Subjectivity and Truth

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1980-1981
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349739006
Category: Philosophy
Page: 331
View: 7719

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“The working hypothesis is this: it is true that sexuality as experience is obviously not independent of codes and systems of prohibitions, but it needs to be recalled straightaway that these codes are astonishingly stable, continuous, and slow to change. It needs to be recalled also that the way in which they are observed or transgressed also seems to be very stable and very repetitive. On the other hand, the point of historical mobility, what no doubt change most often, what are most fragile, are modalities of experience.” - Michel Foucault In 1981 Foucault delivered a course of lectures which marked a decisive reorientation in his thought and of the project of a History of Sexuality outlined in 1976. It was in these lectures that arts of living became the focal point around which he developed a new way of thinking about subjectivity. It was also the moment when Foucault problematized a conception of ethics understood as the patient elaboration of a relationship of self to self. It was the study of the sexual experience of the Ancients that made these new conceptual developments possible. Within this framework, Foucault examined medical writings, tracts on marriage, the philosophy of love, or the prognostic value of erotic dreams, for evidence of a structuration of the subject in his relationship to pleasures (aphrodisia) which is prior to the modern construction of a science of sexuality as well as to the Christian fearful obsession with the flesh. What was actually at stake was establishing that the imposition of a scrupulous and interminable hermeneutics of desire was the invention of Christianity. But to do this it was necessary to establish the irreducible specificity of ancient techniques of self. In these lectures, which clearly foreshadow The Use of Pleasures and The Care of Self, Foucault examines the Greek subordination of gender differences to the primacy of an opposition between active and passive, as well as the development by Imperial stoicism of a model of the conjugal bond which advocates unwavering fidelity and shared feelings and which leads to the disqualification of homosexuality.

"Society Must Be Defended"

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-1976
Author: Michel Foucault,Mauro Bertani,Alessandro Fontana,Francois Ewald
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312422660
Category: History
Page: 310
View: 5433

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Exploring the interrelationship between war and politics, a series of lectures by the late French philosopher traces the evolution of a new understanding of society and its relation to war, revealing war as the permanent basis of all institutions of power. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

On the Government of the Living

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1979-1980
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250081610
Category: Philosophy
Page: 384
View: 7015

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In these lectures delivered in 1980, Michel Foucault gives an important new inflection to his history of “regimes of truth.” Following on from the themes of knowledge-power and governmentality, he turns his attention here to the ethical domain of practices of techniques of the self. Why and how, he asks, does the exercise of power as government demand not only acts of obedience and submission, but “truth acts” in which individuals subject to relations of power are also required to be subjects in procedures of truth-telling? How and why are subjects required not just to tell the truth, but to tell the truth about themselves? These questions lead to a re-reading of Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and, through an examination of the texts of Tertullian, Cassian, and others, to an analysis of the ‘truth acts’ in early Christian practices of baptism, penance, and spiritual direction in which believers are called upon to manifest the truth of themselves as subjects always danger of falling into sin. In the public expression of the subject’s condition as a sinner, in the rituals of repentance and penance, and in the detailed verbalization of thoughts in the examination of conscience, we see the organization of a pastoral system focused upon confession.

Lectures on the Will to Know


Author: M. Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137044861
Category: Philosophy
Page: 293
View: 5520

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In the first of his annual series of lectures at the Collège de France, Foucault develops a vigorous Nietzschean history of the will to know through an analysis of changing procedures of truth, legal forms, and class struggles in ancient Greece.

Security, Territory, Population

Lectures at the Collège de France 1977--1978
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312203603
Category: Philosophy
Page: 417
View: 3407

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Marking a major development in Foucault's thinking, this book takes as its starting point the notion of "biopower," studying the foundations of this new technology of power over populations. Distinct from punitive disciplinary systems, the mechanisms of power are here finely entwined with the technologies of security. In this volume, though, Foucault begins to turn his attention to the history of "governmentality," from the first centuries of the Christian era to the emergence of the modern nation state--shifting the center of gravity of the lectures from the question of biopower to that of government. In light of Foucault's later work, these lectures illustrate a radical turning point at which the transition to the problematic of the "government of self and others" would begin.

