Iconography of Power

Soviet Political Posters Under Lenin and Stalin
Author: Victoria E. Bonnell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520221532
Category: Art
Page: 363
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This study of the Soviet political posters issued between 1918 and 1953, describes the archetypal images they featured, such as the worker, the peasant woman, the enemy and the leader. It analyzes these Bolshevik icons and explains how they defined the popular outlook in Soviet Russia.

Soviet Posters

The Sergo Grigorian Collection
Author: Maria Lafont
Publisher: Prestel Pub
ISBN: 9783791337524
Category: Art
Page: 285
View: 5265

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This massive book of Soviet propaganda posters, many rare and never before published, is at once a revealing historical document and a sublime example of graphic art at its best. Dating from 1917 to the beginning of the Cold War, the posters in this book feature the work of such major Russian ground-breaking avant-garde designers as El Lissitzky and Alexander Rodchenko as well as extraordinary works by anonymous artists. Presented in full color, the 250 posters gathered here range in themes from warnings about the dangers of alcohol abuse and the creeping Nazi menace to illustrations of utopian harmony and the Soviet industrial machine. A brief illustrated introduction offers a chronological overview of the period that produced such eloquent art, which has long been a major source of inspiration to artists and designers.

The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953

Archetypes, inventions and fabrications
Author: Anita Pisch
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 176046063X
Category: Design
Page: 516
View: 6781

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From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.

Power to the people

early Soviet propaganda posters in The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Author: Alex Ward,Muzeʼon Yiśraʼel (Jerusalem)
Publisher: Lund Humphries Publishers
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 165
View: 6120

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Power to the People presents the Israel Museum's major collection of propaganda posters from the early years of the Soviet Union, documenting one of the most interesting chapters in twentieth-century graphic design. The Russian Telegraphic Agency (or ROSTA) was established in September 1918 to disseminate government information, new decrees and decisions, and articles of note taken from the foreign press. Selected information was relayed by telegraph to ROSTA collectives that were responsible for creating posters. Teams of writers, artists and stencillers quickly wrote the texts, created suitable visual images, and printed the posters, which were displayed in kiosks, railway stations, market places and shop windows no later than the following morning. The posters were the trumpet call of the Bolsheviks, intended to rally the populace and transform it into a politically sound obedient entity that would work together against the threats facing the new Soviet regime. The teams of artists and writers who collectively produced the propaganda posters were inspired by the traditional vernacular of political cartoons, by the lubok wood-cut technique of Russian folk art, and by the ideas of Futurism. They combined text and illustration to comment on social and political issues of the day in an indirect or allegorical manner. Satire was used freely to portray the enemies of the state as grotesque and unsavory. The most dominant figure was the avant-garde poet and artist Vladimir Mayakovsky, who in addition to creating many of the images was responsible for the majority of the written texts. The Israel Museum's collection of Soviet propaganda posters, donated by Merrill C. Berman of New York, is the largest museum collection of its kind outside Russia. This book illustrates the entire collection for the first time, alongside translations of the poster texts, an iconographic lexicon, 50 large-format reproductions of key posters, and enlightening essays on the posters' historical context.

The Birth of the Propaganda State

Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917-1929
Author: Peter Kenez
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521313988
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 1178

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Peter Kenez's comprehensive study of the Soviet propaganda system, describes how the Bolshevik Party went about reaching the Russian people. Kenez focuses on the experiences of the Russian people. The book is both a major contribution to our understanding of the genius of the Soviet state, and of the nature of propaganda in the twentieth-century.

Political Posters in Central and Eastern Europe, 1945-95

Signs of the Times
Author: James Aulich,Marta Sylvestrová
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719054198
Category: Art
Page: 227
View: 3170

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The political poster was one of the most widely discredited and closely policed aspects of cultural life in the former communist bloc. The poster's history is a story of aesthetic, political and finally, national liberation. This comprehensively illustrated comparative analysis of political poster design--drawn from major collections in Belorussia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine--exemplifies the aesthetic diversity of the region under communist rule.

