Speculum of the Other Woman


Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801493300
Category: Social Science
Page: 365
View: 1787

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A radically subversive critique brings to the fore the masculine ideology implicit in psychoanalytic theory and in Western discourse in general: woman is defined as a disadvantaged man, a male construct with no status of her own.

Irigaray


Author: Rachel Jones
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745637817
Category: Medical
Page: 296
View: 5620

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The work of French Philosopher Luce Irigaray has exerted a profound influence on feminist thinking of recent decades and provides a far-reaching challenge to western philosophy's entrenched patriarchal norms. This book guides the reader through Irigaray's critical and creative transformation of western thought. Through detailed analysis of her most important text, Speculum of the Other Woman, Rachel Jones carefully examines Irigaray's transformative readings of such icons of the western tradition as Plato, Descartes, Kant and Hegel. She shows that these readings underpin Irigaray's claim that western philosophy has been dependent on the forgetting of both sexual difference and of our singular beginnings in birth. In response, Irigaray seeks to recover a positive account of sexual difference which would release woman from her traditional position as the 'other' of the subject and allow her to speak as a subject in her own right. In a sensitive reading of Irigaray's work, Jones shows why this distinctively feminist project necessarily involves the transformation of the fundamental terms of western metaphysics. By foregrounding Irigaray's approach to questions of otherness and alterity, she concludes that, for Irigaray, cultivating an ethics of sexuate difference is the condition of ethical relations in general. Lucidly and persuasively written, this book will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars seeking to understand Irigaray's original contribution to philosophical and feminist thought.

To be Two


Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415918152
Category: Philosophy
Page: 125
View: 1540

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In this major new work, French philosopher Luce Irigaray continues to explore the issue central to her thought: the feminist redefinition of Being and Identity. For Irigaray, the notion of the individual is twinned with a reconceived notion of difference, or alterity. What does it mean to be someone? How can identity be created, or discovered, in relation to others? In To Be Two Irigaray gives new clarity to her project, grounding it in relation to such major figures as Sartre, Levinas, and Merleau-Ponty. Yet at the same time, she enriches her discussion with an attempt to bring the elements -- earth, fire, water -- into philosophical discourse. Even the polarities of heaven and earth come to play in this ambitious and provocative text. At once political, philosophical, and poetic, To Be Two will become one of Irigaray's central works.

Psychoanalysis and Gender

An Introductory Reader
Author: Rosalind Minsky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134680333
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 336
View: 1277

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What is object-relations theory and what does it have to do with literary studies? How can Freud's phallocentric theories be applied by feminist critics? In Psychoanalysis and Gender: An Introductory Reader Rosalind Minsky answers these questions and more, offering students a clear, straightforward overview without ever losing them in jargon. In the first section Minsky outlines the fundamentals of the theory, introducing the key thinkers and providing clear commentary. In the second section, the theory is demonstrated by an anthology of seminal essays which includes: * Feminity by Sigmund Freud * Envy and Gratitude by Melanie Klein * An extract from Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena by Donald Winnicot * The Meaning of the Phallus by Jacques Lacan * An extract from Women's Time by Julia Kristeva * An extract from Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray

Democracy Begins Between Two


Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415918162
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 5408

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In Democracy Begins Between Two, Luce Irigaray calls for a form of specific civil rights guaranteeing women a separate civil identity of their own equivalent to-though not simply the same as-that enjoyed by men.

The Question of the Other

Essays in Contemporary Continental Philosophy
Author: Arleen B. Dallery,Charles E. Scott,Director of the Vanderbilt Center for Ethics and Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Charles E Scott
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400326
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 9925

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The core source of this book is the work of Emmanuel Levinas. Beginning with a chapter on speaking and the other, three lead chapters focus on Levinas' account of the face of the other. These chapters are followed by explorations of the ethics of dissemination in Derrida, the freedom of the other in Sartre, the cultural other in Husserlian phenomenology, the other as sexual difference in Irigaray and Nietzsche, the sublime in aesthetics, and the deconstruction of the primacy of the ego in Foucault and Lacan. This book is especially relevant to feminist theory. It shows that postmodern, continental philosophy does indeed have ethical implications. The question of the other or the presence of the other undercuts the foundationalist starting points of ethical theory and epistemology. The Question of the Other presents fresh and original interpretations of Husserl, Nietzsche, Derrida, Levinas, Irigaray, Foucault, Lacan, Heidegger, and Sartre.

Bad women, mad women


Author: Maria Gerolemou
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3823365800
Category: Greek drama (Tragedy)
Page: 442
View: 6962

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I Love to You

Sketch for a Felicity Within History
Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415907330
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 150
View: 9310

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In this book, one of the foremost contemporary scholars in the fields of feminist thought and linguistics, explores the possibility of a new liberating language and hence a new relationship between the sexes. In I Love to You, Luce Irigaray moves from the critique of patriarchy to an exploration of the ground for a possible inter-subjectivity between the two sexes. Continuing her rejection of demands for equality, Irigaray poses the question: how can we move to a new era of sexual difference in which women and men establish lasting relations with one another without reducing the other to the status of object?

