Social Control

An Introduction
Author: James J. Chriss
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9780745638584
Category: Law
Page: 230
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James J. Chriss carefully guides readers through the debates about social control. The book provides a comprehensive guide to historical debates and more recent controversies, examining in detail the criminal justice system, medicine, everyday life and national security.

Crime and Social Control

An Introduction
Author: Robert Douglas White,Santina Perrone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 274
View: 1730

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Crime and offending behaviour are major issues in society today. The ways in which society responds to crime are likewise a matter of constant public debate. Crime and Social Control introduces the key players in the criminal justice system, shows how state agencies and social institutions respond to (and create) offensive behaviour, surveys the strengths and weaknesses of existing forms and methods of crime control, and describes the development of general theories and practices of criminal justice. The book examines five broad areas of topical concern and interest - policing, courts and sentencing, punishment and prisons, diversion and community-based schemes, and victim services. Each of these areas has been marked by divergent opinion and much public controversy. The book provides an overview of the people and issues associated with each specific form of intervention and practice. In each case, the descriptions of actual processes and agencies are placed in the context of particular criminological perspectives and critiques. One of the messages of the book is that implicit within each institutional sphere are various, often competing, approaches to crime control. A major underlying concern of the book is to expose the politics of social control as this relates to both the formal institutions of criminal justice, and community-based institutions and agencies. Crime and Social Control provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the majorinstitutions and central issues of criminal justice in Australia today. It will be of special interest to criminology, sociology and law students.

Social Control, An Introduction

Sociology, Sociology
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1490260986
Category: Education
Page: 65
View: 3134

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Social Control, An Introduction. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Crimes, courts, and corrections

an introduction to crime and social control in Canada
Author: Augustine Brannigan
Publisher: Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 274
View: 6620

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Social Control in Europe: 1500-1800


Author: Herman Roodenburg
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814209688
Category: Social Science
Page: 826
View: 4081

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This first volume of a two-volume collection of essays provides a comprehensive examination of the idea of social control in the history of Europe. The uniqueness of these volumes lies in two main areas. First, the contributors compare methods of social control on many levels, from police to shaming, church to guilds. Second, they look at these formal and informal institutions as two-way processes. Unlike many studies of social control in the past, the scholars here examine how individuals and groups that are being controlled necessarily participate in and shape the manner in which they are regulated. Hardly passive victims of discipline and control, these folks instead claimed agency in that process, accepting and resisting -- and thus molding -- the controls under which they functioned. The essays in this volume focus on the interplay of ecclesiastical institutions and the emerging states, examining discipline from a bottom-up perspective. Book jacket.

Social Control

A Survey of the Foundations of Order
Author: Edward Alsworth Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351490443
Category: Psychology
Page: 488
View: 2055

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Social Control falls within social psychology, which is the branch of knowledge that deals with the psychic interplay between man and his environment. In Ross' terms, one of these branches, social ascendency, deals with the domination of society over the individual. Another, individual ascendency, embraces such topics as invention, leadership, the role of great men, and deals with the domination of the individual over society.Social ascendency is divided into social infl uence-- mob mind, fashion, convention, custom, public opinion, and the like--and social control. Th e former is occupied with social domination that is without intention or purpose. The latter is concerned with social domination that is intended and that fulfi ls a function in the life of society. At the start of the twentieth century this work played an important role in the origination of social psychology as a distinct field.Ross sought to determine how far the order we see about us is due to infl uences that reach men and women without social intervention. Investigation shows that the personality freely unfolds under conditions of healthy fellowship and may arrive at goodness on its own, and that order is explained partly by this streak in human nature and partly by the infl uence of social surroundings. Ross' book separates the individual's contribution to social order from that of society, and, brings to light everything that is considered in the social contribution of the individual. Th is classic volume is an important contribution to the history of ideas.