Posters, Propaganda, and Persuasion in Election Campaigns Around the World and Through History

Author: Steven A. Seidman
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820486161
Category: Political Science
Page: 327
View: 5320

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How effective are election campaign posters? Providing a unique political history, this book traces the impact that these posters – as well as broadsides, banners, and billboards – have had around the world over the last two centuries. It focuses on the use of this campaign material in the United States, as well as in France, Great Britain, Germany, South Africa, Japan, Mexico, and many other countries. The book examines how posters evolved and discusses their changing role in the twentieth century and thereafter; how technology, education, legislation, artistic movements, advertising, and political systems effected changes in election posters and other campaign media, and how they were employed around the world. This comprehensive and original overview of this campaign material includes the first extensive review of the research literature on the topic. Posters, Propaganda, and Persuasion will be useful to scholars and students interested in communications, politics, history, advertising and marketing, art history, and graphic design.


Soviet Posters of the Silent Screen
Author: E. N. Sudakova,Alexandra Chiriac
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780957662322
Category: Film posters, Russian
Page: 94
View: 7234

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Soviet Icons in Reverse
Author: Boris Mukhametshin,Gary Kern
Publisher: Borgo Press
Category: Heads of state
Page: 164
View: 9032

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Chinese Propaganda Posters

From Revolution to Modernization
Author: Stefan Landsberger
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789054960096
Category: Design
Page: 240
View: 8168

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Traditional and modern propagation of behaviour in China - The propaganda poster during the Four Modernizations era - The future symbol.

Roter Stern über Russland

eine visuelle Geschichte der Sowjetunion von 1917 bis zum Tode Stalins ; Plakate, Fotografien und Zeichnungen aus der David-King-Sammlung
Author: David King
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783886340910
Page: 345
View: 6209

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>Roter Stern über Russland“ist eine fesselnde visuelle Geschichte der UdSSR von 1917 bis zum Tode Stalins. Der aufrüttelnde, dem Cinéma Vérité ähnliche Stil versetzt den Betrachter mitten hinein in die umwälzenden Ereignisse, die für die Bürger des ersten Arbeiterstaates der Welt mit Hoffnungen, Chaos, Heroismus und Schrecken verbunden waren. Revolutionären Erschütterungen folgen Bürgerkrieg und Hungersnot; Stalins Grossem Terror der 1930er Jahre die brutale Invasion der Nazis. Mit dem Intrigenspiel, das den Tod des Diktators 1953 umgab, schliesst der Bildband. Mehr als 550 Plakate, Fotografien und Zeichnungen sind hier in höchster Qualität wiedergegeben, begleitet von kenntnisreichen und informativen Texten. Ausgehend von den grossen historischen Ereignissen, richtet der Autor den Fokus auf einzelne Ereignisse und Schicksale. So entreisst er, gestützt auf das Wirken der hervorragendsten sowjetischen Designer, Künstler und Fotografen des 20. Jahrhunderts viele vergessene Helden und auch Verbrecher der Vergessenheit.

Soviet Women on the Frontline in the Second World War

Author: R. Markwick,E. Charon Cardona,Euridice Charon Cardona
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230362540
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 3356

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This is the first comprehensive study in English of Soviet women who fought against the genocidal, misogynist, Nazi enemy on the Eastern Front during the Second World War. Drawing on a vast array of original archival, memoir, and published sources, this book captures the everyday experiences of Soviet women fighting, living and dying on the front.

