Research Methods for Sports Studies

Third Edition
Author: Ian Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317749898
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 344
View: 9698

Continue Reading →

Research Methods for Sports Studies is a comprehensive, engaging and practical textbook that provides a complete grounding in both qualitative and quantitative research methods for the sports studies student. Leading the reader step-by-step through the entire research process, from identifying a research question and collecting and analyzing data to writing the research report, it is richly illustrated throughout with sport-related case-studies and examples from around the world. Now in a fully revised, updated and expanded third edition, the book includes completely new chapters on using social media and conducting on-line research, as well as expanded coverage of key topics such as conducting a literature review, making the most of statistics, research ethics and presenting research. Research Methods for Sports Studies is designed to be a complete and self-contained companion to any research methods course and contains a wealth of useful features, such as highlighted definitions of key terms, revision questions and practical research exercises. An expanded companion website offers additional material for students and instructors, including web links, multiple choice revision questions, an interactive glossary, PowerPoint slides and additional learning activities for use in and out of class. This is an essential read for any student undertaking a dissertation or research project as part of their studies in sport, exercise and related fields.

English as a Global Language


Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107611806
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 212
View: 762

Continue Reading →

David Crystal's classic English as a Global Language considers the history, present status and future of the English language, focusing on its role as the leading international language. English has been deemed the most 'successful' language ever, with 1500 million speakers internationally, presenting a difficult task to those who wish to investigate it in its entirety. However, Crystal explores the subject in a measured but engaging way, always backing up observations with facts and figures. Written in a detailed and fascinating manner, this is a book written by an expert both for specialists in the subject and for general readers interested in the English language.

High-Intensity Exercise in Hypoxia - Beneficial Aspects and Potential Drawbacks


Author: Olivier Girard,Donald R. McCrimmon,Gregoire P. Millet
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889454061
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 5376

Continue Reading →

In the past, ‘traditional’ moderate-intensity continuous training (60-75% peak heart rate) was the type of physical activity most frequently recommended for both athletes and clinical populations (cf. American College of Sports Medicine guidelines). However, growing evidence indicates that high-intensity interval training (80-100% peak heart rate) could actually be associated with larger cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic function benefits and, thereby, physical performance gains for athletes. Similarly, recent data in obese and hypertensive individuals indicate that various mechanisms – further improvement in endothelial function, reductions in sympathetic neural activity, or in arterial stiffness – might be involved in the larger cardiovascular protective effects associated with training at high exercise intensities. Concerning hypoxic training, similar trends have been observed from ‘traditional’ prolonged altitude sojourns (‘Live High Train High’ or ‘Live High Train Low’), which result in increased hemoglobin mass and blood carrying capacity. Recent innovative ‘Live Low Train High’ methods (‘Resistance Training in Hypoxia’ or ‘Repeated Sprint Training in Hypoxia’) have resulted in peripheral adaptations, such as hypertrophy or delay in muscle fatigue. Other interventions inducing peripheral hypoxia, such as vascular occlusion during endurance/resistance training or remote ischemic preconditioning (i.e. succession of ischemia/reperfusion episodes), have been proposed as methods for improving subsequent exercise performance or altitude tolerance (e.g. reduced severity of acute-mountain sickness symptoms). Postulated mechanisms behind these metabolic, neuro-humoral, hemodynamics, and systemic adaptations include stimulation of nitric oxide synthase, increase in anti-oxidant enzymes, and down-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, although the amount of evidence is not yet significant enough. Improved O2 delivery/utilization conferred by hypoxic training interventions might also be effective in preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases, as well as contributing to improve exercise tolerance and health status of patients. For example, in obese subjects, combining exercise with hypoxic exposure enhances the negative energy balance, which further reduces weight and improves cardio-metabolic health. In hypertensive patients, the larger lowering of blood pressure through the endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway and the associated compensatory vasodilation is taken to reflect the superiority of exercising in hypoxia compared to normoxia. A hypoxic stimulus, in addition to exercise at high vs. moderate intensity, has the potential to further ameliorate various aspects of the vascular function, as observed in healthy populations. This may have clinical implications for the reduction of cardiovascular risks. Key open questions are therefore of interest for patients suffering from chronic vascular or cellular hypoxia (e.g. work-rest or ischemia/reperfusion intermittent pattern; exercise intensity; hypoxic severity and exposure duration; type of hypoxia (normobaric vs. hypobaric); health risks; magnitude and maintenance of the benefits). Outside any potential beneficial effects of exercising in O2-deprived environments, there may also be long-term adverse consequences of chronic intermittent severe hypoxia. Sleep apnea syndrome, for instance, leads to oxidative stress and the production of reactive oxygen species, and ultimately systemic inflammation. Postulated pathophysiological changes associated with intermittent hypoxic exposure include alteration in baroreflex activity, increase in pulmonary arterial pressure and hematocrit, changes in heart structure and function, and an alteration in endothelial-dependent vasodilation in cerebral and muscular arteries. There is a need to explore the combination of exercising in hypoxia and association of hypertension, developmental defects, neuro-pathological and neuro-cognitive deficits, enhanced susceptibility to oxidative injury, and possibly increased myocardial and cerebral infarction in individuals sensitive to hypoxic stress. The aim of this Research Topic is to shed more light on the transcriptional, vascular, hemodynamics, neuro-humoral, and systemic consequences of training at high intensities under various hypoxic conditions.

