The Biology of Soil

A Community and Ecosystem Approach
Author: Richard Bardgett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198525035
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 1940

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Soil science has undergone a renaissance with increasing awareness of the importance of soil organisms and below-ground biotic interactions as drivers of community and ecosystem properties.

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services


Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191632562
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 1517

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This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.

The Biology of Disturbed Habitats


Author: Lawrence R. Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199575290
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 1270

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Providing a global summary of the biology of disturbance ecology, this text offers both the conceptual underpinnings and practical advice required to comprehend and address the unprecedented environmental challenges facing humans. It examines both natural and anthropogenic disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.

Biological Diversity and Function in Soils


Author: Richard Bardgett,David Hopkins,Michael Usher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521609876
Category: Nature
Page: 411
View: 9602

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The dynamic nature of current research into soil biodiversity is reflected in this excellent volume.

Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry


Author: Eldor A. Paul
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123914116
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 598
View: 2486

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The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services


Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191632562
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 8842

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This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.

Serpentine

The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System
Author: Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948459
Category: Nature
Page: 464
View: 8706

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Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.

Encyclopedia of Agrophysics


Author: Jan Gliński,Józef Horabik,Jerzy Lipiec
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048135842
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1028
View: 7322

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This Encyclopedia of Agrophysics will provide up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. It will be a "first-up" volume which will nicely complement the recently published Encyclopedia of Soil Science, (November 2007) which was published in the same series. In a single authoritative volume a collection of about 250 informative articles and ca 400 glossary terms covering all aspects of agrophysics will be presented. The authors will be renowned specialists in various aspects in agrophysics from a wide variety of countries. Agrophysics is important both for research and practical use not only in agriculture, but also in areas like environmental science, land reclamation, food processing etc. Agrophysics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field closely related to Agrochemistry, Agrobiology, Agroclimatology and Agroecology. Nowadays it has been fully accepted as an agricultural and environmental discipline. As such this Encyclopedia volume will be an indispensable working tool for scientists and practitioners from different disciplines, like agriculture, soil science, geosciences, environmental science, geography, and engineering.

Wetland Habitats of North America

Ecology and Conservation Concerns
Author: Darold P. Batzer,Andrew H. Baldwin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520271645
Category: Nature
Page: 389
View: 2140

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"Wetland Habitats of North America is essential reading for everyone who studies, manages, or visits North American wetlands. It fills an important void in the wetland literature, providing accessible and succinct descriptions of all of the continent's major wetland types." Arnold van der Valk, Iowa State University "Batzer and Baldwin have compiled the most comprehensive compendium of North American wetland habitats and their ecology that is presently available--a must for wetland scientists and managers." Irving A. Mendelssohn, Louisiana State University "If you want to gain a broad understanding of the ecology of North America's diverse wetlands, Wetland Habitats of North America is the book for you. Darold Batzer and Andrew Baldwin have assembled an impressive group of regional wetland scientists who have produced a virtual encyclopedia to the continent's wetlands. Reading the book is like a road trip across the Americas with guided tours of major wetland types by local experts. Your first stop will be to coastal wetlands with eight chapters covering tidal wetlands along the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts. Then you'll travel inland where you can visit any or all of 18 types ranging from bottomland swamps of the Southeast to pothole marshes of the Northern Prairies to montane wetlands of the Rockies to tropical swamps of Central America and desert springs wetlands. All in one book--I'm impressed! Every wetlander should add this book to her or his swampland library. Ralph Tiner, University of Massachusetts-Amherst

The Biology of Rocky Shores


Author: Colin Little,J. A. Kitching
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198549352
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 1368

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This is an introduction to the study of marine rocky shores in the temperate zone. It is designed to encourage students and others to couple enormous intellectual rewards with the pleasure of working in some of the last easily accessible but relatively unspoilt places, and can be used as a basis for field courses, project work, or for lectures. Centred in North-West Europe, but using examples from all over the world, the book begins by considering the physical factors that characterize the habitat - primarily tides and waves - and goes on to assess how they influence the organisms that live within it. It describes how the behaviour and physiology of individuals belonging to the major groups - algae, grazers, suspension feeders, and predators - are affected by their habitat, how their communities are structured, and discusses theories of community organization. For field courses, it suggests experiments and observations that can be carried out on the shore or in nearbylaboratories. Finally, problems of pollution and conservation are considered in the context of their effects upon biodiversity.

Cold-Water Corals

The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats
Author: J. Murray Roberts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521884853
Category: Nature
Page: 334
View: 8642

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Highly illustrated synthesis of research on cold-water corals worldwide.

The New Science of Metagenomics:

Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet
Author: Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309106761
Category: Science
Page: 170
View: 1388

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Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology


Author: David C. Coleman,D. A. Crossley,Paul F. Hendrix
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780121797263
Category: Science
Page: 386
View: 4902

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Historical overview of soils and the fitness of soil environment. Primary production processes in soils: roots and rhizosphere associates. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-microbes. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-the soil fauna. Decomposition and nutrient cycling. Soil food webs: Detritivory and microbivory in soils. Soil biodiversity and linkages to soil processes. Future developments in soil ecology. Laboratory and field exercises in soil ecology.

The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses


Author: Peter J. Hogarth
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198716559
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 9783

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Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are both biologically diverse and economically valuable. This book, now in its third edition and fully updated throughout, continues to provide a current and comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the biology and ecology of mangroves and seagrasses. Using a global range of examples and case studies, it describes the unique adaptations of these plants to their exacting environments; the rich and diverse communities of organisms that depend on mangrove forests and seagrass meadows (including tree-climbing shrimps, synchronously flashing fireflies, and 'gardening' seacows); the links between mangrove, seagrass, and other habitats; and the evolution, biodiversity, and biogeography of mangroves and seagrasses. The economic value of mangroves and seagrasses is also discussed, including approaches to rational management of these vital resources and techniques for the restoration of degraded habitats. A final chapter, new to this edition, examines the potential effects of global climate change including sea level rise. As with other titles in the Biology of Habitats Series, particular emphasis is placed on the organisms that dominate these fascinating aquatic ecosystems although pollution, conservation, and experimental aspects are also considered. This accessible textbook assumes no previous knowledge of mangrove or seagrass ecology and is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students, as well as professional ecologists, conservation practitioners, and resource managers.

The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes


Author: M. Anwar Maun
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198570368
Category: Nature
Page: 265
View: 9733

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A concise but comprehensive introduction to the biology of coastal sand dunes. The emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this predominantly marine environment, although pollution, conservation, management and experimental aspects are considered.

Aboveground-Belowground Linkages

Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change
Author: Richard D. Bardgett,David A. Wardle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199546878
Category: Nature
Page: 301
View: 6477

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Synthesises and evaluates recent advances concerning how species and their interactions influence terrestrial ecosystem processes, such as productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling, and fluxes.

Encyclopedia of Ecology


Author: N.A
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 008091456X
Category: Science
Page: 3120
View: 6900

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The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication