Soviet Criminal Justice Under Stalin

Author: Peter H. Solomon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521564519
Category: History
Page: 494
View: 9546

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The first comprehensive account of Stalin's struggle to make criminal law in the USSR a reliable instrument of rule offers new perspectives on collectivization, the Great Terror, the politics of abortion, and the disciplining of the labor force.

Organized Crime, Prison and Post-Soviet Societies

Author: Alain Touraine,Anton Oleinik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351777548
Category: Social Science
Page: 326
View: 7981

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This title was first published in 2003. The "Red Mafia" in Russia have become the subject of increasing international interest and considerable misinterpretation. After well-received editions in Russian, French and Italian, Anton Oleinik's study of Russian prisons, in which he explores the social roots of organized crime in post-Soviet societies, is now published in English. This English edition includes a postscript on the Moscow terrorist crisis of 2002. Oleinik's analysis reveals prison society as a mirror of broader Russian society - characterized by the absence of the state as an organizer of social practices. He builds on this to make a central distinction between two types of societies - the modern "large" society and the "small" society, like Russia, that has only been partially modernized, and in which the world of everyday life, experiences and relationships remains entirely separated from the official aims of modernization and efficiency. Oleinik is interested in the void between these two separate worlds, a void he sees being filled in Russia by the Mafia.

Ruling Russia

Authoritarianism from the Revolution to Putin
Author: William Zimmerman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400880831
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 4522

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When the Soviet Union collapsed, many hoped that Russia's centuries-long history of autocratic rule might finally end. Yet today’s Russia appears to be retreating from democracy, not progressing toward it. Ruling Russia is the only book of its kind to trace the history of modern Russian politics from the Bolshevik Revolution to the presidency of Vladimir Putin. It examines the complex evolution of communist and post-Soviet leadership in light of the latest research in political science, explaining why the democratization of Russia has all but failed. William Zimmerman argues that in the 1930s the USSR was totalitarian but gradually evolved into a normal authoritarian system, while the post-Soviet Russian Federation evolved from a competitive authoritarian to a normal authoritarian system in the first decade of the twenty-first century. He traces how the selectorate—those empowered to choose the decision makers—has changed across different regimes since the end of tsarist rule. The selectorate was limited in the period after the revolution, and contracted still further during Joseph Stalin’s dictatorship, only to expand somewhat after his death. Zimmerman also assesses Russia’s political prospects in future elections. He predicts that while a return to totalitarianism in the coming decade is unlikely, so too is democracy. Rich in historical detail, Ruling Russia is the first book to cover the entire period of the regime changes from the Bolsheviks to Putin, and is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand why Russia still struggles to implement lasting democratic reforms.

Soviet Criminal Law and Procedure

The RSFSR Codes
Author: Harold Joseph Berman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674826366
Category: History
Page: 399
View: 9072

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A second edition has been made necessary by the large number of important changes in the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure introduced since July 3, 1965, the effective date of the first edition. I have taken advantage of the opportunity thus presented to make some changes in the Introduction as well.

Beyond Totalitarianism

Stalinism and Nazism Compared
Author: Michael Geyer,Sheila Fitzpatrick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521897963
Category: History
Page: 536
View: 8266

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These essays rethink the nature of Stalinism and Nazism and establish a new methodology for viewing their histories that goes well beyond outdated twentieth-century models of totalitarianism, ideology, and personality. They offer a new understanding of the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in European and global history.

Stalin's Witnesses

Author: Julius Wachtel
Publisher: Knox Robinson Pub
ISBN: 9781908483393
Category: Fiction
Page: 404
View: 362

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Vilna, the Russian Empire, 1905. En route to deliver a secret pamphlet entrusted to him by his elder brothers, a young boy falls into the clutches of the Czar's secret police. Another decade will pass before the Crown gives way, not to liberally-minded revolutionaries like Vladimir Romm, the boy now a young man, but to the pitiless disciples of an embittered lawyer named Lenin. For the next three-quarters of a century, Marxism in its cruelest form will rule over Russia. Returning to Vilna during the winter of 1918 for the first time since his youth, Romm finds it occupied by Polish troops. He takes charge of a Communist militia and leads the Red Army to a small yet significant win for the fledgling Soviet state. As World War I yields to an uneasy peace, Romm joins Soviet intelligence. He is posted under various guises to Germany, France, Japan and Geneva. In 1934 Romm is named Izvestia's inaugural correspondent to Washington where he is given orders to bring key Americans to the Soviet side. But as his career reaches its zenith, Romm is suddenly recalled, arrested and forced to serve with four others as 'witnesses' at the notorious 1937 Moscow show trial. "Stalin's Witnesses" is a novel. While it sticks closely to the historical record, the witnesses speak in their own voices, guiding our journey through a tangle of fascinating events to tease out the underlying truths. It's their story, and it helped set the stage for our own.