Engineering

Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Development
Author: Unesco
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9231041568
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 396
View: 9942

Continue Reading →

This report reviews engineering's importance to human, economic, social and cultural development and in addressing the UN Millennium Development Goals. Engineering tends to be viewed as a national issue, but engineering knowledge, companies, conferences and journals, all demonstrate that it is as international as science. The report reviews the role of engineering in development, and covers issues including poverty reduction, sustainable development, climate change mitigation and adaptation. It presents the various fields of engineering around the world and is intended to identify issues and challenges facing engineering, promote better understanding of engineering and its role, and highlight ways of making engineering more attractive to young people, especially women.--Publisher's description.

Search: Theory and Practice in Journalism Online


Author: Murray Dick
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137253401
Category: Social Science
Page: 164
View: 7920

Continue Reading →

Whether uncovering breaking stories, finding reliable background information, or finding the right contributors for stories and packages, there is now a wealth of information available to journalists online - but where to begin? In Search: Theory and Practice in Journalism Online, Murray Dick provides a practical and theoretical overview of the journalistic research potential in various online tools. Written by a leading expert in the field, the book offers experience-based guidance into online search for journalism. Key features: - Up-to-date coverage of advanced search, the 'invisible web', social media, multimedia and the verification of online material - A critical overview of theory in online ethics, verification, and use of social media in journalism online - Original research into search theory, privacy, trust and rights issues online - Student-friendly pedagogy based upon professional practice and informed by experts in online research Search: Theory and Practice in Journalism Online is essential reading for undergraduate students of digital journalism, online reporting and journalism studies.

Psychology of Physical Activity

Determinants, Well-Being and Interventions
Author: Stuart J. H. Biddle,Nanette Mutrie,Trish Gorely
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136339558
Category: Medical
Page: 434
View: 7549

Continue Reading →

The positive benefits of physical activity for physical and mental health are now widely acknowledged, yet levels of physical inactivity continue to increase throughout the developed world. Understanding the psychology of physical activity has therefore become an important concern for scientists, health professionals and policy-makers alike. Psychology of Physical Activity is a comprehensive and in-depth introduction to the fundamentals of exercise psychology, from theories of motivation and adherence to the design of successful interventions for increasing participation. Now in a fully revised, updated and expanded third edition, Psychology of Physical Activity is still the only textbook to offer a full survey of the evidence-base for theory and practice in exercise psychology, and the only textbook that explains how to interpret the quality of the research evidence. With international cases, examples and data included throughout, the book also provides a thoroughly detailed examination of the relationship between physical activity and mental health. A full companion website offers useful features to help students and lecturers get the most out of the book during their course, including multiple-choice revision questions, PowerPoint slides and a test bank of additional learning activities. Psychology of Physical Activity is the most authoritative, engaging and up-to-date introduction to exercise psychology currently available. It is essential reading for all students working in exercise and health sciences.

