Sport, Militarism and the Great War

Martial Manliness and Armageddon
Author: Thierry Terret,J. A. Mangan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135760888
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 312
View: 790

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The Great War has been largely ignored by historians of sport. However sport was an integral part of cultural conditioning into both physiological and psychological military efficiency in the decades leading up to it. It is time to acknowledge that the Great War also had an influence on sport in post-war European culture. Both are neglected topics. Sport, Militarism and the Great War deals with four significant aspects of the relationship between sport and war before, during and immediately after the 1914-1918 conflict. First, it explores the creation and consolidation of the cult of martial heroism and chivalric self-sacrifice in the pre-war era. Second, it examines the consequences of the mingling of soldiers from various nations on later sport. Third, it considers the role of the Great War in the transformation of the leisure of the masses. Finally, it examines the links between war, sport and male socialisation. The Great War contributed to a redefinition of European masculinity in the post-war period. The part sport played in this redefinition receives attention. Sport, Militarism and the Great War is in two parts: the Continental (Part I) and the "Anglo-Saxon" (Part II). No study has adopted this bilateral approach to date. Thus, in conception and execution, it is original. With its originality of content and the approaching centenary of the advent of the Great War in 2014, it is anticipated that the book will capture a wide audience. This book was originally published as a special issue of The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Höllensturz

Europa 1914 bis 1949
Author: Ian Kershaw
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641188725
Category: History
Page: 768
View: 8255

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Europa am Abgrund Das europäische zwanzigste Jahrhundert war geprägt von kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen. Europa erlebte gewaltige Turbulenzen, die Hölle zweier Weltkriege in der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte und tiefgreifende Veränderungen. Der britische Historiker Ian Kershaw erzählt in einem meisterhaften Panorama die Geschichte dieses Kontinents vom Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs bis in die Zeit des beginnenden Kalten Kriegs Ende der vierziger Jahre, nachdem die europäische Zivilisation an den Rand der Selbstzerstörung gelangt war. Ethnische Auseinandersetzungen, aggressiver Nationalismus und Gebietsstreitigkeiten, Klassenkonflikte und die tiefe Krise des Kapitalismus waren die treibenden Kräfte, die Kershaw dabei besonders in den Blick nimmt. Neben den großen Entwicklungslinien in Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur und Gesellschaft schildert er auch immer wieder Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen einzelner, die einen Eindruck geben vom Leben im Europa der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte.

Die Schlafwandler

Wie Europa in den Ersten Weltkrieg zog
Author: Christopher Clark
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641118778
Category: History
Page: 896
View: 2154

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Bahnbrechende neue Erkenntnisse über den Weg in den Ersten Weltkrieg 1914 Lange Zeit galt es als ausgemacht, dass das deutsche Kaiserreich wegen seiner Großmachtträume die Hauptverantwortung am Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs trug. In seinem bahnbrechenden neuen Werk kommt der renommierte Historiker und Bestsellerautor Christopher Clark (Preußen) zu einer anderen Einschätzung. Clark beschreibt minutiös die Interessen und Motivationen der wichtigsten politischen Akteure in den europäischen Metropolen und zeichnet das Bild einer komplexen Welt, in der gegenseitiges Misstrauen, Fehleinschätzungen, Überheblichkeit, Expansionspläne und nationalistische Bestrebungen zu einer Situation führten, in der ein Funke genügte, den Krieg auszulösen, dessen verheerende Folgen kaum jemand abzuschätzen vermochte. Schon jetzt zeigt sich, dass »Die Schlafwandler« eine der wichtigsten Neuerscheinungen zum 100. Jahrestag des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkriegs sein wird.

The Nordic World: Sport in Society


Author: Henrik Meinander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135224773
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 200
View: 6049

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This volume is a significant contribution to the study of contemporary European culture. It explores the political, social and aesthetic impact of modern sport on the Northern European Nordic communities. Its concern is the relationship between Nordic culture, Nordic nations, changing Nordic attitudes to time, space and the body and the related evolution of specific Nordic visions and traditions of sport as an integral component of cultural similarity and synthesis.

Militarism and the British Left, 1902-1914


Author: M. Johnson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137274131
Category: Political Science
Page: 247
View: 6791

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Militarism has traditionally been regarded as a phenomenon of the political right. As this book demonstrates, however, various groups on the political left in Britain during the years before the Great War were able to accommodate, and even assimilate, militaristic ideas, sentiments, and policies to a remarkable degree.

