The Book of Master Mo


Author: Mo Zi
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141392118
Category: Philosophy
Page: 512
View: 964

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A key work of ancient Chinese philosophy is brought back to life in Ian Johnston's compelling and definitive translation, new to Penguin Classics. Very little is known about Master Mo, or the school he founded. However, the book containing his philosphical ideas has survived centuries of neglect and is today recognised as a fundamental work of ancient Chinese philosophy. The book contains sections explaining the ten key doctrines of Mohism; lively dialogues between Master Mo and his followers; discussion of ancient warfare; and an extraordinary series of chapters that include the first examples of logic, dialectics and epistemology in Chinese philosophy. The ideas discussed in The Book of Master Mo - ethics, anti-imperalism, and a political hierarchy based on merit - remain as relevant as ever, and the work is vital to understanding ancient Chinese philosophy. Translator Ian Johnston has an MA in Latin, a PhD in Greek and a PhD in Chinese, and was Associate Professor of Neurosurgery at Sydney University until his retirement. He has published translations of Galen's medical writings, early Chinese poetry (Singing of Scented Grass and Waiting for the Owl), and early Chinese philosophical works (the Mozi and - with Wang Ping - the Daxue and Zhongyong). In 2011 he was awarded the NSW Premier's Prize and the PEN medallion for translation. Unlike previous translations, this version includes the complete text. It also includes an introduction and explanatory end notes. 'A landmark endeavour' Asia Times 'A magnificent and valuable achievement' Journal of Chinese Studies 'Eminently readable and at the same time remarkably accurate...Johnston's work will be the standard for a long time' China Review International 'Compelling and engaging reading...while at the same time preserving the diction and rhetorical style of the original Chinese' New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies

The Book of Master Mo


Author: Mo Zi
Publisher: Penguin Classics
ISBN: 9780141392103
Category: Philosophy
Page: 452
View: 3175

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'Where there is universality, those living in large states don't attack small states, those living in large houses don't bring disorder to small houses, the strong don't oppress the weak' Written in China in the fifth century BC, The Book of Master Mo is a hugely influential collection of philosophical writing, intended to deal with the turbulence of the Warring States period. From encouraging universal love to condemning excess at funerals, the essays describe how to maintain peace and harmony, but as an expert in defensive warfare Mo Zi also wrote fascinating technical tips for defending a city, including methods for the identification of spies and how to stockpile food. As one of the first examples of using systematic argument in conceptual debate, The Book of Master Mo represents a groundbreaking shift in Chinese philosophy. Translated, edited and with an introduction by Ian Johnston

Mozi

Basic Writings
Author: Di Mo
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231130011
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 156
View: 9782

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Mozi (fifth century B.C.) was an important political and social thinker and formidable rival of the Confucianists. He advocated universal love -- his most important doctrine according to which all humankind should be loved and treated as one's kinfolk -- honoring and making use of worthy men in government, and identifying with one's superior as a means of establishing uniform moral standards. He also believed in the will of Heaven and in ghosts. He firmly opposed offensive warfare, extravagance -- including indulgence in music and allied pleasures -- elaborate funerals and mourning, fatalistic beliefs, and Confucianism.

墨子全譯


Author: N.A
Publisher: Chinese University Press
ISBN: 9629962705
Category: Philosophy, Chinese
Page: 944
View: 3019

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Mencius


Author: Mencius
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014190268X
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 6735

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Mencius was one of the great philosophers of ancient China, second only in influence to Confucius, whose teachings he defended and expanded. The Mencius, in which he recounts his dialogues with kings, dukes and military men, as well as other philosophers, is one of the Four Books that make up the essential Confucian corpus. It takes up Confucius's theories of jen, or goodness and yi, righteousness, explaining that the individual can achieve harmony with mankind and the universe by perfecting his innate moral nature and acting with benevolence and justice. Mencius' strikingly modern views on the duties of subjects and their rulers or the evils of war, created a Confucian orthodoxy that has remained intact since the third century BCE.

The Dynamics of Masters Literature

Early Chinese Thought from Confucius to Han Feizi
Author: Wiebke Denecke
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674056091
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 370
View: 4554

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The importance of the rich corpus of âeoeMasters Literatureâe that developed in early China since the fifth century bce has long been recognized. But just what are these texts? Scholars have often approached them as philosophy, but these writings have also been studied as literature, history, and anthropological, religious, and paleographic records. How should we translate these texts for our times? This book explores these questions through close readings of seven examples of Masters Literature and asks what proponents of a âeoeChinese philosophyâe gained by creating a Chinese equivalent of philosophy and what we might gain by approaching these texts through other disciplines, questions, and concerns. What happens when we remove the accrued disciplinary and conceptual baggage from the Masters Texts? What neglected problems, concepts, and strategies come to light? And can those concepts and strategies help us see the history of philosophy in a different light and engender new approaches to philosophical and intellectual inquiry? By historicizing the notion of Chinese philosophy, we can, the author contends, answer not only the question of whether there is a Chinese philosophy but also the more interesting question of the future of philosophical thought around the world.