Sports-Based Health Interventions

Case Studies from Around the World
Author: David Conrad,Alan White
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461459966
Category: Medical
Page: 324
View: 9247

Continue Reading →

This unique volume explores a growing collaboration between the sport and health sectors to deliver innovative public health interventions in the community. It explores the role of sport and sports settings as a vehicle for achieving health outcomes, as well as some of the practical and moral challenges presented by sport and public health partnerships working together. Twenty detailed examples illustrate the broad range of programs which have already been developed around the world, from across the spectrum of public health activity. Chapters include: • Time Out for Your Health: A sports-based health intervention approach with American football teams• Promoting Mental Wellbeing in Rugby League communities• Slum Soccer – female empowerment through football• Football 4 Peace• Sport as a post-disaster psychosocial intervention for children in Bam, Iran• Sex and Sport: An Australian rules football-based chlamydia screening initiative As well as showcasing what has been achieved in this exciting new field, Sports-based Health Interventions shares valuable advice and lessons learnt to inform the next generation of sports-based public health initiatives.

Empowering Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries

Gender Justice and Norm Change
Author: Caroline Harper,Nicola Jones,Anita Ghimire,Rachel Marcus,Grace Kyomuhendo Bantebya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351718789
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 3632

Continue Reading →

Adolescence is a pivotal time in a girl's life. The development of educational, physical, psychosocial, familial, political and economic capabilities enable girls to reach their full potential and contribute to the wellbeing of their families and society. However, progress is still significantly constrained by discriminatory gender norms and the related attitudes and practices which restrict girls’ horizons, restrain their ambition and, if unfettered, allow exploitation and abuse. Empowering Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries explores the detrimental impact of discriminatory gender norms on adolescent girls’ lives across very different contexts. Grounded in four years of in-depth research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Uganda and Viet Nam, the book adopts a holistic approach, recognising the inter-related nature of capabilities and the importance of local context. By exploring the theory of gendered norm change, contextualising and examining socialisation processes, the book identifies the patriarchal vested interests in power, authority and moral privilege, which combine in attempts to restrict and control girls’ lives. Throughout the book, Empowering Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries demonstrates how efforts to develop more egalitarian gender norms can enable disadvantaged adolescent girls to change the course of their lives and contribute to societal change. Accessible and informative, the book is perfect for policy makers, think tanks, NGOs, activists, academics and students of gender and development studies.?

The Youth Olympic Games


Author: Dag Vidar Hanstad,Milena M. Parent,Barrie Houlihan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134471335
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 270
View: 4315

Continue Reading →

The first summer Youth Olympic Games (YOG) were held in Singapore in 2010 and the first winter Youth Olympic Games in Innsbruck in 2012. The IOC hopes that the YOG will encourage young people to be more active and that they will bring the Olympic movement closer to its original founding values. This is the first book to be published on the Youth Olympic Games. It critically examines the origins of the Games and the motives of the Games organisers, as well as the organisation and management of the Games and their wider impact and significance. The first part of the book discusses the relationship between the YOG and the ideology of Olympism, in the context of broader developments in youth sport competitions. The second part investigates a wide range of managerial aspects including the bidding process, finance, the prominent role of young people on the organising committees and as volunteers, the role of media and sponsors, and the distinctive competition structure. The final part of the book assesses the current and likely future impact of the YOG on the host cities and countries, the IOC and on national youth sport policies. The Youth Olympic Games is essential reading for any researcher, advanced student or policy maker with an interest in Olympic Studies, sports development, sport policy, youth sport or event management.

