Software and Mind

The Mechanistic Myth and Its Consequences
Author: Andrei Sorin
Publisher: Andsor Books
ISBN: 0986938904
Category: Science
Page: 944
View: 9145

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Addressing general readers as well as software practitioners, "Software and Mind" discusses the fallacies of the mechanistic ideology and the degradation of minds caused by these fallacies. Mechanism holds that every aspect of the world can be represented as a simple hierarchical structure of entities. But, while useful in fields like mathematics and manufacturing, this idea is generally worthless, because most aspects of the world are too complex to be reduced to simple hierarchical structures. Our software-related affairs, in particular, cannot be represented in this fashion. And yet, all programming theories and development systems, and all software applications, attempt to reduce real-world problems to neat hierarchical structures of data, operations, and features. Using Karl Popper's famous principles of demarcation between science and pseudoscience, the book shows that the mechanistic ideology has turned most of our software-related activities into pseudoscientific pursuits. Using mechanism as warrant, the software elites are promoting invalid, even fraudulent, software notions. They force us to depend on generic, inferior systems, instead of allowing us to develop software skills and to create our own systems. Software mechanism emulates the methods of manufacturing, and thereby restricts us to high levels of abstraction and simple, isolated structures. The benefits of software, however, can be attained only if we start with low-level elements and learn to create complex, interacting structures. Software, the book argues, is a non-mechanistic phenomenon. So it is akin to language, not to physical objects. Like language, it permits us to mirror the world in our minds and to communicate with it. Moreover, we increasingly depend on software in everything we do, in the same way that we depend on language. Thus, being restricted to mechanistic software is like thinking and communicating while being restricted to some ready-made sentences supplied by an elite. Ultimately, by impoverishing software, our elites are achieving what the totalitarian elite described by George Orwell in "Nineteen Eighty-Four" achieves by impoverishing language: they are degrading our minds.

Brain and Mind


Author: CIBA Foundation Symposium
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047071820X
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 6410

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The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Modern Mind Mapping for Smarter Thinking


Author: Tony Buzan
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1908934093
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 3816

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This book brings Mind Mapping into the modern age with a bang. Four decades ago, Tony Buzan invented the game-changing thinking tool, the Mind Map. Now over 250 million people are utilising this infinitely flexible tool and its applications have multiplied to span all areas of education, business and home life. In this latest collaboration with creator of iMindMap software and author of GRASP The Solution, Chris Griffiths, the inventor of Mind Maps explores and defines their relevance today. You will learn both the theory and the practise of an infinitely versatile technique from the inventor himself and world experts in the field of innovative thinking. Discover how to update your thinking by using: - Powerful, practical applications for Mind Mapping in everyday life - Different thinking modes to find better solutions - Simple memory techniques to drastically improve your recall - Daydreaming processes to generate huge creative leaps With a collective 60 years of research and experience, Tony Buzan and Chris Griffiths will show you how to take the most powerful thinking tool available and use it to turbo-charge your creativity, productivity and success in the modern age

Language and Mind


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521858199
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 190
View: 7553

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Presents a collection of essays on language and mind. This book brings the author's influential approach into the twenty-first century. The chapters 1-6 present his early work on the nature and acquisition of language as a genetically-endowed, biological system, the rules and principles of which we acquire an internalized knowledge.

Teaching with Poverty in Mind

What Being Poor Does to Kids' Brains and What Schools Can Do About It
Author: Eric Jensen
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416612106
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 1270

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In Teaching with Poverty in Mind: What Being Poor Does to Kids' Brains and What Schools Can Do About It, veteran educator and brain expert Eric Jensen takes an unflinching look at how poverty hurts children, families, and communities across the United States and demonstrates how schools can improve the academic achievement and life readiness of economically disadvantaged students. Jensen argues that although chronic exposure to poverty can result in detrimental changes to the brain, the brain's very ability to adapt from experience means that poor children can also experience emotional, social, and academic success. A brain that is susceptible to adverse environmental effects is equally susceptible to the positive effects of rich, balanced learning environments and caring relationships that build students' resilience, self-esteem, and character. Drawing from research, experience, and real school success stories, Teaching with Poverty in Mind reveals * What poverty is and how it affects students in school; * What drives change both at the macro level (within schools and districts) and at the micro level (inside a student's brain); * Effective strategies from those who have succeeded and ways to replicate those best practices at your own school; and * How to engage the resources necessary to make change happen. Too often, we talk about change while maintaining a culture of excuses. We can do better. Although no magic bullet can offset the grave challenges faced daily by disadvantaged children, this timely resource shines a spotlight on what matters most, providing an inspiring and practical guide for enriching the minds and lives of all your students.