Art of Darkness

A Poetics of Gothic
Author: Anne Williams
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226899060
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 311
View: 3940

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Art of Darkness is an ambitious attempt to describe the principles governing Gothic literature. Ranging across five centuries of fiction, drama, and verse—including tales as diverse as Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto, Shelley's Frankenstein, Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, and Freud's The Mysteries of Enlightenment—Anne Williams proposes three new premises: that Gothic is "poetic," not novelistic, in nature; that there are two parallel Gothic traditions, Male and Female; and that the Gothic and the Romantic represent a single literary tradition. Building on the psychoanalytic and feminist theory of Julia Kristeva, Williams argues that Gothic conventions such as the haunted castle and the family curse signify the fall of the patriarchal family; Gothic is therefore "poetic" in Kristeva's sense because it reveals those "others" most often identified with the female. Williams identifies distinct Male and Female Gothic traditions: In the Male plot, the protagonist faces a cruel, violent, and supernatural world, without hope of salvation. The Female plot, by contrast, asserts the power of the mind to comprehend a world which, though mysterious, is ultimately sensible. By showing how Coleridge and Keats used both Male and Female Gothic, Williams challenges accepted notions about gender and authorship among the Romantics. Lucidly and gracefully written, Art of Darkness alters our understanding of the Gothic tradition, of Romanticism, and of the relations between gender and genre in literary history.

Sexes and Genealogies


Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231070331
Category: Philosophy
Page: 206
View: 1133

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In the tradition of Simone de Beauvoir and Julia Kristeva, Luce Irigaray is one of France's most versatile feminist critics. Sexes and Genealogies, a collection of lectures delivered throughout Canada and Europe, introduces her writing to a wider American audience. Irigaray's most famous work, Speculum of the Other Woman, prompted her expulsion from the Lacanin Ecole Freudienne because of its searing depiction of Platonic and Freudian representations of women. Now Sexes and Genealogies analyzes sexual difference according to what she terms the double dimension of gender and ideology. Irigaray covers major issues in religion, the law, psychoanalysis, and literature, such as: the continued neglect by psychoanalysts of the sexual and gender dimensions of therapy, the urgency of female divinity for contemporary feminist movements, and a reconsideration of women's relation to the market economy. Sexes and Genealogies also includes Irigaray's dazzling reading of the Oresteia, "Body Against Body: In Relation to the Mother," now acknowleged as a feminist classic.

Levinas and the Cinema of Redemption

Time, Ethics, and the Feminine
Author: Sam B. Girgus
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519494
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 272
View: 5178

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In his philosophy of ethics and time, Emmanuel Levinas highlighted the tension that exists between the "ontological adventure" of immediate experience and the "ethical adventure" of redemptive relationships-associations in which absolute responsibility engenders a transcendence of being and self. In an original commingling of philosophy and cinema study, Sam B. Girgus applies Levinas's ethics to a variety of international films. His efforts point to a transnational pattern he terms the "cinema of redemption" that portrays the struggle to connect to others in redeeming ways. Girgus not only reveals the power of these films to articulate the crisis between ontological identity and ethical subjectivity. He also locates time and ethics within the structure and content of film itself. Drawing on the work of Luce Irigaray, Tina Chanter, Kelly Oliver, and Ewa Ziarek, Girgus reconsiders Levinas and his relationship to film, engaging with a feminist focus on the sexualized female body. Girgus offers fresh readings of films from several decades and cultures, including Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), Federico Fellini's La dolce vita (1959), Michelangelo Antonioni's L'avventura (1960), John Huston's The Misfits (1961), and Philip Kaufman's The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988).

French Feminists on Religion

A Reader
Author: Morny Joy,Kathleen O'Grady,Judith L. Poxon
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415215374
Category: Religion
Page: 291
View: 4604

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This collection gathers together for the first time the writings on religion of the major voices of French feminism. Includes also introductory essays by the editors, which contextualize and demonstrate the importance of these writings.

Divine Love

Luce Irigaray, Women, Gender, and Religion
Author: Morny Joy
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719055232
Category: Psychology
Page: 207
View: 5543

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Explores the religious and spiritual elements of Luce Irigaray's thought. This book presents Irigaray's ideas on love, the divine, an ethics of sexual difference, and (normative) heterosexuality. It contextualises her work in terms of its reception by secular feminists and feminists within Religious Studies.

Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche


Author: Luce Irigaray
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231070829
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 190
View: 1471

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Published in France in 1980, Marine Lover is the first in a trilogy in which Luce Irigaray links the interrogation of the feminine in post-Hegelian philosophy with a pre-Socratic investigation of the elements. Irigaray undertakes to interrogate Nietzche, the grandfather of poststructuralist philosophy, from the point of view of water. According to Irigaray, water is the element Nietzsche fears most. She uses this element in her narrative because for her there is a complex relationship between the feminine and the fluid. Irigaray's method is to engage in an amorous dialogue with the male philosopher. In this dialogue, she ruptures conventional discourse and writes in a lyrical style that defies distinction between theory, fiction, and philosophy.

Cartesian Women

Versions and Subversions of Rational Discourse in the Old Regime
Author: Erica Harth
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801499982
Category: History
Page: 267
View: 6494

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The little-known writings that Erica Harth examines here reveal a remarkable chapter in the history of Western thought. Drawing upon current theoretical work in gender studies, cultural history, and literary criticism, Harth looks at how women in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century France attempted to overcome gender barriers and participated in the shaping of rational discourse.

Medieval Anchoritisms

Gender, Space and the Solitary Life
Author: Liz Herbert McAvoy
Publisher: DS Brewer
ISBN: 1843842777
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 201
View: 4520

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An examination of the importance of anchoritism to social, cultural and religious life in the middle ages.