Social Control and Self-Control Theories of Crime and Deviance


Author: L.Edward Wells
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351548492
Category: Social Science
Page: 550
View: 2171

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Control theories have dominated criminological theory and research since the 1969 publication of Hirschi's seminal work on the social bond. Social control and self-control theorists are unique in suggesting that patterns in criminal behaviors are better explained by variations in social constraints rather than by individual motivational impulses, thus indicating that their main concerns are the explication and clarification of the techniques, processes, and institutions of informal social control. The four major sections of this volume focus on: the similarities and differences among the major contributors to the early developmental stage of social control theory; the central importance of parents, peers, and schools in the creation of informal control mechanisms and their link to crime and delinquency; the theoretical underpinnings of self-control theory, including empirical tests and criticisms; and theoretical integrations of social control and self-control theories with various motivational theories of crime and delinquency.

Out of Control

Assessing the General Theory of Crime
Author: Erich Goode
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804758190
Category: Social Science
Page: 270
View: 789

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A supplemental textbook that examines the self-control theory of crime from a range of perspectives, both supportive and critical.

Social, Ecological and Environmental Theories of Crime


Author: JefferyT. Walker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351548387
Category: Social Science
Page: 560
View: 8640

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One of the oldest and most extensive forms of criminology falls within what is referred to, among other names, as social ecology. Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early 1900s, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood research attempting to deal with crime in deteriorating cities. Social ecology is also the basis for the research being conducted in environmental criminology. This volume offers a selection of the most influential works in social ecology and environmental criminology. It begins with research from human ecology and the Chicago School, extending through some of the research in social disorganization theory. It encompasses some of the major journal articles from the 1980s and 1990s in neighborhoods and crime, and then addresses some of the quintessential works in environmental criminology. It ends with groundbreaking work in this area that may indicate the future direction of the field. This valuable collection includes an excellent introduction by Jeff Walker.

Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories


Author: Paul Mazerolle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351569503
Category: Social Science
Page: 536
View: 9556

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The developmental and life-course perspective in criminology came to prominence during the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s a number of theories were developed to explain offending behavior over the life-course. This volume brings together theoretical statements, empirical tests and debates of these major theories within the developmental and life-course criminology perspective. In the first section of the book, original theoretical statements are provided and this is followed by a section which includes empirical tests of each of these theories conducted by researchers other than the original theorists. The final section of the book provides a summary of the major debates both within the developmental and life-course perspective and also between this perspective and others within criminology. This comprehensive volume provides an informative overview of the developmental and life-course perspective in criminology.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory


Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412959187
Category: Social Science
Page: 1176
View: 9107

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory
Author: Francis T. Cullen,John Wright,Kristie Blevins
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412809832
Category: Social Science
Page: 468
View: 5619

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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. The very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competing paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Their challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development. The volume begins with an assessment of three perspectives that have long been at the core of criminology: social learning theory, control theory, and strain theory. Drawing on these traditions, two major contemporary macro-level theories of crime have emerged and are here reviewed: institutional-anomie theory and collective efficacy theory. Critical criminology has yielded diverse contributions discussed in essays on feminist theories, radical criminology, peacemaking criminology, and the effects of racial segregation. The volume includes chapters examining Moffitt's insights on life-course persistent/adolescent-limited anti-social behavior and Sampson and Laub's life-course theory of crime. In addition, David Farrington provides a comprehensive assessment of the adequacy of the leading developmental and life-course theories of crime. Finally, Taking Stock presents essays that review the status of perspectives that have direct implications for the use of criminological knowledge to control crime. Taken together, these chapters provide a comprehensive update of the field's leading theories of crime. The volume will be of interest to criminological scholars and will be ideal for classroom use in courses reviewing contemporary theories of criminal behavior.

Social Dynamics of Crime and Control

New Theories for a World in Transition
Author: Kai-D. Bussmann,Susanne Karstedt
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841131431
Category: Law
Page: 271
View: 8572

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This book assembles essays by leading scholars in their fields of criminology and socio-legal studies. John Braithwaite, John Hagan, Jack Katz, Nicola Lacey, Michael Levi, Joan McCord, Dario Melossi, Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld explore new directions in contemporary theorising about the impact of social and cultural dynamics on crime and social control. These essays have in common that they transcend disciplinary boundaries by combining criminological and socio-legal perspectives; in so doing they bring fresh perspectives to the analysis of crime in market societies and in the global market place. The authors do not share the apocalyptic and dramatic predictions of rising crime rates, but are aware of the "double movement" of social change and the counteracting forces that emerge in its course. These essays promote an integrative perspective that bridges the gap between etiological criminology and a constructionist approach as well as between explanatory and normative theory.

The Handbook of Deviance


Author: Erich Goode
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118701429
Category: Social Science
Page: 656
View: 8379

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The Handbook of Deviance is a definitive reference for professionals, researchers, and students that provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the sociology of deviance. Composed of over 30 essays written by an international array of scholars and meticulously edited by one of the best known authorities on the study of deviance Features chapters on cutting-edge topics, such as terrorism and environmental degradation as forms of deviance Each chapter includes a critical review of what is known about the topic, the current status of the topic, and insights about the future of the topic Covers recent theoretical innovations in the field, including the distinction between positivist and constructionist perspectives on deviance, and the incorporation of physical appearance as a form of deviance

The Routledge Handbook of Deviant Behaviour


Author: Clifton D. Bryant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415482747
Category: Reference
Page: 618
View: 4407

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The Handbook of Deviant Behaviorpresents a comprehensive, integrative, and accessible overview of the contemporary body of knowledge in the field of social deviance in the twenty-first century. This book addresses the full range of scholarly concerns within this area – including theoretical, methodological, and substantive issues – in over seventy original entries, written by an international mix of recognized scholars. Each of these essays provides insight not only into the historical and sociological evolution of the topic addressed, but also highlights associated notable thinkers, research findings, and key published works for further reference. As a whole, this Handbook undertakes an in depth evaluation of the contemporary state of knowledge within the area of social deviance, and beyond this considers future directions and concerns that will engage scholars in the decades ahead. The inclusion of comparative and cross-cultural examples and discussions, relevant case studies and other pedagogical features make this book an invaluable learning tool for undergraduate and post graduate students in disciplines such as criminology, mental health studies, criminal theory, and contemporary sociology.

