Sport, Identity and Ethnicity


Author: Jeremy MacClancy
Publisher: Berg Pub Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 203
View: 7886

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Sport is now a major industry -- and one of increasing importance throughout both the developed and developing world -- but, until now, it has received little serious attention from anthropologists. In this first general book on the anthropology of sport, the contributors look at how different sports are used by a wide variety of peoples to express, manipulate and negotiate their identities, and to challenge the way they are defined by others. Chapters address: -the role played by football teams in colonial Zimbabwe to express locals' autonomy from their British rulers; -the evolution of one of Venice's central festive occasions -- its regatta -- from a ritual of state to a sport of the people; modern and postmodern transformations of polo in Pakistan, its original home -the resolution of problematic aspects of social life in Turkey through wrestling; -the manner by which Catalan nationalists successfully exploited the Barcelona Olympics for their own political ends; and -the controversy between anglers and anti-anglers in Britain. This pioneering volume will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists, sport historians and all those interested in this popular subject.

Ethnicity, Sport, Identity

Struggles for Status
Author: J. A. Mangan,Andrew Ritchie
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0714655740
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 6887

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The struggle for status within sport is a microcosm of the struggle for rights, freedom and recognition within society. Injustices within sport often reflect larger injustices in society as a whole. In South Africa, for example, sport has been crucial in advancing the rights and liberty of oppressed groups. The geographical and chronological range of the essays in Ethnicity, Sport, Identity reveal the global role of sport in this advance. The collection examines cases of discrimination directed at individuals or groups, resulting in their exclusion from full participation in sport and their consequent struggle for inclusion. It shows how ethnic and national identity are sources of social cohesion and political assertion within sport, and it illustrates the manner in which sport has served to project ethnicity in various, often contradictory ways. It depicts sport as an agent of conservatism and radicalism, superiority and subordination, confidence and lack of confidence, and as a source of disenfranchisement and enfranchisement. That sport has been, and continues to be, a potent means of both ethnic restriction and release can no longer be ignored.

Sporting Nationalisms

Identity, Ethnicity, Immigration and Assimilation
Author: Mike Cronin,David Mayall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113577708X
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 240
View: 3136

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This volume examines the ways in which sport shapes the experiences of various immigrant and minority groups and, in particular, looks at the relationship between sport, ethnic identity and ethnic relations. The articles in this volume are concerned primarily with British, American and Australian sporting traditions and the themes covered include the consolidation of ethnic identity in host societies through participation immigrant sports and exclusive sporting organizations, assimilation into host' societies through participation in indigenous, national sports, and the construction by outsiders of separate ethnic identities according to sporting criteria.

Sport

Race, Ethnicity and Identity : Building Global Understanding
Author: Daryl Adair
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415483544
Category: Social Science
Page: 117
View: 4444

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Sport has long been a paradoxical environment with respect to issues of 'race', ethnicity, and identity. For much of the twentieth century, sports around the world were enclaves of difference. Whites and non-whites, for example, were separated on the sports field as they were in many ways off the field. Today sport is much more inclusive, with athletic ability of greater importance than skin colour or ancestry. Yet enmity and antagonism still appear in sport via instances of racial vilification or hostility between some groups. Other problems include the relative absence of minorities from positions of power and influence in sport, as well as folkloric assumptions about athletic ability based upon stereotypes about 'race' or ethnic background. This book discusses issues of diversity, capacity and equity in the colourful world of global sport. A panoramic approach, covering 'race', ethnicity and identity is consistent with the contemporary global migration of professional athletes, as well as the multicultural contexts of sport in various regions. This collection of essays therefore addresses international dimensions of sport, commonality and difference, as well as the special circumstances of sport and social relations in particular places. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

Sport: Race, Ethnicity and Identity

Building Global Understanding
Author: Daryl Adair
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135693757
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 6414

