Supersymmetry for Mathematicians

An Introduction
Author: V. S. Varadarajan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821835742
Category: Mathematics
Page: 300
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Supersymmetry has been the object of study by theoretical physicists since the early 1970's. In recent years it has attracted the interest of mathematicians because of its novelty, and because of significance, both in mathematics and physics, of the main issues it raises. This book presents the foundations of supersymmetry to the mathematically minded reader in a cogent and self-contained manner. It begins with a brief introduction to the physical foundations of the theory, especially the classification of relativistic particles and their wave equations, such as the equations of Dirac and Weyl. It then continues the development of the theory of supermanifolds stressing the analogy with the Grothendieck theory of schemes. All the super linear algebra needed for the book is developed here and the basic theorems are established: differential and integral calculus in supermanifolds, Frobenius theorem, foundations of the theory of super Lie groups, and so on. A special feature of the book is the treatment in depth of the theory of spinors in all dimensions and signatures, which is the basis of all developments of supergeometry both in physics and mathematics, especially in quantum field theory and supergravity.

Quantum Mechanics for Mathematicians


Author: Leon Armenovich Takhtadzhi͡an
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821846302
Category: Mathematics
Page: 387
View: 8853

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This book provides a comprehensive treatment of quantum mechanics from a mathematics perspective and is accessible to mathematicians starting with second-year graduate students. It addition to traditional topics, like classical mechanics, mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics, quantization, and the Schrodinger equation, this book gives a mathematical treatment of systems of identical particles with spin, and it introduces the reader to functional methods in quantum mechanics. This includes the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics, integration in functional spaces, the relation between Feynman and Wiener integrals, Gaussian integration and regularized determinants of differential operators, fermion systems and integration over anticommuting (Grassmann) variables, supersymmetry and localization in loop spaces, and supersymmetric derivation of the Atiyah-Singer formula for the index of the Dirac operator. Prior to this book, mathematicians could find these topics only in physics textbooks and in specialized literature. This book is written in a concise style with careful attention to precise mathematics formulation of methods and results.Numerous problems, from routine to advanced, help the reader to master the subject. In addition to providing a fundamental knowledge of quantum mechanics, this book could also serve as a bridge for studying more advanced topics in quantum physics, among them quantum field theory. Prerequisites include standard first-year graduate courses covering linear and abstract algebra, topology and geometry, and real and complex analysis.

Geometry of Quantum Theory


Author: Veeravalli Seshadri Varadarajan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461577063
Category: Science
Page: 193
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The present work is the first volume of a substantially enlarged version of the mimeographed notes of a course of lectures first given by me in the Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, India, during 1964-65. When it was suggested that these lectures be developed into a book, I readily agreed and took the opportunity to extend the scope of the material covered. No background in physics is in principle necessary for understand ing the essential ideas in this work. However, a high degree of mathematical maturity is certainly indispensable. It is safe to say that I aim at an audience composed of professional mathematicians, advanced graduate students, and, hopefully, the rapidly increasing group of mathematical physicists who are attracted to fundamental mathematical questions. Over the years, the mathematics of quantum theory has become more abstract and, consequently, simpler. Hilbert spaces have been used from the very beginning and, after Weyl and Wigner, group representations have come in conclusively. Recent discoveries seem to indicate that the role of group representations is destined for further expansion, not to speak of the impact of the theory of several complex variables and function-space analysis. But all of this pertains to the world of interacting subatomic particles; the more modest view of the microscopic world presented in this book requires somewhat less. The reader with a knowledge of abstract integration, Hilbert space theory, and topological groups will find the going easy.

