The Biological Basis of Mental Health


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479033
Category: Medical
Page: 384
View: 6506

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This book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this third edition, each chapter has been updated to include the latest research, ideas and concepts in each field, and includes a new chapter on sleep. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health covers topics including brain development, neural communication, neurotransmitters and receptors, hormones and behaviour, genetic disorders, pharmacology, drug abuse, anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, subcortical degenerative diseases of the brain, dementia, developmental disorders, and sleep. Accessible and engaging, this is an essential text for mental health students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Mental Health
Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415248531
Category: Medical
Page: 271
View: 2119

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Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Integrating related pharmacological and genetic knowledge, The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors the normal human brain hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse developmental disorders genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression and suicide schizophrenia the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy and sleep disorders. Relevant to nurses at all stages of their training, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

Origins of Psychopathology

The Phylogenetic and Cultural Basis of Mental Illness
Author: Horacio Fabrega,Horacio Jr. F. Jr
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813530239
Category: Medical
Page: 410
View: 6579

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In Origins of Psychopathology, Horacio Fábrega Jr. employs principles of evolutionary biology to better understand the significance of mental illness. He explores whether what psychiatry has categorized as mental disorders could have existed during earlier phases of human evolution.

The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136846433
Category: Medical
Page: 336
View: 5269

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Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this second edition, the text includes three new chapters on brain development, pharmacology and the biology of learning, developmental and behavioural disorders.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0203471865
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 8122

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Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Integrating related pharmacological and genetic knowledge, The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors the normal human brain hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse developmental disorders genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression and suicide schizophrenia the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy and sleep disorders. Relevant to nurses at all stages of their training, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Cancer
Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415327459
Category: Medical
Page: 360
View: 6177

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Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136298983
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 5392

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Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in technique or the health status of the patient. This new edition integrates clear explanations of the techniques involved in these procedures with the biological knowledge which gives them meaning. For each topic, William T. Blows explains the pathological basis for variations in observed results, focusing on relevant anatomy and physiology, genetics and pharmacology and the basic principles of care. This helpful text gives health practitioners at all levels the understanding needed to: Perform clinical observations accurately Make accurate judgements about the patient’s condition Make accurate decisions concerning patient care. In addition to all-new chapters on observations of nutrition; fluid balance and hydration; drug side effects and interactions; skin and pain, the text looks at: Temperature Cardiovascular observations Respiratory observations Urinary and bowel observations Neurological observations The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations is a unique text which integrates explanations of essential procedures with the biological knowledge that underpins practice. It is essential reading for all students preparing for clinical practice.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Cancer


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134337507
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 9871

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Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Psychopharmacology


Author: Jo C. Neill,Jayashri Kulkarni
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642200069
Category: Medical
Page: 254
View: 7180

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Sex matters! Are there differences between the sexes when it comes to brain function and the behaviours that result? This volume attempts to answer this fundamental question. If the answer is ‘yes’ then this should impact upon our approach to treating mental illness in humans, and to modelling it in animals, as we look for aetiological and pharmacological solutions.

The Biological Basis of Schizophrenia


Author: G. Hemmings,W.A. Hemmings
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401162069
Category: Medical
Page: 272
View: 8061

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For years lip service has been paid to a belief in a biological basis for schizophrenia, but ,nevertheless psychosocial and psychodynamic "theories" of schizophrenia have been promulgated, and these have detracted from the all important biological work, Eclecticism has ruled the day and has caused considerable confusion, As a result research in schizophrenia has not progressed as fast as it should have done and treatment has been less effective than it could otherwise have been. This book is devoted to a wholly biological approach to the problem of schizophrenia, in the hope that many more workers will enter this exciting field of research. A wide variety of topics is covered, including brain structure; the genetics, pathogenesis and treatment of schizophrenia; a consideration of dietary and immunological factors and finally a chapter on alcoholism as it seems possible that the problems of schizophrenia and addiction are linked. We are grateful to all our contributors and to MTP Press for their enthusiasm for this book. Gwynneth P Hemmings William A Hemmings XI SECTION 1: Structure 1 The brain stem reticular formation K. E. WEBSTER There can be no question that the brain stem reticular lormation no longer exercises the same fascination for neurologists that it did a quarter of a century ago.

