The Biological Basis of Mental Health


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479025
Category: Medical
Page: 396
View: 8355

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This book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this third edition, each chapter has been updated to include the latest research, ideas and concepts in each field, and includes a new chapter on sleep. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health covers topics including brain development, neural communication, neurotransmitters and receptors, hormones and behaviour, genetic disorders, pharmacology, drug abuse, anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, subcortical degenerative diseases of the brain, dementia, developmental disorders, and sleep. Accessible and engaging, this is an essential text for mental health students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136846425
Category: Medical
Page: 336
View: 5516

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Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this second edition, the text includes three new chapters on brain development,pharmacology and learning, behavioural and developmental disorders. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse the pharmacology of psychoactive drugs developmental disorders brain anatomy and development the biology of behaviour genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression, mania and suicide schizophrenia autism and other syndromes the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy. Accessibly laid out, with many of diagrams, tables and key points at the end of each chapter, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Mental Health
Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 041524854X
Category: Medical
Page: 271
View: 1140

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This useful text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. It integrates related pharmacological and genetic knowledge.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Cancer


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134337507
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 2231

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Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Origins of Psychopathology

The Phylogenetic and Cultural Basis of Mental Illness
Author: Horacio Fabrega,Horacio Jr. F. Jr
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813530239
Category: Medical
Page: 410
View: 7921

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In Origins of Psychopathology, Horacio Fábrega Jr. employs principles of evolutionary biology to better understand the significance of mental illness. He explores whether what psychiatry has categorized as mental disorders could have existed during earlier phases of human evolution.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0203471865
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 682

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Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Integrating related pharmacological and genetic knowledge, The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors the normal human brain hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse developmental disorders genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression and suicide schizophrenia the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy and sleep disorders. Relevant to nurses at all stages of their training, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations


Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136298983
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 6589

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Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in technique or the health status of the patient. This new edition integrates clear explanations of the techniques involved in these procedures with the biological knowledge which gives them meaning. For each topic, William T. Blows explains the pathological basis for variations in observed results, focusing on relevant anatomy and physiology, genetics and pharmacology and the basic principles of care. This helpful text gives health practitioners at all levels the understanding needed to: Perform clinical observations accurately Make accurate judgements about the patient’s condition Make accurate decisions concerning patient care. In addition to all-new chapters on observations of nutrition; fluid balance and hydration; drug side effects and interactions; skin and pain, the text looks at: Temperature Cardiovascular observations Respiratory observations Urinary and bowel observations Neurological observations The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations is a unique text which integrates explanations of essential procedures with the biological knowledge that underpins practice. It is essential reading for all students preparing for clinical practice.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Cancer
Author: William T. Blows
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415327459
Category: Medical
Page: 360
View: 4469

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Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness


Author: Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019068142X
Category: Medical
Page: 1024
View: 5579

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Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care

Essays in Honour of Professor David Goldberg
Author: Michele Tansella,Graham Thornicroft
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134626533
Category: Psychology
Page: 272
View: 3944

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Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides a thorough overview of the diagnosis, treatment and management of the most common mental disorders encountered in primary care. In this book, published to mark the retirement of Professor Sir David Goldberg, distinguished contributors bring together clinical and research work drawn from psychiatry, medicine, psychology, social work and sociology, covering such topics as: * the biological basis of common mental disorders * disability and depression in primary care * the limits of mental health care in general medical clinics * improving the management of mental disorders in the elderly * training the whole primary care team. Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides an authoritative review of the subject for professionals working in the area of primary care.

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness


Author: Anne Harrington
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 1324001976
Category: Psychology
Page: 384
View: 7984

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Mind Fixers tells the history of psychiatry’s quest to understand the biological basis of mental illness and asks where we need to go from here. In Mind Fixers, Anne Harrington, author of The Cure Within, explores psychiatry’s repeatedly frustrated struggle to understand mental disorder in biomedical terms. She shows how the stalling of early twentieth century efforts in this direction allowed Freudians and social scientists to insist, with some justification, that they had better ways of analyzing and fixing minds. But when the Freudians overreached, they drove psychiatry into a state of crisis that a new “biological revolution” was meant to alleviate. Harrington shows how little that biological revolution had to do with breakthroughs in science, and why the field has fallen into a state of crisis in our own time. Mind Fixers makes clear that psychiatry’s waxing and waning biological enthusiasms have been shaped not just by developments in the clinic and lab, but also by a surprising range of social factors, including immigration, warfare, grassroots activism, and assumptions about race and gender. Government programs designed to empty the state mental hospitals, acrid rivalries between different factions in the field, industry profit mongering, consumerism, and an uncritical media have all contributed to the story as well. In focusing particularly on the search for the biological roots of schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder, Harrington underscores the high human stakes for the millions of people who have sought medical answers for their mental suffering. This is not just a story about doctors and scientists, but about countless ordinary people and their loved ones. A clear-eyed, evenhanded, and yet passionate tour de force, Mind Fixers recounts the past and present struggle to make mental illness a biological problem in order to lay the groundwork for creating a better future, both for those who suffer and for those whose job it is to care for them.

Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Psychopharmacology


Author: Jo C. Neill,Jayashri Kulkarni
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642200069
Category: Medical
Page: 254
View: 534

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Sex matters! Are there differences between the sexes when it comes to brain function and the behaviours that result? This volume attempts to answer this fundamental question. If the answer is ‘yes’ then this should impact upon our approach to treating mental illness in humans, and to modelling it in animals, as we look for aetiological and pharmacological solutions.

