Teratologies

A Cultural Study of Cancer
Author: Jackie Stacey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113618547X
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 8484

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Stories of cancer are full of monster and marvels; the monstrousness of the disease and the treatments, the marvels of the cures and the saved lives. Still one of the most dreaded diseases to haunt our imaginations, cancer is more than an illness - it is a cultural phenomenon. People who have cancer are bombarded with competing explanations of their conditions: it is genetically inherited; it is environmentally produced; it is the result of their personality. Teratologies - A Cultural Study of Cancer investigates how this disease is perceived, experienced and theorised in contemporary society. It explores changing beliefs about the causes of, and the cures for, cancer in both biomedicine and its increasingly popular alternative counterparts. Analysing conventional and alternative medical accounts, self-help manuals and patients' personal stories, Jackie Stacey takes a critical look at the place of heroes, metaphors, the self and the body in these competing bids to produce the authoritative definition of the meaning of cancer today. Interspersed with these detailed textual investigations are discussions of broader issues such as the feminist debates about the history of science, the place of consumer culture in health practices and the status of patients and of health professionals in postmodern society. Combining authobiographical narratives with contemporary theoretical debates, the author carves out a specifically feminist analysis of the cultural dimensions of cancer. She brings accounts of her own illness under the critical lens of academic scrutiny and situates these personal stories within a discussion of contemporary cultural change.

Cultural Studies 11.2


Author: Lawrence Grossberg,Della Pollock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134719019
Category: Art
Page: 188
View: 2144

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Papers featured in this issue offer an in-depth examination of the interaction of ethnicity, identity, and 'multiculturalism' with contemporary culture.

Sociology Beyond Societies

Mobilities for the Twenty-First Century
Author: John Urry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134655452
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 691

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In this ground-breaking contribution to social theory, John Urry argues that the traditional basis of sociology - the study of society - is outmoded in an increasingly borderless world. If sociology is to make a pertinent contribution to the post societal era it must forget the social rigidities of the pre-global order and, instead, switch its focus to the study of both physical and virtual movement. In considering this sociology of mobilities, the book concerns itself with the travels of people, ideas, images, messages, waste products and money across international borders, and the implications these mobilities have to our experiences of time, space, dwelling and citizenship. Sociology Beyond Society extends recent debate about globalisation both by providing an analysis of how mobilities reconstitute social life in uneven and complex ways, and by arguing for the significance of objects, senses, and time and space in the theorising of contemporary life. This book will be essential reading for undergraduates and graduates studying sociology and cultural geography.

40 Days of Dating

An Experiment
Author: Timothy Goodman,Jessica Walsh
Publisher: ABRAMS
ISBN: 1613127154
Category: Self-Help
Page: 304
View: 7541

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“What would happen if Harry met Sally in the age of Tinder and Snapchat? . . . A field guide to Millennial dating in New York City” (New York Daily News). When New York–based graphic designers and long-time friends Timothy Goodman and Jessica Walsh found themselves single at the same time, they decided to try an experiment. The old adage says that it takes 40 days to change a habit—could the same be said for love? So they agreed to date each other for 40 days, record their experiences in questionnaires, photographs, videos, texts, and artworks, and post the material on a website they would create for this purpose. What began as a small experiment between two friends became an Internet sensation, drawing 5 million unique (and obsessed) visitors from around the globe to their site and their story. 40 Days of Dating: An Experiment is a beautifully designed, expanded look at the experiment and the results, including a great deal of material that never made it onto the site, such as who they were as friends and individuals before the 40 days and who they have become since.

Animals and Medicine

The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease
Author: Jack Botting
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783741171
Category: Medical
Page: 244
View: 6635

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Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives—both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine—from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer.This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.

