Sociologists, Economists, and Democracy


Author: Brian Barry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226038247
Category: Social Science
Page: 202
View: 4895

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"Rationalist theories of political behavior have recently risen in status to that of a new—or, more accurately, rediscovered—paradigm in the systematic study of politics. Brian Barry's short, provocative book played no small part in the debate that precipitated this shift. . . . Without reservation, Barry's treatise is the most lucid and most influential critique of two important, competing perspectives in political analysis: the 'sociological' school of Talcott Parsons, Gabriel Almond, and other so-called functionalists; and the 'economic' school of Anthony Downs and Mancur Olson, among others."—Dennis J. Encarnation, American Journal of Sociology

Economics and Sociology

Redefining Their Boundaries : Conversations with Economists and Sociologists
Author: Richard Swedberg
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691003764
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 361
View: 8724

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The boundary between economics and sociology is presently being redefined--but how, why, and by whom? Richard Swedberg answers these questions in this thought-provoking book of conversations with well-known economists and sociologists. Among the economists interviewed are Gary Becker, Amartya Sen, Kenneth Arrow, and Albert O. Hirschman; the sociologists include Daniel Bell, Harrison White, James Coleman, and Mark Granovetter. The picture that emerges is that economists and sociologists have paid little attention to each other during most of the twentieth century: social problems have been analyzed as if they had no economic dimension and economic problems as if they had no social dimension. Today, however, there is a dialogue between the two fields, as economists take on social topics and as sociologists become interested in rational choice and "new economic sociology." The interviewees describe how they came to challenge the present separation between economics and sociology, what they think of the various proposals to integrate the fields, and how they envision the future. The author summarizes the results of the conversations in the final chapter. The individual interviews also serve as superb introductions to the work of these scholars.

Soziale Mobilisierung und Demokratie

Die preußischen Wahlrechtskonflikte 1900 bis 1918
Author: Jörg Rössel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322907457
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 403
View: 788

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Jörg Rössel untersucht Bedingungen für die Entstehung und Stabilisierung demokratischer Regime am Beispiel der politischen Kultur und ihrer sozialen Trägergruppen in den preußischen Wahlrechtskonflikten zwischen 1900 und 1918.

Die Weisheit der Vielen

Warum Gruppen klüger sind als Einzelne und wie wir das kollektive Wissen für unser wirtschaftliches, soziales und politisches Handeln nutzen können.
Author: James Surowiecki
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 3864705142
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 7768

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Publikumsjoker sticht Expertenmeinung. Mit unverstelltem Blick untersucht der amerikanische Autor das Phänomen der Gruppe und ihrer klugen Entscheidungen, wenn die richtigen Voraussetzungen gegeben sind. Eine aufschlussreiche, unterhaltsame Lektüre und zugleich ein kraftvoller Kontrapunkt zur gegenwärtigen Diskussion um Eliten und einzelne Meinungsführer. "Die Weisheit der Vielen" ist faszinierend, es ist eines jener Bücher, die die Welt auf den Kopf stellen.

Political Sociology

The State of the Art
Author: Malte Pehl
Publisher: Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3866491433
Category: Political Science
Page: 154
View: 5406

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This book traces the disciplinary development of political sociology and the transdisciplinary research into the overlapping issues involving politics and society. The contributions cover overviews of the historical, methodological, and theoretical development of this academic discipline. Successes, as well as failures, in past unexplored areas, and salient issues in ongoing research, are also highlighted. Contributions include: Introduction: Taking Stock of Political Sociology * Political Culture at a Crossroads? * Parties, Interest Groups and Social Movements: Shall Change be Midwife to Truth? * Socio-Political Inequalities: Elites, Classes and Democracy * Contemporary Approaches to the Study of the State * and Political Sociology: Old Concerns and New Directions.