Social Policy: An Introduction

An Introduction
Author: Blakemore, Ken,Warwick-Booth, Louise
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335246621
Category: Education
Page: 376
View: 3694

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What are social policies? How are social policies created and implemented? Why do certain policies exist? The fourth edition of this highly respected textbook provides a clear andengaging introduction to social policy. The book has been thoroughly updated to include: Changes in social policy introduced by the Coalition government Incorporation of an international perspective throughout, as well as anew chapter: The global social policy environment Updated pedagogy to stimulate thought and learning Comprehensive glossary Social Policy is essential reading for students beginning or building on theirstudy of social policy or welfare. The wide-ranging coverage of topics meansthat the book holds broad appeal for a number of subject areas includinghealth, social policy, criminology, education, social work and sociology. "This textbook has always been a useful teaching resource because it combines substantial and engaging analysis with 'stand alone' extracts. The new edition adds a chapter on global social policy, updates on the Coalition Government and guides to what is in the book. The added activities are well thought out and can be adapted or expanded to suit the needs of particular students." Hedley Bashforth, Teaching Fellow in Social Policy, University of Bath, UK "Social Policy: An Introduction, now in its fourth edition and eleventh year, will remain a core social policy text on reading lists across the country due to its well written and comprehensive nature. Completely revised, it has been updated and extended to reflect contemporary developments in social policy, including the policy implications of the Coalition Government, and now includes a chapter on global social policy environments reflecting the continued internationalisation of social policy debates. Updated pedagogical features, which include activities for the reader, learning outcomes at the start of each chapter and detailed case studies throughout, enhance this thought-provoking and stimulating text." Dr Liam Foster, University of Sheffield, UK "This book provides, as it states, an introduction to the field and does so by adopting a highly attractive pedagogic style that evidences, at every turn, a sensitivity to the approaches to learning of contemporary students. Although it is tailored to meet the needs of primarily first year specialist students, it is equally suitable for those on other programmes who are taking an option in social policy. Because the book anticipates theoretical issues and debates and students will confront as they progress to a more advanced level, it will also retain value as be a longer-term reference resource. I will certainly be citing it on a second year core course I teach. It is immediately clear that a great deal of thought has been invested into designing this book. What Blakemore and Warwick-Booth have produced is a clearly laid out and well-structured analysis of impressive breadth that is a readily accessible learning instrument both for student and teacher. Importantly, it provides numerous opportunities to experiment with new ways of approaching the teaching of the subject. Each chapter sets out clearly expressed learning outcomes with a fair balance of theoretical and empirical concerns. Visual displays in box material, graphs and flow charts provides a most effective means for absorbing the large amount of ground covered. There is good incorporation of statistical material and up to date policy developments. Students are also encouraged to exploit useful links to internet and other media sites. Particularly attractive from a teaching point of view are the range of tasks set for the students which are aimed clearly at rapid capacity building. Chapters end by listing the key terms and concepts addressed to aid revision of material. This is repeated in the glossary at the end of the book. Most of the materials are derived from the British context, but there is also a secondary focus on EU member states and beyond, as well as a good chapter on global social policy." Steen Mangen, Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law 1997


Author: Martti Koskenniemi,Kari Takamaa
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041111302
Category: Law
Page: 528
View: 6035

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Despite its Finnish initiative and pedigrees, "The Finnish Yearbook of International Law" does not restrict itself to purely 'Finnish' topics. On the contrary, it reflects the many connections in law between the national and the international. "The Finnish Yearbook of International Law" annually publishes, in both English and French, articles of high quality dealing with all aspects of international law, including international law aspects of European law, with close attention to developments that affect Finland. Its offerings include: - longer articles of a theoretical nature, exploring new avenues and approaches; - shorter polemics; - commentaries on current international law developments; - book reviews; and - documentation of relevance to Finland's foreign relations not easily available elsewhere. "The Finnish Yearbook" offers a fertile ground for the expression of and reflection on the connections between Finnish law and international law as a whole and insight into the richness of this interaction.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 6048

