Stochastic Processes

Theory for Applications
Author: Robert G. Gallager
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107435315
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 568
View: 7958

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This definitive textbook provides a solid introduction to discrete and continuous stochastic processes, tackling a complex field in a way that instils a deep understanding of the relevant mathematical principles, and develops an intuitive grasp of the way these principles can be applied to modelling real-world systems. It includes a careful review of elementary probability and detailed coverage of Poisson, Gaussian and Markov processes with richly varied queuing applications. The theory and applications of inference, hypothesis testing, estimation, random walks, large deviations, martingales and investments are developed. Written by one of the world's leading information theorists, evolving over twenty years of graduate classroom teaching and enriched by over 300 exercises, this is an exceptional resource for anyone looking to develop their understanding of stochastic processes.

Stationary Stochastic Processes

Theory and Applications
Author: Georg Lindgren
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466557796
Category: Mathematics
Page: 375
View: 3926

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Intended for a second course in stationary processes, Stationary Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications presents the theory behind the field’s widely scattered applications in engineering and science. In addition, it reviews sample function properties and spectral representations for stationary processes and fields, including a portion on stationary point processes. Features Presents and illustrates the fundamental correlation and spectral methods for stochastic processes and random fields Explains how the basic theory is used in special applications like detection theory and signal processing, spatial statistics, and reliability Motivates mathematical theory from a statistical model-building viewpoint Introduces a selection of special topics, including extreme value theory, filter theory, long-range dependence, and point processes Provides more than 100 exercises with hints to solutions and selected full solutions This book covers key topics such as ergodicity, crossing problems, and extremes, and opens the doors to a selection of special topics, like extreme value theory, filter theory, long-range dependence, and point processes, and includes many exercises and examples to illustrate the theory. Precise in mathematical details without being pedantic, Stationary Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications is for the student with some experience with stochastic processes and a desire for deeper understanding without getting bogged down in abstract mathematics.

Verallgemeinerte stochastische Prozesse

Modellierung und Anwendung technischer Rauschprozesse
Author: Stefan Schäffler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366254265X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 183
View: 3229

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Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt die in Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften eine zentrale Rolle spielenden Rauschprozesse, wie weißes Rauschen in der Raumsondenkommunikation oder thermisches Rauschen und Schrotrauschen in elektronischen Bauelementen.In dieser Form einzigartig, entwickelt der Autor die mathematische Theorie der verallgemeinerten stochastischen Prozesse und spricht dabei die Anwendung dieser mathematischen Objekte in der Praxis (z.B. Schaltkreissimulation, digitale Nachrichtenübertragung und Bildverarbeitung) an; somit dient dieses Lehrbuch auch als praxisrelevante Einführung in die Modellierung und Verwendung technischer Rauschprozesse. Die mathematische Modellierung von Rauschprozessen führt auf die Theorie stochastischer Prozesse auf Basis verallgemeinerter Funktionen (Distributionen), ohne die kein Handy funktionieren und Anwendungen wie die Simulation komplexer elektronischer Schaltungen unmöglich wäre.Für Anwender und interessierte Mathematiker bietet dieses Werk erstmals einen mathematisch fundierten Einblick in diese Thematik.

Theory and Applications of Stochastic Processes

An Analytical Approach
Author: Zeev Schuss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441916059
Category: Mathematics
Page: 468
View: 1424

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Stochastic processes and diffusion theory are the mathematical underpinnings of many scientific disciplines, including statistical physics, physical chemistry, molecular biophysics, communications theory and many more. Many books, reviews and research articles have been published on this topic, from the purely mathematical to the most practical. This book offers an analytical approach to stochastic processes that are most common in the physical and life sciences, as well as in optimal control and in the theory of filltering of signals from noisy measurements. Its aim is to make probability theory in function space readily accessible to scientists trained in the traditional methods of applied mathematics, such as integral, ordinary, and partial differential equations and asymptotic methods, rather than in probability and measure theory.

