Son Preference

Sex Selection, Gender and Culture in South Asia
Author: Navtej K. Purewal
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847887538
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 1945

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The preference for male children transcends many societies and cultures, making it an issue of local and global dimensions. While son preference is not a new phenomenon and has existed historically in many parts of Asia, its contemporary expressions illustrate the gendered outcomes of social power relations as they interact and intersect with culture, economy and technologies. Son Preference brings together key debates on the subject of son preference by assessing existing work in the field and providing new insights through primary research. The book covers a broad range of social science discussions and draws upon textual and ethnographic material from India. Son Preference will be useful to students, scholars, activists and anyone interested in the issues surrounding gender inequity, sex selection and skewed sex ratios.

Women's Human Rights and Migration

Sex-Selective Abortion Laws in the United States and India
Author: Sital Kalantry
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812294203
Category: Law
Page: 272
View: 4035

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In Women's Human Rights and Migration, Sital Kalantry examines the laws to ban sex-selective abortion in the United States and India to argue for a transnational feminist legal approach to evaluating prohibitions on the practices of immigrant women that raise human rights concerns.

Family Demography in Asia

A Comparative Analysis of Fertility Preferences
Author: Stuart Gietel-Basten,John Casterline,Minja Kim Choe
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785363557
Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE
Page: 424
View: 4321

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The demographic future of Asia is a global issue. As the biggest driver of population growth, an understanding of patterns and trends in fertility throughout Asia is critical to understand our shared demographic future. This is the first book to comprehensively and systematically analyse fertility across the continent through the perspective of individuals themselves rather than as a consequence of top-down government policies.

Asia-Pacific Population Journal


Author: United Nations
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 48
View: 4250

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Issued three times a year, the Asia-Pacific Population Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge
Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963150
Category: Reference
Page: 2050
View: 9652

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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Endangered Daughters

Discrimination and Development in Asia
Author: Elizabeth Croll
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134538820
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5242

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This unique and groundbreaking book seeks to re-focus gender debate onto the issue of daughter discrimination - a phenomenon still hidden and unacknowledged across the world. It asks the controversial question of why millions of girls do not appear to be surviving to adulthood in contemporary Asia. In the first major study available of this emotive and sensitive issue, Elisabeth Croll investigates the extent of discrimination against female children in Asia and shifts the focus of attention firmly from son-preference to daughter-discrimination. This book brings together demographic data and anthropological field studies to reveal the multiple ways in which girls are disadvantaged, from excessive child mortality to the withholding of health care and education on the basis of gender. Focusing especially on China and India, the book reveals the surprising coincidence of increasing daughter discrimination with rising economic development, declining fertility and the generally improved status of women in East and South Asia. Essential reading for all those interested in gender in contemporary society.

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration


Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044463388X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1702
View: 7841

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The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist

South Asian Women in the Diaspora


Author: Nirmal Puwar,Parvati Raghuram
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 986

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South Asian women have frequently been conceptualized in colonial, academic and postcolonial studies, but their very categorization is deeply problematic. This book, informed by theory and enriched by in-depth fieldwork, overturns these unhelpful categorizations and alongside broader issues of self and nation assesses how South Asian identities are 'performed'. What are the blind spots and erasures in existing studies of both race and gender? In what ways do South Asian women struggle with Orientalist constructions? How do South Asian women engage with 'indo-chic?' What dilemmas face the South Asian female scholar? With a combination of the most recent feminist perspectives on gender and the South Asian diaspora, questions of knowledge, power, space, body, aesthetics and politics are made central to this book. Building upon a range of experiences and reflecting on the actual conditions of the production of knowledge, South Asian Women in the Disapora represents a challenging contribution to any consideration of gender, race, culture and power.

The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies


Author: Pashaura Singh,Louis E. Fenech
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019100412X
Category: Religion
Page: 656
View: 2084

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The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies innovatively combines the ways in which scholars from fields as diverse as philosophy, psychology, religious studies, literary studies, history, sociology, anthropology, political science, and economics have integrated the study of Sikhism within a wide range of critical and postcolonial perspectives on the nature of religion, violence, gender, ethno-nationalism, and revisionist historiography. A number of essays within this collection also provide a more practical dimension, written by artists and practitioners of the tradition. The Handbook is divided into eight thematic sections that explore different 'expressions' of Sikhism. Historical, literary, ideological, institutional, and artistic expressions are considered in turn, followed by discussion of Sikhs in the Diaspora, and of caste and gender in the Panth. Each section begins with an essay by a prominent scholar in the field, providing an overview of the topic. Further essays provide detail and further treat the fluid, multivocal nature of both the Sikh past and the present. The Handbook concludes with a section considering future directions in Sikh Studies.

does Hepatitis B Infection or Son Preference Explain the Bullk of Gneder Imbalance in China?


