Social Support: Theory, Research and Applications

Author: I.G. Sarason
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400951159
Category: Medical
Page: 520
View: 700

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"No one is rich enough to do without a neighbor." Traditional Danish Proverb This bit of Danish folk wisdom expresses an idea underlying much of the current thinking about social support. While the clinical literature has for a long time recognized the deleterious effects of unwholesome social relationships, only more recently has the focus broadened to include the positive side of social interaction, those interpersonal ties that are desired, rewarding, and protective. This book contains theoretical and research contributions by a group of scholars who are charting this side of the social spectrum. Evidence is increasing that maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving occur disproportionately among people with few social supports. Rather than sapping self-reliance, strong ties with others particularly family members seem to encourage it. Reliance on others and self-reliance are not only compatible but complementary to one another. While the mechanism by which an intimate relationship is protective has yet to be worked out, the following factors seem to be involved: intimacy, social integration through shared concerns, reassurance of worth, the opportunity to be nurtured by others, a sense of reliable alliance, and guidance. The major advance that is taking place in the literature on social support is that reliance is being -placed less on anecdotal and clinical evidence and more on empirical inquiry. The chapters of this book reflect this important development and identify the frontiers that are currently being explored.

Soziale Unterstützung für gewaltbetroffene Frauen

Neue Wege der Gesundheitsförderung
Author: Juliane Wahren
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 3828865356
Category: Social Science
Page: 452
View: 7481

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Die meisten von Gewalt betroffenen Frauen verfügen wider Erwarten über vielfältige soziale Unterstützungsmöglichkeiten. Doch wirken sich diese nicht unbedingt nur positiv auf die Gesundheit der Betroffenen aus. In Abhängigkeit von individuellen Bedürfnissen können unpassende oder schlecht abgestimmte Arten sozialer Unterstützung sogar negative Folgen haben. Juliane Wahren untersucht, unter welchen Bedingungen welche Arten sozialer Unterstützung angebracht und hilfreich sind. Dabei zeigt sie auch eine Vielzahl von eigenen und sozialen Ressourcen auf, über die viele der gewaltbetroffenen Frauen selbst verfügen. Das heißt keineswegs, dass professionelle soziale Unterstützung prinzipiell nicht nötig ist. Eine den Bedürfnissen entsprechende – formelle wie auch informelle – soziale Unterstützung spielt eine bedeutende Rolle für Gesundheitswiederherstellung, -erhalt und erfolgreiche Lebensbewältigung trotz bestehender Stressoren.

Heart Disease

Environment, Stress, and Gender
Author: Gerdi Weidner,Mária Kopp,Margareta Kristenson
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586030827
Category: Medical
Page: 384
View: 674

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This book features the work of a distinguished group of international researchers appearing in Richard Stone's report on “Stress: the invisible hand in Eastern Europe's death rates"" (Science, vol. 288, June 9, 2000, pp. 1732-33). It combines perspectives from numerous disciplines, such as demography, epidemiology, medicine, nutrition, sociology, and psychology to explore the environmental, behavioral, and psychosocial influences on men's greater susceptibility to heart disease. "

Stress and Work

Perspectives on Understanding and Managing Stress
Author: Satish Pandey,D. M. Pestonjee
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 8132117638
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 436
View: 9725

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Stress and Work focuses on the problem of stress from various angles and perspectives and provides empirical findings relevant to different occupational settings. It provides comprehensive research literature, which has been divided along the following theoretical perspectives: Occupational Stress and Burnout; Work–Family Conflict and Stress; Positive Stress Management; and Stress and Spirituality. This volume will be a resource-book for researchers and practitioners of management, psychology, sociology, and behavioral sciences. The prospective reader of human society and human nature will find this volume to be of immense utility.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461307899
Category: Psychology
Page: 723
View: 6530

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Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment

Author: Veljko Zlatic,Alex Hewson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400749848
Category: Science
Page: 273
View: 7175

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Thermoelectric devices could play an important role in making efficient use of our energy resources but their efficiency would need to be increased for their wide scale application. There is a multidisciplinary search for materials with an enhanced thermoelectric responses for use in such devices. This volume covers the latest ideas and developments in this research field, covering topics ranging from the fabrication and characterization of new materials, particularly those with strong electron correlation, use of nanostructured, layered materials and composites, through to theoretical work to gain a deeper understanding of thermoelectric behavior. It should be a useful guide and stimulus to all working in this very topical field.

Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention

Author: S.E. Hobfoll,Marten W. de Vries
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401584869
Category: Psychology
Page: 536
View: 4332

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Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention is the first volume to address traumatic stress from a community perspective. The authors, drawn from among the world's leaders in psychology, psychiatry and anthropology, examine how extreme stress, such as war, disasters and political upheaval, interact in their effects on individuals, families and communities. The book is rich in both theoretical insight and practical experience. It informs readers about how to adopt a community perspective and how to apply this perspective to policy, research and intervention.

Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space

Author: D.M. Mark,Mark Karwan,Andrew U. Frank
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792315377
Category: Psychology
Page: 519
View: 2401

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This book contains twenty-eight papers by participants in the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) on "Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space," held in Las Navas del Maxques, Spain, July 8-20, 1990. The NATO ASI marked a stage in a two-year research project at the U. S. National Center for Geographic Infonnation and Analysis (NCOIA). In 1987, the U. S. National Science Foundation issued a solicitation for proposals to establish the NCGIA-and one element of that solicitation was a call for research on a "fundamental theory of spatial relations". We felt that such a fundamental theory could be searched for in mathematics (geometry, topology) or in cognitive science, but that a simultaneous search in these two seemingly disparate research areas might produce novel results. Thus, as part of the NCGIA proposal from a consortium consisting of the University of California at Santa Barbara, the State University of New York at Buffalo, and the University of Maine, we proposed that the second major Research Initiative (two year, multidisciplinary research project) of the NCOIA would address these issues, and would be called "Languages of Spatial Relations" The grant to establish the NCOIA was awarded to our consortium late in 1988.

