Subjectivity and Truth

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1980-1981
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349739006
Category: Philosophy
Page: 331
View: 6519

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“The working hypothesis is this: it is true that sexuality as experience is obviously not independent of codes and systems of prohibitions, but it needs to be recalled straightaway that these codes are astonishingly stable, continuous, and slow to change. It needs to be recalled also that the way in which they are observed or transgressed also seems to be very stable and very repetitive. On the other hand, the point of historical mobility, what no doubt change most often, what are most fragile, are modalities of experience.” - Michel Foucault In 1981 Foucault delivered a course of lectures which marked a decisive reorientation in his thought and of the project of a History of Sexuality outlined in 1976. It was in these lectures that arts of living became the focal point around which he developed a new way of thinking about subjectivity. It was also the moment when Foucault problematized a conception of ethics understood as the patient elaboration of a relationship of self to self. It was the study of the sexual experience of the Ancients that made these new conceptual developments possible. Within this framework, Foucault examined medical writings, tracts on marriage, the philosophy of love, or the prognostic value of erotic dreams, for evidence of a structuration of the subject in his relationship to pleasures (aphrodisia) which is prior to the modern construction of a science of sexuality as well as to the Christian fearful obsession with the flesh. What was actually at stake was establishing that the imposition of a scrupulous and interminable hermeneutics of desire was the invention of Christianity. But to do this it was necessary to establish the irreducible specificity of ancient techniques of self. In these lectures, which clearly foreshadow The Use of Pleasures and The Care of Self, Foucault examines the Greek subordination of gender differences to the primacy of an opposition between active and passive, as well as the development by Imperial stoicism of a model of the conjugal bond which advocates unwavering fidelity and shared feelings and which leads to the disqualification of homosexuality.

The Hermeneutics of the Subject

Lectures at the Collège de France 1981--1982
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0312425708
Category: Philosophy
Page: 566
View: 2540

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A third collection of lectures at the Collge de France sheds new light on the concepts of the "self" and the "care of the self" have been conceived in ancient philosophy, beginning with Socrates, arguing that the problems of the ethical formation of the self form the foundation for modern conceptions of the self and contemporary moral thought. Reprint. 10,000 first printing.

On the Government of the Living

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1979-1980
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250081610
Category: Philosophy
Page: 384
View: 1422

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In these lectures delivered in 1980, Michel Foucault gives an important new inflection to his history of “regimes of truth.” Following on from the themes of knowledge-power and governmentality, he turns his attention here to the ethical domain of practices of techniques of the self. Why and how, he asks, does the exercise of power as government demand not only acts of obedience and submission, but “truth acts” in which individuals subject to relations of power are also required to be subjects in procedures of truth-telling? How and why are subjects required not just to tell the truth, but to tell the truth about themselves? These questions lead to a re-reading of Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and, through an examination of the texts of Tertullian, Cassian, and others, to an analysis of the ‘truth acts’ in early Christian practices of baptism, penance, and spiritual direction in which believers are called upon to manifest the truth of themselves as subjects always danger of falling into sin. In the public expression of the subject’s condition as a sinner, in the rituals of repentance and penance, and in the detailed verbalization of thoughts in the examination of conscience, we see the organization of a pastoral system focused upon confession.

Lectures on the Will to Know


Author: M. Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137044861
Category: Philosophy
Page: 293
View: 405

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In the first of his annual series of lectures at the Collège de France, Foucault develops a vigorous Nietzschean history of the will to know through an analysis of changing procedures of truth, legal forms, and class struggles in ancient Greece.

"Society Must Be Defended"

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-1976
Author: Michel Foucault,Mauro Bertani,Alessandro Fontana,Francois Ewald
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312422660
Category: History
Page: 310
View: 9407

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Exploring the interrelationship between war and politics, a series of lectures by the late French philosopher traces the evolution of a new understanding of society and its relation to war, revealing war as the permanent basis of all institutions of power. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

Psychiatric Power

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1973--1974
Author: Michel Foucault,Jacques Lagrange,Graham Burchell
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312203313
Category: Medical
Page: 416
View: 3925

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A historical investigation into the practice of psychiatric medicine in the western world chronicles its evolution, offering insight into how diagnoses and treatments changed throughout time and how modern social and political attitudes toward mental illness have developed, in a collection of philosophical lectures. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

The Punitive Society

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1972-1973
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137532092
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 3572

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These thirteen lectures on the 'punitive society,' delivered at the Collège de France in the first three months of 1973, examine the way in which the relations between justice and truth that govern modern penal law were forged, and question what links them to the emergence of a new punitive regime that still dominates contemporary society.