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Sport has long been a paradoxical environment with respect to issues of 'race', ethnicity, and identity. For much of the twentieth century, sports around the world were enclaves of difference. Whites and non-whites, for example, were separated on the sports field as they were in many ways off the field. Today sport is much more inclusive, with athletic ability of greater importance than skin colour or ancestry. Yet enmity and antagonism still appear in sport via instances of racial vilification or hostility between some groups. Other problems include the relative absence of minorities from positions of power and influence in sport, as well as folkloric assumptions about athletic ability based upon stereotypes about 'race' or ethnic background. This book discusses issues of diversity, capacity and equity in the colourful world of global sport. A panoramic approach, covering 'race', ethnicity and identity is consistent with the contemporary global migration of professional athletes, as well as the multicultural contexts of sport in various regions. This collection of essays therefore addresses international dimensions of sport, commonality and difference, as well as the special circumstances of sport and social relations in particular places. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

Sport and National Identity in the Post-War World


Author: Senior Research Fellow Department of Historical and International Studies Dilwyn Porter,Dilwyn Porter,Adrian Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113445693X
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 208
View: 1442

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This book provides a broad range of international case-studies to examine how sport has helped to shape national identities, and how national cultures have shaped contemporary sport.

Ethnicity, Sport, Identity

Struggles for Status
Author: Andrew Ritchie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780203495636
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 240
View: 5156

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The struggle for status within sport is a microcosm of the struggle for rights, freedom and recognition within society. Injustices within sport often reflect larger injustices in society as a whole. In South Africa, for example, sport has been crucial in advancing the rights and liberty of oppressed groups. The geographical and chronological range of the essays in Ethnicity, Sport, Identity reveal the global role of sport in this advance. The collection examines cases of discrimination directed at individuals or groups, resulting in their exclusion from full participation in sport and their consequent struggle for inclusion. It shows how ethnic and national identity are sources of social cohesion and political assertion within sport, and it illustrates the manner in which sport has served to project ethnicity in various, often contradictory ways. It depicts sport as an agent of conservatism and radicalism, superiority and subordination, confidence and lack of confidence, and as a source of disenfranchisement and enfranchisement. That sport has been, and continues to be, a potent means of both ethnic restriction and release can no longer be ignored.

Sport, Race and Ethnicity

The Scope of Belonging?
Author: Katie Liston,Paddy Dolan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317530608
Category:
Page: 128
View: 3109

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Analyses of racialisation processes within and beyond sport would be incomplete without a consideration of ethnicity and ethnic identities. Why? Because ethnicity, as a concept and as a focus for research, captures better the diverse experiences of social groups and the scope of belonging. Ethnic identities contribute to the way race and racism is constructed and experienced in sport, and to the ways in which racial ideologies are created, recreated and contested. Readers will find here a stimulating array of papers that capture varied aspects of the sport, race and ethnicity nexus around the world. The journey stretches as far afield as Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ghana and the USA and, in so doing, it draws on a range of disciplinary approaches that converge or diverge by degrees. Such diversity is to be welcomed in an academic field characterized increasingly by the potential richness of people's experiences of sport, race and ethnicity within various cultural contexts. Included here are papers from a range of disciplines and approaches including sociology, politics, sports feminisms, critical race theory, a strengths perspective, Kaupapa M?ori Theory, history and sports development. This book was published as a special issue of Sport and Society.

Encyclopedia of Ethnicity and Sports in the United States


Author: George B. Kirsch,Othello Harris,Claire Elaine Nolte
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313299117
Category: History
Page: 530
View: 8813

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Traces the development of athletics in the United States by examining the sporting experience of Native Americans, African Americans and the immigrant groups of the United States from Colonial times to the present.

'Race' and Sport

Critical Race Theory
Author: Kevin Hylton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134075987
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 160
View: 9003

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Critical Race Theory provides a framework for exploring racism in society, taking into account the role of institutions and drawing on the experiences of those affected. Applied to the world of sport, this framework can reveal the underlying social mores and institutionalised prejudices that have helped perpetuate those racial stereotypes particular to sport, and those that permeate broader society. In this groundbreaking sociological investigation, Kevin Hylton takes on the controversial subject of racial attitudes in sport and beyond. With sport as his primary focus, Hylton unpacks the central concepts of ‘race’, ethnicity, social constructionism and racialisation, and helps the reader navigate the complicated issues and debates that surround the study of ‘race’ in sport. Containing rigorous and insightful analysis throughout, the book explores key topics such as: the origins, applications and terminology of Critical Race Theory the meaning of ‘whiteness’ the media, sport and racism anti-racism and sport genetics and scientific racism. The contested concepts that define the subject of ‘race’ in sport present a constant challenge for academics, policy makers and practitioners in the development of their ideas, policies and interventions. This innovative and challenging book is essential reading for anybody looking to fully understand this important subject.

