State Making in Asia


Author: Richard Boyd,Tak-Wing Ngo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134281234
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 6870

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Including contributions from an international team of leading experts, this volume examines state making from a uniquely Asian perspective and reveals some of the misunderstandings that arise when states and state making are judged solely on the basis of Western history. The contributors argue that if we are to understand states in Asia then we must first recognize the particular combination of institution and ideologies embedded in Asian state making and their distinctiveness from the Western experience. Presenting new empirical and conceptual material based on original research, the book provides a unique theoretical reflection of the state through a thorough comparison of East Asian nations and, as such, will be a valuable resource to scholars of Asian politics and international relations.

Constitution-making in Asia

Decolonisation and State-Building in the Aftermath of the British Empire
Author: H. Kumarasingham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317245105
Category: History
Page: 212
View: 1387

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Britain’s main imperial possessions in Asia were granted independence in the 1940s and 1950s and needed to craft constitutions for their new states. Invariably the indigenous elites drew upon British constitutional ideas and institutions regardless of the political conditions that prevailed in their very different lands. Many Asian nations called upon the services of Englishman and Law Professor Sir Ivor Jennings to advise or assist their own constitution making. Although he was one of the twentieth century’s most prominent constitutional scholars, his opinion and influence were often controversial and remain so due to his advocating British norms in Asian form. This book examines the process of constitutional formation in the era of decolonisation and state building in Asia. It sheds light upon the influence and participation of Jennings in particular and British ideas in general on democracy and institutions across the Asian continent. Critical cases studies on India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Nepal – all linked by Britain and Jennings – assess the distinctive methods and outcomes of constitution making and how British ideas fared in these major states. The book offers chapters on the Westminster model in Asia, Human Rights, Nationalism, Ethnic politics, Federalism, Foreign influence, Decolonisation, Authoritarianism, the Rule of Law, Parliamentary democracy and the power and influence of key political actors. Taking an original stance on constitution making in Asia after British rule, it also puts forward ideas of contemporary significance for Asian states and other emerging democracies engaged in constitution making, regime change and seeking to understand their colonial past. The first political, historical or constitutional analysis comparing Asia’s experience with its indelible British constitutional legacy, this book is a critical resource on state building and constitution making in Asia following independence. It will appeal to students and scholars of world history, public law and politics.

Citizens, Civil Society and Heritage-Making in Asia


Author: Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao
Publisher: Flipside Digital Content Company Inc.
ISBN: 9814786683
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7127

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This volume is based on papers from the second in a series of three conferences that deal with the multi-scalar processes of heritage-making, ranging from the local to the national and international levels, involving different players with different degrees of agency and interests. These players include citizens and civil society, the state, and international organizations and actors. The current volume focuses on the role of citizens and civil society in the politics of heritage-making, looking at how these players at the grass-roots level make sense of the past in the present. Who are these local players that seek to define the meaning of heritage in their everyday lives? How do they negotiate with the state, or contest the influence of the state, in determining what their heritage is? These and other questions will be taken up in various Asian contexts in this volume to foreground the local dynamics of heritage politics.

Foreign Policy Making in Taiwan

From Principle to Pragmatism
Author: Dennis V. Hickey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003056
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 8161

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Following President Chen Sui-bian’s victory in the controversial 2004 presidential election, this book examines the future direction of Taiwan’s foreign policy, focusing on the internal and external forces that influence and shape the countries foreign policy decisions today. The author suggests that four levels of analysis – the international system, governmental structure, societal forces and individual factors – pose some explanatory value when seeking to understand Taipei’s foreign policy behaviour. Taiwan’s foreign policy decision-making remains an extremely complex process involving many important variables. However the author’s detailed analysis reveals that external factors, particularly seismic shifts in global politics and the role of China and the US have had an extraordinary degree of influence over the island’s foreign relations. This book highlights these factors as important considerations that continue to play a critical role in shaping Taiwan’s foreign policy. Providing a clear analysis of the dynamics of Taiwan’s foreign policy, Foreign Policy Making in Taiwan is an important addition to the literature on Taiwan and will be essential reading for followers of Chinese politics, comparative politics and foreign policy analysis.

