Social Inequality

Author: Kathryn Neckerman
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610444205
Category: Social Science
Page: 1044
View: 6269

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Inequality in income, earnings, and wealth has risen dramatically in the United States over the past three decades. Most research into this issue has focused on the causes—global trade, new technology, and economic policy—rather than the consequences of inequality. In Social Inequality, a group of the nation's leading social scientists opens a wide-ranging inquiry into the social implications of rising economic inequality. Beginning with a critical evaluation of the existing research, they assess whether the recent run-up in economic inequality has been accompanied by rising inequality in social domains such as the quality of family and neighborhood life, equal access to education and health care, job satisfaction, and political participation. Marcia Meyers and colleagues find that many low-income mothers cannot afford market-based child care, which contributes to inequality both at the present time—by reducing maternal employment and family income—and through the long-term consequences of informal or low-quality care on children's educational achievement. At the other end of the educational spectrum, Thomas Kane links the growing inequality in college attendance to rising tuition and cuts in financial aid. Neil Fligstein and Taek-Jin Shin show how both job security and job satisfaction have decreased for low-wage workers compared with their higher-paid counterparts. Those who fall behind economically may also suffer diminished access to essential social resources like health care. John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe discuss why higher inequality may lead to poorer health: wider inequality might mean increased stress-related ailments for the poor, and it might also be associated with public health care policies that favor the privileged. On the political front, Richard Freeman concludes that political participation has become more stratified as incomes have become more unequal. Workers at the bottom of the income scale may simply be too hard-pressed or too demoralized to care about political participation. Social Inequality concludes with a comprehensive section on the methodological problems involved in disentangling the effects of inequality from other economic factors, which will be of great benefit to future investigators. While today's widening inequality may be a temporary episode, the danger is that the current economic divisions may set in motion a self-perpetuating cycle of social disadvantage. The most comprehensive review of this quandary to date, Social Inequality maps out a new agenda for research on inequality in America with important implications for public policy.

Understanding Social Inequality

Author: Tim Butler,Paul Watt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847877125
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 4084

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"This is a book that should be read by anyone interested in class, inequality, poverty and politics. Actually, probably more importantly it should be read by people who think that those things do not matter! It provides a wonderful summation of the huge amount of work on these topics that now exists and it also offers its own distinctive perspectives on a set of issues that are - despite the claims of some influential commentators - still central to the sociological enterprise and, indeed to political life." - Roger Burrows, University of York "A clear and compelling analysis of the dynamics of social and spatial inequality in an era of globalisation. This is an invaluable resource for students and scholars in sociology, human geography and the social sciences more generally." - Gary Bridge, University of Bristol With the declining attention paid to social class in sociology, how can we analyze continuing and pervasive socio-economic inequality? What is the impact of recent developments in sociology on how we should understand disadvantage? Moving beyond the traditional dichotomies of social theory, this book brings the study of social stratification and inequality into the 21st century. Starting with the widely agreed 'fact' that the world is becoming more unequal, this book brings together the 'identity of displacement' in sociology and the 'spaces of flow' of geography to show how place has become an increasingly important focus for understanding new trends in social inquality.

Social inequality

features, forms, and functions
Author: Rajendra Pandey
Publisher: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 317
View: 6892

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Social Inequality

Forms, Causes, and Consequences
Author: Charles E. Hurst
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205264841
Category: Social Science
Page: 438
View: 1499

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Looking at the forms, causes and consequences of social inequality, this edition discusses government policy, inequality/poverty, and the effects of social inequality on psychological health.

Science and Social Inequality

Feminist and Postcolonial Issues
Author: Sandra Harding
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252073045
Category: Science
Page: 205
View: 1040

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Rethinking the ways modern science encodes destructive political philosophies

Class, Ethnicity, and Social Inequality

Author: Christopher McAll
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773509238
Category: Social Science
Page: 295
View: 3316

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In Class, Ethnicity, and Social Inequality Christopher McAll discusses the increased juxtaposition of ethnically distinct groups in the same social environments which has resulted from labour migration since the Second World War. He shows that, in the context of competitive labour markets where the boundaries between ethnic groups can be viewed in terms of ethnicity, social relations can easily degenerate into ethnic conflict.

