Alternative Agrifood Movements

Patterns of Convergence and Divergence
Author: Douglas Constance,Marie-Christine Renard,Marta G. Rivera-Ferre
Publisher: Emerald Group Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781784410902
Category: Social Science
Page: 350
View: 9606

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This volume explores the issues of convergence and divergence in alternative agrifood movements through a theoretical and empirical engagement of the topic by notable agrifood researchers from Europe, North America and South America. It probes the degree to which the numerous alternative agrifood movements that have emerged in recent years in responce to the legitimation crisis of conventional agriculture have converged around a central alternative thesis or pursued divergent paths of development. Some alternative agrifood movements represent radical critiques of conventional agriculture that challenge the existing system while other movements engage in reformist and accommodative approaches that are viewed as complimentary. The book begins with chapters that enhance the theoretical discussions on the pathways and obstacles to convergence followed by empirical case studies on organics, food sovereignty, landless workers, alternative food systems, and food policy councils.

Agriculture and Rural Development in a Globalizing World

Challenges and Opportunities
Author: Prabhu Pingali,Gershon Feder
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315314045
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 404
View: 4300

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Rapid structural transformation and urbanization are transforming agriculture and food production in rural areas across the world. This textbook provides a comprehensive review and assessment of the multi-faceted nature of agriculture and rural development, particularly in the developing world, where the greatest challenges occur. It is designed around five thematic parts: Agricultural Intensification and Technical Change; Political Economy of Agricultural Policies; Community and Rural Institutions; Agriculture, Nutrition, and Health; and Future Relevance of International Institutions. Each chapter presents a detailed but accessible review of the literature on the specific topic and discusses the frontiers in research and institutional changes needed as societies adapt to the transformation processes. All authors are eminent scholars with international reputations, who have been actively engaged in the contemporary debates around agricultural development and rural transformation.

Developing Sustainable Agriculture and Community

Author: Lionel J. "Bo" Beaulieu,Jeffrey L. Jordan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317850602
Category: Social Science
Page: 104
View: 1992

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This book illustrates the ways in which communities can strengthen the links and set the stage for long-term partnerships between sustainable agriculture and sustainable rural community development initiatives. It provides lessons learned, first, from the community development literature that can help shape sustainable agriculture strategies, and second, from the sustainable agriculture literature that can prove useful in moulding sound and effective community development strategies. The threads that weave the chapters together is the commitment to a building and expanding the community capital resources that have important bearing on the sustainability of agriculture and the broader community of which it is a part. Certainly, the success of the agriculture/community partnerships is rooted in one critical ingredient – "social capital." To be effective over the long-term, sustainable development depends on a network of people, drawn from a wide array of interests, who have a strong trusting relationship with one another, and who are willing to work together in responding to the economic, environmental, and social challenges facing agriculture and community alike. At the same time, strategies that work to strengthen the stock of all seven types of community capitals are important to pursue. It is balanced investments in all seven types of community capitals that will contribute to the emergence of "community agency" -- the ability of local people to act in a proactive manner in managing, utilizing, and enhancing local resources. With the emergence of "community agency," an important step in the pursuit of a sustainable future for both agriculture and community is possible. This book was published as a special issue of Community Development.

Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan

Author: Iqrar Ahmad Khan,Muhammad Sarwar Khan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351208217
Category: Science
Page: 926
View: 2584

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Pakistan has a strong agrarian base and agriculture is its main factor in economic growth. Due to fixed cropping patterns, reliance on few major crops, narrow genetic pools, poor seed quality and changing climate, agriculture production is compromised throughout the country. This book provides an overview of trends and inadequacies in agriculture practices in Pakistan. It discusses land use, agricultural production and health, populace development, regional and international policies, and value-added products through improved supply-chain management. Ultimately identifying problems in the industry, it provides remedies to these problems and ways of moving forward towards improvement.

Farm Communities at the Crossroads

Challenge and Resistance
Author: University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center
Publisher: University of Regina Press
ISBN: 9780889771567
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 353
View: 8050

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In the last fifty years, farming and farm communities have been subject to relentless change in the face of an uncertain future.Farm Communities at the Crossroadsbrings together different areas of transformation and disciplines, offering a comprehensive set of perspectives on the transformation and possibilities of prairie rural communities in general and on farming in particular."

The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia

Author: Ian McAllister,Steve Dowrick,Riaz Hassan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139440479
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 8993

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First published in 2003, The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia is a high-quality reference on significant research in Australian social sciences. The book is divided into three main sections, covering the central areas of the social sciences-economics, political science and sociology. Each section examines the significant research in the field, placing it within the context of broader debates about the nature of the social sciences and the ways in which institutional changes have shaped how they are defined, taught and researched.