Security and Migration in Asia

The Dynamics of Securitisation
Author: Melissa Curley,Siu-lun Wong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134146272
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 5134

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Security and Migration in Asia explores how various forms of unregulated and illegal forms of human movement within Asia and beyond the region have come to be treated as 'security' issues, and whether and how a 'securitization' framework enables a more effective response to them. The process and theory of 'securitization' and 'desecuritization' have been developed within the international relations literature by the so-call Copenhagen school scholars, including Barry Buzan and Ole Waever among others. The topics explored in this well- presented and engaging book cover geographic areas of China, Northeast Asia, Central Asia, the Russian Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Hong Kong SAR, and includes research on: human trafficking and people smuggling financing illegal migration and links to transnational organized crime regulated and unregulated labour migration the 'securitization' of illegal migration in sending, transit and receiving countries. This book provides compelling insights into contemporary forms of illegal migration, under conditions of globalization, and makes a contribution to the literature in international relations and migration studies.

Administrative Law and Governance in Asia

Comparative Perspectives
Author: Tom Ginsburg,Albert H.Y. Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135970645
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 2009

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This book examines administrative law in Asia, exploring the profound changes in the legal regimes of many Asian states that have taken place in recent years. Political democratization in some countries, economic change more broadly and the forces of globalization have put pressure on the developmental state model, wherein bureaucrats governed in a kind of managed capitalism and public-private partnerships were central. In their stead, a more market-oriented regulatory state model seems to be emerging in many jurisdictions, with emphases on transparency, publicity, and constrained discretion. This book analyses the causes and consequences of this shift from a socio-legal perspective, showing clearly how decisions about the scope of administrative law and judicial review have an important effect on the shape and style of government regulation. Taking a comparative approach, individual chapters trace the key developments in the legal regimes of major states across Asia, including China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. They demonstrate that, in many cases, Asian states have shifted away from traditional systems in which judges were limited in terms of their influence over social and economic policy, towards regulatory models of the state involving a greater role for judges and law-like processes. The book also considers whether judiciaries are capable of performing the tasks they are being given, and assesses the profound consequences the judicialization of governance is starting to have on state policy-making in Asia.

Beyond Our Means

Why America Spends While the World Saves
Author: Sheldon Garon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400839408
Category: History
Page: 488
View: 6221

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If the financial crisis has taught us anything, it is that Americans save too little, spend too much, and borrow excessively. What can we learn from East Asian and European countries that have fostered enduring cultures of thrift over the past two centuries? Beyond Our Means tells for the first time how other nations aggressively encouraged their citizens to save by means of special savings institutions and savings campaigns. The U.S. government, meanwhile, promoted mass consumption and reliance on credit, culminating in the global financial meltdown. Many economists believe people save according to universally rational calculations, saving the most in their middle years as they plan for retirement, and saving the least in welfare states. In reality, Europeans save at high rates despite generous welfare programs and aging populations. Americans save little, despite weaker social safety nets and a younger population. Tracing the development of such behaviors across three continents from the nineteenth century to today, this book highlights the role of institutions and moral suasion in shaping habits of saving and spending. It shows how the encouragement of thrift was not a relic of indigenous traditions but a modern movement to confront rising consumption. Around the world, messages to save and spend wisely confronted citizens everywhere--in schools, magazines, and novels. At the same time, in America, businesses and government normalized practices of living beyond one's means. Transnational history at its most compelling, Beyond Our Means reveals why some nations save so much and others so little. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Making Cultural Cities in Asia

Mobility, assemblage, and the politics of aspirational urbanism
Author: June Wang,Tim Oakes,Yang Yang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317535839
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 7346

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This book examines the vast and largely uncharted world of cultural/creative city-making in Asia. It explores the establishment of policy models and practices against the backdrop of a globalizing world, and considers the dynamic relationship between powerful actors and resources that impact Asian cities. Making Cultural Cities in Asia approaches this dynamic process through the lens of assemblage: how the policy models of cultural/creative cities have been extracted from the flow of ideas, and how re-invented versions have been assembled, territorialized, and exported. This approach reveals a spectrum between globally circulating ideals on the one hand, and the place-based contexts and contingencies on the other. At one end of the spectrum, this book features chapters on policy mobility, in particular the political construction of the "web" of communication and the restructuring or rescaling of the state. At the other end, chapters examine the increasingly fragmented social forces, their changing roles in the process, and their negotiations, alignments, and resistances. This book will be of interest to researchers and policy-makers concerned with cultural and urban studies, creative industries and Asian studies.