Debug Your Mental Software

Change Your Mind, Change Your Life
Author: Jay Arthur
Publisher: KnowWare International
ISBN: 1884180302
Category: Self-Help
Page: 144
View: 6677

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Still making the same old mental mistakes over and over again? Isn't it time to debug your mental software? Using the simple tools in this book, you'll learn how to: 1) debug your mental software to eliminate the mental barriers to your success, 2) upgrad

Mind and Cosmos

Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False
Author: Thomas Nagel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199919755
Category: Philosophy
Page: 130
View: 7968

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The modern materialist approach to life has conspicuously failed to explain such central mind-related features of our world as consciousness, intentionality, meaning, and value. This failure to account for something so integral to nature as mind, argues philosopher Thomas Nagel, is a major problem, threatening to unravel the entire naturalistic world picture, extending to biology, evolutionary theory, and cosmology. Since minds are features of biological systems that have developed through evolution, the standard materialist version of evolutionary biology is fundamentally incomplete. And the cosmological history that led to the origin of life and the coming into existence of the conditions for evolution cannot be a merely materialist history, either. An adequate conception of nature would have to explain the appearance in the universe of materially irreducible conscious minds, as such. Nagel's skepticism is not based on religious belief or on a belief in any definite alternative. InMind and Cosmos, he does suggest that if the materialist account is wrong, then principles of a different kind may also be at work in the history of nature, principles of the growth of order that are in their logical form teleological rather than mechanistic. In spite of the great achievements of the physical sciences, reductive materialism is a world view ripe for displacement. Nagel shows that to recognize its limits is the first step in looking for alternatives, or at least in being open to their possibility.

Full Catastrophe Living (Revised Edition)

Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness
Author: Jon Kabat-Zinn
Publisher: Bantam
ISBN: 0345539729
Category: Self-Help
Page: 720
View: 2641

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The landmark work on mindfulness, meditation, and healing, now revised and updated after twenty-five years Stress. It can sap our energy, undermine our health if we let it, even shorten our lives. It makes us more vulnerable to anxiety and depression, disconnection and disease. Based on Jon Kabat-Zinn’s renowned mindfulness-based stress reduction program, this classic, groundbreaking work—which gave rise to a whole new field in medicine and psychology—shows you how to use medically proven mind-body approaches derived from meditation and yoga to counteract stress, establish greater balance of body and mind, and stimulate well-being and healing. By engaging in these mindfulness practices and integrating them into your life from moment to moment and from day to day, you can learn to manage chronic pain, promote optimal healing, reduce anxiety and feelings of panic, and improve the overall quality of your life, relationships, and social networks. This second edition features results from recent studies on the science of mindfulness, a new Introduction, up-to-date statistics, and an extensive updated reading list. Full Catastrophe Living is a book for the young and the old, the well and the ill, and anyone trying to live a healthier and saner life in our fast-paced world. Praise for Full Catastrophe Living “To say that this wise, deep book is helpful to those who face the challenges of human crisis would be a vast understatement. It is essential, unique, and, above all, fundamentally healing.”—Donald M. Berwick, M.D., president emeritus and senior fellow, Institute for Healthcare Improvement “One of the great classics of mind/body medicine.”—Rachel Naomi Remen, M.D., author of Kitchen Table Wisdom “A book for everyone . . . Jon Kabat-Zinn has done more than any other person on the planet to spread the power of mindfulness to the lives of ordinary people and major societal institutions.”—Richard J. Davidson, founder and chair, Center for Investigating Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin–Madison “This is the ultimate owner’s manual for our lives. What a gift!”—Amy Gross, former editor in chief, O: The Oprah Magazine “I first read Full Catastrophe Living in my early twenties and it changed my life.”—Chade-Meng Tan, Jolly Good Fellow of Google and author of Search Inside Yourself “Jon Kabat-Zinn’s classic work on the practice of mindfulness to alleviate stress and human suffering stands the test of time, a most useful resource and practical guide. I recommend this new edition enthusiastically to doctors, patients, and anyone interested in learning to use the power of focused awareness to meet life’s challenges, whether great or small.”—Andrew Weil, M.D., author of Spontaneous Happiness and 8 Weeks to Optimum Health “How wonderful to have a new and updated version of this classic book that invited so many of us down a path that transformed our minds and awakened us to the beauty of each moment, day-by-day, through our lives. This second edition, building on the first, is sure to become a treasured sourcebook and traveling companion for new generations who seek the wisdom to live full and fulfilling lives.”—Diana Chapman Walsh, Ph.D., president emerita of Wellesley College

Mechanisms in World and Mind

Perspective Dualism, Systems Theory, Neuroscience, Reductive Physicalism
Author: Bernd Lindemann
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 184540775X
Category: Science
Page: 165
View: 6106

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The topic of the reduction of mental processes to biophysical mechanisms touches at the core of the mind–body problem, a puzzle in the philosophy of mind since the days of Descartes. This book is about philosophical aspects of neuroscience, centred on perspective dualism. The topic unfolds in the discussion of mechanisms in world and mind. Neuronal mechanisms of differing complexity are described in a general way. It is shown how models of such mechanisms may be classified and assigned to levels of systems theory. Reduction strategies are applied to processes of life, mind, and consciousness. The aim is physicalistic, to explore if and how the mental may be understood in terms of biophysics and its mechanisms.

