The Afterlife of Charles Dickens's "Great Expectations" in the Late 20th and Early 21st Century

The differences in modern adaptations: reliable ''faithful'' vs. unreliable ''unfaithful'' adaptation
Author: Enver Kazić
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668208794
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 24
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: A, University of Sarajevo, course: English Language and Literature, language: English, abstract: It seems that the 19th-century industrial development and generally the period called Victorian age was not suitable for the urban writer such as Dickens. It should not come as a surprise that Dickens was not very satisfied with the period he lived in, or with people around him. The fact that he had already sold the lease on his London house and moved to the swamp – North Kent Marshes, before he started to write the novel “Great Expectations” may come as a proof for this statement. Dickens was forty-eight then, and he could not stand pollution and bad public health, or the famous London fog of which he wrote so much in his novels “Bleak House” and “Our Mutual Friend”. There is however always a huge diversion between rural and urban in Dickens’ novels, especially in “Great Expectations”. Because of this huge distinction Tristan Sipley in her work ‘The Revenge of ‘Swamp Thing’: Wetlands, Industrial Capitalism, and the Ecological Contradiction of Great Expectations’ divides Dickens in the two groups – “pastoral Dickens” and “gritty urban Dickens”. In “Great Expectations” marsh, the place where the main protagonist – Pip lives (the marsh) is without a doubt showed as a place of wrongdoings, criminality and everything bad.

Language and Literature. A Corpus Stylistic Approach to Charles Dickens

Author: N.A
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656415994
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 17
View: 2409

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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Osnabrück, language: English, abstract: Early Corpus linguistics and stylistics began with Chomsky’s approach to language. He explicitly stated that there are three levels of adequacy upon which grammatical and linguistic theories can be evaluated: observational adequacy, descriptive adequacy and explanatory adequacy . This “revolution” through Chomsky founded the basis for corpus-based analysis, a method which uses adequate examples to give introspection how a language works and how it is used by different authors. Corpus-based analysis offers new insights into studies of language and new computer tools and software make it possible to get access to a wide range of electronic corpora. In my research paper I will carry out a corpus stylistic approach to the language of 19th century author Charles Dickens. This means that I will basically focus on his special register and investigate his use of particular clusters as recurrent combinations of words used in his corpus. Furthermore, I will focus on A Christmas Carol (1843) as an exemplifying novel of how language patterns are used by Dickens. This masterpiece has the smallest number of words of all his novels, namely 28.541 , which renders it a special challenge to analyse. Moreover, it hasn’t been analysed by many corpus linguists before which puts A Christmas Carol in the light of a nearly unexamined piece of art ready to explore. My thesis which will be developed in the following chapters would be that Dickens’s novels, especially A Christmas Carol, provide a unit of meaning, their own worlds of text, in which Dickens’s unique style can be sifted out, providing recurring clusters which offer a corpus work based on effective comparison. To enter the deep analysis to provide a well-worked out research paper I will start with a description and findings of corpus analysis. Secondly, I will spend a chapter on three-, four- and five-word clusters in the Dickens Corpus and especially A Christmas Carol with particular focus on five-word clusters. Moreover, I will introduce the five categories of labels, body part, speech, time and place and as if clusters and examine these categories in Dickens’s Great Expectations (1861) and A Christmas Carol as two examples of a contrastive analysis. I will finish my work by concluding my previous discoveries.

Florence’s Internal Strength and Power in Charles Dickens’ "Dombey and Son"

An analysis
Author: Charlotte Ljustina
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668059446
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 9
View: 3029

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Essay from the year 2013 in the subject English - Literature, Works, , language: English, abstract: The relationship between a father and his daughter is a well explored concept in Charles Dickens' novel "Dombey and Son". Various critics have suggested that the protagonists daughter, Florence, should be interpreted as a meek and feeble damsel in distress, tortured by her father’s inability to love her. Florence’s refusal to stand up to her father and unending quest for his love are represented as weaknesses that deem her a “fairy-tale princess”. Is it possible, then, to reverse the lens and consider Florence an emblem of strength? Or does her father's abuse diminish her capacity as a nineteenth century heroine? This essay offers a character analysis on the basis of the text.

