The Anthropology of the State

A Reader
Author: Aradhana Sharma,Akhil Gupta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405155353
Category: Social Science
Page: 424
View: 1232

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This innovative reader brings together classic theoretical textsand cutting-edge ethnographic analyses of specific stateinstitutions, practices, and processes and outlines ananthropological framework for rethinking future study of “thestate”. Focuses on the institutions, spaces, ideas, practices, andrepresentations that constitute the “state”. Promotes cultural and transnational approaches to thesubject. Helps readers to make anthropological sense of the state as acultural artifact, in the context of a neoliberalizing,transnational world.

The Anthropology of the State

A Reader
Author: Aradhana Sharma,Akhil Gupta
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISBN: 9781405114684
Category: Social Science
Page: 410
View: 4858

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This innovative reader brings together classic theoretical texts and cutting-edge ethnographic analyses of specific state institutions, practices, and processes and outlines an anthropological framework for rethinking future study of “the state”. Focuses on the institutions, spaces, ideas, practices, and representations that constitute the “state”. Promotes cultural and transnational approaches to the subject. Helps readers to make anthropological sense of the state as a cultural artifact, in the context of a neoliberalizing, transnational world.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics


Author: David Nugent,Joan Vincent
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470692936
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 9354

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This Companion offers an unprecedented overview of anthropology’s unique contribution to the study of politics. Explores the key concepts and issues of our time - from AIDS, globalization, displacement, and militarization, to identity politics and beyond Each chapter reflects on concepts and issues that have shaped the anthropology of politics and concludes with thoughts on and challenges for the way ahead Anthropology’s distinctive genre, ethnography, lies at the heart of this volume

The Anthropology of Citizenship

A Reader
Author: Sian Lazar
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1118412915
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 7762

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The Anthropology of Citizenship introduces thetheoretical foundations of and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world, in local, national andglobal contexts. Key readings provide a cross-cultural perspectiveon citizenship practices, and an individual citizen’srelationship with the state. Introduces a range of exciting and cutting edge approaches tocitizenship in the contemporary world Provides key readings for students and researchers who wish togain an understanding of citizenship practices, and anindividual’s relationship with the state in a globalcontext Offers an anthropological perspective on citizenship, the selfand political agency, with a focus on encounters between citizensand the state in education, law, development, and immigrationpolicy Provides students with an understanding of the theoreticalfoundations of citizenship, as characterized by liberal and civicrepublican ideas of political belonging and exclusion Explores how citizenship is constructed at different scales andin different spaces Twenty-five key writings identify what is a new and vibrantsubfield within politics and anthropological research

Death Squad

The Anthropology of State Terror
Author: Jeffrey A. Sluka
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812200489
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 1201

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"There is real personal danger for anthropologists who dare to speak and write against terror; by doing so, they potentially and sometimes actually bring the terror down on themselves."—Jeffrey A. Sluka, from the Introduction Death Squad is the first work to focus specifically on the anthropology of state terror. It brings together an international group of anthropologists who have done extensive research in areas marked by extreme forms of state violence and who have studied state terror from the perspective of victims and survivors. The book presents eight case studies from seven countries—Spain, India (Punjab and Kashmir), Argentina, Guatemala, Northern Ireland, Indonesia, and the Philippines—to demonstrate the cultural complexities and ambiguities of terror when viewed at the local level and from the participants' point of view. Contributors deal with such topics as the role of Loyalist death squads in the culture of terror in Northern Ireland, the three-tier mechanism of state terror in Indonesia, the complex role of religion in violence by both the state and insurgents in Punjab and Kashmir, and the ways in which "disappearances" are used to destabilize and demoralize opponents of the state in Argentina, Guatemala, and India.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education


Author: Bradley A. Levinson,Mica Pollock
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119111668
Category: Social Science
Page: 592
View: 8951

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A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes

Red Tape

Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India
Author: Akhil Gupta
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822351102
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 4850

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Examining the chronic, widespread poverty in India, the world's fourth largest economy, Akhil Gupta theorizes the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence.

The State of Freedom

A Social History of the British State Since 1800
Author: Patrick Joyce
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107007100
Category: History
Page: 376
View: 6961

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Patrick Joyce offers a bold and highly original contribution to the history and theory of the state.