Democratic Governance and Social Inequality

Author: Joseph S. Tulchin,Amelia Brown
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588260284
Category: Political Science
Page: 205
View: 949

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This controversial book examines the challenges that social inequities present to democratic governance. The authors argue that issues of poverty and inequality - far from diminishing - are becoming even more important in the present global environment. They consider the effects of globalization on the distribution of income and wealth within state borders, the impact of inequality on the stability and quality of democratic governance, and the future of vulnerable democracies in light of an apparent decline in the ability of federal governments to reduce inequality. Bridging political and economic concerns, the book is an important step toward coming to terms with the crucial socioeconomic dimensions of democracy and democratic transitions. A controversial examination of the challenges that social inequities present to democratic governance.

Social Inequality and Class Radicalism in France and Britain

Author: Duncan Gallie
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521277006
Category: Social Science
Page: 339
View: 8818

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This book, first published in 1983, examines in depth the nature and sources of class radicalism in France and Britain and takes issue with some of the major theories of class consciousness and class action. Drawing on data both from detailed case studies and from wider national surveys, it shows that the conflict of class interests within capitalist societies can lead to sharply diverging attitudes to class inequality. It argues that the explanation of such differences cannot be found in some 'general' law of the evolution of social conflict in capitalist society. It must be sought in the profound institutional differences that exist between the two societies. In particular the study argues for a reassessment of the importance of the experience of war and of the way in which the business and political elite handled the social crises generated by war, in accounting for the long-term structural divergence of capitalist societies.

Social Inequality in Vietnam and the Challenges to Reform

Author: Philip Taylor
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812302755
Category: Equality
Page: 392
View: 9936

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This book illustrates the changing ways in which people have accumulated wealth, social and cultural capital in Vietnam's move from a socialist to a market-oriented society.

Foundations of Social Inequality

Author: T. Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489912894
Category: Social Science
Page: 290
View: 3467

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In this authoritative volume, leading researchers offer diverse theoretical perspectives and a wide-range of information on the beginnings and nature of social inequality in past human societies. Their illuminating work investigates the role of status differentiation in traditional archaeological debates and major societal transitions. This volume features numerous case studies from the Old and New World spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups and complex states. Diachronic in view and archaeological in focus, this book will be of significant interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, and students.

Social Inequality in Oaxaca

A History of Resistance and Change
Author: Arthur D. Murphy,Alex Stepick
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9780877228684
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 1189

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Analyzes the urbanization of one area from its origins more than two thousand years ago. This book examines Oaxaca, Mexico, paying particular attention to neighborhoods, families and economic activities, and focuses on issues of poverty and inequality.

Social Inequality in a Global Age

Author: Scott Sernau
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 1412977916
Category: Social Science
Page: 359
View: 4970

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Worlds Apart: Social Inequality in a Global Age, Third Edition is intended as the primary text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students who are enrolled in Social Stratification and Inequality courses, primarily taught in Sociology departments. This book focuses primarily on social inequalities in the American context. However, a trend in this course is how the global inequalities are effecting, and affected by social stratification and inequality in America. This edition reflects that trend.

Social Inequality and Public Health

Author: Salvatore J. Babones
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781847423207
Category: Medical
Page: 243
View: 5530

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This book brings together the latest research findings from some of the most respected medical and social scientists in the world, surveying four pathways to understanding the social determinants of health.

