Social Science Research and Government

Comparative Essays on Britain and the United States
Author: Martin Bulmer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521323509
Category: Social Science
Page: 406
View: 6615

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This collection of twenty original essays considers the relationship between social science research and government during the last 30 years in Britain and the United States especially the economic and social policies of Reagan and Thatcher governments. These essays will be useful to social science staff, graduate students and to policy-makers working inside government.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences


Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461307899
Category: Psychology
Page: 723
View: 4105

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Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

The Interplay of Ideas
Author: K. Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137026588
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 8425

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This book explores the complex relationship between public health research and policy, employing tobacco control and health inequalities in the UK as contrasting case studies. It argues that focusing on research-informed ideas usefully draws attention to the centrality of values, politics and advocacy for public health debates.

Policy Analysis

Concepts and Practice
Author: David L. Weimer,Aidan R. Vining
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317345649
Category: Political Science
Page: 496
View: 4385

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Updated in a new 5th edition, this book lays a strong conceptual foundation to understanding the rationales of and limitations to public policy. It gives practical advice about how to do policy analysis while demonstrating the application of advanced analytical techniques through case study examples. Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practices is a comprehensive, accessible, and rich introduction to policy analysis for readers in public policy, public administration, and business programs.

Social Scientists, Policy, and the State


Author: Stephen Brooks,Alain Gagnon
Publisher: Greenwood Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 184
View: 5717

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This collection of original essays focuses on the relationship of social scientists to the state and public policy in the industrialized democracies. The comparative approach of this book provides the basis for broader generalization about the linkages between social science and social scientist and the modern state and political power. Social Scientists, Policy, and the State brings fresh analysis to specific issues that are important to a more general understanding of these linkages. Part I examines the ways in which social scientists participate in the policy-making process. Part II looks at the uses made of ideas generated by social scientific research and at variations within and relations between the critical and expert roles of the social scientist. Part III discusses the factors that have contributed to change in the relationship of social scientists to power and to the state. This section also includes a detailed discussion about the cultural and structural conditions that facilitate or block the political influence of social scientists. This book should have equal appeal to teachers and researchers in the fields of comparative politics, policy making, and the sociology of knowledge.

America's Social Health

Putting Social Issues Back on the Public Agenda
Author: Marque-Luisa Miringoff,Sandra Opdycke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317477014
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 5360

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Calling for a fundamental change in the focus of public policy in America, this book paints a vivid portrait of the nation's social health. Miringoff and Opdycke clearly show that social progress has stalled and the country's energies need to be directed at critical domestic issues in the years ahead.The authors propose a new agenda for monitoring America's social well-being built around sixteen key indicators of American life, such as infant mortality, teenage suicide, health insurance coverage, and affordable housing. They maintain that social conditions, like economic conditions, must be constantly monitored in order to have a clear sense of "how we are doing" as a society.The book builds on the work of the Institute for Innovation in Social Policy and argues that there needs to be a greater visibility for social issues - and a closer link between social reporting and public action - to better address the nation's social problems. It considers the critical role of the media in advancing public understanding of social issues, and examines important advances in the community indicators movement and international social reporting. Eye-opening and compelling, the book is a provocative centerpiece for policy debates and national initiatives on today's crucial domestic concerns.

International transmission of population policy experience

proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on the International Transmission of Population Policy Experience, New York City, 27-30 June 1988
Author: United Nations. Dept. of International Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Population policy
Page: 183
View: 3085

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The Reality of Nursing Research

Politics, Practices and Processes
Author: Davina Allen,Patricia Lyne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134280386
Category: Medical
Page: 216
View: 9986

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Focusing on the nurse researcher's dual role as practitioner and researcher, as well as research ethics and the relationship between practitioner and academic agendas, The Reality of Nursing Research helps to: locate the practical dilemmas of nursing research in historical and policy context prepare those about to embark on research for some of the issues they will face reassure researchers that they are not the only ones to encounter the complexity of real life research support the research teacher or supervisor in preparing and mentoring their students share experiences of others who have encountered similar issues and provide some practical advice on their solution. With illustrative case studies and practical advice, this book looks at the real life dilemmas faced by nurse researchers at key stages of the research process from developing a research question through to disseminating the findings. It is an essential text for nurse researchers, teachers of research, research supervisors and nurses undertaking research at diploma through to doctoral level.

Authorities and partisans

the debate on unemployment and health
Author: Mel Bartley
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 6174

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Practical Knowledge

Applying the Social Sciences
Author: Nico Stehr
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 4966

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The status of the social sciences as knowledge presents two fundamental problems. The first is epistemological: in what sense is the subject of the social sciences known and knowable? The second is pragmatic: can knowledge generated by the social sciences be applied, and with what consequences? In this book, Nico Stehr offers a major reassessment of the latter question of the utility of social science knowledge, including economics. Arguing for a reconception of the ways in which social scientific knowledge can be and is applied, this book will be of interest to a broad range of social scientists.

Directory of Social Research Organisations in the United Kingdom


Author: Wendy Sykes,Martin Bulmer,Marleen Schwerzel
Publisher: Burns & Oates
ISBN: N.A
Category: Associations, institutions, etc
Page: 421
View: 4503

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This directory of over 1000 social research organizations in the UK, covering central and local government, quangos, universities and other higher education research centres and units, independent research institutes, charities, market research companies and management consultants. Entries provide name and address of organization and director, number of researchers, fields and methods of research, details of up to three recent projects, research services, training opportunities and contact information. Additional sections provide information on individual freelance researchers, philanthropic funding bodies, relevant professional associations and training courses in research methods. Also included are short articles by leading figures from each of the main research sectors covered.