Bürokratie

Die Utopie der Regeln
Author: David Graeber
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608109447
Category: Political Science
Page: 329
View: 4877

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David Graeber, der bedeutendste Anthropologe unserer Zeit, entfaltet eine fulminante und längst überfällige Fundamentalkritik der globalen Bürokratie! Er erforscht die Ursprünge unserer Sehnsucht nach Regularien und entlarvt ihre Bedeutung als Mittel zur Ausübung von Gewalt. Wir alle hassen Bürokraten. Wir können es nicht fassen, dass wir einen Großteil unserer Lebenszeit damit verbringen müssen, Formulare auszufüllen. Doch zugleich nährt der Glaube an die Bürokratie unsere Hoffnung auf Effizienz, Transparenz und Gerechtigkeit. Gerade im digitalen Zeitalter wächst die Sehnsucht nach Ordnung und im gleichen Maße nimmt die Macht der Bürokratien über jeden Einzelnen von uns zu. Dabei machen sie unsere Gesellschaften keineswegs transparent und effizient, sondern dienen mittlerweile elitären Gruppeninteressen. Denn Kapitalismus und Bürokratie sind einen verhängnisvollen Pakt eingegangen und könnten die Welt in den Abgrund reißen.

A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion


Author: Janice Boddy,Michael Lambek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119124999
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 6607

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A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion presents a collection of original, ethnographically–informed essays that explore the variety of beliefs, practices, and religious experiences in the contemporary world and asks how to think about religion as a subject of anthropological inquiry. Presents a collection of original, ethnographically–informed essays exploring the wide variety of beliefs, practices, and religious experiences in the contemporary world Explores a broad range of topics including the perspectivism debate, the rise of religious nationalism, reflections on religion and new media, religion and politics, and ideas of self and gender in relation to religious belief Includes examples drawn from different religious traditions and from several regions of the world Features newly–commissioned articles reflecting the most up–to–date research and critical thinking in the field, written by an international team of leading scholars Adds immeasurably to our understanding of the complex relationships between religion, culture, society, and the individual in today s world

The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology Workbook/Reader


Author: Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 113370946X
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 7033

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Updated to pair with the new Third Edition of Ottenheimer's book, this notebook-sized workbook/reader offers classic and contemporary readings that illuminate and expand on the basic concepts introduced in the text, providing background information and insight. Exercises and guided student projects, ranging beginning to intermediate in skill level, are presented in workbook format, and pages are perforated so that can be torn out and handed in as assignment sheets. A series of exercises drawn from a single language is designed to show students the interconnectedness of different levels of analysis. Web exercise sections conclude with pointers to the Anthropology CourseMate website, where students will find glossary flashcards, interactive exercises, links to relevant additional websites, study questions, and key words to guide them. Instructors receive access to the online Instructor's Manual with detailed notes for incorporating the readings and exercises, as well as tips for assigning the guided student projects. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Anthropology of Globalization: Cultural Anthropology Enters the 21st Century

Cultural Anthropology Enters the 21st Century
Author: Ted C. Lewellen
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313389756
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 5354

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Lewellen gives us the first analytic overview of an important new subject area in a field that has long been identified with the study of relatively bounded communities. Globalization refers to the increasing flows of trade, finance, culture, ideas, and people brought about by the sophisticated technology of communications and travel and by the worldwide spread of neoliberal capitalism. Unlike dependency theory and world systems analysis, which tended to assume a bird's-eye perspective, globalization offers a down-and-dirty, ground-up approach in which ethnographic research is not marginal but essential. Through multiple examples, selected from the latest ethnographic research from all over the world, Lewellen examines the ways that globalization impacts migrants and stay-at-homes, peasants and tribal peoples, men and women. A crucial theme is that the global/local nexus is one of unpredictable interaction and creative adaptation, not of top-down determinism. Theoretically, globalization studies have become the focal point for the convergence of interpretive anthropology, critical anthropology, postmodernism, and poststructuralism, which are combined with a tough empiricism. For the casual reader or the classroom, this work draws together the ethnographic studies and cutting-edge theories that comprise the anthropology of globalization.

Frei Von Herrschaft

Fragmente Einer Anarchistischen Anthropologie
Author: David Graeber
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783779502081
Category: Anarchie
Page: 254
View: 4634

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Blood

A Critique of Christianity
Author: Gil Anidjar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537255
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 8534

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Blood, according to Gil Anidjar, maps the singular history of Christianity. As a category for historical analysis, blood can be seen through its literal and metaphorical uses as determining, sometimes even defining Western culture, politics, and social practices and their wide-ranging incarnations in nationalism, capitalism, and law. Engaging with a variety of sources, Anidjar explores the presence and the absence, the making and unmaking of blood in philosophy and medicine, law and literature, and economic and political thought from ancient Greece to medieval Spain, from the Bible to Shakespeare and Melville. The prevalence of blood in the social, juridical, and political organization of the modern West signals that we do not live in a secular age into which religion could return. Flowing across multiple boundaries, infusing them with violent precepts that we must address, blood undoes the presumed oppositions between religion and politics, economy and theology, and kinship and race. It demonstrates that what we think of as modern is in fact imbued with Christianity. Christianity, Blood fiercely argues, must be reconsidered beyond the boundaries of religion alone.