Über die weibliche Sexualität

Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3739224401
Category: Psychology
Page: 26
View: 7424

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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er wurde weltweit als Begründer der Psychoanalyse bekannt. Freud gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute angewendet und diskutiert.

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Metal Hydrides

Author: Michael D. Hampton,Dmitry V. Schur,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,V.I. Trefilov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007316
Category: Science
Page: 483
View: 3176

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The study of metal hydrides opens up promising avenues for the solution of world energy problems, as well as casting light on the interactions of hydrogen with materials, the role of hydrogen in materials science, and the chemistry of metal hydrides, all of which are discussed in this book in terms that range from a global look at the new vision of energy and how hydrogen fits into that future to reviews such as a look at nickel hydride over the last 40 years. Very specific current research in such areas as hydrogen in materials science discuss properties like superconductivity, diffusion EMF, magnetic properties, physicochemical properties, phase composition, and permeability. Hydrogen can also be used as a processing or alloying agent, and in the synthesis of battery electrodes, composite materials and alloys. The interaction of hydrogen with many metals, composites and alloys offers potential hydrogen storage systems. There is also a discussion of hydrogen sensors.

On Geopolitics: Classical and Nuclear

Author: Ciro E. Zoppo,Charles Zorgbibe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400962304
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 9276

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At the outset of the 1980's NATO decided to extend the scien tific program of its Scientific Affairs Division to include the social sciences. Strategic and international studies were in cluded within this domain with the express purpose of facilitating communication among experts and research centers in member coun tries as well as in the Organization itself on these important topics. This study is the result of the first Advanced Research Workshop on a subject of international relations. It focuses on the historical and theoretical aspects of geopolitics because they must necessarily precede studies of policy application. This was the intent of the organizers of the Workshop as well as of the sponsoring institution. The choice of the topic was ours. Conclusions were drawn according to our own judgments--being totally unfettered by any guidance from NATO officials. Consequently, the views and conclu sions presented in this work do not represent any NATO policy; other than the encouragement of research in political freedom, by free scholars, to strengthen freedom everywhere. We speak for all participants in the Workshop when we voice our appreciation for the financial and organizational support extended us by the Scientific Affairs Division and the Information Directorate.

German Open

Contemporary Art in Germany/Gegenwartskunst in Deutschland
Author: Gerard Hadders,Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg
Publisher: Hatje Cantz Pub
Category: Art
Page: 300
View: 1145

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In the last two years the German art scene has experienced a tremendous growth unlike anything since the early 1980s -- owing to a revitalized Berlin and an ever-expanding cultural diversity. German Open captures this energy by giving an overview of more than 30 of the best young artists working in Germany today. The artists documented represent the entire spectrum of visual art, from installation to painting to video, and their work can no longer be viewed as a matter of scattered individual gestures, but must be examined in a group context. Among the artists included here are Franz Ackerman, Kai Althoff, Simone Bohm, Coisma von Bonin, Matti Braun, Olafur Eliasson, Stefan Hoderlein, Stefan Kern, Michel Majerus, Tobias Rehberger, Daniel Richter, Heidi Specker, Johannes Wohnseifer, and Joseph Zehrer.

CSCL-Kompendium 2.0

Lehr- und Handbuch zum computerunterstützten kooperativen Lernen
Author: Jörg Haake,Gerhard Schwabe,Martin Wessner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3486716824
Category: Education
Page: 534
View: 7995

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Nachdem klassisches E-Learning an seine Grenzen gestoßen ist, entdecken Forschung und Praxis neue Lernformen: Beim Computer Supported Collaborative Learning – kurz CSCL – erarbeiten Lernende miteinander und aktiv neues Wissen, beispielsweise in Diskussionen, Workshops, Projektarbeiten oder Rollenspielen.

Infrastrukturnetze und Raumentwicklung

zwischen Universalisierung und Differenzierung
Author: Timothy Moss,Matthias Naumann,Markus Wissen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783865811172
Category: Infrastructure (Economics)
Page: 339
View: 3062

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Die Schlafwandler

Wie Europa in den Ersten Weltkrieg zog
Author: Christopher Clark
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641118778
Category: History
Page: 896
View: 3441

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Das Standardwerk zum Ersten Weltkrieg Lange Zeit galt es als ausgemacht, dass das deutsche Kaiserreich wegen seiner Großmachtträume die Hauptverantwortung am Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs trug. In seinem bahnbrechenden Werk kommt der renommierte Historiker und Bestsellerautor Christopher Clark zu einer anderen Einschätzung. Clark beschreibt minutiös die Interessen und Motivationen der wichtigsten politischen Akteure in den europäischen Metropolen und zeichnet das Bild einer komplexen Welt, in der gegenseitiges Misstrauen, Fehleinschätzungen, Überheblichkeit, Expansionspläne und nationalistische Bestrebungen zu einer Situation führten, in der ein Funke genügte, den Krieg auszulösen, dessen verheerende Folgen kaum jemand abzuschätzen vermochte.