The Hermeneutics of the Subject

Lectures at the Collège de France 1981--1982
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0312425708
Category: Philosophy
Page: 566
View: 656

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A third collection of lectures at the Collge de France sheds new light on the concepts of the "self" and the "care of the self" have been conceived in ancient philosophy, beginning with Socrates, arguing that the problems of the ethical formation of the self form the foundation for modern conceptions of the self and contemporary moral thought. Reprint. 10,000 first printing.

Psychiatric Power

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1973--1974
Author: Michel Foucault,Jacques Lagrange,Graham Burchell
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312203313
Category: Medical
Page: 416
View: 4293

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A historical investigation into the practice of psychiatric medicine in the western world chronicles its evolution, offering insight into how diagnoses and treatments changed throughout time and how modern social and political attitudes toward mental illness have developed, in a collection of philosophical lectures. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.

The Punitive Society

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1972-1973
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137532092
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 2881

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These thirteen lectures on the 'punitive society,' delivered at the Collège de France in the first three months of 1973, examine the way in which the relations between justice and truth that govern modern penal law were forged, and question what links them to the emergence of a new punitive regime that still dominates contemporary society.

Abnormal

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1974-1975
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Picador
ISBN: 1429974052
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 1668

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From 1971 until his death in 1984, Foucault gave public lectures at the world-famous College de France. Attended by thousands, these were seminal events in the world of French letters. Picador is proud to be publishing the lectures in thirteen volumes. The lectures comprising Abnormal begin by examining the role of psychiatry in modern criminal justice, and its method of categorizing individuals who "resemble their crime before they commit it." Building on the themes of societal self-defense in "Society Must Be Defended," Foucault shows how and why defining "abnormality" and "normality" were preorogatives of power in the nineteenth century. The College de France lectures add immeasurably to our appreciation of Foucault's work and offer a unique window into his thinking.

Security, Territory, Population

Lectures at the College De France, 1977 - 78
Author: M. Foucault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230245072
Category: History
Page: 417
View: 956

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This book derives from Foucault's lectures at the College de France between January and April 1978, which can be seen as a radical turning point in his thought. Focusing on 'bio-power', he studies the foundations of this new technology of power over population and explores the technologies of security and the history of 'governmentality'.

Naisscance de la Biopolitique : Cours Au College de France, 1978-1979


Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Picador USA
ISBN: 0312203411
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 2457

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A sixth compilation of lectures delivered at the Collège de France between 1970 and 1984 continues the speaker's coverage of 18th-century political economy, evaluating its role in the origins of a liberal governmental rationality that is at the heart of current debates about the role and status of neo-liberalism today. 10,000 first printing. Reprint.

The Courage of Truth

The Government of Self and Others II; Lectures at the Collège de France, 1983--1984
Author: Michel Foucault,Arnold I. Davidson,Graham Burchell
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250009103
Category: Philosophy
Page: 364
View: 7337

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The Courage of the Truth is the last course that Michel Foucault delivered at the Collège de France. Here, he continues the theme of the previous year's lectures in exploring the notion of "truth-telling" in politics to establish a number of ethically irreducible conditions based on courage and conviction. His death, on June 25th, 1984, tempts us to detect the philosophical testament in these lectures, especially in view of the prominence they give to the themes of life and death.

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971374
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 7975

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

The Politics of Possibility

Risk and Security Beyond Probability
Author: Louise Amoore
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822377268
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 9942

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Since September 11, 2001, the imagination of "low probability, high consequence" events has become a distinctive feature of contemporary politics. Uncertain futures—devastation by terrorist attack, cyber crime, flood, financial market collapse—must be discerned and responded to as possibilities, however improbable they may be. In The Politics of Possibility, Louise Amoore examines this development, tracing its genealogy through the diverse worlds of risk management consulting, computer science, commercial logistics, and data visualization. She focuses on the increasingly symbiotic relationship between commercial opportunities and state security threats, a relation that turns the trusted, iris-scanned traveler into "a person of national security interest," and the designer of risk algorithms for casino and insurance fraud into a homeland security resource. Juxtaposing new readings of Agamben, Foucault, Derrida, Massumi, and Connolly with interpretations of post–9/11 novels and artworks, Amoore analyzes the "politics of possibility" and its far-reaching implications for society, associative life, and political accountability.