Savage Money

The Anthropology and Politics of Commodity Exchange
Author: Chris A. Gregory
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9789057020919
Category: Social Science
Page: 333
View: 1163

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"This new era poses questions for the theory of value, which this book addresses from an anthropological perspective. Fieldwork-based essays on the household values associated with agricultural land, rural marketing and village money lending in Central India are located comparatively and historically by means of an analysis of money in the form of cowries, silver, gold and state tokens." "The author modifies and extends his previous work, Gifts and Commodities, by moving the ethnographic focus from Papua New Guinea to India and by considering the theoretical implications of the Subaltern Studies paradigm for anthropological theory."--BOOK JACKET.

The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology


Author: Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer,Judith M.S. Pine
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337571008
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 9131

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THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF LANGUAGE: AN INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGY is an introduction to the field's methodology, skills, techniques, tools and applications that emphasizes questions that anthropologists ask about language and that intrigue students. This authoritative yet approachable fourth edition combines the key areas of linguistic anthropology, addressing issues of power, race, gender and class throughout. Further stressing the everyday relevance of the content, authors Ottenheimer and Pine include In the Field vignettes that draw students into the chapter material via stories culled from their own and others' experiences. And Doing Linguistic Anthropology and Cross-Language Miscommunication features describe real-life applications of core concepts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

At the Limits of Justice

Women of Colour on Terror
Author: Suvendrini Perera,Sherene Razack
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442616466
Category: Social Science
Page: 632
View: 3626

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The fear and violence that followed the events of September 11, 2001 touched lives all around the world, even in places that few would immediately associate with the global war on terror. In At the Limits of Justice, twenty-nine contributors from six countries explore the proximity of terror in their own lives and in places ranging from Canada and the United States to Jamaica, Palestine/Israel, Australia, Guyana, Chile, Pakistan, and across the African continent. In this collection, female scholars of colour – including leading theorists on issues of indigeneity, race, and feminism – examine the political, social, and personal repercussions of the war on terror through contributions that range from testimony and poetry to scholarly analysis. Inspired by both the personal and the global impact of this violence within the war on terror, they expose the way in which the war on terror is presented as a distant and foreign issue at the same time that it is deeply present in the lives of women and others all around the world. An impassioned but rigorous examination of issues of race and gender in contemporary politics, At the Limits of Justice is also a call to create moral communities which will find terror and violence unacceptable.

Reform Without Justice

Latino Migrant Politics and the Homeland Security State
Author: Alfonso Gonzales
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190203269
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 2441

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Placed within the context of the past decade's war on terror and emergent Latino migrant movement, Reform without Justice addresses the issue of state violence against migrants in the United States. It questions what forces are driving draconian migration control policies and why it is that, despite its success in mobilizing millions, the Latino migrant movement and its allies have not been able to more successfully defend the rights of migrants. Gonzales argues that the contemporary Latino migrant movement and its allies face a dynamic form of political power that he terms "anti-migrant hegemony". This type of political power is exerted in multiple sites of power from Congress, to think tanks, talk shows and local government institutions, through which a rhetorically race neutral and common sense public policy discourse is deployed to criminalize migrants. Most insidiously anti-migrant hegemony allows for large sectors of "pro-immigrant" groups to concede to coercive immigration enforcement measures such as a militarized border wall and the expansion of immigration policing in local communities in exchange for so-called Comprehensive Immigration Reform. Given this reality, Gonzales sustains that most efforts to advance immigration reform will fail to provide justice for migrants. This is because proposed reform measures ignore the neoliberal policies driving migration and reinforce the structures of state violence used against migrants to the detriment of democracy for all. Reform without Justice concludes by discussing how Latino migrant activists - especially youth - and their allies can change this reality and help democratize the United States.

A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East


Author: Soraya Altorki
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118475615
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
Page: 542
View: 7971

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A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East presents a comprehensive overview of current trends and future directions in anthropological research and activism in the modern Middle East. Featuring contributions from a wide range of distinguished contemporary scholars of Middle East anthropology, chapters encompass the entire breadth of the region’s cultural, social, political, and religious diversity. Numerous issues covering various aspects of Middle Eastern anthropological concerns are addressed—topics drawn from religion, the arts, language, and politics to political economy, the law, human rights, multiculturalism, and globalization. Within each topic explored, individual authors focus on the most pressing methodological and theoretical concerns raised by contemporary scholars, along with key conceptual breakthroughs, gaps in the literature, and fruitful areas for further research. Timely and thought-provoking, A Companion to the Anthropology of the Middle East is an invaluable resource for anthropologists and other social scientists seeking a better understanding of the complex relationship between the East and West in our new global environments.