Angry White Men

Die USA und ihre zornigen Männer
Author: Michael Kimmel
Publisher: Orell Füssli Verlag
ISBN: 3280038987
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 6572

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Die Supermacht USA befindet sich in einer tiefen Identitätskrise. Einst berühmt für ihre pragmatische Kompromissbereitschaft stehen sich Republikaner und Demokraten unversöhnlich gegenüber, gewinnen ehemals politische Randgruppen wie die Tea Party enormen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Einfluss. Das Land radikalisiert sich und die weiße männliche Bevölkerung spielt dabei eine entscheidende Rolle. Wer sind die zornigen weißen Amerikaner, die ihren "Way of Life" so gefährdet sehen, dass sie zum radikalen Widerstand gegen jeden bereit sind, der ihre Anschauungen nicht teilt? Woher rührt die Wut auf Frauenemanzipation und Immigranten, auf Farbige und Homosexuelle, auf die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter und generell auf "die im Weißen Haus"? Dieses Buch zeichnet das beklemmende Porträt einer vorrangig männlichen Bewegung, deren Angst vor dem eigenen Bedeutungsverlust, vor dem Verlust amerikanischer Männlichkeit und Dominanz nicht nur die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen bestimmen wird, sondern darüber hinaus auch die amerikanische Außenpolitik - also uns.

Militarism, Sport, Europe

War Without Weapons
Author: J A Mangan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135773173
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 240
View: 3977

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A collection of essays exploring the relationship between sport and war, bringing together established authors that include Peter Beck, Hans Bonde, J.A. Mangan and Gertrud Pfister, and emerging authors such as Penelope Kissoudi, Orestis Kustrin, Callum McKenzie and Roberta Vescovi.

For Team and Country - Sport on the Frontlines of the Great War


Author: Tim Tate
Publisher: John Blake Publishing
ISBN: 1784181463
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 1104

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Imagine Wayne Rooney, Andy Murray and Mo Farah exchanging the glamour of their careers for the brutality and bloodshed of war - and quietly giving their lives for their country. Today the news would be dominated by the sacrifice of Britain's most famous sporting icons.A century ago the brightest sporting stars of their generation did just that. Thousands of them rallied to their country's colours; many never returned from the mechanised carnage of the Great War, making the ultimate sacrifice in the hardest game of all.In this original and highly accessible book, Tim Tate reveals how sport itself was Britain's first and most vital recruiting sergeant in the fight against Germany and how sportsmen applied their unique talents on the battlefield, but also how a shared sporting spirit offered humane common ground amidst the horror of combat.Above all, For Team and Country tells the remarkable and inspiring stories of the sportsmen whose prowess on the field was matched only by their bravery in the King's uniform.

Making Men: Rugby and Masculine Identity


Author: Timothy J.L. Chandler,John Nauright
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136303715
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 272
View: 4789

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This text looks at how an understanding of rugby can provide insight into what it has meant to "be a man" in societies influenced by the ideals of Victorian upper and middle classes. It shows that rugby has been a means of promoting male exclusivity, but also been a means of cultural incorporation.

Social Life, Local Politics, and Nazism

Marburg, 1880-1935
Author: Rudy J. Koshar
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469617137
Category: History
Page: 413
View: 4990

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Focusing on Marburg, a contentious university town where voters demonstrated strong electoral support for Adolf Hitler's National Socialist party, this imaginative study discusses the political role of small-town organizational life and painstakingly reconstructs the full range of Nazi sympathizers' cross-affiliations with local voluntary groups.

Public Schools and The Great War


Author: Anthony Seldon,David Walsh
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473833116
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 5448

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In this pioneering and original book, Anthony Seldon and David Walsh study the impact that the public schools had on the conduct of the Great War, and vice versa. Drawing on fresh evidence from 200 leading public schools and other archives, they challenge the conventional wisdom that it was the public school ethos that caused needless suffering on the Western Front and elsewhere. They distinguish between the younger front-line officers with recent school experience and the older 'top brass' whose mental outlook was shaped more by military background than by memories of school.??The Authors argue that, in general, the young officers' public school education imbued them with idealism, stoicism and a sense of service. While this helped them care selflessly for the men under their command in conditions of extreme danger, it resulted in their death rate being nearly twice the national average.??This poignant and thought-provoking work covers not just those who made the final sacrifice, but also those who returned, and?whose lives were shattered as a result of their physical and psychological wounds. It contains a wealth of unpublished detail about public school life before and during the War, and how these establishments and the country at large coped with the devastating loss of so many of the brightest and best. Seldon and Walsh conclude that, 100 years on, public school values and character training, far from being concepts to be mocked, remain relevant and that the present generation would benefit from studying them and the example of their predecessors.??Those who read Public Schools and the Great War will have their prevailing assumptions about the role and image of public schools, as popularised in Blackadder, challenged and perhaps changed.

Manliness and Militarism

Educating Young Boys in Ontario for War
Author: Mark Howard Moss
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780195415940
Category: History
Page: 216
View: 5616

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Euphoria swept Canada, and especially Ontario, with the outbreak of World War I. But why were people excited by the prospect of war? What popular attitudes about war had become ingrained in the society? This book examines the cult of manliness as it developed in Victorian and Edwardian Ontario, revealing a number of factors that fed the eagerness of youth to prove their mettle on the battlefields of Europe.

Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient World


Author: Donald G. Kyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118613805
Category: History
Page: 376
View: 3583

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The second edition of Sport and Spectacle in the AncientWorld updates Donald G. Kyle’s award-winning introductionto this topic, covering the Ancient Near East up to the late RomanEmpire. • Challenges traditional scholarship on sport andspectacle in the Ancient World and debunks claims that there wereno sports before the ancient Greeks • Explores the cultural exchange of Greek sport and Romanspectacle and how each culture responded to the other’sentertainment • Features a new chapter on sport and spectacle during theLate Roman Empire, including Christian opposition to pagan gamesand the Roman response • Covers topics including violence, professionalism insport, class, gender and eroticism, and the relationship ofspectacle to political structures

Der stille Amerikaner

Roman
Author: Graham Greene
Publisher: Paul Zsolnay Verlag
ISBN: 3552056629
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 1886

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Thomas Fowler verfolgt das Kriegsgeschehen in Vietnam 1952 aus sicherer Distanz. Auf der Terrasse des berühmten Hotel Continental in Saigon lernt er den jungen Amerikaner Aldon Pyle kennen, der für eine medizinische Hilfsorganisation nach Asien gekommen ist. Fowler, der alternde Journalist, und Pyle verstehen sich gut, bis Pyle sich in dessen schöne Geliebte Phuong verliebt, die fortan zwischen den beiden Männern hin- und hergerissen ist. Als in Saigon Plastikbomben explodieren, schöpft Fowler den Verdacht, dass die Chemikalien, die Pyle ins Land schmuggelt, vielleicht doch nicht nur medizinischen Zwecken dienen. Greenes großer Roman über die wichtigen Fragen des Lebens in der neuen Übersetzung von Nikolaus Stingl.

Manufacturing Masculinity

The Mangan Oeuvre - Global Reflections on J.A. Mangan's Studies of Masculinity, Imperialism and Militarism
Author: Peter Horton
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832545352
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 529
View: 3796

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This tribute to Professor J. A. (Tony) Mangan is well-deserved. Professor Mangan is a path-breaking scholar. Mangan's impact is measurable in the rarest of ways: institution-building. Under his leadership, a globally situated team has opened a new relationship between sport and the academy and I recommend Manufacturing Masculinity: The Mangan Oeuvre -- Global Reflections on J.A. Mangan's Studies of Masculinity, Imperialism and Militarism as, yet again, it offers a unique consideration of the relationship between sport and academy. Professor John D. Kelly - University of Chicago Professor Mangan has since the early 1980s been one of the foremost international scholars within his chosen field of cultural history. Over this period he has possibly more convincingly than any other international academic shown in his research how much sport and associated forms of competitive performance have not only reflected and reproduced but indeed sometimes also reformed and redirected fundamental political, cultural and social structures and ideological transformative forces in modern civilisation. Professor Henrik Meinander - University of Helsinki Professor Mangan is widely and greatly respected in China as a scholar of international distinction... he has made both direct and indirect contributions to Chinese scholarship especially regarding Chinese women and their long struggle for emancipation... Finally, and I cannot stress this point too strongly, a most important contribution ... has been his crystal clear and nuanced writing style much appreciated by... Chinese who wish to write for the international scholastic world. Professor Dong Jinxia - Peking University No one has had a more influential role in, or made a greater contribution to the cultural history of modern sport than Professor J.A. Mangan. With his visionary, pioneering monographs and many seminal edited collections and as founding editor of the series Sport in the Global Society with its numerous volumes and most especially as founding editor and editor of The International Journal of the History of Sport for some thirty years -- which he took from the original three numbers a year to eighteen numbers a year, his contribution has been unparalleled. Professor Roberta J. Park - University of California, Berkeley

Militarism, Hunting, Imperialism

'Blooding' The Martial Male
Author: J.A. Mangan,Callum McKenzie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317969596
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 244
View: 7143

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The late Victorian and Edwardian officer class viewed hunting and big game hunting in particular, as a sound preparation for imperial warfare. For the imperial officer in the making, the ‘blooding’ hunting ritual was a visible ‘hallmark’ of stirling martial masculinity. Sir Henry Newbolt, the period poet of subaltern self-sacrifice, typically considered hunting as essential for the creation of a ‘masculine sporting spirit’ necessary for the consolidation and extension of the empire. Hunting was seen as a manifestation of Darwinian masculinity that maintained a pre-ordained hierarchical order of superordinate and subordinate breeds. Militarism, Hunting, Imperialism examines these ideas under the following five sections: martial imperialism: the self-sacrificial subaltern ‘blooding’ the middle class martial male the imperial officer, hunting and war martial masculinity proclaimed and consolidated martial masculinity adapted and adjusted. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.