The Age of Empathy

Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society
Author: Frans de Waal
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 0307462528
Category: Psychology
Page: 304
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In this thought-provoking book, the acclaimed author of Our Inner Ape examines how empathy comes naturally to a great variety of animals, including humans. Are we our brothers' keepers? Do we have an instinct for compassion? Or are we, as is often assumed, only on earth to serve our own survival and interests? By studying social behaviors in animals, such as bonding, the herd instinct, the forming of trusting alliances, expressions of consolation, and conflict resolution, Frans de Waal demonstrates that animals–and humans–are "preprogrammed to reach out." He has found that chimpanzees care for mates that are wounded by leopards, elephants offer "reassuring rumbles" to youngsters in distress, and dolphins support sick companions near the water's surface to prevent them from drowning. From day one humans have innate sensitivities to faces, bodies, and voices; we've been designed to feel for one another. De Waal's theory runs counter to the assumption that humans are inherently selfish, which can be seen in the fields of politics, law, and finance. But he cites the public's outrage at the U.S. government's lack of empathy in the wake of Hurricane Katrina as a significant shift in perspective–one that helped Barack Obama become elected and ushered in what may well become an Age of Empathy. Through a better understanding of empathy's survival value in evolution, de Waal suggests, we can work together toward a more just society based on a more generous and accurate view of human nature. Written in layman's prose with a wealth of anecdotes, wry humor, and incisive intelligence, The Age of Empathy is essential reading for our embattled times. "An important and timely message about the biological roots of human kindness." —Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape

Der Mensch, der Bonobo und die Zehn Gebote

Moral ist älter als Religion
Author: Frans de Waal
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 360810822X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 365
View: 6589

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Woher kommt die Moral? Wie hilft sie uns dabei, richtig zu handeln? De Waal beantwortet Fragen rund um Moral und Humanismus mit Blick auf Primaten und andere Tiere, die uns erstaunlich nahestehen: Im gottlosen Universum beobachtet er, wie Menschenaffen gerecht, kooperativ und empathisch handeln. Der weltbekannte Primatenforscher Frans de Waal nimmt uns mit auf eine erfrischende, philosophische Reise, bei der die lange Tradition des Humanismus ebenso zu Wort kommt wie das Sozialverhalten im Tierreich. Er untersucht, welche Konsequenzen seine Forschungen für unser Verständnis von moderner Religion haben. Ganz gleich, welchen Einfluss die Religion auf den Moralkodex des Menschen genommen hat, sie ist nicht die Urheberin unserer Moralität. Der Autor fordert die Leser auf, sich konstruktiv mit Fragen wie diesen auseinanderzusetzen: Welche Rolle spielt die Religion heutzutage in einer gut funktionierenden Gesellschaft? Wo können Gläubige und Nichtgläubige Inspiration für eine gute Lebensführung finden?

The Age of Empathy

Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society
Author: Franz De Waal
Publisher: Souvenir Press
ISBN: 028563965X
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 9084

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"There is a widely held assumption that humans are hard-wired for relentless and ruthless competition... Frans de Waal sees nature differently -- as a biological legacy in which empathy, not mere self interest, is shared by humans, bonobos and animals." Ben Macintyre, 'The Times' "A pioneer in primate studies, Frans de Waal sees our better side in chimps, especially our capacity for empathy... Dr de Waal has gathered ample evidence that our ability to identify with another's distress... has deep roots in the origin of our species." 'The Wall Street Journal' "Freshly topical... a corrective to the idea that all animals -- human and otherwise -- are selfish and unfeeling to the core." 'The Economist' Empathy holds communities together, and humans have evolved into empathetic creatures (and not only humans, but also primates, elephants, even rodents). Humans are hardwired to be altruistic, the result of thousands of years of evolutionary biology that has kept society from slipping into anarchy. It is often assumed that humans are inherently selfish but can an understanding of the role of empathy in evolution help to develop a society based on a more generous view of human nature? In keeping with contemporary politics Frans de Waal concentrates on how empathy creates a sense of social responsibility and moral reasoning that is a force for good in society. Written in an accessible style but with a wealth of anecdotes, scientific observations, wry humour and incisive intelligence this is essential reading for the Age of Empathy we are entering. In this thought-provoking book Frans de Waal examines how empathy comes naturally to a wide range of animals, including humans. Social behaviour in animals, the herding instinct, bonding rituals, expressions of consolation, even conflict resolution, demonstrates that animals are designed to feel for each other. From chimpanzees caring for mates that have been wounded by leopards, elephants reassuring youngsters in distress to dolphins preventing sick companions from drowning The Age of Empathy demonstrates that animals are guided by cooperation.

