Structure, Content and Meaning of Organizational Networks

Extending Network Thinking
Author: Stephen P. Borgatti
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787144348
Category:
Page: 220
View: 3614

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This volume explores recent advances in network research, strengthening theorizing on social structures and meaning in and between organizational networks. The volume will interest researchers seeking to explain organizational phenomena through the analysis of communications and information from archival/secondary electronic sources.

Frontiers of Creative Industries

Exploring Structural and Categorical Dynamics
Author: Candace Jones,Massimo Maoret
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787438384
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 9690

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Creative industries are a growing and globally important area for both economic vitality and cultural expression of industrialized nations. This volume examines their institutional, categorical and structural dynamics to provide an overview of new trends and emerging issues in scholarship on this topic.

Managing Organizations

Current Issues
Author: Stewart R Clegg,Cynthia Hardy,Walter R Nord
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446205304
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 6813

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In Managing Organizations Stewart Clegg, Cynthia Hardy and Walter Nord explore the major issues and debates in management and organization. The textbook addresses key topics such as leadership, decision-making and innovation in organizations alongside such themes as diversity, globalization and ecology. Students and teachers of management will find this a comprehensive and wide-ranging resource on the core issues for contemporary managers and organizations.

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism


Author: Royston Greenwood,Christine Oliver,Thomas B. Lawrence,Renate E. Meyer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526415054
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 928
View: 3147

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The second edition of the bestselling The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism has been thoroughly revised with new chapters added, bringing together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory.

Bowling Alone

The Collapse and Revival of American Community
Author: Robert D. Putnam
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743203046
Category: History
Page: 541
View: 6149

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Shows how changes in work, family structure, women's roles, and other factors have caused people to become increasingly disconnected from family, friends, neighbors, and democratic structures--and how they may reconnect.

Knowledge Creation

A Source of Value
Author: NA NA
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349627534
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 266
View: 3990

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The creation and management of knowledge has become a central concern to business and management, both as a source of value and as an opportunity to achieve and sustain competitive advantage. This new book brings together leading thinkers in the area of knowledge and innovation management in a state of the art collection of studies in this field.

The New Handbook of Organizational Communication

Advances in Theory, Research, and Methods
Author: Fredric M. Jablin,Linda L. Putnam
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412915250
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 911
View: 9308

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Organizational communication as a discipline grew tremendously over the latter part of the twentieth century, but accompanying that growth has been a struggle to establish a clear identity for the field. The ongoing evolution of complex organizations in an equally complex global environment has scholars continuing to define and redefine the focus, boundaries, and future of the field. The New Handbook of Organizational Communication is a landmark volume that weaves together the various threads of this interdisciplinary area of scholarship.

Organizational Linkages

Understanding the Productivity Paradox
Author: Panel on Organizational Linkages,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309521602
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 299
View: 5340

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By one analysis, a 12 percent annual increase in data processing budgets for U.S. corporations has yielded annual productivity gains of less than 2 percent. Why? This timely book provides some insights by exploring the linkages among individual, group, and organizational productivity. The authors examine how to translate workers' productivity increases into gains for the entire organization, and discuss why huge investments in automation and other innovations have failed to boost productivity. Leading experts explore how processes such as problem solving prompt changes in productivity and how inertia and other characteristics of organizations stall productivity. The book examines problems in productivity measurement and presents solutions. Also examined in this useful book are linkage issues in the fields of software engineering and computer-aided design and why organizational downsizing has not resulted in commensurate productivity gains. Important theoretical and practical implications contribute to this volume's usefulness to business and technology managers, human resources specialists, policymakers, and researchers.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis


Author: John Scott,Peter J. Carrington
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1847873952
Category: Social Science
Page: 622
View: 7209

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This sparkling Handbook offers an unrivalled resource for those engaged in the cutting edge field of social network analysis. Systematically, it introduces readers to the key concepts, substantive topics, central methods and prime debates. Among the specific areas covered are: Network theory Interdisciplinary applications Online networks Corporate networks Lobbying networks Deviant networks Measuring devices Key Methodologies Software applications. The result is a peerless resource for teachers and students which offers a critical survey of the origins, basic issues and major debates. The Handbook provides a one-stop guide that will be used by readers for decades to come.

Analyzing Social Networks


Author: Stephen P Borgatti,Martin G Everett,Jeffrey C Johnson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526418460
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 8683

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Designed to walk beginners through core aspects of collecting, visualizing, analyzing, and interpreting social network data, this book will get you up-to-speed on the theory and skills you need to conduct social network analysis. Using simple language and equations, the authors provide expert, clear insight into every step of the research process—including basic maths principles—without making assumptions about what you know. With a particular focus on NetDraw and UCINET, the book introduces relevant software tools step-by-step in an easy to follow way. In addition to the fundamentals of network analysis and the research process, this new Second Edition focuses on: Digital data and social networks like Twitter Statistical models to use in SNA, like QAP and ERGM The structure and centrality of networks Methods for cohesive subgroups/community detection Supported by new chapter exercises, a glossary, and a fully updated companion website, this text is the perfect student-friendly introduction to social network analysis.