Future Matters

Action, Knowledge, Ethics
Author: Barbara Adam,Chris Groves
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047422597
Category: Science
Page: 236
View: 7000

Continue Reading →

Future Matters concerns contemporary approaches to the future – how the future is known, created and minded. In a social world whose pace continues to accelerate the future becomes an increasingly difficult terrain. While the focus of social life is narrowing down to the present, the futures we create on a daily basis cast ever longer shadows. Future Matters addresses this paradox and its deep ethical implications.

Case Studies in Sport Science and Medicine


Author: Andrew Michael Lane,Gregory P. Whyte,Richard J. Godfrey,Mike Loosemore
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781499146943
Category: Science
Page: 172
View: 8591

Continue Reading →

Applied Sport Science and Medicine has become an integral part of the high-performance environment in recent years despite the relative youth of the discipline. Early work in sport science and sports medicine attempted to adopt approaches employed in the more general and established disciplines of science and medicine. There is a growing recognition that a multidisciplinary support team should act in an interdisciplinary manner to optimise their impact on health and performance. Athletes require information to be given in a user-friendly way and will tend to see issues in a holistic way, raising questions such as “what does this mean to me?” and “is my training going to produce the results when I want it to?”. Although the terms multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary have become part of normal parlance in the support environment, very few teams provide a truly interdisciplinary approach. This is not criticism of professionals or an excessively bold claim but recognition of the fact that sport and exercise science and medicine has placed emphasis in its research and practice on developing subject-specific experts, such as sport psychologists, physiologists, and so on. Furthermore, the rapid expansion of multi-disciplinary support teams over the past 2 decades, combined with an ever increasing specialisation of individual sport science and medicine disciplines has resulted in confusion for practitioners regarding how best to work closely with their fellow support team members to optimise practice. In recognition of the need for a bespoke, individual tailored approach, this book examines examples of support from a case study perspective across the broad range of sport science and medicine disciplines written by recognised world leaders. This book provides 29 case studies covering physiology, psychology, biomechanics, motor control and performance analysis, nutrition, strength and conditioning and sports medicine. Each case study is presented in a structured format providing a vignette of the case with key information including the challenges faced. The vignette is followed by a contemporary review of the key literature in the field informing the decision-making process involved in the case study and related differential diagnoses and interventions. The case study is concluded by presenting the intervention and outcome. Each case study is followed by a commentary from another world leader drawing out salient points, expanding the discussion and giving personal insight. We divided the book into three sections. 1. The Reactive Model: Providing solutions for pre-existing problems2. The Predictive Model: Providing solutions for events that are predicted to occur3. The Proactive Model: Providing on-going support and developing interdisciplinary teamsThe book has been written by world-leading practitioners. The four editors have an accumulated experience of over 100 years in applied sport science and medicine and have been discussing the idea of producing a book that highlights the importance of an individualized, case-by-case approach to optimizing health and performance of athletes. The plan was to gain insight into best practice and provide information on elite athlete support from those with first-hand experience, and so we contacted the world's leading practitioners and researchers in sport science and medicine to see if they would like to contribute a chapter or comment on a chapter. Practitioners, athletes, students and anyone interested in sport should find the content of these case studies relevant and useful; they are diverse and capture the range of issues consultants face. Overall, Case Studies in Sport Science and Medicine offers a unique and valuable collection of case studies in a wide range of sport science and medicine disciplines written by world leaders in the field of high-performance sport for those working in the field of sports science and medicine.