Security, Territory, Population

Lectures at the College De France, 1977 - 78
Author: M. Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230245072
Category: History
Page: 417
View: 2659

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This book derives from Foucault's lectures at the College de France between January and April 1978, which can be seen as a radical turning point in his thought. Focusing on 'bio-power', he studies the foundations of this new technology of power over population and explores the technologies of security and the history of 'governmentality'.

Abnormal

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1974-1975
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Picador
ISBN: 1429974052
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 9365

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From 1971 until his death in 1984, Foucault gave public lectures at the world-famous College de France. Attended by thousands, these were seminal events in the world of French letters. Picador is proud to be publishing the lectures in thirteen volumes. The lectures comprising Abnormal begin by examining the role of psychiatry in modern criminal justice, and its method of categorizing individuals who "resemble their crime before they commit it." Building on the themes of societal self-defense in "Society Must Be Defended," Foucault shows how and why defining "abnormality" and "normality" were preorogatives of power in the nineteenth century. The College de France lectures add immeasurably to our appreciation of Foucault's work and offer a unique window into his thinking.

Naisscance de la Biopolitique : Cours Au College de France, 1978-1979


Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Picador USA
ISBN: 0312203411
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 8091

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A sixth compilation of lectures delivered at the Collège de France between 1970 and 1984 continues the speaker's coverage of 18th-century political economy, evaluating its role in the origins of a liberal governmental rationality that is at the heart of current debates about the role and status of neo-liberalism today. 10,000 first printing. Reprint.

The Courage of Truth

The Government of Self and Others II; Lectures at the Collège de France, 1983--1984
Author: Michel Foucault,Arnold I. Davidson,Graham Burchell
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250009103
Category: Philosophy
Page: 364
View: 3626

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The Courage of the Truth is the last course that Michel Foucault delivered at the Collège de France. Here, he continues the theme of the previous year's lectures in exploring the notion of "truth-telling" in politics to establish a number of ethically irreducible conditions based on courage and conviction. His death, on June 25th, 1984, tempts us to detect the philosophical testament in these lectures, especially in view of the prominence they give to the themes of life and death.

The Politics of Possibility

Risk and Security Beyond Probability
Author: Louise Amoore
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822377268
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 9895

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Since September 11, 2001, the imagination of "low probability, high consequence" events has become a distinctive feature of contemporary politics. Uncertain futures—devastation by terrorist attack, cyber crime, flood, financial market collapse—must be discerned and responded to as possibilities, however improbable they may be. In The Politics of Possibility, Louise Amoore examines this development, tracing its genealogy through the diverse worlds of risk management consulting, computer science, commercial logistics, and data visualization. She focuses on the increasingly symbiotic relationship between commercial opportunities and state security threats, a relation that turns the trusted, iris-scanned traveler into "a person of national security interest," and the designer of risk algorithms for casino and insurance fraud into a homeland security resource. Juxtaposing new readings of Agamben, Foucault, Derrida, Massumi, and Connolly with interpretations of post–9/11 novels and artworks, Amoore analyzes the "politics of possibility" and its far-reaching implications for society, associative life, and political accountability.

Security, Territory, Population

Lectures at the Collège de France 1977--1978
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312203603
Category: Philosophy
Page: 417
View: 9976

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Marking a major development in Foucault's thinking, this book takes as its starting point the notion of "biopower," studying the foundations of this new technology of power over populations. Distinct from punitive disciplinary systems, the mechanisms of power are here finely entwined with the technologies of security. In this volume, though, Foucault begins to turn his attention to the history of "governmentality," from the first centuries of the Christian era to the emergence of the modern nation state--shifting the center of gravity of the lectures from the question of biopower to that of government. In light of Foucault's later work, these lectures illustrate a radical turning point at which the transition to the problematic of the "government of self and others" would begin.

Foucault

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Gary Gutting
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192805576
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 124
View: 443

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From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault strove to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. He rejected old models of thinking and replaced them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies, he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy. Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality.