Spirit of the Soviet union

anti-Nazi cartoons and posters
Author: Baron Max Aitken Beaverbrook,Great Britain. Ministry of Information
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 48
View: 1744

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Madame Mao

Author: Anchee Min
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104907544
Category: Fiction
Page: 352
View: 8091

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Im Gedächtnis vieler Menschen ist sie die weißknöchrige Teufelin, ehrgeizig, unversöhnlich und grausam. Wer Madame Mao wirklich war, bleibt Phantasie und Geheimnis. Dieser Roman erzählt auf unvergleichlich brillante Weise die Geschichte einer Frau, die wie keine andere in China eine ganze Generation geprägt hat und zu den faszinierendsten Frauen des 20. Jahrhunderts gehört. Anchee Min blickt tief in Madame Maos Seele und verleiht einer überaus talentierten, leidenschaftlichen, zornigen Frau eine Stimme. »Liebesgeschichte und politisches Epos zugleich. Die Geschichte der Madame Mao, einer stolzen Schönheit, die zur mächtigsten, meist gefürchteten und schließlich geächteten Frau in China wurde.« ELLE

Body Soviet

Propaganda, Hygiene, and the Revolutionary State
Author: Tricia Starks
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 0299229637
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 9351

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In 1918 the People’s Commissariat of Public Health began a quest to protect the health of all Soviet citizens, but health became more than a political platform or a tactical decision. The Soviets defined and categorized the world by interpreting political orthodoxy and citizenship in terms of hygiene. The assumed political, social, and cultural benefits of a regulated, healthy lifestyle informed the construction of Soviet institutions and identity. Cleanliness developed into a political statement that extended from domestic maintenance to leisure choices and revealed gender, ethnic, and class prejudices. Dirt denoted the past and poor politics; health and cleanliness signified mental acuity, political orthodoxy, and modernity. Health, though essential to the revolutionary vision and crucial to Soviet plans for utopia, has been neglected by traditional histories caught up in Cold War debates. The Body Soviet recovers this significant aspect of Soviet thought by providing a cross-disciplinary, comparative history of Soviet health programs that draws upon rich sources of health care propaganda, including posters, plays, museum displays, films, and mock trials. The analysis of propaganda makes The Body Soviet more than an institutional history; it is also an insightful critique of the ideologies of the body fabricated by health organizations.

Vision and Communism

Viktor Koretsky and Dissident Public Visual Culture
Author: Robert Bird,Christopher Heuer,Matthew Jackson
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595588175
Category: Art
Page: 176
View: 9787

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In the last thirty years of the Soviet Communist project, Viktor Koretsky’s art struggled to solve an enduring riddle: how to ensure or restore Communism’s moral health through the production of a distinctively Communist vision. In this sense Koretsky’s art demonstrates what an “avant-garde late Communist art” would have looked like if we had ever seen it mature. Most striking of all, Koretsky was pioneering the visual languages of Benetton and MTV at a time when the iconography of interracial togetherness was still only a vague rumor on Madison Avenue. Vision and Communism presents a series of interconnected essays devoted to Viktor Koretsky’s art and the social worlds that it hoped to transform. Produced collectively by its five editors, this writing also considers the visual art, film, and music included in the exhibition Vision and Communism, opening at the Smart Museum of Art in September 2011.


Russian and Norwegian Posters 1920-1939
Author: Daniela Büchten,Yelena Barkhatova,Denis Solovev,Vibece Salthe
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788275476447
Category: Design
Page: 223
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"Hardly any art form had a higher profile in Russia during the years after the 1917 Revolution than the poster. Posters were vehicles of mass communication that set their mark on the country's streets and urban spaces. At the same time the poster genre became a key arena for the Russian avant-garde, which dreamed of an art that united form and function, the masses and the elite. The poster -- "produced by the millions for the masses and posted on the streets" -- brings art to the people, proclaimed Vyacheslav Polonsky. In Norway, artists, advertisers, and political activists were inspired by the Soviet propaganda. Propaganda! Russian and Norwegian Posters 1920-1939 brings together a broad selection of outstanding Russian poster art, from the constructivists' formal experiments to the socialist realism of the 1930s. It also includes some of the most important Norwegian posters inspired by Soviet posters. Richly detailed articles discuss the development of Russian and Norwegian political poster art during the interwar years, while brief introductions explain the historical background of every single poster. In this way, the reader is given a distinctive introduction to Russian history and culture in the decades following the revolution."--Page 4 of cover.