Forensic Science Education and Training


Author: Anna Williams,John Paul Cassella,Peter D. Maskell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111868916X
Category: Medical
Page: 344
View: 6766

Continue Reading →

A comprehensive and innovative guide to teaching, learning and assessment in forensic science education and practitioner training Includes student exercises for mock crime scene and disaster scenarios Addresses innovative teaching methods including apps and e-gaming Discusses existing and proposed teaching methods

Research Methods in Sport


Author: Mark F. Smith
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1526434024
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 216
View: 992

Continue Reading →

Packed full of essential tools and tips, this second edition is your quick-start guide to undertaking research within real world of sport. Using clear, accessible language, Smith maps an easy-to-follow journey through the research process, drawing upon the most up-to-date evidence and resources to help you select the most appropriate research approach for your project. Throughout the book you will discover: - Key points that highlight important definitions and theories; - Reflection points to help you make connections between key concepts and your research; - Learning activities to put your newfound knowledge into practice; - Further reading to explore the wider context of sport research in the real world. Featuring over thirty-five case studies of students’ and academics’ research in practice, this book is the perfect guide-by-your-side to have during your own sport research.

The Politics of Leisure Policy


Author: Ian P. Henry
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349226777
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 235
View: 2450

Continue Reading →

Providing a comprehensive account of the major issues in relation to sports, arts and recreational policy in the 1990s, the book traces the relationship between local and central government and private provision, and the political ideologies which have shaped it, particularly of the New Right.

Bike Tribes

A Field Guide to North American Cyclists
Author: Mike Magnuson
Publisher: Rodale Books
ISBN: 1609617444
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 208
View: 7008

Continue Reading →

A hilarious and essential illustrated field guide that breaks down the tribes of the bicycling community: from the spandex-clad weekend warriors to the hipsters on street bikes who love to laugh at each other (and themselves) Anyone who rides a bike knows the bicycling world is made up of tribes. From tattooed messengers to pretty urban hipsters to grouchy shop owners, they may look like they live on different planets, but they are united by their abiding love of bikes—and often their total disdain of other members of this insular world. Bike Tribes is the Preppy Handbook of bicycling, replete with one-of-a-kind illustrations that taxonomize the special habits, clothing, preferences, and predilections of cyclists. Mike Magnuson, an avid rider, bicycling expert, and longtime contributor to Bicycling magazine, covers the basics of racing, etiquette, and apparel and gear, including running commentary on cycling culture, poking holes in practically every pretension in the cycling world. Bike Tribes is a fun romp through the various subcultures in the bike community—bound to appeal to newcomers and grizzled cyclists alike.

Family Law


Author: Jonathan Herring
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135992584
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 7384

Continue Reading →

This book provides a stimulating, carefully planned introduction to the key issues and debates within family law from some of the leading authorities within their field. It is designed both as a self standing book focusing on the key issues in the subject, and as a supplement to more detailed textbooks on the subject. It is essential reading for anybody studying or practising in the field of family law. Each chapter is concerned with one of the main areas of family law (such as adoption, domestic violence, marrriage and divorce), and covers a range of themes, including the public/private divide, balancing the interests of family members, moral values and family law, cost and the legal system, and the enforcement of family law. The book reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the debates on family law, and the difficult social and political issues which these have raised.

Rethinking Gender and Youth Sport


Author: Ian Wellard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113412855X
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 4217

Continue Reading →

Much writing on gender and sport is focused upon the negative impact of girls’ exclusion from the arena, suggesting by inference that current practice in sport and physical education offers an uncomplicatedly positive sport experience for boys, and that gender, in and of itself, offers a simple starting point for research into young people’s experience of sport. Rethinking Gender and Youth Sport articulates certain themes which, it is suggested, might contribute to broadening and furthering discussion in the area of gender, youth sport and physical activity. This collection considers a number of themes relating to gender in sport, including: the body competence, ability and school physical education cultural change and diversity gendered spaces human rights and well-being. Authoritative writers have contributed thought provoking chapters which will prompt the reader to re-think the ways in which gender is understood within the context of youth sport.

Effective School Management


Author: K.B. Everard,Geoff Morris,Ian Wilson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412900492
Category: Education
Page: 301
View: 9435

Continue Reading →

This popular book has been thoroughly updated for its fourth edition, and is even more directed towards the leadership demands on managers, both within the school and in its community setting.