The Economics and Sociology of Capitalism


Author: Joseph Alois Schumpeter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691003832
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 492
View: 7680

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The renowned economist Joseph A. Schumpeter (1883-1950) made seminal contributions not only to economic theory but also to sociology and economic history. His work is now attracting wide attention among sociologists, as well as experiencing a remarkable revival among economists. This anthology, which serves as an excellent introduction to Schumpeter, emphasizes his broad socio-economic vision and his attempt to analyze economic reality from several different perspectives. An ambitious introductory essay by Richard Swedberg uses many new sources to enhance our understanding of Schumpeter's life and work and to help analyze his fascinating character. This essay stresses Schumpeter's ability to draw on several social sciences in his study of capitalism. Some of the articles in the anthology are published for the first time. The most important of these are Schumpeter's Lowell Lectures from 1941, "An Economic Interpretation of Our Time." Also included is the transcript of his lecture "Can Capitalism Survive?" (1936) and the high-spirited debate that followed. The anthology contains many of Schumpeter's classical sociological articles, such as his essays on the tax state, imperialism, and social classes. And, finally, there are lesser known articles on the future of private enterprise, on the concept of rationality in the social sciences, and on the work of Max Weber, with whom Schumpeter collaborated on several occasions.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology


Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444355074
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 3347

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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

War and Change in World Politics


Author: Robert Gilpin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521273763
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 2085

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War and Change in World Politics introduces the reader to an important new theory of international political change. Arguing that the fundamental nature of international relations has not changed over the millennia, Professor Gilpin uses history, sociology, and economic theory to identify the forces causing change in the world order. The discussion focuses on the differential growth of power in the international system and the result of this unevenness. A shift in the balance of power - economic or military - weakens the foundations of the existing system, because those gaining power see the increasing benefits and the decreasing cost of changing the system. The result, maintains Gilpin, is that actors seek to alter the system through territorial, political, or economic expansion until the marginal costs of continuing change are greater than the marginal benefits. When states develop the power to change the system according to their interests they will strive to do so- either by increasing economic efficiency and maximizing mutual gain, or by redistributing wealth and power in their own favour.

Research Strategies in the Social Sciences

A Guide to New Approaches
Author: Elinor Scarbrough,Eric Tanenbaum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198292388
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 7033

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In this volume, a team of experts sets out various analytic tools available to social scientists from social science methodology. It guides them through the maze of advanced techniques applicable across the range of the social sciences.

Recht als Sinn und Institution


Author: Dorothea Mayer-Maly,Ilmar Tammelo,Ota Weinberger,Michaela Strasser
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
ISBN: 9783428457236
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 305

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Tweeting to Power

The Social Media Revolution in American Politics
Author: Jason Gainous,Kevin M. Wagner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199350639
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 4994

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Online social media are changing the face of politics in the United States. Beginning with a strong theoretical foundation grounded in political, communications and psychology literature, Tweeting to Power examines the effect of online social media on how people come to learn, understand and engage in politics. Gainous and Wagner propose that platforms such as Facebook and Twitter offer the opportunity for a new information flow that is no longer being structured and limited by the popular media. Television and newspapers, which were traditionally the sole or primary gatekeeper, can no longer limit or govern what information is exchanged. By lowering the cost of both supplying the information and obtaining it, social networking applications have recreated how, when and where people are informed. To establish this premise, Gainous and Wagner analyze multiple datasets, quantitative and qualitative, exploring and measuring the use of social media by voters and citizens as well as the strategies and approaches adopted by politicians and elected officials. They illustrate how these new and growing online communities are new forums for the exchange of information that is governed by relationships formed and maintained outside traditional media. Using empirical measures, they prove both how candidates utilize Twitter to shape the information voters rely upon and how effective this effort was at garnering votes in the 2010 congressional elections. With both theory and data, Gainous and Wagner show how the social media revolution is creating a new paradigm for political communication and shifting the very foundation of the political process.

Cooperation under Fire

Anglo-German Restraint during World War II
Author: Jeffrey W. Legro
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469902
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 4664

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Why do nations cooperate even as they try to destroy each other? Jeffrey Legro explores this question in the context of World War II, the "total" war that in fact wasn't. During the war, combatant states attempted to sustain agreements limiting the use of three forms of combat considered barbarous—submarine attacks against civilian ships, strategic bombing of civilian targets, and chemical warfare. Looking at how these restraints worked or failed to work between such fierce enemies as Hitler's Third Reich and Churchill's Britain, Legro offers a new understanding of the dynamics of World War II and the sources of international cooperation. While traditional explanations of cooperation focus on the relations between actors, Cooperation under Fire examines what warring nations seek and why they seek it—the "preference formation" that undergirds international interaction. Scholars and statesmen debate whether it is the balance of power or the influence of international norms that most directly shapes foreign policy goals. Critically assessing both explanations, Legro argues that it was, rather, the organizational cultures of military bureaucracies—their beliefs and customs in waging war—that decided national priorities for limiting the use of force in World War II. Drawing on documents from Germany, Britain, the United States, and the former Soviet Union, Legro provides a compelling account of how military cultures molded state preferences and affected the success of cooperation. In its clear and cogent analysis, this book has significant implications for the theory and practice of international relations.