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness


Author: Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019068142X
Category: Medical
Page: 1024
View: 3406

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Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Über die Grundlage der Moral


Author: Arthur Schopenhauer
Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag
ISBN: 3787327835
Category: Philosophy
Page: 189
View: 636

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In seiner 1839 bei der Dänischen Societät der Wissenschaften eingereichten und 1841 erst mals in dem Band "Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik" veröffentlichten Preisschrift über die Grundlage der Moral legt Schopenhauer eine Reihe bemerkenswerter Ergänzungen zu seiner Ethik bzw. Metaphysik der Sitten vor. In keinem anderen seiner Werke setzt er sich so ausführlich mit Kants Ethik auseinander, die er einerseits als bedeutende Leistung würdigt, an derseits aber auch einer gründlichen und - in vielen Punkten - überzeugenden Kritik unter wirft. Ein zentraler Einwand lautet, daß der kategorische Imperativ letzten Endes einem kalkulierten Egoismus entspringe. Damit wäre er kein formales, sondern ein materiales Prinzip, und er würde nicht kategorisch, sondern allenfalls hypothetisch gelten. Darüber hinaus weist Schopenhauer die "imperative Form" der Kantischen Ethik als unangemessen zurück. Nach seiner Auffassung besteht die Aufgabe der Ethik keineswegs darin, Vorschriften aufzustellen, nach denen sich die Menschen zu richten hätten, sondern lediglich darin, deren Verhalten zu beschreiben und verständlich zu machen. Was seine eigene Konzeption der Ethik anbelangt, so läuft sie darauf hinaus, daß das Mitleid die Grundlage der Moral bildet. Schopenhauer charakterisiert es als ein Gefühl, in dem einem Menschen das Leiden des Anderen ebenso unmittelbar zugänglich ist wie das eigene und das ihn dazu motiviert, den Anderen zum letzten Zweck des Handelns zu machen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entwickelt Schopenhauer seine eigene Tugendlehre, in deren Mittelpunkt die Gerechtigkeit und die Menschenliebe stehen.

The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders


Author: Prof David Goldberg,Ian M Goodyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317821998
Category: Psychology
Page: 248
View: 7764

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Why are some people more vulnerable to common mental disorders than others? What effects do genes and environments exert on the development of mental disorders? The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders describes the nature, characteristics and causes of common emotional and behavioural disorders as they develop across the lifespan, providing a clear and concise account of recent advances in our knowledge of the origins and history of anxious, depressive, anti-social, and substance related disorders. Combining a lifespan approach with developments in neurobiology, this book describes the epidemiology of emotional and behavioural disorders in childhood, adolescence and adult life. David Goldberg and Ian Goodyer demonstrate how both genes and environments exert different but key effects on the development of these disorders and suggest a developmental model as the most appropriate for determining vulnerabilities for psychopathology. Divided into four sections, the book covers: the nature and distribution of common mental disorders the biological basis of common disorders the human life cycle relevant to common disorders the developmental model. This highly readable account of the origins of emotional and behavioural disorders will be of interest to behavioural science students and all mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and counsellors.