Stochastic Processes

Basic Theory and Its Applications
Author: Narahari Umanath Prabhu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812706267
Category: Mathematics
Page: 341
View: 8677

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Most introductory textbooks on stochastic processes which cover standard topics such as Poisson process, Brownian motion, renewal theory and random walks deal inadequately with their applications. Written in a simple and accessible manner, this book addresses that inadequacy and provides guidelines and tools to study the applications. The coverage includes research developments in Markov property, martingales, regenerative phenomena and Tauberian theorems, and covers measure theory at an elementary level.

A Basic Course in Measure and Probability

Theory for Applications
Author: Ross Leadbetter,Stamatis Cambanis,Vladas Pipiras
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107020409
Category: Mathematics
Page: 376
View: 9988

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A concise introduction covering all of the measure theory and probability most useful for statisticians.

Stochastic Processes with Applications


Author: Rabi N. Bhattacharya,Edward C. Waymire
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 0898716896
Category: Mathematics
Page: 184
View: 3491

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This book develops systematically and rigorously, yet in an expository and lively manner, the evolution of general random processes and their large time properties such as transience, recurrence, and convergence to steady states. The emphasis is on the most important classes of these processes from the viewpoint of theory as well as applications, namely, Markov processes. The book features very broad coverage of the most applicable aspects of stochastic processes, including sufficient material for self-contained courses on random walks in one and multiple dimensions; Markov chains in discrete and continuous times, including birth-death processes; Brownian motion and diffusions; stochastic optimization; and stochastic differential equations. This book is for graduate students in mathematics, statistics, science and engineering, and it may also be used as a reference by professionals in diverse fields whose work involves the application of probability.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse


Author: Kai L. Chung
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642670334
Category: Mathematics
Page: 346
View: 477

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Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

Stochastic Processes and Filtering Theory


Author: Andrew H. Jazwinski
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318192
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 8483

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This unified treatment of linear and nonlinear filtering theory presents material previously available only in journals, and in terms accessible to engineering students. Its sole prerequisites are advanced calculus, the theory of ordinary differential equations, and matrix analysis. Although theory is emphasized, the text discusses numerous practical applications as well. Taking the state-space approach to filtering, this text models dynamical systems by finite-dimensional Markov processes, outputs of stochastic difference, and differential equations. Starting with background material on probability theory and stochastic processes, the author introduces and defines the problems of filtering, prediction, and smoothing. He presents the mathematical solutions to nonlinear filtering problems, and he specializes the nonlinear theory to linear problems. The final chapters deal with applications, addressing the development of approximate nonlinear filters, and presenting a critical analysis of their performance.

Discrete Stochastic Processes and Applications


Author: Jean-François Collet
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319740180
Category: Mathematics
Page: 220
View: 7753

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This unique text for beginning graduate students gives a self-contained introduction to the mathematical properties of stochastics and presents their applications to Markov processes, coding theory, population dynamics, and search engine design. The book is ideal for a newly designed course in an introduction to probability and information theory. Prerequisites include working knowledge of linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory. The first part of the text focuses on the rigorous theory of Markov processes on countable spaces (Markov chains) and provides the basis to developing solid probabilistic intuition without the need for a course in measure theory. The approach taken is gradual beginning with the case of discrete time and moving on to that of continuous time. The second part of this text is more applied; its core introduces various uses of convexity in probability and presents a nice treatment of entropy.

An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes

Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine
Author: Vincenzo Capasso,David Bakstein
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 1493927574
Category: Mathematics
Page: 482
View: 7740

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This textbook, now in its third edition, offers a rigorous and self-contained introduction to the theory of continuous-time stochastic processes, stochastic integrals, and stochastic differential equations. Expertly balancing theory and applications, the work features concrete examples of modeling real-world problems from biology, medicine, industrial applications, finance, and insurance using stochastic methods. No previous knowledge of stochastic processes is required. Key topics include: Markov processes Stochastic differential equations Arbitrage-free markets and financial derivatives Insurance risk Population dynamics, and epidemics Agent-based models New to the Third Edition: Infinitely divisible distributions Random measures Levy processes Fractional Brownian motion Ergodic theory Karhunen-Loeve expansion Additional applications Additional exercises Smoluchowski approximation of Langevin systems An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes, Third Edition will be of interest to a broad audience of students, pure and applied mathematicians, and researchers and practitioners in mathematical finance, biomathematics, biotechnology, and engineering. Suitable as a textbook for graduate or undergraduate courses, as well as European Masters courses (according to the two-year-long second cycle of the “Bologna Scheme”), the work may also be used for self-study or as a reference. Prerequisites include knowledge of calculus and some analysis; exposure to probability would be helpful but not required since the necessary fundamentals of measure and integration are provided. From reviews of previous editions: "The book is ... an account of fundamental concepts as they appear in relevant modern applications and literature. ... The book addresses three main groups: first, mathematicians working in a different field; second, other scientists and professionals from a business or academic background; third, graduate or advanced undergraduate students of a quantitative subject related to stochastic theory and/or applications." -Zentralblatt MATH