The Cinematic Life of the Gene


Author: Jackie Stacey
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822390949
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 344
View: 5464

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What might the cinema tell us about how and why the prospect of cloning disturbs our most profound ideas about gender, sexuality, difference, and the body? In The Cinematic Life of the Gene, the pioneering feminist film theorist Jackie Stacey argues that as a cultural technology of imitation, cinema is uniquely situated to help us theorize “the genetic imaginary,” the constellation of fantasies that genetic engineering provokes. Since the mid-1990s there has been remarkable innovation in genetic engineering and a proliferation of films structured by anxieties about the changing meanings of biological and cultural reproduction. Bringing analyses of several of these films into dialogue with contemporary cultural theory, Stacey demonstrates how the cinema animates the tropes and enacts the fears at the heart of our genetic imaginary. She engages with film theory; queer theories of desire, embodiment, and kinship; psychoanalytic theories of subject formation; and debates about the reproducibility of the image and the shift from analog to digital technologies. Stacey examines the body-horror movies Alien: Resurrection and Species in light of Jean Baudrillard’s apocalyptic proclamations about cloning and “the hell of the same,” and she considers the art-house thrillers Gattaca and Code 46 in relation to ideas about imitation, including feminist theories of masquerade, postcolonial conceptualizations of mimicry, and queer notions of impersonation. Turning to Teknolust and Genetic Admiration, independent films by feminist directors, she extends Walter Benjamin’s theory of aura to draw an analogy between the replication of biological information and the reproducibility of the art object. Stacey suggests new ways to think about those who are not what they appear to be, the problem of determining identity in a world of artificiality, and the loss of singularity amid unchecked replication.

Glocal Pharma (Open Access)

International Brands and the Imagination of Local Masculinity
Author: Ericka Johnson,Ebba Sjögren,Cecilia Åsberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317126793
Category: Social Science
Page: 126
View: 2648

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The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. An exploration of how global pharmaceutical products are localized - of what happens when they become ‘glocal’ - this book examines the tensions that exist between a global pharmaceutical market and the locally bounded discourses and regulations encountered as markets are created for new drugs in particular contexts. Employing the case study of the emergence, representation and regulation of Viagra in the Swedish market, Glocal Pharma offers analyses of commercial material, medical discourses and legal documents to show how a Swedish, Viagra-consuming subject has been constructed in relation to the drug and how Viagra is imagined in relation to the Swedish man. Engaging with debates about pharmaceuticalization, the authors consider the ways in which new identities are created around drugs, the redefinition of health problems as sites of pharmaceutical treatment and changes in practices of governance to reflect the entrance of pharmaceuticals to the market. With attention to ‘local’ contexts, it reveals elements in the nexus of pharmaceutcalization that are receptive to cultural elements as new products become embedded in local markets. An empirically informed study of the the ways in which the presence of a drug can alter the concept of a disease and its treatment, understandings of who suffers from it and how to cure it - both locally and internationally - this book will appeal to scholars of sociology and science and technology studies with interests in globalization, pharmaceuticals, gender and the sociology of medicine.

Star Gazing

Hollywood Cinema and Female Spectatorship
Author: Jackie Stacey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136142045
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 7298

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In a historical investigation of the pleasures of cinema, Star Gazing puts female spectators back into theories of spectatorship. Combining film theory with a rich body of ethnographic research, Jackie Stacey investigates how female spectators understood Hollywood stars in the 1940's and 1950's. Her study challenges the universalism of psychoanalytic theories of female spectatorship which have dominated the feminist agenda within film studies for over two decades. Drawing on letters and questionnaires from over three hundred keen cinema-goers, Stacey investigates the significance of certain Hollywood stars in women's memories of wartime and postwar Britain. Three key processes of spectatorship - escapism, identification and consumption - are explored in detail in terms of their multiple and changing meanings for female spectators at this time. Star Gazing demonstrates the importance of cultural and national location for the meanings of female spectatorship, giving a new direction to questions of popular culture and female desire.