Running with the Mind of Meditation

Lessons for Training Body and Mind
Author: Sakyong Mipham
Publisher: Harmony
ISBN: 0307888177
Category: Philosophy
Page: 200
View: 421

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A Tibetan lama and leader of a global meditation network explains how the sport of running can be turned into a spiritual practice. By the author of Ruling Your World. 30,000 first printing.

How to Design Programs

An Introduction to Programming and Computing
Author: Matthias Felleisen,Robert Bruce Findler,Shriram Krishnamurthi,Matthew Flatt
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262062183
Category: Computers
Page: 693
View: 4537

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Processing simple forms of data - Processing arbitrarily large data - More on processing arbitrarily large data - Abstracting designs - Generative recursion - Changing the state of variables - Changing compound values.

What's Going on in There?

How the Brain and Mind Develop in the First Five Years of Life
Author: Lise Eliot
Publisher: Bantam
ISBN: 9780307575388
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 544
View: 7232

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As a research neuroscientist, Lise Eliot has made the study of the human brain her life's work. But it wasn't until she was pregnant with her first child that she became intrigued with the study of brain development. She wanted to know precisely how the baby's brain is formed, and when and how each sense, skill, and cognitive ability is developed. And just as important, she was interested in finding out how her role as a nurturer can affect this complex process. How much of her baby's development is genetically ordained--and how much is determined by environment? Is there anything parents can do to make their babies' brains work better--to help them become smarter, happier people? Drawing upon the exploding research in this field as well as the stories of real children, What's Going On in There? is a lively and thought-provoking book that charts the brain's development from conception through the critical first five years. In examining the many factors that play crucial roles in that process, What's Going On in There? explores the evolution of the senses, motor skills, social and emotional behaviors, and mental functions such as attention, language, memory, reasoning, and intelligence. This remarkable book also discusses: how a baby's brain is "assembled" from scratch the critical prenatal factors that shapebrain development how the birthing process itself affects the brain which forms of stimulation are most effective at promoting cognitive development how boys' and girls' brains develop differently how nutrition, stress, and other physical and social factors can permanently affect a child's brain Brilliantly blending cutting-edge science with a mother's wisdom and insight, What's Going On in There? is an invaluable contribution to the nature versus nurture debate. Children's development is determined both by the genes they are born with and the richness of their early environment. This timely and important book shows parents the innumerable ways in which they can actually help their children grow better brains. From the Hardcover edition.

Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement

17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings
Author: Andreas Riel,Rory O'Connor,Serge Tichkiewitch,Richard Messnarz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642156665
Category: Computers
Page: 303
View: 5622

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A typical characterization of EuroSPI is reflected in a statement made by a c- pany: “. . . the biggest value of EuroSPI lies in its function as a European knowledge and experience exchange mechanism for SPI and innovation. ” Since its beginning in 1994 in Dublin, the EuroSPI initiative has outlined that there is not a single silver bullet to solve SPI issues, but that you need to understand a c- bination of different SPI methods and approaches to achieve concrete benefits. The- fore each proceedings volume covers a variety of different topics, and at the conf- ence we discuss potential synergies and the combined use of such methods and - proaches. These proceedings contain selected research papers for five topics: Section I: SPI Tools Section II: SPI Methods Section III: SPI in SMEs Section IV: Economic Aspects of SPI Section V: The Future of SPI Section I presents studies on SPI tools. The authors provide an insight into new tools which can be used for SPI. Willem Bekkers et al. present a new assessment method and tool for software product management. Ismael Edrei-Espinosa-Curiel et al. illustrate a graphical approach to support the teaching of SPI. Paul Clarke and coworkers deal with an analysis and a tool to help real adoption of standards like ISO 12207 and they focus on SPI implementation and practices. Esparanca Amengual et al. present a new team-based assessment method and tool.