Functional Analysis for Probability and Stochastic Processes

An Introduction
Author: Adam Bobrowski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443883
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 5369

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This text is designed both for students of probability and stochastic processes, and for students of functional analysis. For the reader not familiar with functional analysis a detailed introduction to necessary notions and facts is provided. However, this is not a straight textbook in functional analysis; rather, it presents some chosen parts of functional analysis that can help understand ideas from probability and stochastic processes. The subjects range from basic Hilbert and Banach spaces, through weak topologies and Banach algebras, to the theory of semigroups of bounded linear operators. Numerous standard and non-standard examples and exercises make the book suitable as a course textbook or for self-study.

Lévy Processes

Theory and Applications
Author: Ole E Barndorff-Nielsen,Thomas Mikosch,Sidney I. Resnick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461201977
Category: Mathematics
Page: 418
View: 1020

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A Lévy process is a continuous-time analogue of a random walk, and as such, is at the cradle of modern theories of stochastic processes. Martingales, Markov processes, and diffusions are extensions and generalizations of these processes. In the past, representatives of the Lévy class were considered most useful for applications to either Brownian motion or the Poisson process. Nowadays the need for modeling jumps, bursts, extremes and other irregular behavior of phenomena in nature and society has led to a renaissance of the theory of general Lévy processes. Researchers and practitioners in fields as diverse as physics, meteorology, statistics, insurance, and finance have rediscovered the simplicity of Lévy processes and their enormous flexibility in modeling tails, dependence and path behavior. This volume, with an excellent introductory preface, describes the state-of-the-art of this rapidly evolving subject with special emphasis on the non-Brownian world. Leading experts present surveys of recent developments, or focus on some most promising applications. Despite its special character, every topic is aimed at the non- specialist, keen on learning about the new exciting face of a rather aged class of processes. An extensive bibliography at the end of each article makes this an invaluable comprehensive reference text. For the researcher and graduate student, every article contains open problems and points out directions for futurearch. The accessible nature of the work makes this an ideal introductory text for graduate seminars in applied probability, stochastic processes, physics, finance, and telecommunications, and a unique guide to the world of Lévy processes.

Stochastic Processes

Theory and Methods
Author: D. N. Shanbhag,Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444500144
Category: Mathematics
Page: 967
View: 6581

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J. Neyman, one of the pioneers in laying the foundations of modern statistical theory, stressed the importance of stochastic processes in a paper written in 1960 in the following terms: Currently in the period of dynamic indeterminism in science, there is hardly a serious piece of research, if treated realistically, does not involve operations on stochastic processes. Arising from the need to solve practical problems, several major advances have taken place in the theory of stochastic processes and their applications. Books by Doob (1953; J. Wiley and Sons), Feller (1957, 1966; J. Wiley and Sons) and Loeve (1960; D. van Nostrand and Col., Inc.) among others, have created growing awareness and interest in the use of stochastic processes in scientific and technological studies.The literature on stochastic processes is very extensive and is distributed in several books and journals.

Stochastik

Einführung in die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Statistik
Author: Hans-Otto Georgii
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110386860
Category: Mathematics
Page: 448
View: 2818

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Due to the extremely positive reception of this textbook, it is now being published in its 5th edition. The book provides an introduction to the key ideas and elements of probability theory and statistics. Stochastic concepts, models, and methods are highlighted through typical application examples, then analyzed theoretically and systematically explored.

Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance, Second Edition


Author: Masaaki Kijima
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439884846
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 343
View: 5883

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Financial engineering has been proven to be a useful tool for risk management, but using the theory in practice requires a thorough understanding of the risks and ethical standards involved. Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance, Second Edition presents the mathematical theory of financial engineering using only basic mathematical tools that are easy to understand even for those with little mathematical expertise. This second edition covers several important developments in the financial industry. New to the Second Edition A chapter on the change of measures and pricing of insurance products Many examples of the change of measure technique, including its use in asset pricing theory A section on the use of copulas, especially in the pricing of CDOs Two chapters that offer more coverage of interest rate derivatives and credit derivatives Exploring the merge of actuarial science and financial engineering, this edition examines how the pricing of insurance products, such as equity-linked annuities, requires knowledge of asset pricing theory since the equity index can be traded in the market. The book looks at the development of many probability transforms for pricing insurance risks, including the Esscher transform. It also describes how the copula model is used to model the joint distribution of underlying assets. By presenting significant results in discrete processes and showing how to transfer the results to their continuous counterparts, this text imparts an accessible, practical understanding of the subject. It helps readers not only grasp the theory of financial engineering, but also implement the theory in business.

Kalman-Bucy-Filter

Deterministische Beobachtung und stochastische Filterung
Author: Karl Brammer,Gerhard Siffling
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486785524
Category: Science
Page: 232
View: 2692

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Das Buch führt den Leser auf elementarem Wege in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und in die Theorie der Zufallsprozesse ein, wobei keinerlei Vorkenntnisse auf diesem Gebiet vorausgesetzt werden. Schließlich wird gezeigt, wie sich die Eigenschaften eines Zufallsprozesses bei der Übertragung durch ein lineares System verändern und wie diese veränderten Eigenschaften berechnet werden können.

Engineering applications of stochastic processes

theory, problems and solutions
Author: Alexander Zayezdny,Daniel Tabak,Dov Wulich,Peter Smith
Publisher: Research Studie
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 509
View: 2364

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A concise, systematic treatment of probabilistic calculations of the sort used in electronic communication, radar, and automatic control. Appropriate as a text in stochastic processes, statistical communication methods, or automatic control. First section discusses random variables. Second section deals with random processes, and response of linear systems to random processes. Each theoretical topic is followed by a description of the associated computational procedures. Chapters contain problems, with solutions.

Stochastic Processes for Physicists

Understanding Noisy Systems
Author: Kurt Jacobs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486799
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 2845

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Stochastic processes are an essential part of numerous branches of physics, as well as in biology, chemistry, and finance. This textbook provides a solid understanding of stochastic processes and stochastic calculus in physics, without the need for measure theory. In avoiding measure theory, this textbook gives readers the tools necessary to use stochastic methods in research with a minimum of mathematical background. Coverage of the more exotic Levy processes is included, as is a concise account of numerical methods for simulating stochastic systems driven by Gaussian noise. The book concludes with a non-technical introduction to the concepts and jargon of measure-theoretic probability theory. With over 70 exercises, this textbook is an easily accessible introduction to stochastic processes and their applications, as well as methods for numerical simulation, for graduate students and researchers in physics.

Stochastic Processes

with Applications to Reliability Theory
Author: Toshio Nakagawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857292742
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 254
View: 2250

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Reliability theory is of fundamental importance for engineers and managers involved in the manufacture of high-quality products and the design of reliable systems. In order to make sense of the theory, however, and to apply it to real systems, an understanding of the basic stochastic processes is indispensable. As well as providing readers with useful reliability studies and applications, Stochastic Processes also gives a basic treatment of such stochastic processes as: the Poisson process, the renewal process, the Markov chain, the Markov process, and the Markov renewal process. Many examples are cited from reliability models to show the reader how to apply stochastic processes. Furthermore, Stochastic Processes gives a simple introduction to other stochastic processes such as the cumulative process, the Wiener process, the Brownian motion and reliability applications. Stochastic Processes is suitable for use as a reliability textbook by advanced undergraduate and graduate students. It is also of interest to researchers, engineers and managers who study or practise reliability and maintenance.