The Age of Empathy

Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society
Author: Frans B. M. Waal
Publisher: Three Rivers Press
ISBN: 0307407764
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 9487

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From an internationally renowned authority on primatology and psychology comes a fascinating investigation of empathy in both humans and animals.

Der Affe in uns

warum wir sind, wie wir sind
Author: Frans B. M. de Waal
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783423345590
Category: Affen - Verhalten - Mensch
Page: 365
View: 5959

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Das Prinzip Empathie

Was wir von der Natur für eine bessere Gesellschaft lernen können
Author: Frans de Waal
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783423347761
Category:
Page: 352
View: 2124

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Die empathische Zivilisation

Wege zu einem globalen Bewusstsein
Author: Jeremy Rifkin
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593385120
Category: Political Science
Page: 468
View: 3602

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Bestsellerautor Jeremy Rifkin entwirft in dieser mitreissenden Zivilisationsgeschichte ein grundlegend neues Menschenbild. Empathie war seit jeher prägend für das Schicksal der Zivilisation und sie wird für unsere Zukunft sogar entscheidend sein. Neue Erkenntnisse von Biologen und Hirnforschern zeigen: Kooperation siegt über Konkurrenz. Das Internet und die Kommunikationstechnologie haben Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft von Grund auf verändert. Wir müssen unseren Platz auf der Erde grundlegend neu definieren. Doch wir stehen vor einem historischen Dilemma: Die Evolution der Empathie ging einher mit der immer räuberischeren Plünderung unseres Planeten. Die entscheidende Frage, mit der sich die Menschheit jetzt konfrontiert sieht, lautet: Wird globale Empathie rechtzeitig erreicht sein, um den Zusammenbruch der Zivilisation abzuwenden?.

On the Origin of Autonomy

A New Look at the Major Transitions in Evolution
Author: Bernd Rosslenbroich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331904141X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 297
View: 9676

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This volume describes features of autonomy and integrates them into the recent discussion of factors in evolution. In recent years ideas about major transitions in evolution are undergoing a revolutionary change. They include questions about the origin of evolutionary innovation, their genetic and epigenetic background, the role of the phenotype and of changes in ontogenetic pathways. In the present book, it is argued that it is likewise necessary to question the properties of these innovations and what was qualitatively generated during the macroevolutionary transitions. The author states that a recurring central aspect of macroevolutionary innovations is an increase in individual organismal autonomy whereby it is emancipated from the environment with changes in its capacity for flexibility, self-regulation and self-control of behavior. The first chapters define the concept of autonomy and examine its history and its epistemological context. Later chapters demonstrate how changes in autonomy took place during the major evolutionary transitions and investigate the generation of organs and physiological systems. They synthesize material from various disciplines including zoology, comparative physiology, morphology, molecular biology, neurobiology and ethology. It is argued that the concept is also relevant for understanding the relation of the biological evolution of man to his cultural abilities. Finally the relation of autonomy to adaptation, niche construction, phenotypic plasticity and other factors and patterns in evolution is discussed. The text has a clear perspective from the context of systems biology, arguing that the generation of biological autonomy must be interpreted within an integrative systems approach.

State of Affairs

The Science-Theology Controversy
Author: Richard J. Coleman
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630875570
Category: Religion
Page: 284
View: 4959

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The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.

Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health


Author: Ellen L. Idler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199389861
Category: Religion
Page: 448
View: 6728

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Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.

Handbook of Income Distribution


Author: Anthony B. Atkinson,Francois Bourguignon
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444594760
Category: Social Science
Page: 2366
View: 549

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What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance

At the Limits of Justice

Women of Colour on Terror
Author: Suvendrini Perera,Sherene Razack
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442616466
Category: Social Science
Page: 632
View: 7336

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The fear and violence that followed the events of September 11, 2001 touched lives all around the world, even in places that few would immediately associate with the global war on terror. In At the Limits of Justice, twenty-nine contributors from six countries explore the proximity of terror in their own lives and in places ranging from Canada and the United States to Jamaica, Palestine/Israel, Australia, Guyana, Chile, Pakistan, and across the African continent. In this collection, female scholars of colour – including leading theorists on issues of indigeneity, race, and feminism – examine the political, social, and personal repercussions of the war on terror through contributions that range from testimony and poetry to scholarly analysis. Inspired by both the personal and the global impact of this violence within the war on terror, they expose the way in which the war on terror is presented as a distant and foreign issue at the same time that it is deeply present in the lives of women and others all around the world. An impassioned but rigorous examination of issues of race and gender in contemporary politics, At the Limits of Justice is also a call to create moral communities which will find terror and violence unacceptable.