The Biological Basis of Schizophrenia


Author: G. Hemmings,W.A. Hemmings
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401162069
Category: Medical
Page: 272
View: 2453

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For years lip service has been paid to a belief in a biological basis for schizophrenia, but ,nevertheless psychosocial and psychodynamic "theories" of schizophrenia have been promulgated, and these have detracted from the all important biological work, Eclecticism has ruled the day and has caused considerable confusion, As a result research in schizophrenia has not progressed as fast as it should have done and treatment has been less effective than it could otherwise have been. This book is devoted to a wholly biological approach to the problem of schizophrenia, in the hope that many more workers will enter this exciting field of research. A wide variety of topics is covered, including brain structure; the genetics, pathogenesis and treatment of schizophrenia; a consideration of dietary and immunological factors and finally a chapter on alcoholism as it seems possible that the problems of schizophrenia and addiction are linked. We are grateful to all our contributors and to MTP Press for their enthusiasm for this book. Gwynneth P Hemmings William A Hemmings XI SECTION 1: Structure 1 The brain stem reticular formation K. E. WEBSTER There can be no question that the brain stem reticular lormation no longer exercises the same fascination for neurologists that it did a quarter of a century ago.

Mad Science

Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs
Author: Stuart A. Kirk,Tomi Gomory,David Cohen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412849764
Category: Medical
Page: 346
View: 6099

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When it comes to understanding and treating madness, distortions of research are not rare, misinterpretation of data is not isolated, and bogus claims of success are not voiced by isolated researchers seeking aggrandizement. This book's detailed analyses of coercion and community treatment, diagnosis, and psychopharmacology reveals that these characteristics of bad science are endemic, institutional, and protected in psychiatry. This is mad science. Mad Science argues that the fundamental claims of modern American psychiatry are not based on convincing research, but on misconceived, flawed, and distorted science. The authors address multiple paradoxes in American mental health, including the remaking of coercion into scientific psychiatric treatment in the community, the adoption of an unscientific diagnostic system that now controls the distribution of services, and how drug treatments have failed to improve the mental health outcome. This book provides an engaging and readable scientific and social critique of current mental health practices. The authors are scholars, researchers, and clinicians who have written extensively about community care, diagnosis, and psychoactive drugs. Mad Science is a must read for all specialists in the field as well as for the informed public.

Brave New Brain

Geist - Gehirn - Genom
Author: Nancy C. Andreasen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642559514
Category: Psychology
Page: 430
View: 8312

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Nancy Andreasen, führende Neurowissenschaftlerin, Herausgeberin des angesehenen American Journal of Psychiatry und ausgezeichnet mit der National Medal of Science, zeigt uns in ihrem neuen Buch die Zusammenhänge zwischen Gehirn und Genom. Dank modernster Methoden und Entdeckungen in Neurowissenschaften und Molekularbiologie wissen Forscher mehr denn je über die Funktionen des Gehirns. Die Autorin beschreibt auf faszinierende und verständliche Weise, wie alles zusammenhängt - von Milliarden kleinster Neuronen im Thalamus bis hin zur moralischen Kontrollinstanz im präfrontalen Kortex. Sie erklärt die Entschlüsselung des Genoms, dessen 30000-40000 Gene fast alle in irgendeiner Form in unserem Gehirn aktiv sind. In fesselnden Geschichten beleuchtet sie aber auch, wie sich psychische Störungen entwickeln und welche Auswirkungen sie auf Patienten und Angehörige haben. Nancy Andreasen gelingt der Brückenschlag zwischen hochkomplexen Inhalten und spannender Lektüre.

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences


Author: Turhan Canli
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593852525
Category: Psychology
Page: 462
View: 8117

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This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.

The Biological Basis for Mind Body Interactions


Author: E.A. Mayer,C.B. Saper
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080862477
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 4296

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The current volume focuses on several key aspects of mind/brain/body interactions in health and disease, including specific examples of interactions between body and brain, mechanisms underlying the response of the system to stressors, the role of early life events in permanently biasing the responsiveness of the system and practical implications of mind body interactions in human disease. The volume on Biological Basis for Mind Body Interactions is organized into 6 major sections, each dealing with a unique aspect of the general topic: After establishing the relationship between mind, brain and emotions, the first section deals with general neurobiological aspects mediating the effect of stress on various organ systems, including the immune and cardiovascular system. The second section covers the topic of how early life stressor can permanently alter responsiveness of the nervous system in animals and in man. The third section deals with influences of the internal environment, mediated by neuroendocrine and visceral afferent pathways on the CNS. The fourth section which deals with influences of body on the brain, focuses on mechanisms involved in perception and modulation of pain. The fifth section deals with influences of the mind/brain on the body, with an emphasis on central and peripheral mechanisms of autonomic control of body functions. The last section deals with a series of practical issues of mind body treatments, including acupuncture, breathing, body work and meditation. In addition, issues such as cost effectiveness and research aspects are discussed. Authors in this last section frequently refer to topics and mechanisms addressed in the early sections, making it a truly integrated volume. The unique aspect of the volume is the integration of state of the art research information on biological and practical aspects of mind/brain/body interactions. It is based on the beliefs of the editors and participants that the traditional separation of mind and body in research and in treatment of human disease is obsolete and needs to be replaced with a new unifying paradigm. Ironically, this evolving paradigm shares many similarities with ancient pre-Cartesian paradigms of health and disease.