The Aztec Economic World

Merchants and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica
Author: Kenneth G. Hirth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316654281
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 5769

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This study explores the organization, scale, complexity, and integration of Aztec commerce across Mesoamerica at Spanish contact. The aims of the book are threefold. The first is to construct an in-depth understanding of the economic organization of precolumbian Aztec society and how it developed in the way that it did. The second is to explore the livelihoods of the individuals who bought, sold, and moved goods across a cultural landscape that lacked both navigable rivers and animal transport. Finally, this study models Aztec economy in a way that facilitates its comparison to other ancient and premodern societies around the world. What makes the Aztec economy unique is that it developed one of the most sophisticated market economies in the ancient world in a society with one of the worse transportation systems. This is the first book to provide an updated and comprehensive view of the Aztec economy in thirty years.

Rethinking the Aztec Economy


Author: Deborah L. Nichols,Frances F. Berdan,Michael E. Smith
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816535515
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 9758

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"Rethinking the Aztec Economy provides new perspectives on the society and economy of the ancient Aztecs by focusing on goods and their patterns of circulation"--Provided by publisher.

Conquistadoren und Azteken

Cortés und die Eroberung Mexikos
Author: Stefan Rinke
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406734006
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 399
View: 5973

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"Die Zahl der unglücklichen Einwohner ist erheblich zurückgegangen." Pietro Martire d'Anghiera (1530) Vor 500 Jahren landete unter dem Oberbefehl des spanischen Hidalgos Hérnan Cortés eine Flottille an der Küste von Yucatán. Lautete das Ziel der Expedition offiziell, für den christlichen Glauben zu missionieren, so wussten doch alle Beteiligten, dass es in erster Linie um Gold und die Jagd auf Sklaven ging. Dass ein paar Hundert Spanier das Aztekenreich zerstörten - eine hoch entwickelte, jahrhundertealte Kultur -, ist eine alte Weisheit, die ausgedient hat. Denn die Conquistadoren, denen jedes Mittel recht war, Gewinn zu machen, siegten nicht alleine. Sie trafen auf Gruppen wie die Tlaxcalteken, die unter der Vorherrschaft der Azteken litten und bereit waren, mit den Fremden Allianzen zum Sturz des alten Feindes einzugehen. Zudem profitierten die Eroberer von den aus Europa eingeschleppten Krankheiten, die die Einheimischen zu Tausenden dahinrafften.So bietet diese neue Darstellung der Eroberung Mexikos in den Jahren 1519 bis 1521 nicht nur spannende Schilderungen dramatischer Ereignisse - beispielsweise den Fall Tenochtitlans oder die Flucht der Eroberer in der noche triste - , sondern stellt auch die Protagonisten auf beiden Seiten, ihre Diplomatie und ihre Kämpfe dar.

Mexico under Misplaced Monopolies

Concentrated Wealth and Growing Violence, from the 1980s to the Present
Author: Francisco E. Gonzalez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351046748
Category: Reference
Page: 230
View: 8116

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This book presents a new analytical framework and reviews in detail Mexico’s political and economic history between the 1980s and the late 2010s. The explanation offered is based on the idea of ‘misplaced monopolies’ – i.e. an open political regime but a weak, fragmented state, and an internationally open economy but highly concentrated economic sectors and activity in the domestic sphere. Accordingly, sown in the course of the crisis-ridden 1980s and 1990s, misplaced monopolies grew roots and became core features of Mexico’s political economy in the 2000s and 2010s. The end result has been great wealth concentration and a dramatic growth in brutal violence in many parts of the country. From this perspective, unless ‘misplaced monopolies’ are reversed, conditions will remain prone to crisis, polarization and conflict in Mexico. The volume concludes by extrapolating the framework and placing Mexico in comparative perspective alongside internationally important countries such as Brazil, China, India and Russia. This is a highly original investigation that will interest people who follow Mexican politics and its economy. The analytical framework will be of use to analysts, scholars and students of comparative political economy, democratization studies, market reforms, and security and conflict studies.