The Book of Five Rings


Author: Musashi Miyamoto
Publisher: Booklassic
ISBN: 9635243979
Category: Philosophy
Page: 31
View: 1825

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Miyamoto Musashi's Go Rin no Sho or the book of five rings,is considered a classic treatise on military strategy, much like Sun Tzu's The Art of War and Chanakya's Arthashastra. The five "books" refer to the idea that there are different elements of battle, just as there are different physical elements in life, as described by Buddhism, Shinto, and other Eastern religions. Through the book Musashi defends his thesis: a man who conquers himself is ready to take it on on the world, should need arise.

The Most Venerable Book (Shang Shu)


Author: Confucius
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141970405
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 2203

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A wonderfully enjoyable storehouse of ancient Chinese history and legends, which also has an important role in understanding 21st-century China 'And remember: Heaven's blessing will cease forever if there's despair and poverty in your lands' The Most Venerable Book (also known as The Book of History) is one of the Five Classics, a key work of Chinese literature which preserves some of the most ancient and dramatic chronicles of the history, both real and mythological, of the Chinese state. For many centuries it was a central work for anyone wishing to work for the Imperial administration, preserving as it does a fascinating mixture of key Confucian concepts as well as page after page of heroes, benevolent rulers, sagacious ministers, and struggles against flood, corruption and vicious, despotic rulers. The First Emperor tried in 213 BC to have all copies of the book destroyed because of its subversive implication that 'the Mandate of Heaven' could be withdrawn from rulers who failed their people. For similar reasons it was also banned by Chairman Mao. Extraordinarily, the values of The Most Venerable Book have been revived by the Chinese government of the 2010s.

Seeking the Master of Mo Pai

Adventures with John Chang
Author: Jim McMillan
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781466373228
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 262
View: 4313

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“In his search to transcend the boundaries of our conceived physical reality and deepen his own practice in the martial arts, Jim McMillan embarked on an unprecedented journey to first find an obscure teacher to help guide him towards an unknown destination; and second to understand the possibilities that are open to anyone with the desire and fortitude to foster a practice while recognizing the limitations being the first Western student to study a lost art engendered. This journey is completely unique and the path veers across the martial arts, ancient healing techniques, and mysticism. Jim McMillan encounters and describes these experiences with such humility and gratitude that their incredible nature feels completely appropriate in this world and honestly possible for individuals with the authentic desire to eclipse the confines of preconceived limitations. This story serves as a challenge for individuals to both open the mind to a world of possibilities while connecting the body and soul to the energy that surrounds us. I accept this invitation and hope others will too.”-Peter Swanz, ND, FHANP “Jim's experience of the Mo Pai is one of magic, mystery, excitement, and betrayal. The book provided me with great hope and reconciliation of the true human nature in my heart which I always subconsciously sensed. It is also an urgent call in this precarious time for people of all races to unite in finding the lost and forgotten meaning within, by becoming aware of what we really are and demanding God's given knowledge to be released by various powers that be, without prejudice and for the benefit of all continuing humanity.” -Peter Proksch, Mo Pai student

The Philosophy of the Mòzĭ

The First Consequentialists
Author: Chris Fraser
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152059X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 9783

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Mohism was an ancient Chinese philosophical movement founded in the fifth century BCE by the charismatic artisan Mòzi, or "Master Mo." Its practitioners advanced a consequentialist ethics, along with fascinating political, logical, and epistemological theories, that set the terms of philosophical argumentation and reflection in China for generations to come. Mohism faded away in the imperial era, leaving the impression that it was not as vital as other Chinese philosophical traditions, yet a complete understanding of Confucianism or Daoism is impossible without appreciating the seminal contribution of Mohist thought. The Philosophy of the Mòzi is an extensive study of Mohism, situating the movement's rise and decline within Chinese history. The book also emphasizes Mohism's relevance to modern systems of thought. Mohism anticipated Western utilitarianism by more than two thousand years. Its political theory is the earliest to outline a just war doctrine and locate the origins of government in a state of nature. Its epistemology, logic, and psychology provide compelling alternatives to contemporary Western mentalism. More than a straightforward account of Mohist principles and practice, this volume immerses readers in the Mohist mindset and clarifies its underpinning of Chinese philosophical discourse.

Xunzi

The Complete Text
Author: Xunzi,
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400852552
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 8487

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This is the first complete, one-volume English translation of the ancient Chinese text Xunzi, one of the most extensive, sophisticated, and elegant works in the tradition of Confucian thought. Through essays, poetry, dialogues, and anecdotes, the Xunzi presents a more systematic vision of the Confucian ideal than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius, articulating a Confucian perspective on ethics, politics, warfare, language, psychology, human nature, ritual, and music, among other topics. Aimed at general readers and students of Chinese thought, Eric Hutton's translation makes the full text of this important work more accessible in English than ever before. Named for its purported author, the Xunzi (literally, "Master Xun") has long been neglected compared to works such as the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. Yet interest in the Xunzi has grown in recent decades, and the text presents a much more systematic vision of the Confucian ideal than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius. In one famous, explicit contrast to them, the Xunzi argues that human nature is bad. However, it also allows that people can become good through rituals and institutions established by earlier sages. Indeed, the main purpose of the Xunzi is to urge people to become as good as possible, both for their own sakes and for the sake of peace and order in the world. In this edition, key terms are consistently translated to aid understanding and line numbers are provided for easy reference. Other features include a concise introduction, a timeline of early Chinese history, a list of important names and terms, cross-references, brief explanatory notes, a bibliography, and an index.