History Education in the Formation of Social Identity

Toward a Culture of Peace
Author: K. Korostelina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137374764
Category: Education
Page: 235
View: 6636

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In order to determine how history education can be harnessed to reduce conflict attitudes and intentions and create a culture of peace, this book examines how history curricula and textbooks shape the identities of their students through their portrayals of ingroup and outgroup identity, intergroup boundaries, and value systems.

Survival of the Nicest

How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along
Author: Stefan Klein
Publisher: The Experiment
ISBN: 161519181X
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 3010

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A Publishers Weekly Best Book of 2014 This revelatory tour de force by an acclaimed and internationally bestselling science writer upends our understanding of “survival of the fittest”—and invites us all to think and act more altruistically The phrase “survival of the fittest” conjures an image of the most cutthroat individuals rising to the top. But Stefan Klein, author of the #1 international bestseller The Science of Happiness, makes the startling assertion that altruism is the key to lasting personal and societal success. In fact, altruism defines us: Natural selection favored those early humans who cooperated in groups, and with survival more assured, our altruistic ancestors were free to devote brainpower to developing intelligence, language, and culture—our very humanity. Klein’s groundbreaking findings lead him to a vexing question: If we’re really hard-wired to act for one another’s benefit, why aren’t we all getting along? He believes we’ve learned to mistrust our instincts because success is so often attributed to selfish ambition, and with an extraordinary array of material—current research on genetics and the brain, economics, social psychology, behavioral and anthropological experiments, history, and modern culture—he makes the case that generosity for its own sake remains the best way to thrive.

Der Sinn des Gebens

Warum Selbstlosigkeit in der Evolution siegt und wir mit Egoismus nicht weiterkommen
Author: Stefan Klein
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104012954
Category: Self-Help
Page: 336
View: 5703

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Selbstlos siegt! Welche Gesetze über Erfolg und Misserfolg in unserem Leben bestimmen. Den Selbstlosen gehört die Zukunft: Das ist die erstaunliche Quintessenz des neuen Buches von Stefan Klein, das unser Denken und Handeln verändern wird. Denn die neueste Forschung lässt die Ehrlichen keineswegs als die Dummen dastehen. Entgegen unserem Alltagsglauben schneiden Egoisten nämlich nur kurzfristig besser ab. Auf längere Sicht haben diejenigen Menschen Erfolg, die sich um das Wohl anderer bemühen. Denn nicht nur Wettbewerb, sondern auch Kooperation ist eine Triebkraft der Evolution. Ein Sinn für Gut und Böse ist uns angeboren. Stefan Klein zieht einen faszinierenden Querschnitt durch die aktuellen Ergebnisse der Hirnforschung und der Genetik, der Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Sozialpsychologie. Er zeigt, welche Gesetze über Erfolg und Misserfolg in unserem Leben bestimmen. Und er stellt dar, warum menschliches Miteinander und das Wohlergehen anderer zu unseren tiefsten Bedürfnissen gehören. Für andere zu sorgen schützt uns nicht nur vor Einsamkeit und Depression. Vielmehr macht uns Selbstlosigkeit glücklicher und erfolgreicher – und beschert uns nachweislich sogar ein längeres Leben.

The Power of the Herd

A Nonpredatory Approach to Social Intelligence, Leadership, and Innovation
Author: Linda Kohanov
Publisher: New World Library
ISBN: 1577316762
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 452
View: 6042

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"Lessons on leadership and teamwork to help develop assertiveness, foster creativity, address conflict, and master emotional intelligence. Author draws on the nonverbal skills and experiential wisdom she teaches in equine-facilitated training. Illustrative examples include leaders such as George Washington and Andrew Jackson"--Provided by publisher.

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: March 2012 Issue

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter for the United Nations Development Programme’s South-South Cooperation Unit (www.southerninnovator.org).
Author: David South, Writer
Publisher: DSConsulting
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 28
View: 8681

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Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter for the United Nations Development Programme’s South-South Cooperation Unit (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006.