Dickens's Early Portrayal of a Victorian Opium Den in "Lazarus Lotus Eating" (1866)

A Story of Fear and Fascination
Author: Sabrina Rutner
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668476179
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 25
View: 8702

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Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Frankfurt (Main), language: English, abstract: The magazine article “Lazarus Lotus Eating” is often mentioned in academic literature as the first published Victorian nineteenth-century journalistic article which was indicative of a shift in the portrayal of opium dens. The article is especially noteworthy it is still more ambiguous and complex in its attitude towards the Orient than the journalistic articles and fictional opium-den-portrayals that would follow it. Hence, in “Lazarus Lotus Eating” the narrator undergoes a great change as his initial racist and xenophile attitude towards the Oriental foreigners changes drastically in the course of the story to feelings of pity and empathy for the poor, pathetic and miserable Oriental opium addicts. However, there are very few academic texts which provide detailed analysis of Dickens's “Lazarus Lotus Eating” which is necessary to understand the article in its full extent. Academic research has thus not yet fully spotted the article’s ambiguous attitude towards the Orient which constantly alternates between fear and fascination. The paper seeks to close this gap in research by analyzing how Dickens depicts the ambivalent British attitude towards the Orient in his article “Lazarus Lotus Eating” through the portrayal of Lazarus, the opium den, the Oriental opium smokers, the opium master Yahee and the English women in the opium den.

Dickensian characters - real or nil? An analysis of characters in Our Mutual Friend

Author: Benjamin Foitzik
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 363818093X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 28
View: 899

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Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7 (A-), Technical University of Braunschweig (English Seminar), course: Hauptseminar: Charles Dickens, 6 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: To begin with the end, the overall statement of this paper is that the characters in Charles Dickens′s Our Mutual Friend are for the most part inconsistent. In order to clarify this assertion to the reader, I will at first provide an overview of how Dickens′s characters were received by various critics. This will be the foundation for my claim that his characters are not realistic since they are only described from the outside and, thus, character-development is only achieved by means of the plot. This lack of introspection derives from the fact that Dickens′s focus as a writer was surely on social issues and not on character-development. That Dickens was a great novelist will not be questioned, seeing that, despite this lack of interiority and the ensuing incoherence of the characters to the critic, his characters work during the experience of the first reading. This I will show by examining the character of Eugene Wrayburn in Our Mutual Friend, whose final catharsis is approved of by the reader at first, but has to be highly doubted at second sight, as his actions and thoughts do not justify his reformation to a person of integrity. A thorough study of Wrayburn′s character will reveal that he is a sadist who exults in humiliating other people and wielding power over them, which will raise the question whether he has to be considered as a villainous rather than heroic character. I will then investigate the character of Bradley Headstone, who appears to be the villain of the subplot revolving around Lizzie Hexam. This analysis will lead to the discovery that Headstone is not so much of a villain but has to be seen as a victim of society and its machinery. Headstone′s story has to be seen as tragic since he succumbs to his violent passions and lets them drive him to despair and the edge of reason in the end. In addition, I will juxtapose Wrayburn′s character to that of his opponent Headstone and thus illustrates the fact that, while we do not get an insight into Wrayburn′s emotions and therefore cannot understand his deeds, Headstone′s actions and motivations are rendered plausible for the reader by the way Dickens describes his character, from the outside as well as from the inside. [...]

Charles Dickens's Our Mutual Friend

A Publishing History
Author: Sean Grass
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317168216
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 304
View: 9819

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Even within the context of Charles Dickens's history as a publishing innovator, Our Mutual Friend is notable for what it reveals about Dickens as an author and about Victorian publishing. Marking Dickens's return to the monthly number format after nearly a decade of writing fiction designed for weekly publication in All the Year Round, Our Mutual Friend emerged against the backdrop of his failing health, troubled relationship with Ellen Ternan, and declining reputation among contemporary critics. In his subtly argued publishing history, Sean Grass shows how these difficulties combined to make Our Mutual Friend an extraordinarily odd novel, no less in its contents and unusually heavy revisions than in its marketing by Chapman and Hall, its transformation from a serial into British and U.S. book editions, its contemporary reception by readers and reviewers, and its delightfully uneven reputation among critics in the 150 years since Dickens’s death. Enhanced by four appendices that offer contemporary accounts of the Staplehurst railway accident, information on archival materials, transcripts of all of the contemporary reviews, and a select bibliography of editions, Grass’s book shows why this last of Dickens’s finished novels continues to intrigue its readers and critics.

