joan Hoff illustrates how women remain second- class citizens under the current legal system and questions whether the continued pursuit of equality based on a one-size-fits-all vision of traditional individual rights is really what will most improve conditions for women in America as they prepare for the twenty-first century. Concluding that equality based on liberal male ideology is no longer an adequate framework for improving women's legal status, Hoff's highly original and incisive volume calls for a demystification of legal doctrine and a reinterpretation of legal texts (including the Constitution) to create a feminist jurisprudence.

The Supreme Court and the Idea of Constitutionalism


Author: Steven Kautz,Arthur Melzer,Jerry Weinberger,M. Richard Zinman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812206074
Category: Law
Page: 328
View: 2356

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From Brown v. Board of Education to Roe v. Wade to Bush v. Gore, the Supreme Court has, over the past fifty years, assumed an increasingly controversial place in American national political life. As the recurring struggles over nominations to the Court illustrate, few questions today divide our political community more profoundly than those concerning the Court's proper role as protector of liberties and guardian of the Constitution. If the nation is today in the midst of a "culture war," the contest over the Supreme Court is certainly one of its principal battlefields. In this volume, distinguished constitutional scholars aim to move debate beyond the sound bites that divide the opposing parties to more fundamental discussions about the nature of constitutionalism. Toward this end, the volume includes chapters on the philosophical and historical origins of the idea of constitutionalism; on theories of constitutionalism in American history in particular; on the practices of constitutionalism around the globe; and on the parallel emergence of—and the persistent tensions between—constitutionalism and democracy throughout the modern world. In democracies, the primary point of having a constitution is to place some matters beyond politics and partisan contest. And yet it seems equally clear that constitutionalism of this kind results in a struggle over the meaning or proper interpretation of the constitution, a struggle that is itself deeply political. Although the volume represents a variety of viewpoints and approaches, this struggle, which is the central paradox of constitutionalism, is the ultimate theme of all the essays.

Reflections on Judging


Author: Richard A. Posner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674184653
Category: Law
Page: 392
View: 1600

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For Richard Posner, legal formalism and formalist judges--notably Antonin Scalia--present the main obstacles to coping with the dizzying pace of technological advance. Posner calls for legal realism--gathering facts, considering context, and reaching a sensible conclusion that inflicts little collateral damage on other areas of the law.

Die andere Geschichte der Bibel

Fakt und Fiktion in der Heiligen Schrift
Author: Robin Lane Fox
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 360811579X
Category: History
Page: 608
View: 3001

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Mit Scharfsinn und überraschenden Einsichten klärt Robin Lane Fox Fragen, auf die die Bibel bewusst die Antwort verweigert: Wer waren die Autoren der Heiligen Schrift, wie ist sie entstanden, und welche historischen Fakten lassen sich in ihr finden? Ein informatives und zugleich höchst anregendes Buch, das die historische Wahrheit ebenso wie die Erzählkunst der Heiligen Schrift entschlüsselt. In seinem fesselnd geschriebenen Buch fragt Robin Lane Fox nach dem Wahrheitsgehalt der biblischen Texte. Dabei unterzieht er das meistgelesene Buch aller Zeiten, das unsere abendländische Kultur tief beeinflusst hat, einer genauen historischen und sprachlichen Untersuchung. Er verknüpft auf meisterhafte Weise die religiösen Inhalte mit der Geschichte von Kultur, Politik und Gesellschaft. Vor allem aber zielt seine Darstellung auf die erstaunliche Vielfalt der Texte selbst: Der Leser erfährt, wann und wo die biblischen Erzählungen entstanden, welche Bedeutung sie für die Zeitgenossen hatten, und wie die unterschiedlichen Darstellungen desselben Geschehens zu erklären sind. Das fulminante und klug argumentierende Buch eines Historikers, der uns die biblischen Texte neu erschließt.