Mad Science

Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs
Author: Stuart A. Kirk,Tomi Gomory,David Cohen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412849764
Category: Medical
Page: 346
View: 4043

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When it comes to understanding and treating madness, distortions of research are not rare, misinterpretation of data is not isolated, and bogus claims of success are not voiced by isolated researchers seeking aggrandizement. This book's detailed analyses of coercion and community treatment, diagnosis, and psychopharmacology reveals that these characteristics of bad science are endemic, institutional, and protected in psychiatry. This is mad science. Mad Science argues that the fundamental claims of modern American psychiatry are not based on convincing research, but on misconceived, flawed, and distorted science. The authors address multiple paradoxes in American mental health, including the remaking of coercion into scientific psychiatric treatment in the community, the adoption of an unscientific diagnostic system that now controls the distribution of services, and how drug treatments have failed to improve the mental health outcome. This book provides an engaging and readable scientific and social critique of current mental health practices. The authors are scholars, researchers, and clinicians who have written extensively about community care, diagnosis, and psychoactive drugs. Mad Science is a must read for all specialists in the field as well as for the informed public.

Der Welt nicht mehr verbunden

Die wahren Ursachen von Depressionen - und unerwartete Lösungen
Author: Johann Hari
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 3959678231
Category: Self-Help
Page: 448
View: 2108

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Das erste Rätsel, vor dem ich stand, war: Wie konnte es sein, dass ich immer noch depressiv war, obwohl ich Antidepressiva nahm? Ich machte alles richtig - und doch lief etwas falsch. Warum? Das zweite Rätsel: Warum gibt es heute so viel mehr Menschen, die unter Depressionen und schweren Ängsten leiden? Was hat sich verändert? Da ging mir auf, dass noch ein drittes Rätsel über allem schwebte. Konnte es sein, dass etwas anderes, und nicht die Chemie in meinem Hirn, Depressionen und Ängste bei mir und so vielen anderen Menschen auslöste? Und wenn ja: Was konnte es sein? »Wenn Sie sich jemals niedergeschlagen oder verloren gefühlt haben, wird dieses Buch Ihr Leben ändern.« Elton John »Eine wunderbare und bestechende Analyse.« Hillary Clinton »Ein Buch, das viel über unsere innere Verzweiflung und unseren Lebenswandel verrät« Naomi Klein »Ein brillanter, anregender und radikaler Ansatz zur psychischen Gesundheit« Matt Haig

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences


Author: Turhan Canli
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593852525
Category: Psychology
Page: 462
View: 3343

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This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness


Author: Anne Harrington
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 1324001976
Category: Psychology
Page: 384
View: 7867

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Mind Fixers tells the history of psychiatry’s quest to understand the biological basis of mental illness and asks where we need to go from here. In Mind Fixers, Anne Harrington, author of The Cure Within, explores psychiatry’s repeatedly frustrated struggle to understand mental disorder in biomedical terms. She shows how the stalling of early twentieth century efforts in this direction allowed Freudians and social scientists to insist, with some justification, that they had better ways of analyzing and fixing minds. But when the Freudians overreached, they drove psychiatry into a state of crisis that a new “biological revolution” was meant to alleviate. Harrington shows how little that biological revolution had to do with breakthroughs in science, and why the field has fallen into a state of crisis in our own time. Mind Fixers makes clear that psychiatry’s waxing and waning biological enthusiasms have been shaped not just by developments in the clinic and lab, but also by a surprising range of social factors, including immigration, warfare, grassroots activism, and assumptions about race and gender. Government programs designed to empty the state mental hospitals, acrid rivalries between different factions in the field, industry profit mongering, consumerism, and an uncritical media have all contributed to the story as well. In focusing particularly on the search for the biological roots of schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder, Harrington underscores the high human stakes for the millions of people who have sought medical answers for their mental suffering. This is not just a story about doctors and scientists, but about countless ordinary people and their loved ones. A clear-eyed, evenhanded, and yet passionate tour de force, Mind Fixers recounts the past and present struggle to make mental illness a biological problem in order to lay the groundwork for creating a better future, both for those who suffer and for those whose job it is to care for them.

Neurobiology of Mental Illness


Author: Dennis S. Charney,Eric J. Nestler,Pamela Sklar,Joseph D. Buxbaum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199934959
Category: Medical
Page: 1222
View: 3048

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Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.