Religious Pluralism, State and Society in Asia


Author: Chiara Formichi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134575351
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 325

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Taking a critical approach to the concept of ‘religious pluralism’, this book examines the dynamics of religious co-existence in Asia as they are directly addressed by governments, or indirectly managed by groups and individuals. It looks at the quality of relations that emerge in encounters among people of different religious traditions or among people who hold different visions within the same tradition. Chapters focus in particular on the places of everyday religious diversity in Asian societies in order to explore how religious groups have confronted new situations of religious diversity. The book goes on to explore the conditions under which active religious pluralism emerges (or not) from material contexts of diversity.

Teachers' Schools and the Making of the Modern Chinese Nation-State, 1897-1937


Author: Xiaoping Cong
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774841338
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 4993

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During the educational and social transformations in politically tumultuous early twentieth-century China, Chinese teacher's schools played a critical role. They were a force in the changes that swept Chinese society, bridging Chinese and Western ideals, empowering women, and contributing to rural modernization. This innovative account examines the social and political aspects and impacts of these schools, their role in a society in transistion, and their production of grassroots forces that lead to the Communist Revolution.

The State of Environment in Asia

2005/2006
Author: Japan Environemntal Council (JEC)
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431274030
Category: Science
Page: 385
View: 9597

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This is the third volume in a respected series edited by the Japan Environmental Council. Part l covers the environmental impact of the military, trade, agriculture/food and the biodiversity of forests and rice paddies. Part 2 examines the problems unique to Northeast Asia, the Mekong region, and Inner Asia. In April 2005 this book was awarded the 6th Environment for Tomorrow Award by the newspaper Asahi Shimbun.

The Spatial Dimension of Risk

How Geography Shapes the Emergence of Riskscapes
Author: Detlef Müller-Mahn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136271295
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 8785

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Through its exploration of the spatial dimension of risk, this book offers a brand new approach to theorizing risk, and significant improvements in how to manage, tolerate and take risks. A broad range of risks are examined, including natural hazards, climate change, political violence, and state failure. Case studies range from the Congo to Central Asia, from tsunami in Japan and civil war affected areas in Sri Lanka to avalanche hazards in Austria. In each of these cases, the authors examine the importance and role of space in the causes and differentiation of risk, in how we can conceptualize risk from a spatial perspective and in the relevance of space and locality for risk governance. This new approach – endorsed by Ragnar Löfstedt and Ortwin Renn, two of the world's leading and most prolific risk analysts – is essential reading for those charged with studying, anticipating and managing risks.

In anderen Herzen


Author: Neel Mukherjee
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141059
Category: Fiction
Page: 600
View: 3098

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»Ma, ich gehe fort. Ich bin erschöpft vom Konsumieren, vom Nehmen und Raffen. Ich bin so vollgestopft, dass ich keine Luft mehr kriege. Ich gehe fort, um mich zu reinigen, mein altes Leben hinter mir zu lassen. Ich habe das Gefühl, in einem geborgten Haus zu leben. Es ist Zeit, mein eigenes zu suchen. Verzeih mir.« Kalkutta, 1967 – die Stadt befindet sich im Aufruhr, Studenten liefern sich Straßenschlachten mit der Polizei, Betriebe werden bestreikt. Angetrieben von dem Wunsch, sein eigenes Leben und die Welt zu verändern, hat sich Supratik, der älteste Enkel im Haus der Ghoshes, einer maoistischen Gruppierung angeschlossen. Während er versucht, die landlosen Tagelöhner für den bewaffneten Kampf zu gewinnen, und sich dabei in die Widersprüche zwischen politischem Idealismus und terroristischer Aktion verstrickt, bleiben die Zeichen der Zeit hinter den Mauern des Familiensitzes unerkannt. Noch herrschen der alternde Patriarch und seine Frau über die weitverzweigte Familie und ein Unternehmen, das diese in Wohlstand leben lässt. Aber so wenig sie die Brüchigkeit der alten Ordnung erkennen, so blind sind sie für die dunklen Geheimnisse der Kinder, die Intrigen der Schwiegertöchter und den schleichenden Kollaps des Familienunternehmens, der die Familie schließlich vor eine Zerreißprobe stellt. Meisterhaft erzählt Neel Mukherjee die Geschichte vom Verfall einer Familie und seziert dabei die Seele einer Nation.