Explaining Criminals and Crime

Essays in Contemporary Criminological Theory
Author: Raymond Paternoster,Ronet Bachman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781891487323
Category: Social Science
Page: 346
View: 7612

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A collection of original essays addressing theories of criminal behavior that is written at a level appropriate for undergraduate students. This book offers section introductions that provide a historical background for each theory, key issues that the theory addresses, and a discussion of any controversies generated by the theory.

Delinquency and Crime

Current Theories
Author: J. David Hawkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521478946
Category: Social Science
Page: 330
View: 5773

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Why do youths commit crimes? Delinquency and Crime contains essays by nine leading criminologists that seek to answer this question by describing current theories of crime and the research evidence that supports them. The contributors offer perspectives on antisocial peer socialization, social development, interactional theory, behavior genetics, and community determinants. Each essay explores the practical implication of the authors' theoretical work for crime prevention and control.

The Origins of American Criminology


Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson,Andrew J. Myer,Freda Adler
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412814677
Category: Social Science
Page: 433
View: 9632

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The essays contained in this book capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives and preserves information from the generation that defined the field for the past decades that otherwise would have been lost. This history shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Its ideas were not driven primarily by data, nor were the theories invented solely as part of the scientific process. To the contrary, American criminology's great theories most often preceded the collection of data; they guided and produced empirical inquiry, not vice versa. This volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible in that diverse experiences allow individual scholars to see the world differently, and thus shape theoretical paradigms based on their own unique life stories.

Crime

Readings
Author: Robert D. Crutchfield,Charis E. Kubrin,George S. Bridges
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 141294967X
Category: Social Science
Page: 507
View: 3831

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Designed for undergraduate criminology courses, this book actively involves students in the literature of the discipline, presents the field in a format that is accessible, understandable, and enjoyable, and is edited by well-known scholars who are experienced researchers and teachers. The readings in this anthology have been very carefully edited and pruned by the Editors so that undergraduate students can easily read them without getting bogged down or confused and lost in the technical, methodological details.

Criminology and Public Policy

Putting Theory to Work
Author: Hugh Barlow,Scott H. Decker
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1439900086
Category: Law
Page: 306
View: 4131

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Examines the links between criminological theory and criminal justice policy and practice.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950325
Category: Social Science
Page: 479
View: 7026

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Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.

Urban Crime, Criminals, and Victims

The Swedish Experience in an Anglo-American Comparative Perspective
Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146139077X
Category: Psychology
Page: 271
View: 8447

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Crime is largely an urban phenomenon, but the specifically urban and area dimen sions of the social processes that are connected with crime have been seriously understated in much recent criminological work ... Such a claim could not have been made forty years ago. (Baldwin & Bottoms, 1976, p. 1). The above statement by Baldwin and Bottoms about the neglect in crimi nology of the urban dimension of crime was made in the mid-1970s. However, in the last decade there has been a significant upswing in theory and research on crime in the urban environment. Also, new areas oftheory and research into urban crime have come into focus. (For overviews see Brantingham & Brantingham, 1984; Davidson, 1981.) One very good example of the increasing interest in urban crime is the recent volume of Crime and Justice entitled "Communities and Crime" (Reiss & Tonry, 1986), in which Reiss makes a strong argument for the importance of the study of crime in urban communities and for the linking of the ecological and individual traditions in theory and research on crime. A review of the literature on crime in urban environments shows, not unexpectedly, that Anglo-American research heavily dominates the scene (Wikstrom, 1982; 1987b). Hence, much of the experience we have on urban crime is based on North American and British research and theory.

Crime and Inequality


Author: John Hagan
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804724043
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 8259

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These essays examine how and why inequality affects the patterning of crime and criminal justice. They evaluate the merits of various theoretical ideas, debates, and controversies regarding crime and inequality; document the dynamics of inequality in varied crime settings; examine methodologies used in exploring the crime-inequality relationship; and set forth new research and policy agendas for future work.

Criminological theories

traditional and non-traditional voices and themes
Author: Imogene L. Moyer
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9780803958500
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 2652

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This comprehensive textbook not only offers a detailed presentation of theoretical perspectives and theorists, but also includes a history of the social environment for each theoretical perspective and biographies of the various theorists. Unlike other comparable criminology texts, Imogene L. Moyer includes discussions of the levels of analysis and the assumptions of the theorists regarding society and people. In addition to covering the traditional theories, the book features currently developing feminist and peacemaking theories, as well as theories from people of color. Exerts from the original sources are frequently incorporated into the chapters. The text features flow charts, photographs, inset biographical sketches, and disc

Crime and Family

Selected Essays of Joan McCord
Author: Joan McCord
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781592135585
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 5940

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Seminal essays by a pioneering criminologist, collected for the first time