Keeping Mozart in Mind


Author: Gordon L. Shaw
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080509703
Category: Psychology
Page: 400
View: 5324

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The demand for math and science skills in our technology-driven world is at a premium, and yet U.S. students continue to lag behind many other industrialized countries in these areas. This book, based on studies conducted on 8000 elementary school-aged children, proposes that not only is there a relationship between music and math comprehension, but that music can be utilized to heighten higher brain function and improve math skills. The enclosed CD-Rom includes (1) a recording of Allegro con spirito from Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major (K. 448), by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, performed by Murray Perahia and Radu Lupu, courtesy of Sony ClassicalTM, and (2) a descriptive interactive version of S.T.A.R.TM (Spatial-Temporal Animation Reasoning) software program. While this book's discussion of the breakthroughs in understanding of spatial-temporal reasoning abilities will be of particular interest to neuroscientists and cognitive researchers, the book is also accessible to parents and educators. * Presents the theory that music exercises higher brain function and can enhance math comprehension * Details how music training coupled with special-temporal reasoning (thinking in pictures) can dramatically impact a child's ability to understand and master math * Includes an interactive CD-ROM with math games

Mind Over Mood, Second Edition

Change How You Feel by Changing the Way You Think
Author: Dennis Greenberger,Christine A. Padesky
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462520421
Category: Self-Help
Page: 341
View: 8542

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"This life changing book helps readers use cognitive-behavioral therapy - one of today's most effective forms of psychotherapy - to conquer depression, anxiety, panic attacks, anger, guilt, shame, low self-esteem, eating disorders, substance abuse, and relationship problems. The second edition contains numerous new features : expanded content on anxiety ; chapters on setting personal goals and maintaining progress ; happiness rating scales ; gratitude journals ; innovative exercises focused on mindfulness, acceptance, and forgiveness; new worksheets ; and much more."--Publisher.

Forefront Research on the Brain and Mind

Three Reports
Author: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.)
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Artificial intelligence
Page: N.A
View: 9527

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Code

The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software
Author: Charles Petzold
Publisher: Microsoft Press
ISBN: 0735638721
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 4744

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What do flashlights, the British invasion, black cats, and seesaws have to do with computers? In CODE, they show us the ingenious ways we manipulate language and invent new means of communicating with each other. And through CODE, we see how this ingenuity and our very human compulsion to communicate have driven the technological innovations of the past two centuries. Using everyday objects and familiar language systems such as Braille and Morse code, author Charles Petzold weaves an illuminating narrative for anyone who’s ever wondered about the secret inner life of computers and other smart machines. It’s a cleverly illustrated and eminently comprehensible story—and along the way, you’ll discover you’ve gained a real context for understanding today’s world of PCs, digital media, and the Internet. No matter what your level of technical savvy, CODE will charm you—and perhaps even awaken the technophile within.

Battlefield of the Mind


Author: Joyce Meyer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781534995673
Category:
Page: 234
View: 8870

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Worry, doubt, confusion, depression, anger and feelings of condemnation: all these are attacks on the mind. If readers suffer from negative thoughts, they can take heart! Joyce Meyer has helped millions win these all-important battles. In her most popular bestseller ever, the beloved author and minister shows readers how to change their lives by changing their minds.

Mind Maps for Business

Using the Ultimate Thinking Tool to Revolutionise How You Work
Author: Tony Buzan,Chris Griffiths
Publisher: Ft Press
ISBN: 9780273784357
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 1978

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Tony Buzan knows more than a little about Mind Maps – after all, he did invent them! Often referred to as the ‘the Swiss-army knife for the brain’, Mind Maps are a ground-breaking, note-taking and mind-organising technique that has already revolutionised the lives of many millions of people around the world and taken the educational world by storm. Now Tony Buzan is sharing the powerful techniques of mind mapping with the business world to help business professionals everywhere revolutionise the way they think and practise. Mind Maps for Business is the very first and only book on mind mapping that has been written by Tony Buzan specifically for a business audience. No matter how big or small the business you work in; no matter if you’re an employer or an employee; no matter what your role is, you’ll find the benefits of using mind maps to help you think, organise, plan and control are vast: Accelerate your productivity to levels you never thought possible. Generate exciting new possibilities for growth and expansion. Make meetings, discussions and forums really productive and useful. Negotiate, talk and consult more constructively and effectively. Be more focussed, more organised and much smarter. Unleash your amazing creative capabilities. Whether you’re writing marketing plans or strategy documents; looking for new ways to develop your business; planning a conference or event; restructuring your staff; or looking to improve your management and leadership skills – discover today the amazing advantages that using Mind Maps for Business can bring.

How to mind map


Author: Tony Buzan
Publisher: Thorsons Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 103
View: 9503

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Reviews the basics of mind mapping, explains why and how mind maps are used, and demonstrates the practice in hypothetical situations.