Disciplining the State

Virtue, Violence, and State-making in Modern China
Author: Patricia M. Thornton
Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 247
View: 4674

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Scholars of European history assert that war makes states, just as states make war. This study finds that in China, the challenges of governing produced a trajectory of state-building in which the processes of moral and social control were at least as central to state-making as the exercise of coercive power. Thornton maps these complex processes during three critical reform periods, and offers a historical reading of state-making as a contest between central and local regimes.

Business and Politics in Asia's Key Financial Centres

Hong Kong, Singapore and Shanghai
Author: J. J. Woo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812879854
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 149
View: 2808

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This book provides unique insights into the politics of finance and the socio-political relations which drive financial policymaking in Hong kong, Singapore, and Shanghai. While the existing literature in the field focuses mainly on economic explanations for financial centre development, this book fills a gap by focusing on the socio-political relations which underpin the financial policy-making process. Drawing on extensive interviews with senior policy-makers and financial sector professionals, the book describes how state-industry relations drive financial policy-making in three major financial hubs. Insights and policy recommendations drawn from these interviews will be particularly useful for policy-makers and financial sector professionals hoping to draw lessons from the successful development of the three leading Asian financial centres. Business and Politics in Asia's Key Financial Centres draws on public policy theoretical frameworks for its analytical basis. The three chapters focusing on the historical development of Hong Kong, Singapore, and Shanghai also provide a consolidated narrative with regard to the development of these three cities as leading financial centres, while also serving as independent case studies. Scholars focusing on policy processes and political factors that underpin financial sector development, as well as instructors and students of public policy, international political economy, and financial sector policy, will find this book useful for their research.

Environmental Governance for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific


Author: United Nations Development Programme,United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211201338
Category: Economic development
Page: 129
View: 7418

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This joint study, undertaken by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), discusses the main challenges to sustainable development and environmental governance in the region, and outlines key policies that need to be implemented. It concludes that effective environmental management requires a shared vision by governments in the region to establish clear targets, to co-ordinate policies effectively and monitor their implementation.

Asia-Europe on the Eve of the 21st Century


Author: Suthiphand Chirathivat,Poul Henrik Lassen,Chia Siow Yue
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9812301488
Category: Asia
Page: 221
View: 7989

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This unique book provides both Asian and European perspectives on a diversity of topics concerning the relationship between Asia and Europe. There are in-depth analyses of the most crucial issues including historical and cultural links, political aspects and linkages, and economic partnerships.

Civil Life, Globalization and Political Change in Asia

Organizing Between Family and State
Author: Professor and Chair Department of Anthropology Robert P Weller,Robert P. Weller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134291108
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 3592

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Academics and policy makers have grown increasingly interested in the ways that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) may encourage better governance, democratic politics, and perhaps ultimately a global civil society. In Civil Life, Globalization and Political Change in Asia, Robert Weller has brought together an international group of experts on the subject, whose chapters address these questions through a series of extensive case studies from East and Southeast Asia including Japan, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Indonesia and Vietnam.

State, Society and International Relations in Asia


Author: Mehdi Parvizi Amineh
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053567941
Category: Political Science
Page: 307
View: 7406

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In this timely volume, M. Parvizi Amineh brings together a multitude of studies of modern Asian postcolonial states and societies. This part of the world has undergone major transitions over the past decade and is quickly becoming a major player in international policy and the global economy. Grounded in the most recent scholarship, State, Society and International Relations in Asia covers several large-scale global concerns, including nationalism, democratization, corruption, religious tension, globalization, and regionalization.