Social Inequality


Author: Kathryn Neckerman
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610444205
Category: Social Science
Page: 1044
View: 2079

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Inequality in income, earnings, and wealth has risen dramatically in the United States over the past three decades. Most research into this issue has focused on the causes—global trade, new technology, and economic policy—rather than the consequences of inequality. In Social Inequality, a group of the nation's leading social scientists opens a wide-ranging inquiry into the social implications of rising economic inequality. Beginning with a critical evaluation of the existing research, they assess whether the recent run-up in economic inequality has been accompanied by rising inequality in social domains such as the quality of family and neighborhood life, equal access to education and health care, job satisfaction, and political participation. Marcia Meyers and colleagues find that many low-income mothers cannot afford market-based child care, which contributes to inequality both at the present time—by reducing maternal employment and family income—and through the long-term consequences of informal or low-quality care on children's educational achievement. At the other end of the educational spectrum, Thomas Kane links the growing inequality in college attendance to rising tuition and cuts in financial aid. Neil Fligstein and Taek-Jin Shin show how both job security and job satisfaction have decreased for low-wage workers compared with their higher-paid counterparts. Those who fall behind economically may also suffer diminished access to essential social resources like health care. John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe discuss why higher inequality may lead to poorer health: wider inequality might mean increased stress-related ailments for the poor, and it might also be associated with public health care policies that favor the privileged. On the political front, Richard Freeman concludes that political participation has become more stratified as incomes have become more unequal. Workers at the bottom of the income scale may simply be too hard-pressed or too demoralized to care about political participation. Social Inequality concludes with a comprehensive section on the methodological problems involved in disentangling the effects of inequality from other economic factors, which will be of great benefit to future investigators. While today's widening inequality may be a temporary episode, the danger is that the current economic divisions may set in motion a self-perpetuating cycle of social disadvantage. The most comprehensive review of this quandary to date, Social Inequality maps out a new agenda for research on inequality in America with important implications for public policy.

Social Inequality, Analytical Egalitarianism, and the March Towards Eugenic Explanations in the Social Sciences


Author: Laurence S. Moss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307088
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 9679

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This book gathers together several essays by historians ofeconomics who express varying reactions to the Peart-Levy thesis. Contains several essays by historians of economics who expressvarying reactions to the thesis expressed in Professors Sandra J.Peart’s and David M. Levy’s book The ‘Vanityof the Philosopher’: From Equality to Hierarchy inPost-classical Economics Explains the importance of 'analytic egalitarianism' ineconomics and the sad consequences of moving away from thisapproach Provides reading that can complement reading lists ineconomics, the mathematics of gambling, and the political economyof the gaming industry

Social Inequality

Forms, Causes, and Consequences
Author: Charles E. Hurst,Heather M. Fitz Gibbon,Anne M. Nurse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134995849
Category: Social Science
Page: 460
View: 1742

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Like past editions, this ninth edition of Social Inequality: Forms, Causes, and Consequences is a user-friendly introduction to the study of social inequality. This book conveys the pervasiveness and extensiveness of social inequality in the United States within a comparative context, to show how inequality occurs, how it affects all of us, and what is being done about it. This edition benefits from a variety of changes that have significantly strengthened the text. The authors pay increased attention to disability, transgender issues, intersectionality, experiences of Muslims, Hispanic populations, and immigration. The 9th edition also includes content on the fall-out from the recession across various groups. The sections on global inequalities have been greatly updated, emphasizing comparative inequalities and the impact of the process of globalization on inequality internationally. The authors have also added material on several current social movements, including Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter, and Marriage Equality.

Understanding Social Inequality


Author: Tim Butler,Paul Watt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847877125
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 1344

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"This is a book that should be read by anyone interested in class, inequality, poverty and politics. Actually, probably more importantly it should be read by people who think that those things do not matter! It provides a wonderful summation of the huge amount of work on these topics that now exists and it also offers its own distinctive perspectives on a set of issues that are - despite the claims of some influential commentators - still central to the sociological enterprise and, indeed to political life." - Roger Burrows, University of York "A clear and compelling analysis of the dynamics of social and spatial inequality in an era of globalisation. This is an invaluable resource for students and scholars in sociology, human geography and the social sciences more generally." - Gary Bridge, University of Bristol With the declining attention paid to social class in sociology, how can we analyze continuing and pervasive socio-economic inequality? What is the impact of recent developments in sociology on how we should understand disadvantage? Moving beyond the traditional dichotomies of social theory, this book brings the study of social stratification and inequality into the 21st century. Starting with the widely agreed 'fact' that the world is becoming more unequal, this book brings together the 'identity of displacement' in sociology and the 'spaces of flow' of geography to show how place has become an increasingly important focus for understanding new trends in social inquality.