Black Cherry Blues


Author: James Lee Burke
Publisher: Edel:Books
ISBN: 3955303551
Category: Fiction
Page: 400
View: 1760

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Deutscher Krimipreis 2015 in der Rubrik International für James Lee Burke! "Burkes Stärke ist die pure erzählerische Wucht. Schon die Schilderung einer schlichten Autokreuzung kann ihm zum kleinen düsteren Meisterwerk geraten." (Andreas Ammer, ARD) Expolizist Dave Robicheaux führt nach dem gewaltsamen Tod seiner Frau ein zurückgezogenes Leben in den Bayous, bis plötzlich seine Vergangenheit in Gestalt des abgehalfterten Musikers Dixie Pugh wieder vor ihm steht. Gegen seinen Willen wird Robicheaux in Pughs Geschäfte mit einer undurchsichtigen Ölfirma hineingezogen und muß in Montana seine Unschuld an einem Mord beweisen. "Niemand erweckt Schauplätze so gut zum Leben wie James Lee Burke, und niemand beschreibt emotionale Konflikte so perfekt wie er." Elizabeth George 3. Band der Reihe um den Ermittler Dave Robicheaux

When Labels Fail

POLITICS, VALUES, AND IDEOLOGY ON THE SUPREME COURT
Author: C.B. Shotwell
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1450081282
Category: Law
Page: 217
View: 9866

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WHEN LABELS FAIL: A PARADOXICAL VIEW OF THE SUPREME COURT As in recent actions of the Supreme Court concerning same sex marriage and the Affordable Care Act, don ́t be surprised when pundits and ideologues fail at predictions regarding pending decisions of the Court. This book explains why so many get it wrong so often. At root cause are erroneous preconceptions about the Court. "I ́m not big on labels" replied retiring Associate Justice John Paul Stevens during an interview concerning changing blocs on the Supreme Court. “I don’t use labels to describe what I do” is how Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor responded during her confirmation hearing when a senator sought to categorize her judicial philosophy. Simplistic labels for the justices have repeatedly misled Presidents, Senators, lawyers, and pundits with regard to the performance of justices on the Supreme Court. Despite best efforts to predict behavior of nominees for the Court, the justices defied political categorization, such as: • The Virginia lawyer who lost his states’ rights case before the Supreme Court, but went on to support Federalist Party causes as Chief Justice. • The ex-Federalist Party politician and Secretary of the Treasury who as Chief Justice strongly supported states’ rights. • The esteemed Massachusetts justice who outraged the progressive president who nominated him to the Court by voting to strike down key anti-trust legislation. • The co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union who shocked former colleagues by consistently voting to curtail civil liberties and civil rights in cases before the Court. • The staunch New Deal supporter who over his long tenure on the Court came to favor individual rights and liberties over governmental power. • The former Ku Klux Klan member who helped forge a unanimous Court ruling in the seminal decision against racial segregation. • Appointed by a liberal Democratic president, the justice who steadfastly supported law and order, the right to life, and other conservative causes. • An originalist whose conservative methodology frequently leads to liberal results. This book explores the origin of the separation of powers doctrine, how the Constitution created a judiciary designed to stand apart from the “political” branches of government, and how justices have asserted independence as a third branch of government from John Jay to John Roberts. For more information, go to: www.courtpolitics.weebly.com

Equal Protection

Rights and Liberties Under the Law
Author: Francis Graham Lee
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576078507
Category: Law
Page: 383
View: 7974

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Explores the legal right to equality in the United States based on the United States Constitution, covering such topics as race and gender equality, slavery, and segregation.

Im unwahrscheinlichen Fall

Roman
Author: Judy Blume
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 364118293X
Category: Fiction
Page: 512
View: 6954

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Wenn ein Moment das ganze Leben ändert 1952: Die 15-jährige Miri Ammermann wächst wohlbehütet im Städtchen Elizabeth, New Jersey, auf. Ihr Vater hat sich zwar früh aus dem Staub gemacht, aber ihre liebevolle und kämpferische Mutter, ihre weise Oma, ihre beste Freundin Natalie und all die anderen Menschen in ihrem Umfeld stehen ihr bei ihren Schritten ins Erwachsenenleben zur Seite. Als sie ihre erste große Liebe Mason kennenlernt, scheint das Glück perfekt zu sein. Doch dann stürzt ein Flugzeug ab, und nichts ist mehr, wie es war.

The Shaping of Western Civilization

From Antiquity to the Present
Author: Michael Burger
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442694092
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 7096

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Michael Burger's goal in this inexpensive overview is to provide a brief, historical narrative of Western civilization. Not only does its length and price separate this text from the competition, but its no-frills, uncluttered format and well-written, one-authored approach make it a valuable asset for every history student. The Shaping of Western Civilization begins with the ancient Near East and ends with globalization. Unlike other textbooks that pile on dates and facts, Shaping is a more coherent and interpretive presentation. Burger's skills as writer and synthesizer will enable students to obtain the background required to ask meaningful questions of primary sources. In addition to suggestions for further reading, this overview includes over 50 images and 22 maps.