A Future for Regional Australia

Escaping Global Misfortune
Author: Ian Gray,Geoffrey Lawrence
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521002271
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 247
View: 3200

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This book interprets the predicament faced by Australia's regional people from their own perspective and proposes a means by which they can act together to find a secure future under globalisation. It argues that neoliberalism in combination with its 'real world' effects in economic policy are driving regional Australia further into social, environmental and economic decay. The book will be of great interest to all concerned about the future of regional Australia, and will make a lively and relevant text for students studying the social sciences in the countryside or in the major cities.

Guide to Sources for Agricultural and Biological Research

Author: J. Richard Blanchard,Lois Farrell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520032262
Category: Reference
Page: 735
View: 2481

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A guide to information sources including abstracts and indexes, library catalogs, government publications, review literature, book reviews, congresses and conferences, dissertations, research in progress, translations, dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri, abbreviations, directories, lists of periodicals, handbooks and yearbooks, works on experimental procedures, and classification systems.

Sociology in farming systems research

Author: Alistair J. Sutherland,Overseas Development Institute (London, England)
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 64
View: 7145

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Contested Agronomy

Agricultural Research in a Changing World
Author: James Sumberg,John Thompson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136450254
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 232
View: 2707

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The dramatic increases in food prices experienced over the last four years, and their effects of hunger and food insecurity, as well as human-induced climate change and its implications for agriculture, food production and food security, are key topics within the field of agronomy and agricultural research. Contested Agronomy addresses these issues by exploring key developments since the mid-1970s, focusing in particular on the emergence of the neoliberal project and the rise of the participation and environmental agendas, taking into consideration how these have had profound impacts on the practice of agronomic research in the developing world especially over the last four decades. This book explores, through a series of case studies, the basis for a much needed ‘political agronomy’ analysis that highlights the impacts of problem framing and narratives, historical disjunctures, epistemic communities and the increasing pressure to demonstrate ‘success’ on both agricultural research and the farmers, processors and consumers it is meant to serve. Whilst being a fascinating and thought-provoking read for professionals in the Agriculture and Environmental sciences, it will also appeal to students and researchers in agricultural policy, development studies, geography, public administration, rural sociology, and science and technology studies.

Gendered Fields

Rural Women, Agriculture, And Environment
Author: Carolyn E Sachs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429973438
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 7968

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Migration and Agriculture

Mobility and change in the Mediterranean area
Author: Alessandra Corrado,Carlos de Castro,Domenico Perrotta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131733440X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 370
View: 2426

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In recent years, Mediterranean agriculture has experienced important transformations which have led to new forms of labour and production, and in particular to a surge in the recruitment of migrant labour. The Mediterranean Basin represents a very interesting arena that is able to illustrate labour conditions and mobility, the competition among different farming models, and the consequences in terms of the proletarianization process, food crisis and diet changes. Migration and Agriculture brings together international contributors from across several disciplines to describe and analyse labour conditions and international migrations in relation to agri-food restructuring processes. This unique collection of articles connects migration issues with the proletarianization process and agrarian transitions that have affected Southern European as well as some Middle Eastern and Northern African countries in different ways. The chapters present case studies from a range of territories in the Mediterranean Basin, offering empirical data and theoretical analysis in order to grasp the complexity of the processes that are occurring. This book offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of migrations, territories and agro-food production in this key region, and will be an indispensable resource to scholars in migration studies, rural sociology, social geography and the political economy of agriculture.

Rural Wealth Creation

Author: John L. Pender,Bruce A. Weber,Thomas G. Johnson,J. Matthew Fannin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135121893
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 310
View: 4213

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This book investigates the role of wealth in achieving sustainable rural economic development. The authors define wealth as all assets net of liabilities that can contribute to well-being, and they provide examples of many forms of capital – physical, financial, human, natural, social, and others. They propose a conceptual framework for rural wealth creation that considers how multiple forms of wealth provide opportunities for rural development, and how development strategies affect the dynamics of wealth. They also provide a new accounting framework for measuring wealth stocks and flows. These conceptual frameworks are employed in case study chapters on measuring rural wealth and on rural wealth creation strategies. Rural Wealth Creation makes numerous contributions to research on sustainable rural development. Important distinctions are drawn to help guide wealth measurement, such as the difference between the wealth located within a region and the wealth owned by residents of a region, and privately owned versus publicly owned wealth. Case study chapters illustrate these distinctions and demonstrate how different forms of wealth can be measured. Several key hypotheses are proposed about the process of rural wealth creation, and these are investigated by case study chapters assessing common rural development strategies, such as promoting rural energy industries and amenity-based development. Based on these case studies, a typology of rural wealth creation strategies is proposed and an approach to mapping the potential of such strategies in different contexts is demonstrated. This book will be relevant to students, researchers, and policy makers looking at rural community development, sustainable economic development, and wealth measurement.