Stoner


Author: John Williams
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 1590173937
Category: Fiction
Page: 288
View: 4930

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William Stoner is born at the end of the nineteenth century into a dirt-poor Missouri farming family. Sent to the state university to study agronomy, he instead falls in love with English literature and embraces a scholar’s life, so different from the hardscrabble existence he has known. And yet as the years pass, Stoner encounters a succession of disappointments: marriage into a “proper” family estranges him from his parents; his career is stymied; his wife and daughter turn coldly away from him; a transforming experience of new love ends under threat of scandal. Driven ever deeper within himself, Stoner rediscovers the stoic silence of his forebears and confronts an essential solitude. John Williams’s luminous and deeply moving novel is a work of quiet perfection. William Stoner emerges from it not only as an archetypal American, but as an unlikely existential hero, standing, like a figure in a painting by Edward Hopper, in stark relief against an unforgiving world.

Masters of Command

Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar, and the Genius of Leadership
Author: Barry Strauss
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439164495
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 7129

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Analyzes the leadership and strategies of three forefront military leaders from the ancient world, offers insight into the purposes behind their conflicts, and shows what today's leaders can glean from their successes and failures.

The Living Thoughts of Kierkegaard


Author: Søren Kierkegaard
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 0940322137
Category: Philosophy
Page: 245
View: 5303

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This celebrated book is not only a remarkable anthology of the work of a central modern thinker, but a meeting of two extraordinary minds. Kierkegaard exercised a deep and transformative influence on W.H. Auden. Auden's selection draws on his published and private writings, introducing the main themes of his philosophy and displaying his extraordinary talents as a writer.

The Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses

Or, Moses' Magical Spirit-art, Known as the Wonderful Arts of the Old Wise Hebrews, Taken from the Mosaic Books of the Cabala and the Talmud, for the Good of Mankind. Translated from the German, Word for Word, According to Old Writings
Author: Johann Scheible
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Cabala
Page: 192
View: 5915

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The Book of Lieh-tzu

A Classic of the Tao
Author: Liezi
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231072373
Category: Philosophy
Page: 192
View: 8798

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-- Burton Watson

Two Guys Named Joe

Master Animation Storytellers Joe Grant & Joe Ranft
Author: John Canemaker
Publisher: Disney Editions
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 192
View: 526

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One Joe was in his ninety-seventh year when he died in 2005; the other Joe died the same year at age forty-five. Both died before their time. This book explores the interplay between personal creativity and the craft of animation storytelling, as seen through the lives and art of two of its greatest practitioners: Joe Grant and Joe Ranft. Grant and Ranft were unique influences on storytelling at two major studios during important periods in the history of animation. Joe Grant, in fact, straddled two eras. A gifted newspaper caricaturist, he contributed ideas for Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphony shorts as well as classic masterworks like Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs; Pinocchio; Fantasia; and Dumbo. As Walt Disney's confidant, Grant played a leading role in defining Disney's pioneering animation legacy. He returned to the studio at eighty-one after a fortyyear hiatus, his creative spirit and abilities undiminished, and made significant contributions to Beauty and the Beast; Aladdin; Mulan; and The Lion King, among others. Joe Ranft built on the traditions of the past forged by Grant and others to become the top animation storyboard artist of his generation, working on Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas; The Brave Little Toaster; Who Framed Roger Rabbit; James and the Giant Peach; The Little Mermaid; and Beauty and the Beast, among other films. As one of Pixar's creative founders and a close friend of John Lasseter's, Ranft had a major influence on the studio's signature originality, warmth, and irreverent humor, through his contributions to Toy Story; Toy Story 2; A Bug's Life; Monsters, Inc.; and Cars. Grant and Ranft were inventive and imaginative, with keen insight into characters, and they inspired colleagues and entertained audiences around the world. Although their combined careers spanned the Golden Age of traditional animation that began in the 1930s at The Walt Disney Company and became the present digital age at Pixar Animation Studios, their extraordinary contributions remain largely unknown to the public.

Basic Writings of Mo Tzu Hsun Tzu and Han Fei Tz


Author: N.A
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231521109
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 8828

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Compiling in one volume the basic writings of these three seminal thinkers of ancient China, each from a different philosophical school, this book reveals the richness and diversity of the ancient Chinese intellectual world.

Basic Writings of Existentialism


Author: Gordon Marino
Publisher: Modern Library
ISBN: 0307430677
Category: Philosophy
Page: 528
View: 8075

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Edited and with an Introduction by Gordon Marino Basic Writings of Existentialism, unique to the Modern Library, presents the writings of key nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers broadly united by their belief that because life has no inherent meaning humans can discover, we must determine meaning for ourselves. This anthology brings together into one volume the most influential and commonly taught works of existentialism. Contributors include Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ralph Ellison, Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo. From the Trade Paperback edition.