Politics and Legitimacy in Post-Soviet Eurasia

Author: Martin Brusis,Joachim Ahrens,Martin Schulze Wessel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137489448
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 3915

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Political legitimacy has become a scarce resource in Russia and other post-Soviet states. Their capacity to deliver prosperity has suffered from economic crisis, war in Ukraine and confrontation with the West. Will nationalism and repression enable political regimes to survive? This book studies the politics of legitimation in Post-Soviet Eurasia.

Stalinist subjets

individual and system in the Soviet Union and the Comintern, 1929-1953
Author: Brigitte Studer,Heiko Haumann
Publisher: N.A
Category: Communist self-criticism
Page: 555
View: 9116

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A History of the Soviet Union from the Beginning to the End

Author: Peter Kenez
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139451022
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 4864

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An examination of political, social and cultural developments in the Soviet Union. The book identifies the social tensions and political inconsistencies that spurred radical change in the government of Russia, from the turn of the century to the revolution of 1917. Kenez envisions that revolution as a crisis of authority that posed the question, 'Who shall govern Russia?' This question was resolved with the creation of the Soviet Union. Kenez traces the development of the Soviet Union from the Revolution, through the 1920s, the years of the New Economic Policies and into the Stalinist order. He shows how post-Stalin Soviet leaders struggled to find ways to rule the country without using Stalin's methods but also without openly repudiating the past, and to negotiate a peaceful but antipathetic coexistence with the capitalist West. In this second edition, he also examines the post-Soviet period, tracing Russia's development up to the time of publication.

Transitional Justice and the Former Soviet Union

Author: Cynthia M. Horne,Lavinia Stan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107198135
Category: History
Page: 424
View: 8991

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A comprehensive overview of the efforts of state and non-state actors in the former Soviet Union to redress the past.

The NEBI Yearbook

North European and Baltic Sea Integration
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Europe, Northern
Page: N.A
View: 5333

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The Languages of the Soviet Union

Author: Bernard Comrie,B. G. Hewitt,John R. Payne
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 317
View: 5364

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A general account of the languages of the Soviet Union, one of the most diverse multinational and multilingual states in the world as well as one of the most important. There are some 130 languages spoken in the USSR, belonging to five main families and ranging from Russian, which is the first language of about 130,000,000 people, to Aluet, spoken only by 96 (in the 1970 census). Dr Comrie has two general aims. First, he presents the most important structural features of these languages, their genetic relationships and classification and their distinctive typological features. Secondly, he examines the social and political background to the use of functioning of the various languages in a multilingual state. The volume will be of importance and interest to linguists and to those with a broader professional interest in the Soviet Union.

Historical Abstracts

Twentieth century abstracts, 1914-2000
Author: Eric H. Boehm
Publisher: N.A
Category: History, Modern
Page: N.A
View: 6236

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Warped Mourning

Stories of the Undead in the Land of the Unburied
Author: Alexander Etkind
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804785538
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 328
View: 7125

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After Stalin's death in 1953, the Soviet Union dismantled the enormous system of terror and torture that he had created. But there has never been any Russian ban on former party functionaries, nor any external authority to dispense justice. Memorials to the Soviet victims are inadequate, and their families have received no significant compensation. This book's premise is that late Soviet and post-Soviet culture, haunted by its past, has produced a unique set of memorial practices. More than twenty years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia remains "the land of the unburied": the events of the mid-twentieth century are still very much alive, and still contentious. Alexander Etkind shows how post-Soviet Russia has turned the painful process of mastering the past into an important part of its political present.

The Bread of Affliction

The Food Supply in the USSR During World War II
Author: William Moskoff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521522830
Category: History
Page: 276
View: 6116

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This book tells how the Soviet Union fed itself after the invasion by the Germans during World War II. The author argues that central planning became much less important in feeding the population, and civilians were thereby forced to become considerably more self reliant in feeding themselves. A rationing system was instituted soon after the war began, but quickly became irrelevant because of the chronic food shortages. The breakdown in central supplies of food was accompanied by the diminished importance of the ruble, which in many places was replaced by bread and clothing as the medium of exchange. Although the Soviet army was given high precedence over civilians, the author also shows that the population living under German occupation was much worse off than were Soviet civilians living in the rear. In addition to extensive use of American and German archives from the war period, the author interviewed more than thirty Soviet emigrés who survived the war.