Euler Through Time

A New Look at Old Themes
Author: V. S. Varadarajan
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 9780821835807
Category: Mathematics
Page: 302
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Euler is one of the greatest and most prolific mathematicians of all time. He wrote the first accessible books on calculus, created the theory of circular functions, and discovered new areas of research such as elliptic integrals, the calculus of variations, graph theory, divergent series, and so on. It took hundreds of years for his successors to develop in full the theories he began, and some of his themes are still at the center of today's mathematics. It is of great interest therefore to examine his work and its relation to current mathematics. This book attempts to do that. In number theory the discoveries he made empirically would require for their eventual understanding such sophisticated developments as the reciprocity laws and class field theory. His pioneering work on elliptic integrals is the precursor of the modern theory of abelian functions and abelian integrals. His evaluation of zeta and multizeta values is not only a fantastic and exciting story but very relevant to us, because they are at the confluence of much research in algebraic geometry and number theory today (Chapters 2 and 3 of the book). Anticipating his successors by more than a century, Euler created a theory of summation of series that do not converge in the traditional manner. Chapter 5 of the book treats the progression of ideas regarding divergent series from Euler to many parts of modern analysis and quantum physics. The last chapter contains a brief treatment of Euler products. Euler discovered the product formula over the primes for the zeta function as well as for a small number of what are now called Dirichlet $L$-functions. Here the book goes into the development of the theory of such Euler products and the role they play in number theory, thus offering the reader a glimpse of current developments (the Langlands program).

A Mathematical Introduction to Conformal Field Theory


Author: Martin Schottenloher
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540686282
Category: Science
Page: 249
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The first part of this book gives a self-contained and mathematically rigorous exposition of classical conformal symmetry in n dimensions and its quantization in two dimensions. The second part surveys some more advanced topics of conformal field theory.

Quantum Field Theory for Mathematicians


Author: Robin Ticciati,Robin (Maharishi University of Management Ticciati, Iowa)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521632652
Category: Mathematics
Page: 699
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This should be a useful reference for anybody with an interest in quantum theory.

Introduction to Supersymmetry


Author: Peter G. O. Freund
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521356756
Category: Science
Page: 152
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Just as ordinary symmetries relate various forms of matter to each other, and various basic forces to each other, so the novel concept of supersymmetry relates (Fermi) matter to (Bose) force. It is the aim of this book to provide a brief introductory description of the new physical and mathematical ideas involved in formulating supersymmetric theories. The book starts with a physical motivation of supersymmetry, a presentation of the mathematics of Lie superalgebras, supergroups and superspace. Techniques for constructing manifestly globally supersymmetric field theories are given, using the superfield formalism. To allow for a clear flow of ideas, the basic ideas and techniques are worked out in low space dimensionalities where the formulae do not obscure the concepts. Generalizations to four space-time dimensions are then readily come by. Some quantum aspects are discussed. Possible phenomenological applications are not emphasized. Supergravities, locally supersymmetric theories are then considered in 4 and 11 dimensions, in component formalism. An introduction to supersymmetry will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and particle physics, especially those working in quantum field theory, quantum gravity, general relativity and supergravity. The book will also be of interest to mathematicians with an interest in theoretical physics.

Supersymmetry in Mathematics and Physics

UCLA Los Angeles, USA 2010
Author: Sergio Ferrara,Rita Fioresi,Veeravalli Seshadri Varadarajan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642217435
Category: Mathematics
Page: 273
View: 4524

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Supersymmetry was created by the physicists in the 1970's to give a unified treatment of fermions and bosons, the basic constituents of matter. Since then its mathematical structure has been recognized as that of a new development in geometry, and mathematicians have busied themselves with exploring this aspect. This volume collects recent advances in this field, both from a physical and a mathematical point of view, with an accent on a rigorous treatment of the various questions raised.

Five Lectures on Supersymmetry


Author: Daniel S. Freed
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821871935
Category: Science
Page: 119
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The lectures featured in this book treat fundamental concepts necessary for understanding the physics behind these mathematical applications. Freed approaches the topic with the assumption that the basic notions of supersymmetric field theory are unfamiliar to most mathematicians. He presents the material intending to impart a firm grounding in the elementary ideas.

The Selected Works of V.S. Varadarajan


Author: V. S. Varadarajan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821810682
Category: Mathematics
Page: 630
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V.S. Varadarajan has made significant contributions to a remarkably broad range of mathematical subjects which include probability theory, various mathematical aspects of quantum mechanics, harmonic analysis on reductive groups and symmetric spaces, and the modern theory of meromorphic differential equations. The papers included in this volume have been selected to highlight these contributions. For other wonderful titles written by this author see: Euler through Time: A New Look at Old Themes, Supersymmetry for Mathematicians: An Introduction, The Mathematical Legacy of Harish-Chandra: A Celebration of Representation Theory and Harmonic Analysis, and Algebra in Ancient and Modern Times.