The Prophet and the Bodhisattva

Daniel Berrigan, Thich Nhat Hanh, and the Ethics of Peace and Justice
Author: Charles R. Strain
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630873322
Category: Religion
Page: 288
View: 4171

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Can religious individuals and communities learn from each other in ways that will lead them to collaborate in addressing the great ethical challenges of our time, including climate change and endless warfare? This is the central question underlying The Prophet and the Bodhisattva. It juxtaposes two figures emblematic of an ideal moral life: the prophet as it evolved in ancient Israel and the bodhisattva as it flowered in Mahayana Buddhism. In particular, The Prophet and the Bodhisattva focuses on Daniel Berrigan and Thich Nhat Hanh, who in their lives embody and in their writings reflect upon their respective moral type. Berrigan, a Jesuit priest, pacifist, and poet, is best known for burning draft files in 1968 and for hammering and pouring blood on a nuclear warhead in 1980. His extensive writings on the Hebrew prophets reflect his life of nonviolent activism. Thich Nhat Hanh, Buddhist monk, Vietnamese exile, and poet struggled to end the conflict during the Vietnam War. Since then he has led the global movement that he named Engaged Buddhism and has written many commentaries on Mahayana scriptures. For fifty years both have been teaching us how to pursue peace and justice, a legacy we can draw upon to build a social ethics for our time.

How Dogmatic Beliefs Harm Creativity and Higher-Level Thinking


Author: Don Ambrose,Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136697551
Category: Education
Page: 226
View: 3461

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In a world plagued by enormous, complex problems requiring long-range vision and interdisciplinary insights, the need to attend to the influence of dogmatic thinking on the development of high ability and creative intelligence is pressing. This volume introduces the problem of dogmatism broadly, explores the nature and nuances of dogmatic thinking from various disciplinary perspectives, and applies the gleaned insights to what is known about creativity. Bringing together leading thinkers in the fields of creative studies and education, and in other relevant fields (history, sociology, psychology) whose work pertains to the various dimensions of dogmatism and the ethical problems it generates, this panoramic view represents interdisciplinary bridge building with the potential to generate new insights about the education of creative young minds.

Evocative Coaching

Transforming Schools One Conversation at a Time
Author: Bob Tschannen-Moran,Megan Tschannen-Moran
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470630921
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 368
View: 2461

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There?s a lot of conversation about how to make schools better. Unfortunately, the nature of those conversations often makes things worse. Evocative Coaching: Transforming Schools One Conversation at a Time maps out a way to change that. By taking a teacher-centered, no-fault, strengths-based approach to performance improvement, the Evocative Coaching model generates the motivation and movement that enables teachers and schools to achieve desired outcomes and enhance quality of life. Viewed as a dynamic dance, the model is choreographed in four steps ? Story, Empathy, Inquiry, Design ? which are each laid out in its own chapter with powerful illustrative materials and end-of-chapter discussion questions to prompt further reflection. Bringing together the best research and wisdom in educational leadership and professional coaching, authors Bob and Megan Tschannen-Moran have developed a simple yet profound way of facilitating new conversations in schools through Story Listening, Expressing Empathy, Appreciative Inquiry, and Design Thinking. It?s an iterative process that moves beyond old ways of thinking, doing, and being. It?s an inspirational process that reinvigorates the passion for making schools better, one conversation at a time. This happens when coaches: give teachers our full, undivided attention; accept and meet teachers where they are right now, without making them wrong; ask and trust teachers to take charge of their own learning and growth; make sure teachers are talking more than we are; enable teachers to appreciate the positive value of their own experiences; harness the strengths teachers have to meet challenges and overcome obstacles; reframe difficulties and challenges as opportunities to learn and grow; invite teachers to discover possibilities and find answers for themselves; dialogue with teachers regarding their higher purpose for teaching; uncover teachers? natural impulse to engage with colleagues and students; assist teachers to draw up a personal blueprint for professional mastery; support teachers in brainstorming and trying new ways of doing things; maintain an upbeat, energetic, and positive attitude at all times; collaborate with teachers to design and conduct appropriate learning experiments; enable teachers to build supportive environments and teams; use humor to lighten the load; and inspire and challenge teachers to go beyond what they would do alone. Each chapter provides a research-based theory to support the strategies presented, and includes specific suggestions and anecdotes. The Evocative Coaching model makes coaching enjoyable by getting people to focus on what they do best, and it invites larger, more integral conversations so that people talk about their work in the context of other things they care about. Resting on strong, evidence-based practices, the Evocative Coaching model offers educators the help they need to meet the challenges of increased accountability and expectations. This model can also be used effectively by coaches and leaders in other organizational contexts. Table of Contents: Chapter 1: What Is Evocative Coaching? Chapter 2: Coaching Presence Loop I: The No-Fault Turn Chapter 3: Story Listening Chapter 4: Expressing Empathy Loop II: The Strengths-Building Turn Chapter 5: Appreciative Inquiry Chapter 6: Design Thinking Chapter 7: Aligning Environments Chapter 8: Coaching Conversations Chapter 9: The Reflective Coach To learn more about Evocative Coaching and to sign up for the Evocative Coach Training Program, visit w