Social inequality

features, forms, and functions
Author: Rajendra Pandey
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 317
View: 6211

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Social differentiation and social inequality

essays in honor of John Pock
Author: John Pock,James N. Baron,David B. Grusky,Donald J. Treiman
Publisher: Westview Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 381
View: 4226

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The field of social stratification is being transformed and reshaped by advances in theory and method as well as by new approaches to the analysis of macroeconomic, institutional, demographic, and ascriptive sources of inequality. In this tribute to John C. Pock, the editors have brought together established and emerging stars in the field. The result is an important new statement on contemporary developments and controversies in stratification scholarship. The chapters address such matters as recent trends in gender attitudes and the gender gap in earnings, race and class differentials in life chances and income, cross-national and institutional variability in employment systems and inequality, the division of domestic labor within households, and the implications of demographic change for social inequality.

Social Inequality


Author: Louise Warwick-Booth
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: 152645744X
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 3850

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Now in an updated second edition, Social Inequality continues to be an essential guide to understanding social inequality and stratification, helping readers to understand what inequality is, how it is defined, explored and measured, and what the key social divisions are at both global and national level. The new edition includes updated coverage of sexuality and transgender issues, enhanced discussion of migration and asylum seeking, and further coverage of a global context for social inequalities, policy, and justice. The book also features two new chapters: Youth and Age, discusses age as a social construct and form of division, it also outlines the implications of ageing populations, ageism as a form of discrimination, and the different cultural understandings of age. Health and Disability, defines health inequalities, outlines a range of global and national examples, and analyses the current thinkers on health inequalities and their proposed solutions. Suitable course reading for students on modules examining social justice, social policy, social class, and social inequalities.

Science and Social Inequality

Feminist and Postcolonial Issues
Author: Sandra Harding
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252073045
Category: Science
Page: 205
View: 2729

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Rethinking the ways modern science encodes destructive political philosophies

Globalization and Transformations of Social Inequality


Author: Ulrike Schuerkens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136954066
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 3526

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Social inequality is a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization has exacerbated and alleviated inequality over the past twenty-five years. This volume offers analytical and comparative insights from current case studies of social inequality in more than ten countries within all the major regions of the world. Contributors provide an assessment of the overall social globalization phenomenon in the global world as well as an outlook of transformations of global social inequality in the future. This book will be a timely addition for students and scholars of globalization studies, social inequality, sociology, and cultural and social anthropology.

Pathways to Power

New Perspectives on the Emergence of Social Inequality
Author: T. Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441963000
Category: Social Science
Page: 298
View: 7131

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There are few questions more central to understanding the prehistory of our species than those regarding the institutionalization of social inequality. Social inequality is manifested in unequal access to goods, information, decision-making, and power. This structure is essential to higher orders of social organization and basic to the operation of more complex societies. An understanding of the transformation from relatively egalitarian societies to a hierarchical organization and socioeconomic stratification is fundamental to our knowledge about the human condition. In a follow-up to their 1995 book Foundations of Social Inequality, the Editors of this volume have compiled a new and comprehensive group of studies concerning these central questions. When and where does hierarchy appear in human society, and how does it operate? With numerous case studies from the Old and New World, spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups, and complex states, Pathways to Power provides key historical insights into current social and cultural questions.

Social Inequality in Vietnam and the Challenges to Reform


Author: Philip Taylor
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812302540
Category: Equality
Page: 392
View: 8467

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Offers detailed descriptions of disparities in income, spatial access, gender, ethnicity and statue, addressing their causes and consequencese. It illustrates the changing ways in which people have accumulated wealth, social and cultural capital in Vietnam's move from a socialist to a market-oriented society. Taylor from ANU.

Social Inequality in Japan


Author: Sawako Shirahase
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135934207
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 3068

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Japan was the first Asian country to become a mature industrial society, and throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, was viewed as an ‘all-middle-class society’. However since the 1990s there have been growing doubts as to the real degree of social equality in Japan, particularly in the context of dramatic demographic shifts as the population ages whilst fertility levels continue to fall. This book compares Japan with America, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden and Taiwan in order to determine whether inequality really is a social problem in Japan. With a focus on impact demographic shifts, Sawako Shirahase examines female labour market participation, income inequality among households with children, the state of the family, generational change, single person households and income distribution among the aged, and asks whether increasing inequality and is uniquely Japanese, or if it is a social problem common across all of the societies included in this study. Crucially, this book shows that Japan is distinctive not in terms of the degree of inequality in the society, but rather, in how acutely inequality is perceived. Further, the data shows that Japan differs from the other countries examined in terms of the gender gap in both the labour market and the family, and in inequality among single-person households – single men and women, including lifelong bachelors and spinsters – and also among single parent households, who pay a heavy price for having deviated from the expected pattern of life in Japan. Drawing on extensive empirical data, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in Japanese culture and society, Japanese studies and social policy more generally.