Corpus Stylistics and Dickens's Fiction

Author: Michaela Mahlberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135123586
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 226
View: 2590

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This book presents an innovative approach to the language of one of the most popular English authors. It illustrates how corpus linguistic methods can be employed to study electronic versions of texts by Charles Dickens. With particular focus on Dickens’s novels, the book proposes a way into the Dickensian world that starts from linguistic patterns. The analysis begins with clusters, i.e. repeated sequences of words, as pointers to local textual functions. Combining quantitative findings with qualitative analyses, the book takes a fresh view on Dickens’s techniques of characterisation, the literary presentation of body language and speech in fiction. The approach brings together corpus linguistics, literary stylistics and Dickens criticism. It thus contributes to bridging the gap between linguistic and literary studies and will be a useful resource for both researchers and students of English language and literature.

Treatment of Children in Dickens Novels

Author: Pankaj Kumar
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783656895152
Page: 16
View: 8671

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Scholarly Research paper from the year 2013 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, Jawaharlal Nehru University, course: Mphil, language: English, abstract: This paper will examine the treatment of children in the following novels of Dickens "Oliver Twist" (1839) and "David Copperfield" (1850). In my analysis of Dickens' novels, I am going to deal with how poor children became a source of cheap labour and how they were forced to work in hard and tough conditions.

Dombey and Son

Author: Charles Dickens
Publisher: Trajectory Inc
ISBN: 1632093790
Category: Fiction
Page: 927
View: 1414

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Trajectory presents classics of world literature with 21st century features! Our original-text editions include the following visual enhancements to foster a deeper understanding of the work: Word Clouds at the start of each chapter highlight important words. Word, sentence, paragraph counts, and reading time help readers and teachers determine chapter complexity. Co-occurrence graphs depict character-to-character interactions as well character to place interactions. Sentiment indexes identify positive and negative trends in mood within each chapter. Frequency graphs help display the impact this book has had on popular culture since its original date of publication. Use Trajectory analytics to deepen comprehension, to provide a focus for discussions and writing assignments, and to engage new readers with some of the greatest stories ever told. "Dombey and Son" by Charles Dickens is a story about Paul Dombey, a wealthy owner of the Dombey and Son shipping company. Paul Dombey wants his son to continue the business and a sensitive family drama ensues. This novel gives insight into the English society in the enterprising era in the 1840s.

The Seamstress

Author: Frances de Pontes Peebles
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408816954
Category: Fiction
Page: 656
View: 2473

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Emília and Luzia dos Santos, orphaned when they are children, grow up under the protection of their aunt in the hillside village of Taquaritinga, Brazil. Raised as seamstresses, the sisters learn how to cut, how to mend and how to conceal. Emília treasures pretty, girlish things and longs to escape from the confines of the little town. Captivated by the romances she reads in magazines, she dreams of finding love in the bustle and glamour of the city. Luzia, scarred by a childhood accident that has left her with a deformed arm, knows that for her, real life can not be romantically embroidered, and so she finds solace in her sewing and in the secret prayers to the saints she believes once saved her life. But when Luzia is abducted by a gang of rebel bandits, the sisters' lives diverge in ways they never imagined. Whilst Luzia learns to survive in the unforgiving Brazilian outland, discovering love in the most unexpected of places, Emília meets the son of a wealthy doctor who seems to offer her everything she has always desired. But for the innocent dreamer, the excitement of her escape to the city is soon overshadowed by disillusion and loneliness. As she learns how to navigate the treacherous waters of Brazilian high society, the bandits' campaign against the land-owning 'Colonels' intensifies, and when a price is placed upon Luzia's head Emília realises she must risk everything in order to save her sister.

Five Boys

Author: Mick Jackson
Publisher: Faber & Faber
ISBN: 0571267769
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 7515

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Something strange is going on in the village. A dead pig is carried through the lanes in a coffin, a heap of signposts are buried in a field and a mummy walks the streets late at night, scaring the local ladies half to death. Things have never been the same since the evacuee arrived and the Five Boys mistook him for a Nazi spy. It is as if someone is out for revenge. The village has had a whole host of visitors since: the Americans are down the road preparing for D-Day and a deserter is hiding out in the woods. But it is the arrival of the Bee King which makes the biggest impression. He is a law unto himself, has his own strange rituals and the villagers fear that he is beginning to exert the same charm over their boys as he does over his bees. The second novel by the highly acclaimed author of The Underground Man confirms Mick Jackson's originality and talent.