Cancer Care for the Whole Patient

Meeting Psychosocial Health Needs
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Psychosocial Services to Cancer Patients/Families in a Community Setting
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309134161
Category: Medical
Page: 454
View: 4601

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Cancer care today often provides state-of-the-science biomedical treatment, but fails to address the psychological and social (psychosocial) problems associated with the illness. This failure can compromise the effectiveness of health care and thereby adversely affect the health of cancer patients. Psychological and social problems created or exacerbated by cancer--including depression and other emotional problems; lack of information or skills needed to manage the illness; lack of transportation or other resources; and disruptions in work, school, and family life--cause additional suffering, weaken adherence to prescribed treatments, and threaten patients' return to health. Today, it is not possible to deliver high-quality cancer care without using existing approaches, tools, and resources to address patients' psychosocial health needs. All patients with cancer and their families should expect and receive cancer care that ensures the provision of appropriate psychosocial health services. Cancer Care for the Whole Patient recommends actions that oncology providers, health policy makers, educators, health insurers, health planners, researchers and research sponsors, and consumer advocates should undertake to ensure that this standard is met.

Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth

Assessing and Improving Child Health
Author: Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Evaluation of Children's Health
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309166607
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 641

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Children's health has clearly improved over the past several decades. Significant and positive gains have been made in lowering rates of infant mortality and morbidity from infectious diseases and accidental causes, improved access to health care, and reduction in the effects of environmental contaminants such as lead. Yet major questions still remain about how to assess the status of children's health, what factors should be monitored, and the appropriate measurement tools that should be used. Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth: Assessing and Improving Child Health provides a detailed examination of the information about children's health that is needed to help policy makers and program providers at the federal, state, and local levels. In order to improve children's health -- and, thus, the health of future generations -- it is critical to have data that can be used to assess both current conditions and possible future threats to children's health. This compelling book describes what is known about the health of children and what is needed to expand the knowledge. By strategically improving the health of children, we ensure healthier future generations to come.

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities:

Phase I
Author: Committee on the Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities-Phase I,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309255716
Category: Medical
Page: 412
View: 1890

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In the late 1980s, the National Cancer Institute initiated an investigation of cancer risks in populations near 52 commercial nuclear power plants and 10 Department of Energy nuclear facilities (including research and nuclear weapons production facilities and one reprocessing plant) in the United States. The results of the NCI investigation were used a primary resource for communicating with the public about the cancer risks near the nuclear facilities. However, this study is now over 20 years old. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requested that the National Academy of Sciences provide an updated assessment of cancer risks in populations near USNRC-licensed nuclear facilities that utilize or process uranium for the production of electricity. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 1 focuses on identifying scientifically sound approaches for carrying out an assessment of cancer risks associated with living near a nuclear facility, judgments about the strengths and weaknesses of various statistical power, ability to assess potential confounding factors, possible biases, and required effort. The results from this Phase 1 study will be used to inform the design of cancer risk assessment, which will be carried out in Phase 2. This report is beneficial for the general public, communities near nuclear facilities, stakeholders, healthcare providers, policy makers, state and local officials, community leaders, and the media.

Cyborgs and Barbie Dolls

Feminism, Popular Culture and the Posthuman Body
Author: Kim Toffoletti
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845114671
Category: Social Science
Page: 205
View: 4228

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Explores the idea of the 'posthuman' and the ways in which it is represented in popular culture. Drawing on the work of thinkers including Baudrillard, Donna Haraway and Rosi Braidotti, this book explores the nature of the human - and its ambiguous gender - in an age of biotechnologies and digital worlds.