Social Inequality in the World of the Text

The Significance of Ritual and Social Distinctions in the Hebrew Bible
Author: Saul M. Olyan
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525550243
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 5072

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English description: This volume consists of fifteen of the authors essays, including two that have never been published before. The essays date to the last decade and a half, and all reflect in some manner the authors ongoing interest in literary operations of classification and their social implications, particularly the production of distinctions which create social inequality in the world of the text, and have the potential to generate hierarchical social relationships in contexts where biblical texts might have had an impact on real people. In these essays, the author explores themes such as gender, sexuality, purity and pollution, sanctification, death and afterlife, foreignness, and disability with particular attention to the roles distinctions such as honored/shamed, feminine/masculine, mourning/rejoicing, unclean/clean, alien/native play in creating and perpetuating social differences in texts. Rites of status change such as circumcision, shaving, purification, burial or disinterment, sanctification and profanation of holiness are a focus of interest in a number of these essays, reflecting the authors on going interest in the textual representation of ritual. Most of the essays examine texts in their historical setting, but several also engage the early history of the interpretation of biblical texts, including the phenomenon of inner biblical exegesis. The essays are divided into five sections: Rites and Social Status; Gender and Sexuality; Disability; Holiness, Purity, the Alien; Death, Burial, Afterlife and their Metaphorical Uses. The author introduces each of the sections, contextualizing each essay in his larger scholarly project, reflecting on its development and reception and, in some cases, responding to his critics. German description: Der vorliegende Band beinhaltet 15, z.T. noch unveroffentlichte Aufsatze von Saul M. Olyan. Der Autor beschaftigt sich mit Klassifikationen in biblischen Texten und ihren sozialen Auswirkungen. Besonders widmet er sich den Klassifizierungen die Ungleichheiten in der Umwelt des Textes hervorrufen.Solche Unterschiede sind zum Beispiel mannlich/weiblich, tot/lebendig, fremd/einheimisch oder rein/unrein. Die Artikel beschaftigen sich dabei mit biblischen Texten, die von der Konigszeit uber das Exil bis hin zur romischen Epche datiert werden.Dabei legt Olyan ein besonderes Augenmerk auf die Menschen, die bei diesen Unterscheidungen die minderwertige Rolle spielen oder gar ganz von der Gemeinschaft ausgeschlossen sind. Einen weiteren Schwerpunkt stellen Ubergangsriten dar, die einen Wechsel des Status markieren, z.B. Beschneidung, Rasur, Bestattung.

Social Inequality in a Global Age


Author: Scott Sernau
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 1412977916
Category: Social Science
Page: 359
View: 8461

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Worlds Apart: Social Inequality in a Global Age, Third Edition is intended as the primary text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students who are enrolled in Social Stratification and Inequality courses, primarily taught in Sociology departments. This book focuses primarily on social inequalities in the American context. However, a trend in this course is how the global inequalities are effecting, and affected by social stratification and inequality in America. This edition reflects that trend.

Social Inequality in Oaxaca

A History of Resistance and Change
Author: Arthur D. Murphy,Alex Stepick
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9780877228684
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 9382

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Analyzes the urbanization of one area from its origins more than two thousand years ago. This book examines Oaxaca, Mexico, paying particular attention to neighborhoods, families and economic activities, and focuses on issues of poverty and inequality.

Social Inequality in Canada


Author: Alan Frizzell
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773581898
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 5508

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Do Canadians believe they can succeed on the basis of their own abilities? And how do they compare with Americans, Germans, Italians, Australians and Russians? There is much debate as to how Canadians differ from or resemble citizens of other countries, particularly the United States. Is it true that we are more tolerant and deferential than our southern neighbours, or more accepting of the actions of government in our lives? Do Quebecers view the world differently from other Canadians? Do women see society differently from men? Comparisons such as these, approached through survey analysis, yield up a true portrait of national identity. Social Inequality in Canada brings a comparative perspective to the question of the uniqueness of Canadian society. The challenges attending comparative attitudinal research led to the creation in 1980 of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), represented in Canada by the Carleton University Survey Centre. Their data provide the basis for this vanguard study of international attitudes toward social inequality: who's up, who's down and who's responsible for changing society? Social Inequality measures the consistency and logic of perceived social conditions and priorities in Canada compared with 18 other countries. It is essential reading for social scientists and policy-makers of every persuasion.