Sport Worlds

A Sociological Perspective
Author: Joseph A. Maguire
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780880119726
Category: Education
Page: 242
View: 6925

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Sport Worlds: A Sociological Perspectivetakes a novel approach to tracing the intimate and extensive relationships between sport and other social worlds. By examining classic issues and current trends, the text offers students and practitioners alike a broad base of knowledge with which to challenge the everyday conventions and practices of sport. Joseph Maguire, Grant Jarvie, Louise Mansfield, and Joe Bradley deftly highlight the ways in which sport competitions are shaped more by what happens off the field than on. Using contemporary examples, the authors paint a historically relevant picture of how sport is an integral part of the global order, our local communities, and our individual identities. The text includes the following features: -A straightforward organization and easy-to-read style making it an essential reference for students and professionals studying sociology of sport -Clearly stated objectives and review questions at the start and end of each chapter that give readers a framework for learning and understanding key points throughout the text -Project suggestions in each chapter that allow readers to incorporate learning concepts into hands-on, real-life situations, furthering student comprehension -Narrative case studies based on current issues illustrating the global nature of the modern world of sport -Highlighted examples that allow readers to relate today's sport headlines to issues and trends beyond the final score -Debating points that engage readers in thought-provoking discussions, allowing readers to assess the sociology of sport issues for themselves Part I,"Sport Inside the World," examines a range of global systems, processes, and issues that characterize sport worlds. These include networks, boundaries, conventions, and challenges. Attention is given to issues such as migration, the environment, and politics. Part II,“Inside the Worlds of Sport,” focuses on the significance of sport in the emotional and social lives of people. Special focus is on questions of gender, place, space, and identities. Sport Worlds: A Sociological Perspectivekeenly illustrates how sport enters our lives from different paths, giving readers a fresh perspective from which to consider the true character and meaning of sport. For students, researchers, and professionals alike—be they participants, spectators, or consumers of sport—the text is an extensive resource that will enhance their overall experience in the world of sport.

Sport

A Critical Sociology
Author: Richard Giulianotti
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745625452
Category: Social Science
Page: 267
View: 4666

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Presenting a critical sociological interpretation of modern sport, this work gives a cogent examination of a range of widely taught sociological theories and issues, including functionalism, Weberian sociology, Marxism, postmodernism and globalization.

Routledge Handbook of Sport, Race and Ethnicity


Author: John Nauright,David K Wiggins
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317596676
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 3996

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Few issues have engaged sports scholars more than those of race and ethnicity. Today, globalization and migration mean all major sports leagues include players from around the globe, bringing into play a complex mix of racial, ethnic, cultural, political and geographical factors. These complexities have been examined from many angles by historians, sociologists, anthropologists and scientists. This is the first book to offer a comprehensive survey of the full sweep of approaches to the study of sport, race and ethnicity. The Routledge Handbook of Sport, Race and Ethnicity makes a substantial contribution to scholarship, presenting a collection of international case studies that map the most important developments in the field. Multi-disciplinary in its approach, it engages with a wide range of disciplines including history, politics, sociology, philosophy, science and gender studies. It draws upon the latest cutting-edge research to address key issues such as racism, integration, globalisation, development and management. Written by a world-class team of sports scholars, this book is essential reading for all students, researchers and policy-makers with an interest in sports studies.

Sport and Contested Identities

Contemporary Issues and Debates
Author: David Hassan,Ciaran Acton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315523639
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 264
View: 614

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Identity is one of the most theorised and contested of all sociological concepts and sport is fertile ground for an examination of its complexities. This book offers a wide-ranging and up-to-date exploration of the sport-identity nexus, drawing examples from a variety of sporting contexts and geographical locations, and incorporating a diversity of perspectives including players, spectators, officials, the media and policy-makers. Covering key themes in the social scientific study of sport such as gender, ethnicity and national identity, it considers the impact of social, cultural and technological change on the formation of sporting identities. Including original real-life case studies, each chapter makes a unique contribution to our understanding of the complex relationship between sport and identity. As this relationship is embedded within the broader structures of power that frame social inequality, this book also poses important questions about the role of sport-related initiatives in our society today, as well as in years to come. Sport and Contested Identities: Contemporary Issues and Debates is fascinating reading for all students and scholars of the sociology of sport.