Author: Monica Das Gupta
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: China
Page: 19
View: 3766

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Abstract: China has a large deficit of females, and public policies have sought to reduce the son preference that is widely believed to cause this. Recently a study has suggested that up to 75 percent of this deficit is attributable to hepatitis B infection, indicating that immunization programs should form the first plank of policy interventions. However, a large medical dataset from Taiwan (China) shows that hepatitis B infection raises women's probability of having a son by only 0.25 percent. And demographic data from China show that the only group of women who have elevated probabilities of bearing a son are those who have already borne daughters. This pattern makes it difficult to see how any biological factor can explain a large part of the imbalance in China's sex ratios at birth - unless it can be shown that it somehow selectively affects those who have borne girls, or causes them to first bear girls and then boys. The Taiwanese data suggest that this is not the case with hepatitis B, since its impact is unaffected by the sex composition of previous births. The data support the cultural, rather than the biological, explanation for the "missing women.".

South Asia 2060

Envisioning Regional Futures
Author: Adil Najam,Moeed Yusuf
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783080388
Category: Political Science
Page: 338
View: 7935

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“South Asia 2060” is a dialogue among 47 experts from a diverse range of expertise and backgrounds, ranging from policymakers to academia to civil society activists and visionaries, on the likely longer-range trajectories of South Asia’s future. The collection explores current regional trends, possible future trajectories, and the key factors that will determine whether these trajectories are positive or negative for the region, as a region. Departing from a purely security-based analysis, the volume considers factors such as development and human well-being to reveal not what will happen but what could happen, as well as the impact present conditions could have on the rest of the world.

The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare


Author: E. Kuhlmann,E. Annandale
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137295406
Category: Social Science
Page: 535
View: 448

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An authoritative, state-of-the-art collection that brings together key experts to provide an overview of the field. This new paperback edition includes 3 new chapters on human resources and health, end-of-life care and complementary and alternative medicine as well as thorough updates to the introduction and conclusion.

Geographies of Health

An Introduction
Author: Anthony C. Gatrell,Susan J. Elliott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118274857
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 4103

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Setting out the debates and reviewing the evidence that links health outcomes with social and physical environments, this new edition of the well-established text offers an accessible overview of the theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and research in the field of health geography Includes international examples, drawn from a broad range of countries, and extensive illustrations Unique in its approach to health geography, as opposed to medical geography New chapters focus on contemporary concerns including neighborhoods and health, ageing, and emerging infectious disease Offers five new case studies and an fresh emphasis on qualitative research approaches Written by two of the leading health geographers in the world, each with extensive experience in research and policy

Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act of 2011

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 3541, December 6, 2011
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on the Constitution
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Abortion
Page: 207
View: 8316

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Gender and Chinese Development

Towards an Equitable Society
Author: Lanyan Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403525X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 192
View: 9665

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This book takes a look beneath the surface of this "miracle growth", to explore the political economy of this process. Beyond the superficial macroeconomics of high growth rates, increasing GDP per capita and high trade volume, the book looks at what is happening to the very socioeconomic and political fabric of society; particularly in terms of the transformation of gender relations. Chen’s study explores: how the gender impacts of government policies shape the unequal realities of women, how women have carried on in production and social reproduction and made efforts to improve their status, and how women could potentially adopt a strategy to overcome the gender impacts so as to attain the equality and justice they have been promised by the Chinese government in a harmonious "well off" society. This book is a core resource for all students of Chinese economics and development studies. The book is also relevant to those who are involved in research and teaching on gender and development and women’s studies.

Why is Son Preference Declining in South Korea?


Author: Woojin Chung,Monica Das Gupta
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sex of children, Parental preferences for
Page: 30
View: 1138

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For years, South Korea presented the puzzling phenomenon of steeply rising sex ratios at birth despite rapid development, including in women's education and formal employment. This paper shows that son preference decreased in response to development, but its manifestation continued until the mid-1990s due to improved sex-selection technology. The paper analyzes unusually rich survey data, and finds that the impact of development worked largely through triggering normative changes across the whole society - rather than just through changes in individuals as their socio-economic circumstances changed. The findings show that nearly three-quarters of the decline in son preference between 1991 and 2003 is attributable to normative change, and the rest to increases in the proportions of urban and educated people. South Korea is now the first Asian country to reverse the trend in rising sex ratios at birth. The paper discusses the cultural underpinnings of son preference in pre-industrial Korea, and how these were unraveled by industrialization and urbanization, while being buttressed by public policies upholding the patriarchal family system. Finally, the authors hypothesize that child sex ratios in China and India will decline well before they reach South Korean levels of development, since they have vigorous programs to accelerate normative change to reduce son preference.

Sex-selective abortion in India

gender, society and new reproductive technologies
Author: Tulsi Patel
Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 1818

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This collection of 11 essays unravels the reasons for the depleting child sex ratio in India. The contributors, all distinguished demographers and social scientists, describe the political economy of sentiments and sexual mores that leads parents to kill unborn daughters. The contributors examine ways in which reproductive technologies, such as, the ultrasound, are misused at the family, community and state levels. In this alarming scenario, the volume highlights both the participation and defiance of the various authorities dealing with reproduction, health services and the problem of female foeticide. Engagement with the state is analysed in the light of colonial policies, the law of adoption, health policies, family planning programmes and the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act of 1994 and its amendment in 2002. Applying a multidisciplinary perspective to the problem of fewer girls being born in India, this volume addresses this critical issue with the help of qualitative and quantitative data, both historical and contemporary.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3835

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.