Dialogues with Contemporary Political Theorists


Author: G. Browning,R. Prokhovnik,M. Dimova-Cookson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137271299
Category: Political Science
Page: 225
View: 8268

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A lively and engaging collection which explains the various strands of political theory, identifies key futures trends and explores the foundations of contemporary debate. Features interviews with pre-eminent theorists, including Quentin Skinner, Carole Pateman and Alex Honneth.

Reasons and Persons


Author: Derek Parfit
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191622443
Category: Philosophy
Page: 560
View: 3337

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This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.

Coalitions in Parliamentary Government


Author: L. Dodd
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400868076
Category: Political Science
Page: 306
View: 619

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For eighty years, students of parliamentary democracy have argued that durable cabinets require majority party government. Lawrence Dodd challenges this widely held belief and offers in its place a revisionist interpretation based on contemporary game theory. He argues for a fundamental alteration in existing conceptions of the relationship between party systems and parliamentary government. The author notes that cabinet durability depends on the coalitional status of the party or parties that form the cabinet. This status is created by the fractionalization, instability, and polarization that characterize the parliamentary party system. Cabinets of minimum winning status are likely to endure; as they depart from minimum winning status, their durability should decrease. Hypotheses derived from the author's theory arc examined against the experience of seventeen Western nations from 1918 to 1974. Making extensive use of quantitative analysis, the author compares behavioral patterns in multiparty and majority party parliaments, contrasts interwar and postwar parliaments, and examines the consistency of key behavioral patterns according to country. He concludes that a key to durable government is the minimum winning status of the cabinet, which may be attained in multiparty or majority party parliaments. Originally published in 1976. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Risk Analysis and Scientific Method

Methodological and Ethical Problems with Evaluating Societal Hazards
Author: Kristin Shrader-Frechette
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400952414
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 236
View: 8725

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Much of the work in this volume was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant SES82-05112 from the Program in History and Philosophy of Science and the Division of Policy Research and Analysis. (Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. ) Several of these essays were written because of the impetus afforded by speaking invitations. An earlier version of Chapter 3 was presented in Berkeley in January 1983 at a Principal Investi gators' Conference sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Division of Policy Research and Analysis, Technology Assessment and Risk Assessment Group. In May 1982, an earlier version of Chapter 5 was presented at the meeting of the Society for Philos ophy and Technology, held in conjunction with the American Philosophical Association meeting, Western Division, in Columbus, Ohio. Finally, earlier versions of Chapter 6 were presented in Boston in December 1981 at the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, as well as at the University of Delaware in January 1982 and at the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association held in Philadelphia in October 1982. An earlier version of this same chapter was published in Philosophy of Science Association 82, volume 1, ed. T. Nickles, Philosophy of Science Association, East Lansing, Michigan, 1982. A number of people have helped to make this book better than it might have been.

Die Gemeinwirtschaft

Untersuchungen über den Sozialismus
Author: Ludwig Mises
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110504707
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 538
View: 9005

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Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy


Author: Joseph A. Schumpeter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134841507
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 460
View: 7988

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Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy remains one of the greatest works of social theory written this century. When it first appeared the New English Weekly predicted that `for the next five to ten years it will cetainly remain a work with which no one who professes any degree of information on sociology or economics can afford to be unacquainted.' Fifty years on, this prediction seems a little understated. Why has the work endured so well? Schumpeter's contention that the seeds of capitalism's decline were internal, and his equal and opposite hostility to centralist socialism have perplexed, engaged and infuriated readers since the book's publication. By refusing to become an advocate for either position Schumpeter was able both to make his own great and original contribution and to clear the way for a more balanced consideration of the most important social movements of his and our time.