The Network Organization

The Experience of Leading French Multinationals
Author: Emmanuel Josserand
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781957783
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 172
View: 4354

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This work examines the resurgence of good organization as a key competitive factor, as experienced by firms in the 1990s. It argues that to be competitive during this period, it was no longer sufficient to have a well-structured strategic plan, and it was necessary to remove excessive hierarchy from the organization.

Understanding Organization as Process

Theory for a Tangled World
Author: Tor Hernes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134081375
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 208
View: 1404

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Organization takes place in a tangled world, intermeshed by changing markets, products, standards, technologies, institutions and social groups. Coming to grips with the complexity and fluidity of organization and management is a persistent problem for scholars and practitioners alike, which is why process issues have received renewed interest in recent years. This book, aimed at scholars and higher level students, frames some of these issues in novel and instructive ways. Process views have existed since before the early Greek philosophers and have made decisive marks in all sciences. Alfred North Whitehead’s classic work is a landmark in process philosophy, and his thinking provides renewed impetus to social scientists in search of an expanded framework of process thinking. Theorists such as Niklas Luhmann, Bruno Latour, Karl Weick and James March have contributed significantly towards a process view of organization. In this book, central aspects of their thinking are interpreted and discussed with the help of a broader canvas of process thinking provided by Whitehead. The comparisons do not only allow for interesting connections to be made between the theorists, but they also enable understanding to be made of the thinking behind their respective works. From the analysis, ideas are suggested for a framework for process-based organizational analysis. Advanced students and academics in sociology, organization studies and management studies will find this book useful in its discussion of such subjects as organization theory, process philosophy and process studies.

Internet and Society

Social Theory in the Information Age
Author: Christian Fuchs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135898820
Category: Computers
Page: 816
View: 5412

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In this exceptional study, Christian Fuchs discusses how the internet has transformed the lives of human beings and social relationships in contemporary society. By outlining a social theory of the internet and the information society, he demonstrates how the ecological, economic, political, and cultural systems of contemporary society have been transformed by new ICTs. Fuchs highlights how new forms of cooperation and competition are advanced and supported by the internet in subsystems of society and also discusses opportunities and risks of the information society.

Becoming a Knowledge-Sharing Organization

A Handbook for Scaling Up Solutions through Knowledge Capturing and Sharing
Author: Steffen Soulejman Janus
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464809445
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 8054

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This volume offers a simple, systematic guide to creating a knowledge sharing practice in your organization. It shows how to build the enabling environment and develop the skills needed to capture and share knowledge gained from operational experiences to improve performance and scale-up successes. Its recommendations are grounded on the insights gained from the past seven years of collaboration between the World Bank and its clients around the world—ministries and national agencies operating in various sectors—who are working to strengthen their operations through robust knowledge sharing. While informed by the academic literature on knowledge management and organizational learning, this handbook’s operational background and many real-world examples and tips provide a missing, practical foundation for public sector officials in developing countries and for development practitioners. However, though written with a public sector audience in mind, the overall concepts and approaches will also hold true for most organizations in the private sector and the developed world.

Laboratory Life

The Construction of Scientific Facts
Author: Bruno Latour,Steve Woolgar
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400820413
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 6999

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This highly original work presents laboratory science in a deliberately skeptical way: as an anthropological approach to the culture of the scientist. Drawing on recent work in literary criticism, the authors study how the social world of the laboratory produces papers and other "texts,"' and how the scientific vision of reality becomes that set of statements considered, for the time being, too expensive to change. The book is based on field work done by Bruno Latour in Roger Guillemin's laboratory at the Salk Institute and provides an important link between the sociology of modern sciences and laboratory studies in the history of science.

Knowledge and Networks


Author: Johannes Glückler,Emmanuel Lazega,Ingmar Hammer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319450239
Category: Social Science
Page: 386
View: 9735

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This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge. The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Communicating Risks and Benefits

An Evidence Based User's Guide
Author: Baruch Fischhoff
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160901799
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 240
View: 5177

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Effective risk communication is essential to the well-being of any organization and those people who depend on it. Ineffective communication can cost lives, money and reputations. Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide provides the scientific foundations for effective communications. The book authoritatively summarizes the relevant research, draws out its implications for communication design, and provides practical ways to evaluate and improve communications for any decision involving risks and benefits. Topics include the communication of quantitative information and warnings, the roles of emotion and the news media, the effects of age and literacy, and tests of how well communications meet the organization’s goals. The guide will help users in any organization, with any budget, to make the science of their communications as sound as the science that they are communicating.

Networks


Author: Mark Newman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192527495
Category: Computers
Page: 784
View: 8738

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The study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has attracted enormous interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet and the wide availability of inexpensive computers have made it possible to gather and analyze network data on an unprecedented scale, and the development of new theoretical tools has allowed us to extract knowledge from networks of many different kinds. The study of networks is broadly interdisciplinary and central developments have occurred in many fields, including mathematics, physics, computer and information sciences, biology, and the social sciences. This book brings together the most important breakthroughs in each of these fields and presents them in a coherent fashion, highlighting the strong interconnections between work in different areas. Topics covered include the measurement of networks; methods for analyzing network data, including methods developed in physics, statistics, and sociology; fundamentals of graph theory; computer algorithms; mathematical models of networks, including random graph models and generative models; and theories of dynamical processes taking place on networks.