Clinical Epidemiology & Evidence-Based Medicine

Fundamental Principles of Clinical Reasoning & Research
Author: David L. Katz
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506319653
Category: Psychology
Page: 320
View: 2976

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"The presentation is consistently excellent. One, the writing is lucid and organized in a way that should be very natural for the clinical reader. Two, the text requires no background in mathematics and uses a minimum of symbols. And, three, the methodological concepts and clinical issues are well integrated through a number of carefully prepared and comprehensive examples." Greg Samsa, Associate Director, Duke Center for Clinical Health Policy Research If a patient is older or younger than, sicker or healthier than, taller or shorter than or simply different from the subjects of a study, do the results pertain? Clinical Epidemiology & Evidence-based Medicine is a resource for all health-care workers involved in applying evidence to the care of their patients. Using clinical examples and citing liberally from the peer-reviewed literature, the book shows how statistical principles can improve medical decisions. Plus, as Katz shows how probability, risk and alternatives are fundamental considerations in all clinical decisions, he demonstrates the intuitive basis for using clinical epidemiolgy as a science underlying medical decisions. After reading this text, the practitioner should be better able to access, interpret, and apply evidence to patient care as well as better understand and control the process of medical decision making.

Queer Screen

A Screen Reader
Author: Jackie Stacey,Sarah Street
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415384315
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 304
View: 492

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Contains articles published in "Screen" between 1990 and 2004, spanning the period during which queer studies and the 'New Queer Cinema' flourished. This work addresses issues of bodies and technologies, as well as reprinting the debate, spanning several issues of the journal, about the 'queer' movie "Boys Don't Cry"

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging, Third Edition

Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives
Author: Carolyn M. Aldwin, Ph.D.,Heidi Igarashi, PhD,Diane Fox Gilmer, Ph.D.,Michael R. Levenson, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082613405X
Category: Social Science
Page: 424
View: 7560

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Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives, Third Edition shows the continuity and advancements in our understanding of human life-span development... It offers a solid foundation for exploring the art and science of successful aging.- Robert M. Kaplan, Stanford University

Communicating Care

The Contradictions of Hpv Vaccination Campaigns
Author: Lisa Linden
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789198085471
Category:
Page: 264
View: 6814

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In Communicating Care: The Contradictions of HPV Vaccination Campaigns, Lisa Linden examines three state-funded human papillomavirus (HPV) campaigns in Sweden. She shows that they include and articulate a range of different forms of care that are not limited to just asking people to "take care of themselves" or "care for others." Care is instead approached as a multilayered, contextual and contingent phenomenon with a heterogeneity of human and nonhuman components. In the study we encounter county council professionals, who try to communicate care to girls and their relatives, as well as material devices, such as an "HPV app," a Facebook campaign site and a vaccination trailer. Campaign media, interviews, and textual cancer narratives are analyzed using a feminist science and technology studies (STS) approach. The study gives new insights and a nuanced appreciation of the shifting and contradictory forms of care involved in public health and HPV vaccination campaigns. Lisa Linden is a researcher at the Department of Thematic Studies - Technology and Social Change at Linkoping University in Sweden. This is her PhD thesis."

Toxic Turmoil

Psychological and Societal Consequences of Ecological Disasters
Author: Johan Havenaar,Julie Cwikel,Evelyn J. Bromet
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461506239
Category: Psychology
Page: 279
View: 7006

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When an accident involves many people and when its consequences are many and serious, we speak of a disaster. Disasters have the same causal fac tors as accidents: they differ from accidents by the gravity of consequences, not by causes. The action of a single individual may result in thousands of deaths and huge financial losses. The metal fatigue of a screw may, by a chain of events, cause an explosion killing hundreds or lead to a break in a dam and a devastating flood. The fact that minor and unpredictable acts can lead to disasters is im portant because it allows us to predict that the years to come will bring with them more disasters with ever more severe consequences. The density ofhu man populations is growing. By the year 2025 some four fifths of the world's population will be living in urban settings. An explosion or a gas leak in a densely populated area will cause incomparably more damage than a simi lar event in a rural area. Modern technology is immensely powerful (and its power is continuing to grow) and can be used in a disastrous manner. Ag gression is just as possible now as it was in the past, but the tools of aggression are vastly more dangerous than ever before. This book, edited by Johan M. Havenaar, Julie G. Cwikel, and Evelyn J. Bromet, is therefore very timely.