Ancient Maya Political Economies


Author: Marilyn A. Masson,David A. Freidel
Publisher: Altamira Press
ISBN: 9780759100800
Category: Political Science
Page: 436
View: 1366

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Ancient Maya Political Economies examines variation in systems of economic production and exchange and how these systems supported the power networks that integrated Maya society. Using models originally developed by William L. Rathje, the authors explore core-periphery relations, the use of household analysis to reconstruct political economy, and evidence for market development. In doing so, they challenge the conventional wisdom of decentralized Maya political authority and replace it with a more complex view of the political economic foundations of Maya civilization.

The historical evolution of the international political economy


Author: Christopher K. Chase-Dunn
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1184
View: 4911

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This volume focuses on the role of intersocietal and interstate relations in the evolution of human societies from hunter-gatherer bands to the contemporary global system. The essays and research articles included are by ethnographers, archaeologists, political scientists, economists, historians, geographers and sociologists. The emphasis is on long run, large scale structural change and the historical evolution of human institutions.

The Postclassic Mesoamerican World


Author: Michael Ernest Smith,Frances Berdan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 382
View: 3423

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Thirty-eight chapters by twelve contributors provide a social and cultural analysis of life in ancient Mexico and Central America.

Mesoamerican Lithic Technology

Experimentation and Interpretation
Author: Kenn Hirth
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780874807653
Category: History
Page: 350
View: 1944

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Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.

The Aztecs


Author: Richard F. Townsend
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 8473

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Examines the history of these accomplished people through a review of the monuments and artifacts they left behind; exploring how their water-control projects worked, the purposes of their ceremonial centers, and the way they built their incredible ancient structures that still stand today.

Die wahre Geschichte der Schokolade


Author: Sophie D. Coe,Michael D. Coe
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105616144
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 2190

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Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

The Aztec world


Author: Elizabeth M. Brumfiel,Gary M. Feinman,Field Museum of Natural History
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
ISBN: N.A
Category: Art
Page: 252
View: 699

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Drawing on research from a team of international experts and tied to an exhibition at Chicago's Field Museum, a lavishly illustrated study discusses the world of the Aztecs, examining the civilization's art and architecture, cosmology, religion, practice of human sacrifice, agriculture, political history, the social status of women, and the effects of European conquest.

Handbook to Life in the Aztec World


Author: Manuel Aguilar-Moreno
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195330830
Category: History
Page: 440
View: 3928

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Since its violent dissolution in 1521, the Aztec Empire of Mexico has continually intrigued us. Recent discoveries resulting from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among the most sophisticated of the ancient world has led to a demand for introductions to the basic methods and theories of scholars working throughout the region. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World gathers the results from recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly research into a single accessible volume. Organized thematically, the handbook covers all aspects of life in the Aztec world: Mesoamerican civilizations and Aztec archeology; evolution of Aztec civilization; geography of the Aztec world; society and government; religion, cosmology, and mythology; funerary beliefs and customs; Aztec art; Aztec architecture; Nahuatl literature; the calendar, astronomy, and mathematics; economy, industry, and trade; daily life; the Aztec after conquest and today. Each chapter includes an extensive bibliography, and more than 165 original line drawings, photographs, and maps complement the text. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World provides all the essential information required by anyone interested in Aztec history or culture.

Ancient Lives

An Introduction to Archaeology and Prehistory
Author: Brian M. Fagan
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131115538
Category: Social Science
Page: 485
View: 4811

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This wide-ranging introduction to the most fundamental principles, methods, and theoretical approaches of archaeology, combined with coverage of the major developments of human prehistory, is a book for complete beginners. Using first-person experience, a conversational narrative, and unique, truly global coverage reflected in examples from all parts of the world, it paints acompelling portrait of archaeology, science, and the past.The first half of the book covers the basic principles, methods and theoretical approaches of archaeology. The second half is summary of the major developments of human prehistory: the origins of humankind and the archaic world, the origins and spread of modern humans, the emergence of food production, and the beginnings of civilizationWritten for people who want to know more about archaeology and prehistory, not necessarily with a view to becoming a professional archaeologist.

Ancient Mesoamerica

A Comparison of Change in Three Regions
Author: Richard E. Blanton
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521296823
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 4338

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In this revised and updated 1993 edition the authors synthesize recent research to provide a comprehensive survey of Mesoamerica.