Analysis, Geometry, and Modeling in Finance

Advanced Methods in Option Pricing
Author: Pierre Henry-Labordère
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420087000
Category: Mathematics
Page: 391
View: 7309

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Analysis, Geometry, and Modeling in Finance: Advanced Methods in Option Pricing is the first book that applies advanced analytical and geometrical methods used in physics and mathematics to the financial field. It even obtains new results when only approximate and partial solutions were previously available. Through the problem of option pricing, the author introduces powerful tools and methods, including differential geometry, spectral decomposition, and supersymmetry, and applies these methods to practical problems in finance. He mainly focuses on the calibration and dynamics of implied volatility, which is commonly called smile. The book covers the Black–Scholes, local volatility, and stochastic volatility models, along with the Kolmogorov, Schrödinger, and Bellman–Hamilton–Jacobi equations. Providing both theoretical and numerical results throughout, this book offers new ways of solving financial problems using techniques found in physics and mathematics.

Supersymmetry and Supergravity


Author: Julius Wess,Jonathan Bagger
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691025308
Category: Science
Page: 259
View: 2641

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This widely acclaimed introduction to N = 1 supersymmetry and supergravity is aimed at readers familiar with relativistic quantum field theory who wish to learn about the supersymmetry algebra. In this new volume Supersymmetry and Supergravity has been greatly expanded to include a detailed derivation of the most general coupling of super-symmetric gauge theory to supergravity. The final result is the starting point for phenomenological studies of supersymmetric theories. The book is distinguished by its pedagogical approach to supersymmetry. It develops several topics in advanced field theory as the need arises. It emphasizes the logical coherence of the subject and should appeal to physicists whose interests range from the mathematical to the phenomenological. In praise of the first edition: "A beautiful exposition of the original ideas of Wess and Zumino in formulating N = 1 supersymmetry and supergravity theories, couched in the language of superfields introduced by Strathdee and the reviewer.... [All] serious students of particle physics would do well to acquire a copy."--Abdus Salam, Nature "An excellent introduction to this exciting area of theoretical physics."--C. J. Isham, Physics Bulletin

Algebra in Ancient and Modern Times


Author: V. S. Varadarajan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821809891
Category: Mathematics
Page: 142
View: 1953

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From the reviews: This is a fine book on two counts. First ... there is the singularly excellent treatment of the solution of biquadratic equations. Second, it paints a strong picture of mathematics as a very long sequence of accomplishments, each building on the ones before, in a way that beginning mathematicians can understand and appreciate it. It paints the picture in a concise and economical style, the style that mathematicians find elegant. I would particularly recommend Algebra in Ancient and Modern Times to strong high school students, to high school algebra teachers, to people who want a history of mathematics with a lot of mathematics in the history, and to anyone who needs to know how to find an analytic solution to a nasty fourth degree polynomial. --MAA Online Varadarajan spins a captivating tale, and the mathematics is first-rate. The book belongs on the shelf of any teacher of algebra ... The great treasure of this book is the discussion of the work of the great Hindu mathematicians Aryabhata (c.476-550), Brahmagupta (c.598-665), and Bhaskara (c.1114-1185). Teachers of mathematics history will be especially interested in Varadarajan's exposition of the remarkable cakravala, an algorithm for solving $X^2 - NY^2= \pm 1$. The book contains many exercises that enhance and supplement the text and that also include historical information. Many of the exercises ask readers to apply the historical techniques. Some of the exercises are quite difficult and will challenge any student. --Mathematics Teacher This text offers a special account of Indian work in diophantine equations during the 6th through 12th centuries and Italian work on solutions of cubic and biquadratic equations from the 11th through 16th centuries. The volume traces the historical development of algebra and the theory of equations from ancient times to the beginning of modern algebra, outlining some modern themes such as the fundamental theorem of algebra, Clifford algebras, and quaternions. It is geared toward undergraduates who have no background in calculus. V. S. Varadarajan is a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles.