Race and the Education of Desire

Foucault's History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things
Author: Ann Laura Stoler
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822316909
Category: Psychology
Page: 237
View: 2103

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Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality has been one of the most influential books of the last two decades. It has had an enormous impact on cultural studies and work across many disciplines on gender, sexuality, and the body. Bringing a new set of questions to this key work, Ann Laura Stoler examines volume one of History of Sexuality in an unexplored light. She asks why there has been such a muted engagement with this work among students of colonialism for whom issues of sexuality and power are so essential. Why is the colonial context absent from Foucault's history of a European sexual discourse that for him defined the bourgeois self? InRace and the Education of Desire, Stoler challenges Foucault's tunnel vision of the West and his marginalization of empire. She also argues that this first volume ofHistory of Sexuality contains a suggestive if not studied treatment of race. Drawing on Foucault's little-known 1976 College de France lectures, Stoler addresses his treatment of the relationship between biopower, bourgeois sexuality, and what he identified as “racisms of the state.” In this critical and historically grounded analysis based on cultural theory and her own extensive research in Dutch and French colonial archives, Stoler suggests how Foucault's insights have in the past constrained—and in the future may help shape—the ways we trace the genealogies of race. Race and the Education of Desire will revise current notions of the connections between European and colonial historiography and between the European bourgeois order and the colonial treatment of sexuality. Arguing that a history of European nineteenth-century sexuality must also be a history of race, it will change the way we think about Foucault.

Historical Ontology


Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674016071
Category: Philosophy
Page: 279
View: 9694

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With the unusual clarity, distinctive and engaging style, and penetrating insight that have drawn such a wide range of readers to his work, Ian Hacking here offers his reflections on the philosophical uses of history. The focus of this volume, which collects both recent and now-classic essays, is the historical emergence of concepts and objects, through new uses of words and sentences in specific settings, and new patterns or styles of reasoning within those sentences. In its lucid and thoroughgoing look at the historical dimension of concepts, the book is at once a systematic formulation of Hacking's approach and its relation to other types of intellectual history, and a valuable contribution to philosophical understanding. Hacking opens the volume with an extended meditation on the philosophical significance of history. The importance of Michel Foucault--for the development of this theme, and for Hacking's own work in intellectual history--emerges in the following chapters, which place Hacking's classic essays on Foucault within the wider context of general reflections on historical methodology. Against this background, Hacking then develops ideas about how language, styles of reasoning, and "psychological" phenomena figure in the articulation of concepts--and in the very prospect of doing philosophy as historical ontology.

The Government of Self and Others

Lectures at the College de France, 1982-1983
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429961708
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 6232

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This lecture, given by Michel Foucault at the Collège de France, launches an inquiry into the notion of parresia and continues his rereading of ancient philosophy. Through the study of this notion of truth-telling, of speaking out freely, Foucault re-examines Greek citizenship, showing how the courage of the truth forms the forgotten ethical basis of Athenian democracy. The figure of the philosopher king, the condemnation of writing, and Socrates’ rejection of political involvement are some of the many topics of ancient philosophy revisited here.

Contemporary Anarchist Studies

An Introductory Anthology of Anarchy in the Academy
Author: Randall Amster,Abraham DeLeon,Luis Fernandez,Anthony J. Nocella, II,Deric Shannon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134026439
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 7069

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This volume of collected essays by some of the most prominent academics studying anarchism bridges the gap between anarchist activism on the streets and anarchist theory in the academy. Focusing on anarchist theory, pedagogy, methodologies, praxis, and the future, this edition will strike a chord for anyone interested in radical social change. This interdisciplinary work highlights connections between anarchism and other perspectives such as feminism, queer theory, critical race theory, disability studies, post-modernism and post-structuralism, animal liberation, and environmental justice. Featuring original articles, this volume brings together a wide variety of anarchist voices whilst stressing anarchism's tradition of dissent. This book is a must buy for the critical teacher, student, and activist interested in the state of the art of anarchism studies.

Foucault


Author: José Guilherme Merquior
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520060623
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 188
View: 2096

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Offers a brief profile of the French philosopher, examines his writings on madness, sexuality and power, and discusses the political implications of his work

Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers


Author: J.M. Steele
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401595283
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 4333

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Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.