The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent Human Populations
Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521784535
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 2127

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A global study of dental variation offering insights into modern human origins.

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Genetics, Evolution, Variation
Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139619500
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7337

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Researchers have long had an interest in dental morphology as a genetic proxy to reconstruct population history. Much interest was fostered by the use of standard plaques and associated descriptions that comprise the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System, developed by Christy G. Turner, II and students. This system has served as the foundation for hundreds of anthropological studies for over 30 years. In recognition of that success, this volume brings together some of the world's leading dental morphologists to expand upon the concepts and methods presented in the popular The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth (Cambridge, 1997), leading the reader from method to applied research. After a preparatory section on the current knowledge of heritability and gene expression, a series of case studies demonstrate the utility of dental morphological study in both fossil and more recent populations (and individuals), from local to global scales.

Social Bioarchaeology


Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444390520
Category: Social Science
Page: 496
View: 7363

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Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology


Author: Dennis Dirkmaat
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118255410
Category: Social Science
Page: 600
View: 4591

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A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Current research in Egyptology, 2000


Author: Angela McDonald,Christina Riggs
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 143
View: 7827

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A collection of 17 papers by graduate students, taken from a symposium held at Oxford in 2000, presenting new and on-going research on a variety of aspects of Egytptian society, art, culture and history. Subjects include: royal sculpture, women's public health, dental health, transportation of quarried stone, tomb construction, Byzantine Egypt, and much more.

The Biological Affinities of the Eastern Mediterranean in the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age

A Regional Dental Non-metric Approach
Author: Zissis Parras
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 118
View: 9252

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This technical study of `biological population affinities amongst Eastern Mediterranean Chalcolithic and Bronze Age humn skeletal examples' is based on the author's analysis of 686 samples from eight sites in Cyprus, Greece and Syria. Parras focused on age, sex and non-metric traits from the dentition, crania and post-crania.

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine


Author: Jason Payne-James
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780125479707
Category: Law
Page: 2000
View: 9469

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Increasingly, high profile criminal and civil legal actions around the world highlight the interactions between medicine and the law. Forensic and legal medicine describes the body of knowledge that encompasses this interaction. The terms generally embrace forensic pathology and clinical forensic medicine. However, the nature of forensic and legal medicine is broad and may extend beyond medical and legal issues, into scientific and technical areas, and include specialist roles such as anthropology, toxicology, odontology and psychiatry. Separate from these issues is the much more widely recognized need to apply moral, ethical and human rights principles in the investigation of certain crimes, whether considering victims or perpetrators. Those involved in the practice of forensic and legal medicine and those in legal, judicial, police and other investigative organizations which require knowledge of aspects of forensic and legal medicine often need to identify appropriate and relevant information. The aim of this Encyclopedia is to provide a reliable starting point for validated information across these fields. The success of lawsuits and prosecutions is dependent on utilizing the best services available, and knowing when to use them appropriately. All aspects of medicine are now scrutinized, not only by medical, legal and scientific professionals - but also by the lay public. Such scrutiny drives and improves standards - and some of these standards have come about as a result of major cases in criminal and civil courts and other tribunals around the world. The drive for much of this scrutiny derives from the intense review that occurs as a result of events taking place throughout the world in criminal and civil courts. Thus, improved methodology of detecting and documenting evidence, ensuring chains of custody and scientifically testing evidence ensures that appropriate judicial outcomes are achieved. Teaching of forensic and legal medicine at an undergraduate level is - on a worldwide basis - underemphasized when compared with therapeutic specialities. Paradoxically, barely a day goes by without at least one medical news story being published of legal and forensic relevance and significance. The need for readily accessible knowledge has never been greater. The Encyclopedia of Forensic & Legal Medicine comprehensively covers forensic and legal medicine (including related specialities and scientific, technical and legal issues) and is available online and in three printed volumes, offering any practitioner in a forensic, medical, healthcare, legal, judicial, or investigative field easily accessible and authoritative overviews on a wide range of topics. The work is edited and written by experienced professionals with medical, legal or dual training - and who are internationally renowned for their experience or expertise within their areas of specialty. The Editorial Board reflects the multidisciplinary, multi-jurisdictional and global emphasis of forensic and legal medicine. The individual articles are written in a clear and concise manner and are supplemented by diagrams, tables and full-color images. Key further reading and extensive cross-referencing make this work an invaluable reference source for undergraduates and graduates looking for an introduction to key fields and experts reading outside their specialization. Online access to the Encyclopedia is available on ScienceDirect. The online version will offer all that the print version does plus smooth linking, eg, to cross-referenced articles, powerful search functions, and more. Visit www.info.sciencedirect.com/reference_works/index.shtml for contact and subscription information. Access options are available even if you're not an existing ScienceDirect customer. * Brings together all appropriate aspects of forensic medicine and legal medicine * Contains color figures, sample forms and other materials that the reader can adapt for their own practice * Also avaiable in an on-line version which provides numerous additional reference and research tools, additional multimedia, & powerful search functions

Human Biology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Anthropology
Page: N.A
View: 9005

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Includes section "Recent literature useful in the study of human biology."

A Neolithic Cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach

Excavations at Site R12
Author: Sandro Salvatori,Donatella Usai,Luana Cenci
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 358
View: 694

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The excavation report of a Neolithic cemetery (at site R2) on the east back of the Nile, the most detailed to date. Chapters look at the grave goods, including pottery, lithic tools, stone gems, and animal remains used both for tools and ornaments, and at the human skeletal and dental remains. Bio-archaeology provides evidence for the diet and health of the population, whilst grave goods offer evidence of chronology and social complexity. Tentative conclusions about the relative roles of hunting, herding and agriculture are offered.