Intelligence and Government in Britain and the United States: A Comparative Perspective [2 volumes]

A Comparative Perspective
Author: Philip H.J. Davies
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440802815
Category: Political Science
Page: 826
View: 1975

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Bringing a dose of reality to the stuff of literary thrillers, this masterful study is the first closely detailed, comparative analysis of the evolution of the modern British and American intelligence communities. • U.S. and U.K. case studies that draw on archival and published sources and on interviews with practitioners • Parallel timelines for principal national intelligence coordinating bodies in the United States and United Kingdom • Organization charts for the United States Intelligence Board and the U.K. Joint Intelligence Organisation, both from the early 1960s • An extensive glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the British and American intelligence communities • An extensive bibliography

Family Policy Matters

How Policymaking Affects Families and What Professionals Can Do
Author: Karen Bogenschneider
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013802
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 464
View: 3456

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This best-selling text integrates the latest research and cutting-edge practice to make an evidence-based case for family policy. It uses examples from around the globe to explain how families support society and how policies support families. The book also moves beyond analysis to action with pragmatic processes and procedures for improving the effectiveness and efficiency of policies by viewing them through the lens of family impact. Highlights of the new edition include: Extensive revisions with many new references and policies that reflect recent changes in the economy, politics, and family forms and familes. Many new learning tools including guiding questions, more tables and figures, chapter glossaries, discussion questions, and chapter summaries. Enhanced global perspective with a new chapter (5) that features what policies nations have put in place to strengthen and support families. A new chapter (8) that views how family considerations can improve the effectiveness of policy decisions on issues such as early childhood care and education, health care, juvenile crime, long-term care, parent education, and welfare reform. A new chapter (11) on what the policy process and policymakers are really like including how a bill becomes a law. A new chapter (12) that provides a theoretical and empirical rationale for viewing issues through the family impact lens and what innovative tools and procedures exist for analyzing the family impact of organizations, policies, programs, and practices. Several chapters that review what professionals can do in the policy arena and how they can foster compromise and common ground. Updated web-based teaching materials including sample syllabi, classroom activities and assignments, daily lesson plans, test questions, instructor insights, video links, web resources, and more. Part 1 highlights what family policy is and why it’s important and how family life in the U.S. differs from other countries. Part 2 examines the contributions family considerations can bring to issues such as early childhood education, health care, juvenile crime, long-term care, and welfare reform. Part 3 explains why polarization has stymied progress in family policymaking and guidelines for fostering compromise. Insights are drawn from the history of family policy over the last century. Part 4 provides strategies for getting involved in family policymaking. It reviews: the processes policymaking institutions use to enact legislation; new techniques for assessing the family impact of policies and programs; strategies for building better public policies; and various professional roles and careers for building family policy. The book concludes with a summary of how and where we go from here. Intended for advanced undergraduate and/or graduate courses in family or social policy taught in human development and family studies, psychology, counseling, social work, sociology, public policy, home economics, consumer science, and education, researchers and practitioners alike appreciate this book’s integration of theory, research, and practice.

Sociology and Its Publics

The Forms and Fates of Disciplinary Organization
Author: Terence C. Halliday,Morris Janowitz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226313801
Category: Social Science
Page: 429
View: 1898

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Sociology faces troubling developments as it enters its second century in the United States. A loss of theoretical coherence and a sense of disciplinary fragmentation, a decline in the quality of its recruits, the cooptation of its clients, a muted public voice, and sinking prestige in governmental circles—these are only a few of the trends signalling a need for renewed debate about how sociology is organized. In this volume, some of the most authoritative voices in the field confront these conditions, offering a variety of perspectives as they challenge sociologists to self-examination.

Investigating the Social World with SPSS Student Version 14.0

The Process and Practice of Research
Author: Russell Schutt
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 9781412927376
Category: Social Science
Page: 515
View: 5210

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Praise for the Fourth Edition: `I think this volume is a good textbook and, if I were teaching a research methods subject, I would consider using it as a core text. The extensive study aids are a particularly attractive aspect of the book as a teaching pool′ - Qualitative Research Journal The continuingly updated and expanded Investigating the Social World, now in its Fifth Edition, is written so that the `doing′ of social research is closely and consistently linked to important social issues, demonstrating not only the value of research, but also how technique and substance are intimately related. The text offers guides for critiquing research articles, exercises for applying research skills and the examples of analyzing and reporting social data provide instructors with key supports for effective teaching. Ethical concerns and ethical decision making are treated in tandem with each study of specific methods and an emphasis on `how to do′ research is joined with an equal emphasis on giving students the critical skills necessary to evaluate research done by others.

Beliefs in Government


Author: Max Kaase,Kenneth Newton
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191521027
Category: Political Science
Page: 236
View: 446

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This concise overview volume pulls together the empirical findings of the Beliefs in Government series and sets them in the broad context of mass politics in modern Europe. Its conclusions about political participation, mass political opinion, postmaterialism and postmodernism, and democratic change and stability break new ground in political science.