The Little Book of String Theory


Author: Steven S. Gubser
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834433
Category: Science
Page: 184
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The Little Book of String Theory offers a short, accessible, and entertaining introduction to one of the most talked-about areas of physics today. String theory has been called the "theory of everything." It seeks to describe all the fundamental forces of nature. It encompasses gravity and quantum mechanics in one unifying theory. But it is unproven and fraught with controversy. After reading this book, you'll be able to draw your own conclusions about string theory. Steve Gubser begins by explaining Einstein's famous equation E = mc2 , quantum mechanics, and black holes. He then gives readers a crash course in string theory and the core ideas behind it. In plain English and with a minimum of mathematics, Gubser covers strings, branes, string dualities, extra dimensions, curved spacetime, quantum fluctuations, symmetry, and supersymmetry. He describes efforts to link string theory to experimental physics and uses analogies that nonscientists can understand. How does Chopin's Fantasie-Impromptu relate to quantum mechanics? What would it be like to fall into a black hole? Why is dancing a waltz similar to contemplating a string duality? Find out in the pages of this book. The Little Book of String Theory is the essential, most up-to-date beginner's guide to this elegant, multidimensional field of physics.

Lost in Math

How Beauty Leads Physics Astray
Author: Sabine Hossenfelder
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465094260
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 971

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A contrarian argues that modern physicists' obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth.

Quantum Field Theory

A Tourist Guide for Mathematicians
Author: G. B. Folland
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847058
Category: Mathematics
Page: 325
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Quantum field theory has been a great success for physics, but it is difficult for mathematicians to learn because it is mathematically incomplete. Folland, who is a mathematician, has spent considerable time digesting the physical theory and sorting out the mathematical issues in it. Fortunately for mathematicians, Folland is a gifted expositor. The purpose of this book is to present the elements of quantum field theory, with the goal of understanding the behavior of elementary particles rather than building formal mathematical structures, in a form that will be comprehensible to mathematicians. Rigorous definitions and arguments are presented as far as they are available, but the text proceeds on a more informal level when necessary, with due care in identifying the difficulties. The book begins with a review of classical physics and quantum mechanics, then proceeds through the construction of free quantum fields to the perturbation-theoretic development of interacting field theory and renormalization theory, with emphasis on quantum electrodynamics. The final two chapters present the functional integral approach and the elements of gauge field theory, including the Salam-Weinberg model of electromagnetic and weak interactions.

Elliptic Partial Differential Equations


Author: Qing Han,Fanghua Lin
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821853139
Category: Mathematics
Page: 147
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Elliptic Partial Differential Equations by Qing Han and FangHua Lin is one of the best textbooks I know. It is the perfect introduction to PDE. In 150 pages or so it covers an amazing amount of wonderful and extraordinary useful material. I have used it as a textbook at both graduate and undergraduate levels which is possible since it only requires very little background material yet it covers an enormous amount of material. In my opinion it is a must read for all interested in analysis and geometry, and for all of my own PhD students it is indeed just that. I cannot say enough good things about it--it is a wonderful book. --Tobias Colding This volume is based on PDE courses given by the authors at the Courant Institute and at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. Presented are basic methods for obtaining various a priori estimates for second-order equations of elliptic type with particular emphasis on maximal principles, Harnack inequalities, and their applications. The equations considered in the book are linear; however, the presented methods also apply to nonlinear problems. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and in a new chapter the authors discuss several methods for proving the existence of solutions of primarily the Dirichlet problem for various types of elliptic equations.

Quantum Field Theory, Supersymmetry, and Enumerative Geometry


Author: Daniel S. Freed,David R. Morrison,Isadore Manuel Singer
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821834312
Category: Mathematics
Page: 285
View: 304

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Each summer the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute Graduate Summer School gathers some of the best researchers and educators in a particular field to present diverse sets of lectures. This volume presents three weeks of lectures given at the Summer School on Quantum Field Theory, Super symmetry, and Enumerative Geometry, three very active research areas in mathematics and theoretical physics. With this volume, the Park City Mathematics Institute returns to the general topic of the first institute: the interplay between quantum field theory and mathematics.Two major themes at this institute were super symmetry and algebraic geometry, particularly enumerative geometry. The volume contains two lecture series on methods of enumerative geometry that have their roots in QFT. The first series covers the Schubert calculus and quantum cohomology. The second discusses methods from algebraic geometry for computing Gromov-Witten invariants. There are also three sets of lectures of a more introductory nature: an overview of classical field theory and super symmetry, an introduction to supermanifolds, and an introduction to general relativity. This volume is recommended for independent study and is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in geometry and physics.