Water Policy and Governance in South Asia

Empowering Rural Communities
Author: M. Anwar Hossen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134996896
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 3291

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Dr. Hossen carried out an exceptional program of research in Bangladesh which focused on water governance in relation to human rights, international water law and environmental sustainability. His major argument is that eco-agricultural system encounters major disruptions due to a number of factors including regional hydropolitics and neoliberal and highly centralized approaches to water resource management that follow the principles of "ecocracy." In this context, Dr. Hossen explores three major questions: (i) How can local ecological knowledge be incorporated into national water policy? (ii) What strategies and reforms are required at the international watershed governance level? and (iii) How can human rights principles, including the principle of water as a human right, be used to formulate more effective water policy and governance principles? To answer these questions, Dr. Hossen explores the effects of regional hydropolitics on water management, focusing on three large engineering projects, the Farakka Barrage built by India on the Ganges River, and the Ganges-Kobodak (GK) and Gorai River Restoration (GRR) Projects in Bangladesh. This analysis is based on his research into local knowledge and farming practices during a year of fieldwork in 2011-12, focus group discussions, in-depth case studies and social survey methods. In addition to this primary data, he looks at extensive secondary documents from the government of Bangladesh pertaining to water management, agricultural modernization and institutional structures. The arguments herein are applicable particularly to the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin countries in South Asia but also to the river basins of other parts of the world.

Farmers' Cooperatives and Sustainable Food Systems in Europe

Author: Raquel Ajates Gonzalez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351216287
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 262
View: 401

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Farmers' cooperatives are very prevalent in the European Union, where they account for approximately half of agricultural trade and thus are key to articulating rural realities and in shaping the sustainability credentials of European food and farming. This book analyses to what extent farmers' cooperatives are working to benefit their members, are showing concern for their communities and are promoting cooperative economies. It offers a multilevel set of theoretical, disciplinary, methodological, empirical and social perspectives, using the UK and Spain as contrasting examples, and analyses whether agricultural cooperatives contribute to achieving sustainable food systems. The book presents empirical data from diverse and rich case studies, from large, international cooperatives, to small, multi-stakeholder initiatives. This provides an alternative viewpoint to that of economics, which tends to dominate the study of agricultural cooperatives. The author presents a new theoretical framework that provides a novel lens to study farmers’ cooperatives as organisations deeply embedded in power dynamics of the food system and agricultural policy that shape and constraint their potential to adopt cooperative and sustainable practices. The book is a major addition to the study of agricultural cooperatives and their impact in the development of fairer and more sustainable food systems and it is one of the first detailed accounts of multi-stakeholder food and farming cooperatives in Europe. It is a valuable resource for all scholars working on cooperatives, as well as for students studying agricultural and food policy, environmental justice and rural sociology.

Seeds and Synergies

Innovating Rural Development in China
Author: Yiching Song,Ronnie Vernooy
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 1853397059
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 136
View: 5769

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`The many connections that "seeds" have or can lead to for improving rural livelihoods and quality of life are fascinating and worth in-depth examination.' Norman Uphoff, former director of the Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development, Cornell University. --

Public Policy in Agriculture

Impact on Labor Supply and Household Income
Author: Ashok K. Mishra,Davide Viaggi,Sergio Gomez y Paloma
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317228995
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 370
View: 9338

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In recent years, developed countries have formulated public policies in agriculture ranging from supporting rural life and farm income to promoting sustainability of food and fibre production. Public Policy in Agriculture: Impact on Labor Supply and Household Income addresses the lack of empirical research in this area. It explores the impact of differing approaches to public policy through a series of international case studies, from the USA and Canada to South Korea, Norway, Slovenia and Taiwan. At a time when much of the developed world has been experiencing budget deficits and policy-makers and the public in general have re-opened the debate on public expenditures in the agricultural sector, this is a timely volume. Mishra, Viaggi and Gomez y Paloma have written an authoritative guide to agricultural public policy that will serve as a reference for academics, researchers, students, and policy-makers.

Farming for Us All

Practical Agriculture and the Cultivation of Sustainability
Author: Michael Mayerfeld Bell
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271046327
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 6973

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