Understanding Lifestyle Sport

Consumption, Identity and Difference
Author: Belinda Wheaton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134511876
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 1534

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The past decade has seen a tremendous growth in the popularity of activities like skateboarding and snowboarding; sports that have been labelled as 'extreme' or 'lifestyle' and which embody 'alternative' sporting values such as anti-competitiveness, anti-regulation, high risk and personal freedom. The popularity of these activities goes beyond the teenage male youth that the media typify as their main consumers. This book examines the popularity, significance and meaning of lifestyle sport, exploring the sociological significance of these activities, particularly as related to their consumption, and the expression of politics of identity and difference. Including much unique ethnographic research work with skaters, surfers, windsurfers, climbers, adventure racers, and ultimate frisbee players., the central themes explored in The Cultural Politics of Lifestyle Sports include: How might we describe lifestyle sports? What influence do commercial forces have on lifestyle sports? Do lifestyle sports challenge the hegemonic masculinities inherent in a traditional sport environment? This book is a compelling exploration of sport as a way of life, and is a vital resource for any lecturer or student interested in Sociology and Cultural Studies in a Sports context.

The Cultural Politics of the Paralympic Movement

Through an Anthropological Lens
Author: David Howe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134440820
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 208
View: 7801

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Do the Paralympic Games empower the disability sport community? Like many other contemporary sporting institutions, the Paralympic Games have made the transition from pastime to spectacle, and the profile of athletes with disabilities has been increased as a result. This book reviews the current status of the Paralympics and challenges the mainstream assumption that the Games are a vehicle for empowerment of the disabled community. Using ethnographic methods unique in this area of study, P. David Howe has undertaken an innovative and critical examination of the social, political and economic processes shaping the Paralympic Movement. In The Cultural Politics of the Paralympic Movement he presents his findings and offers a new insight into the relationship between sport, the body and the culture of disability. In doing so he has produced the most comprehensive and radical text about high performance sport for the disabled yet published. P. David Howe is Lecturer in the Sociology of Sport at Loughborough University. He is also a four-time Paralympian and former Athlete’s Representative to the International Paralympic Committee.

Identity and Myth in Sports Documentaries

Critical Essays
Author: Zachary Ingle,David M. Sutera
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0810887894
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 199
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In Identity and Myth in Sports Documentaries, editors Zachary Ingle and David Sutera have assembled a collection of essays that look at the ways in which identity—national, religious, ethnic, racial, etc.—and myth are constructed, perpetuated, or questioned in documentaries produced in the United States, France, Australia, Germany, and Japan. This volume is divided into three sections: “American Identity and Myth,” “Race and Ethnicity,” and “Global Perspectives.” Spanning several decades, the landmark sports documentaries discussed in this volume include Hoop Dreams, The Endless Summer, The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg, Olympia, and Tokyo Olympiad. Sports covered in these films include baseball, football, basketball, boxing, soccer, surfing, and the Olympics.

Sport and International Relations

An Emerging Relationship
Author: ADRIAN BUDD,ROGER LEVERMORE
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135773513
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 168
View: 5275

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Sport plays a highly significant role in the lives of millions the world over, and yet the impact of this global phenomenon on the subject of international relations hes been neglected. The contributors to this collection argue that sport remains both an underestimated and understudied aspect of international relations, and that the growth of its importance should be seen in the complex interdependencies and global systems of governance. The text examines: * how the expansion of professional sport, and the revenues generated by mass media's links with sport have transformed the international political economy; * how sport contributes to nation building and notions of identity; * how sport is a significant facet of international diplomacy. International sport is far from being peripheral to international relations. This challenging and comprehensive introduction will be of interest to students and all those working in international relations and sport studies.

Beyond C. L. R. James

Shifting Boundaries of Race and Ethnicity in Sports
Author: John Nauright,Alan G. Gobley,David K. Wiggins
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
ISBN: 1557286493
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 5990

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A collection of essays that analyze the interconnections between race, ethnicity, and sport.