The Quincunx

Author: Charles Palliser
Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.
ISBN: 0345371135
Category: Fiction
Page: 787
View: 5284

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A meditation on the Victorian novel and a sprawling epic tale of a man's quest for his identity follows John Huffman as he journeys to the heart of the Quincunx to reveal his elusive past

Architecture and Modern Literature

Author: David Spurr
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472051717
Category: Architecture
Page: 285
View: 754

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Exploring the related cultural forms of architecture and literature in the modern era

Mister Creecher

Author: Chris Priestley
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 159990733X
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 400
View: 5315

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Billy is a street urchin, pickpocket and petty thief. Mister Creecher is a giant of a man who terrifies everyone he meets. Their relationship begins as pure convenience. But a bond swiftly develops between these two misfits as their bloody journey takes them ever northwards on the trail of their target . . . Victor Frankenstein. Friendship, trust and betrayal form a dangerous liaison in this moving and frightening new book from Chris Priestley.

Complex TV

The Poetics of Contemporary Television Storytelling
Author: Jason Mittell
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814769608
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 416
View: 2727

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Over the past two decades, new technologies, changing viewer practices, and the proliferation of genres and channels has transformed American television. One of the most notable impacts of these shifts is the emergence of highly complex and elaborate forms of serial narrative, resulting in a robust period of formal experimentation and risky programming rarely seen in a medium that is typically viewed as formulaic and convention bound. Complex TV offers a sustained analysis of the poetics of television narrative, focusing on how storytelling has changed in recent years and how viewers make sense of these innovations. Through close analyses of key programs, including The Wire, Lost, Breaking Bad, The Sopranos, Veronica Mars, Curb Your Enthusiasm, and Mad Men the book traces the emergence of this narrative mode, focusing on issues such as viewer comprehension, transmedia storytelling, serial authorship, character change, and cultural evaluation. Developing a television-specific set of narrative theories, Complex TV argues that television is the most vital and important storytelling medium of our time. » Browse a gallery of supplemental video clips on the Complex TV website. » Visit the book's Facebook page.

The Representation of Women in Early 18th Century England

Author: Claudia Wipprecht
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638814084
Page: 28
View: 6072

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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultat), course: The Rise of English Journalism in the Early 18th Century, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: I) The first half of the 18th century The important essay by John Locke Essay concerning human understanding (1690) made an exceptionally high impact in the 18th century. His rejection of Descartes' 'innate ideas' constituted the basis for the discussion about abilities and rights of women in the 18th century. A.R. Humphreys noted: "Throughout the century a skirmish went on between conservatives who argued for the grand principle of subordination and progressives, who, guided by the clear light of reason, contended for woman's rational and social equality."1 The married woman was considered to have neither rights nor property due to the fact that with the marriage all her property exchanged automatically to her husband. The ideal of marriage in the 18th century is described by W.L. Blease: " ... the ideal of marriage had been brought to its lowest possible level [...] it emphasized the sexual side of the connection, and almost entirely disregarded the spiritual."2 The average age for marrying rested with 17 years, which was the reason that most young women could not satisfy their positions as mothers. The only profession women could have was that of a wife and mother; as Blease said "A respectable woman was nothing but the potential mother of children."3. However, there was the problem of a surplus of women. Some women had the possibility to teach children, which was not very high regarded. Most women, however, had only the possibility to prostitute themselves which was a crucial problem of this times (Einhoff, 1980: 35). Terms like 'the fair sex', 'the soft sex' and 'the gentle sex' designated the relationship of the sexes; the weak and tender woman needs to be protected by the st"

Emma Brown

Author: Clare Boylan,Charlotte Brontë
Publisher: Little Brown GBR
ISBN: 9780316726115
Category: Boarding schools
Page: 439
View: 1507

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When Charlotte Bronte died in 1855, she left behind the beginnings of a new novel - twenty pages of a work in progress called Emma. Now, almost 150 years later, Clare Boylan has returned to this most intriguing of fragments, and turned them into an astonishing story of mystery, atmosphere and page-turning suspense. When Conway Fitzgibbon arrives at Fuchsia Lodge with his daughter Matilda, the headmistress Miss Wilcox couldn't be more delighted. The ladies' school is limited in numbers and eager for new pupils, particularly ones so finely dressed, and boasting a father who is 'quite the gentleman'. But as Christmas approaches, and Miss Wilcox inquires about arrangements for the holidays, she is in for a shock. Conway Fitzgibbon, like the address he left behind, does not exist. So who is Matilda? With Miss Wilcox unable to extract any information out of the girl, it falls to a local lawyer, Mr Ellin, and a young widow, Isabel Chalfont, to unravel the truth. What they discover is a tale that travels the highs and lows of nineteenth-century England, an investigation that begins as curiosity and ends up changing all their lives forever . . .