Marx at the Margins

On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies
Author: Kevin B. Anderson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022634570X
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 7210

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In Marx at the Margins, Kevin Anderson uncovers a variety of extensive but neglected texts by Marx that cast what we thought we knew about his work in a startlingly different light. Analyzing a variety of Marx’s writings, including journalistic work written for the New York Tribune, Anderson presents us with a Marx quite at odds with conventional interpretations. Rather than providing us with an account of Marx as an exclusively class-based thinker, Anderson here offers a portrait of Marx for the twenty-first century: a global theorist whose social critique was sensitive to the varieties of human social and historical development, including not just class, but nationalism, race, and ethnicity, as well. Through highly informed readings of work ranging from Marx’s unpublished 1879–82 notebooks to his passionate writings about the antislavery cause in the United States, this volume delivers a groundbreaking and canon-changing vision of Karl Marx that is sure to provoke lively debate in Marxist scholarship and beyond. For this expanded edition, Anderson has written a new preface that discusses the additional 1879–82 notebook material, as well as the influence of the Russian-American philosopher Raya Dunayevskaya on his thinking.

Technicians of Human Dignity

Bodies, Souls, and the Making of Intrinsic Worth
Author: Gaymon Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823267776
Category: Medical
Page: 316
View: 2838

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Technicians of Human Dignity traces the extraordinary rise of human dignity as a defining concern of religious, political, and bioethical institutions over the last half century and offers original insight into how human dignity has become threatened by its own success. The global expansion of dignitarian politics has left dignity without a stable set of meanings or referents, unsettling contemporary economies of life and power. Engaging anthropology, theology, and bioethics, Bennett grapples with contemporary efforts to mobilize human dignity as a counter-response to the biopolitics of the human body, and the breakdowns this has generated. To do this, he investigates how actors in pivotal institutions --the Vatican, the United Nations, U.S. Federal Bioethics--reconceived human dignity as the bearer of intrinsic worth, only to become frustrated by the Sisyphean struggle of turning its conceptions into practice.

The Government of Self and Others

Lectures at the College de France, 1982-1983
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429961708
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 3902

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This lecture, given by Michel Foucault at the Collège de France, launches an inquiry into the notion of parresia and continues his rereading of ancient philosophy. Through the study of this notion of truth-telling, of speaking out freely, Foucault re-examines Greek citizenship, showing how the courage of the truth forms the forgotten ethical basis of Athenian democracy. The figure of the philosopher king, the condemnation of writing, and Socrates’ rejection of political involvement are some of the many topics of ancient philosophy revisited here.

Foucault

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Gary Gutting
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192805576
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 124
View: 1867

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From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault strove to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. He rejected old models of thinking and replaced them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies, he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy. Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality.

Historical Ontology


Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674016071
Category: Philosophy
Page: 279
View: 4821

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With the unusual clarity, distinctive and engaging style, and penetrating insight that have drawn such a wide range of readers to his work, Ian Hacking here offers his reflections on the philosophical uses of history. The focus of this volume, which collects both recent and now-classic essays, is the historical emergence of concepts and objects, through new uses of words and sentences in specific settings, and new patterns or styles of reasoning within those sentences. In its lucid and thoroughgoing look at the historical dimension of concepts, the book is at once a systematic formulation of Hacking's approach and its relation to other types of intellectual history, and a valuable contribution to philosophical understanding. Hacking opens the volume with an extended meditation on the philosophical significance of history. The importance of Michel Foucault--for the development of this theme, and for Hacking's own work in intellectual history--emerges in the following chapters, which place Hacking's classic essays on Foucault within the wider context of general reflections on historical methodology. Against this background, Hacking then develops ideas about how language, styles of reasoning, and "psychological" phenomena figure in the articulation of concepts--and in the very prospect of doing philosophy as historical ontology.

The Taming of Chance


Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521388849
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 6164

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This book combines detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve.