Software and Mind

The Mechanistic Myth and Its Consequences
Author: Andrei Sorin
Publisher: Andsor Books
ISBN: 0986938904
Category: Science
Page: 944
View: 2125

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Addressing general readers as well as software practitioners, "Software and Mind" discusses the fallacies of the mechanistic ideology and the degradation of minds caused by these fallacies. Mechanism holds that every aspect of the world can be represented as a simple hierarchical structure of entities. But, while useful in fields like mathematics and manufacturing, this idea is generally worthless, because most aspects of the world are too complex to be reduced to simple hierarchical structures. Our software-related affairs, in particular, cannot be represented in this fashion. And yet, all programming theories and development systems, and all software applications, attempt to reduce real-world problems to neat hierarchical structures of data, operations, and features. Using Karl Popper's famous principles of demarcation between science and pseudoscience, the book shows that the mechanistic ideology has turned most of our software-related activities into pseudoscientific pursuits. Using mechanism as warrant, the software elites are promoting invalid, even fraudulent, software notions. They force us to depend on generic, inferior systems, instead of allowing us to develop software skills and to create our own systems. Software mechanism emulates the methods of manufacturing, and thereby restricts us to high levels of abstraction and simple, isolated structures. The benefits of software, however, can be attained only if we start with low-level elements and learn to create complex, interacting structures. Software, the book argues, is a non-mechanistic phenomenon. So it is akin to language, not to physical objects. Like language, it permits us to mirror the world in our minds and to communicate with it. Moreover, we increasingly depend on software in everything we do, in the same way that we depend on language. Thus, being restricted to mechanistic software is like thinking and communicating while being restricted to some ready-made sentences supplied by an elite. Ultimately, by impoverishing software, our elites are achieving what the totalitarian elite described by George Orwell in "Nineteen Eighty-Four" achieves by impoverishing language: they are degrading our minds.

Brain and Mind


Author: G. E. W. Wolstenholme,Maeve O'Connor
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047071820X
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 693

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The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Mechanisms in World and Mind

Perspective Dualism, Systems Theory, Neuroscience, Reductive Physicalism
Author: Bernd Lindemann
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 184540775X
Category: Science
Page: 165
View: 8681

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The topic of the reduction of mental processes to biophysical mechanisms touches at the core of the mind–body problem, a puzzle in the philosophy of mind since the days of Descartes. This book is about philosophical aspects of neuroscience, centred on perspective dualism. The topic unfolds in the discussion of mechanisms in world and mind. Neuronal mechanisms of differing complexity are described in a general way. It is shown how models of such mechanisms may be classified and assigned to levels of systems theory. Reduction strategies are applied to processes of life, mind, and consciousness. The aim is physicalistic, to explore if and how the mental may be understood in terms of biophysics and its mechanisms.

Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement

17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings
Author: Andreas Riel,Rory O'Connor,Serge Tichkiewitch,Richard Messnarz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642156665
Category: Computers
Page: 303
View: 6148

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A typical characterization of EuroSPI is reflected in a statement made by a c- pany: “. . . the biggest value of EuroSPI lies in its function as a European knowledge and experience exchange mechanism for SPI and innovation. ” Since its beginning in 1994 in Dublin, the EuroSPI initiative has outlined that there is not a single silver bullet to solve SPI issues, but that you need to understand a c- bination of different SPI methods and approaches to achieve concrete benefits. The- fore each proceedings volume covers a variety of different topics, and at the conf- ence we discuss potential synergies and the combined use of such methods and - proaches. These proceedings contain selected research papers for five topics: Section I: SPI Tools Section II: SPI Methods Section III: SPI in SMEs Section IV: Economic Aspects of SPI Section V: The Future of SPI Section I presents studies on SPI tools. The authors provide an insight into new tools which can be used for SPI. Willem Bekkers et al. present a new assessment method and tool for software product management. Ismael Edrei-Espinosa-Curiel et al. illustrate a graphical approach to support the teaching of SPI. Paul Clarke and coworkers deal with an analysis and a tool to help real adoption of standards like ISO 12207 and they focus on SPI implementation and practices. Esparanca Amengual et al. present a new team-based assessment method and tool.

Mind Maps for Business 2nd edn

Using the ultimate thinking tool to revolutionise how you work
Author: Tony Buzan,Chris Griffiths
Publisher: Pearson UK
ISBN: 0273788574
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 7822

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Tony Buzan knows more than a little about Mind Maps – after all, he did invent them! Often referred to as the ‘the Swiss-army knife for the brain’, Mind Maps are a ground-breaking, note-taking and mind-organising technique that has already revolutionised the lives of many millions of people around the world and taken the educational world by storm. Now Tony Buzan is sharing the powerful techniques of mind mapping with the business world to help business professionals everywhere revolutionise the way they think and practise. Mind Maps for Business is the very first and only book on mind mapping that has been written by Tony Buzan specifically for a business audience. No matter how big or small the business you work in; no matter if you’re an employer or an employee; no matter what your role is, you’ll find the benefits of using mind maps to help you think, organise, plan and control are vast: Accelerate your productivity to levels you never thought possible. Generate exciting new possibilities for growth and expansion. Make meetings, discussions and forums really productive and useful. Negotiate, talk and consult more constructively and effectively. Be more focussed, more organised and much smarter. Unleash your amazing creative capabilities. Whether you’re writing marketing plans or strategy documents; looking for new ways to develop your business; planning a conference or event; restructuring your staff; or looking to improve your management and leadership skills – discover today the amazing advantages that using Mind Maps for Business can bring.

Forefront Research on the Brain and Mind

Three Reports
Author: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.)
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Artificial intelligence
Page: N.A
View: 9038

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Das kleine Mind-Map-Buch

Die Denkhilfe, die Ihr Leben verändert
Author: Tony Buzan
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641160901
Category: Science
Page: 128
View: 3814

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Endlich Schluss mit Chaos und Hektik - befreien Sie Ihr Denken! Tuning fürs Gehirn: Tony Buzan zeigt, wie man aus dem Stand brillante Ideen entwickeln, mühelos Dinge im Gedächtnis behalten, das perfekte romantische Date organisieren oder die persönliche Zukunft planen kann.

Cultures and Organizations : Software for the Mind

Software for the Mind
Author: Geert Hofstede,Gert Jan Hofstede
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071439595
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 9275

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The landmark study of cultural differences across 70 nations, Cultures and Organizations helps readers look at how they think—and how they fail to think—as members of groups. Based on decades of painstaking field research, this new edition features the latest scientific results published in Geert Hofstede’s scholarly work Culture’s Consequences, Second Edition. Original in thought and profoundly important, Cultures and Organizations offers vital knowledge and insight on issues that will shape the future of cultures and nations in a globalized world.

Web 2.0: Making the Web Work for You, Illustrated


Author: Jane Hosie-Bounar,Barbara M. Waxer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133419615
Category: Computers
Page: 120
View: 6667

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Incorporating Web 2.0 lessons into your course just got easier. Introducing a new title from the Illustrated Series -- WEB 2.0: MAKING THE WEB WORK FOR YOU is the perfect complement for any computing course. This streamlined book incorporates the Illustrated two page spread, keeping students engaged in Web 2.0 topics without having to sift through dense text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Lokales Denken, globales Handeln

Interkulturelle Zusammenarbeit und globales Management
Author: Geert Hofstede,Gert Jan Hofstede,Michael Minkov
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406711049
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 557
View: 9183

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Inhalt Wie unsere Herkunft das Denken, Fühlen und Handeln beeinflusst: Brandaktuell in Zeiten großer Migrationsbewegungen erhält der Leser auf gut verständliche und anregende Weise Einsichten darüber, wie der Ort, an dem wir aufgewachsen sind, unsere Art zu denken, zu fühlen und zu handeln formt. Basierend auf Hofstedes Forschungsarbeiten in mittlerweile mehr als siebzig Ländern, über einen Zeitraum von vierzig Jahren hinweg, untersucht "Lokales Denken, globales Handeln", was Leute trennt, obgleich doch Kooperation so klar in jedermanns Interesse wäre. Diese komplett überarbeitete Neuauflage enthält wesentliche Beiträge aus Michael Minkovs Datenanalyse des World Value Surveys und zur Evolution von Kulturen von Gert Jan Hofstede. Zielgruppe Führungskräfte mit Auslandskontakten, Führungskräfte im Marketing und Personalmanagement, Dozenten und Studierende in betriebswirtschaftlichen Studiengängen.

Early Childhood Development, A Multicultural Perspective


Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467294004
Category: Education
Page: 81
View: 9401

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Early Childhood Development, A Multicultural Perspective. In this book, you will learn topics such as Theories of Child Development, Genetics, Prenatal Development, and Birth, The Newborn, and Infant Physical Growth and Brain Development plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Search for Mind

A New Foundation for Cognitive Science
Author: Seán Ó Nualláin
Publisher: Intellect Books
ISBN: 1841500216
Category: Philosophy
Page: 282
View: 6958

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"The degree to which cognitive science as currently conceived can aspire to be the science of mind is a difficult issue. Proposing anintegrated approach to cognitive science, this revised edition of The Search For Mind has been updated to meet the newest developments of this rapidly changing field. The first part of this book constitutes clear introductions to the disciplines that traditionally are seen to constitute cognitive science (namely: Philosophy, Psychology, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence and Ethnology). The second section focuses on the nature of symbol systems, considered generically, and goes on to detail a theory of consciousness and selfhood. The two strands are woven together into a new theory of cognition and its development. O Nuallain concludes that a science that fully attempts to treat cognition must remain au fait with the findings from all other approaches to the study of mind, from the purely behaviorist to the purely experiential."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Possible