Risky Lessons

Sex Education and Social Inequality
Author: Jessica Fields
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813544998
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 3008

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Curricula in U.S. public schools are often the focus of heated debate, and few subjects spark more controversy than sex education. While conservatives argue that sexual abstinence should be the only message, liberals counter that an approach that provides comprehensive instruction and helps young people avoid sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy is necessary. Caught in the middle are the students and teachers whose everyday experiences of sex education are seldom as clear-cut as either side of the debate suggests.Risky Lessons brings readers inside three North Carolina middle schools to show how students and teachers support and subvert the official curriculum through their questions, choices, viewpoints, and reactions. Most important, the book highlights how sex education's formal and informal lessons reflect and reinforce gender, race, and class inequalities.Ultimately critical of both conservative and liberal approaches, Fields argues for curricula that promote social and sexual justice. Sex education's aim need not be limited to reducing the risk of adolescent pregnancies, disease, and sexual activity. Rather, its lessons should help young people to recognize and contend with sexual desires, power, and inequalities.

Human Biology and Social Inequality

Author: Simon S. Strickland,Prakash S. Shetty
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521570435
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 346
View: 4309

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Measures of biological variation have long been associated with many indices of social inequality. Data on health, nutrition, fertility, mortality, physical fitness, intellectual performance and a range of heritable biological markers show the ubiquity of such patterns across time, space and population. This volume reviews the current evidence for the strength of such linkages and the biological and social mechanisms that underlie them. A major theme is the relationship between the proximate determinants of these linkages and their longer-term significance for biologically selective social mobility. This book therefore addresses the question of how social stratification mediates processes of natural selection in human groups. Data like this pose difficult and sensitive issues for health policy and developments in this area and in eugenics are reviewed for industrialised and developing countries.

Inside Toyland

Working, Shopping, and Social Inequality
Author: Christine L. Williams
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520247175
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 4364

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This is a Barbara Ehrenreich-like examination of working and shopping at two different toy stores that underlines how class and race play out in this country's shopping mall culture.

Social Inequality in Japan

Author: Sawako Shirahase
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135934207
Category: Social Science
Page: 244
View: 3019

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Japan was the first Asian country to become a mature industrial society, and throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, was viewed as an ‘all-middle-class society’. However since the 1990s there have been growing doubts as to the real degree of social equality in Japan, particularly in the context of dramatic demographic shifts as the population ages whilst fertility levels continue to fall. This book compares Japan with America, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden and Taiwan in order to determine whether inequality really is a social problem in Japan. With a focus on impact demographic shifts, Sawako Shirahase examines female labour market participation, income inequality among households with children, the state of the family, generational change, single person households and income distribution among the aged, and asks whether increasing inequality and is uniquely Japanese, or if it is a social problem common across all of the societies included in this study. Crucially, this book shows that Japan is distinctive not in terms of the degree of inequality in the society, but rather, in how acutely inequality is perceived. Further, the data shows that Japan differs from the other countries examined in terms of the gender gap in both the labour market and the family, and in inequality among single-person households – single men and women, including lifelong bachelors and spinsters – and also among single parent households, who pay a heavy price for having deviated from the expected pattern of life in Japan. Drawing on extensive empirical data, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in Japanese culture and society, Japanese studies and social policy more generally.

Social Inequality

A Student's Guide
Author: Louise Warwick-Booth
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446287254
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 256
View: 8222

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What is the state of social inequality today? How can you situate yourself in the debates? This is an essential book that not only introduces you to the key areas, definitions and debates within the field, but also gives you the opportunity to reflect upon the roots of inequality and to critically analyse power relations today. With international examples and a clear interdisciplinary approach throughout, the book encourages you to look at social inequality as a complex social phenomenon that needs to be understood in a global context. This book: Looks at social divisions across societies Explores global processes and changes that are affecting inequalities Discusses social inequality in relation to class, gender and race Examines current social policy approaches to explore how these relate to inequality Reflects upon the potential solutions to inequalities This engaging and accessible introduction to social inequality is an invaluable resource for students across the social sciences. Louise Warwick-Booth is Senior Lecturer in Health Policy at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.