A Blueprint for Changing How We Change the World
Author: Stephan Bauman
Publisher: Multnomah
ISBN: 1601425848
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 2335

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We need a better vision for saving the world. Across the world, people like you are rising up to fight poverty, oppression, and injustice—not just professionals, but bloggers, musicians, entrepreneurs, artists, and advocates. People who refuse to accept the world as it is, who dare to believe change is possible. But we face a crisis of vision. We sense what needs to be done, but often we don’t know how to do it. Without a better blueprint for doing good well, our moment in history will slip away. Stephan Bauman, president of World Relief believes true change begins in the hearts and actions of ordinary people. In Possible, he presents clear and biblical thinking, powerful stories, and practical tools for sustainably impacting our workplaces, neighborhoods, villages, and cities. Possible is an eloquent and personal call to reconsider what it means to change ourselves so that we can change the world.

Peace of Mind

Becoming Fully Present
Author: Thich Nhat Hanh
Publisher: Parallax Press
ISBN: 1937006484
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 160
View: 2672

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We can’t heal with our minds alone. Thinking can be something productive and creative, but without integrating body and mind, much of our thinking is useless and unproductive. In Peace of Mind, Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh reminds us that integrating body and mind is the only way to be fully alive in each moment, without getting lost in our thoughts while walking, cooking, driving, and going about our everyday lives. Only by cultivating a mindful body and an embodied mind can we be fully alive. Bringing together ancient wisdom and contemporary thinking, Thich Nhat Hanh says it's like hardware and software—if you don't have both, you can't do anything. Peace of Mind provides a foundation for beginning mindfulness practices and understanding the principles of mind/body awareness. By learning how our physical body and mind are inseparable in creating our own perceptions and experiences we can begin to trust and nourish our ability to create well-being.

Earth and Mind

How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth
Author: Cathryn A. Manduca,David W. Mogk
Publisher: Geological Society of America
ISBN: 0813724139
Category: Science
Page: 188
View: 6426

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God, Science and Mind


Author: Dennis Polis
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1105964019
Category: Religion
Page: 320
View: 8086

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An exercise in Open Philosophy -- a worldview open to the full range of human experience including science, spirituality and traditional philosophy. Naturalism is exposed as a closed, a priori worldview. God is not an alternative to, but the completion of, scientific explanation. The foundations and data of evolution do not show randomness, but Mind in nature. Evolution aims at verifiable targets and develops means in advance of need. While God is proven deductively, the fine-tuning argument makes a strong case despite the anthropic principle. The rules of evidence are discussed critically before reviewing data on mind ranging from neuroscience, connectionism, & cybernetics to introspection, parapsychology, near death experiences & mysticism -- even I-Thou relationships. Current theories are inadequate to important data points. Traditional philosophy suggests a single substance, two-subsystem theory integrating a data processing brain and an intentional, immaterial soul to solve the mind-body problem.

Software and Data for Practical Astronomers

The Best of the Internet
Author: David Ratledge
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781852330552
Category: Science
Page: 183
View: 1222

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There is a vast amount of astronomical software on the Internet, but unless you're prepared to spend months looking for it and hours downloading it, you won't be able to match this collection!

Software and Systems Traceability


Author: Jane Huang,Orlena Gotel,Andrea Zisman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447122380
Category: Computers
Page: 494
View: 7504

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Software and Systems Traceability provides a comprehensive description of the practices and theories of software traceability across all phases of the software development lifecycle. The term software traceability is derived from the concept of requirements traceability. Requirements traceability is the ability to track a requirement all the way from its origins to the downstream work products that implement that requirement in a software system. Software traceability is defined as the ability to relate the various types of software artefacts created during the development of software systems. Traceability relations can improve the quality of a product being developed, and reduce the time and cost of development. More specifically, traceability relations can support evolution of software systems, reuse of parts of a system by comparing components of new and existing systems, validation that a system meets its requirements, understanding of the rationale for certain design and implementation decisions, and analysis of the implications of changes in the system.

Testing Software and Systems

22nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, ICTSS 2010, Natal, Brazil, November 8-10, 2010, Proceedings
Author: Alexandre Petrenko,Adenilso Simao,José Carlos Maldonado
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642165737
Category: Computers
Page: 267
View: 8830

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Annotation. This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference on Testing Software and Systems, ICTSS 2010, held in Natal, Brazil, in November 2010. ICTSS 2010 is the merger of the 22nd IFIP International Conference on Testing of Communicating Systems (TESTCOM) and the 10th International Workshop on Formal Approaches to Testing of Software (FATES). The 16 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited presentations were carefully selected from 60 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics in the field of testing of general software and systems such as test automation, integration testing, test case selection, search based testing, combinatorial testing, inductive testing, test architectures for large-scale systems, and end-to-end performance testing.