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

An Introduction to the Sociology of Health and Illness


Author: Kevin White
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761964001
Category: Social Science
Page: 196
View: 8700

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The main purpose of this book is to demonstrate that disease is socially produced and distributed. Becoming sick and unhealthy is not the result of individual misfortune or an accident of nature. It is a consequence of the social, political and economic organization of society. In developing this thesis, the author systematically introduces students to the major sociological explanations of the role and functions of medical explanations of disease. The book situates the student securely in the literature and provides a guide to the strengths and weaknesses of the major sociological approaches. It draws out the essential features of the major sociological contributions and elucidates how an appreciation of the dynamics of class, gender, ethnicity and the sociology of knowledge challenges medical power.

An Introduction to Sociology


Author: J. E. Goldthorpe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521287791
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 8515

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The third edition of An Introduction to Sociology, with major revisions to the text.

An Introduction to Critical Criminology


Author: Pamela Ugwudike
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447309421
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 1508

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An Introduction to Critical Criminology offers an accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology which introduces students to theories and perspectives about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system.

An Introduction to Catholic Social Thought


Author: Michael P. Hornsby-Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460668
Category: Religion
Page: N.A
View: 6465

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Michael Hornsby-Smith offers an overview of Catholic social thought particularly in recent decades. While drawing on official teaching such as papal encyclicals and the pastoral letters of bishops' conferences, he takes seriously the need for dialogue with secular thought. The 2006 book is organized in four stages. Part I outlines the variety of domestic and international injustices and seeks to offer a social analysis of the causes of these injustices. Part II offers a theological reflection on the characteristics of the kingdom of God which Christians are urged to seek. Part III reviews Catholic social thought in six main areas: human rights, the family and bioethical issues, economic life, social exclusion, authentic development, and war and peace. Part IV completes the cycle with a consideration of appropriate social action responses to the injustices which the author has identified and analysed.

An Introduction to Sociology

Feminist Perspectives
Author: Pamela Abbott,Melissa Tyler,Claire Wallace
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134382448
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 5351

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This third edition of this best-selling book confirms the ongoing centrality of feminist perspectives and research to the sociological enterprise, and introduces students to the wide range of feminist contributions in key areas of sociological concern. Completely revised, this edition includes: new chapters on sexuality and the media additional material on race and ethnicity, disability and the body many new international and comparative examples the influence of theories of globalization and post-colonial studies. In addition, the theoretical elements have also been fully rethought in light of recent developments in social theory. Written by three experienced teachers and examiners, this book gives students of sociology and women's studies an accessible overview of the feminist contribution to all the key areas of sociological concern.

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics


Author: Ronald Wardhaugh,Janet M. Fuller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118732405
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 448
View: 969

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Thoroughly updated and revised, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition presents a comprehensive and fully updated introduction to the study of the relationship between language and society. Building on Ronald Wardhaugh's classic text, co-author Janet Fuller has updated this seventh edition throughout with new discussions exploring language and communities, language and interaction, and sociolinguistic variation, as well as incorporating numerous new exercises and research ideas for today's students. Taking account of new research from the field, the book explores exciting new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology, and includes new chapters on pragmatics, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics and education. With an emphasis on using examples from languages and cultures around the world, chapters address topics including social and regional dialects, multilingualism, discourse and pragmatics, variation, language in education, and language policy and planning. A new companion website including a wealth of additional online material, as well as a glossary and a variety of new exercises and examples, helps further illuminate the ideas presented in the text. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition continues to be the most indispensable and accessible introduction to the field of sociolinguistics for students in applied and theoretical linguistics, education, and anthropology.

Influencing Attitudes and Changing Behavior

An Introduction to Method, Theory, and Applications of Social Control and Personal Power
Author: Philip G. Zimbardo,Ebbe E. Ebbesen,Ebbe B. Ebbesen,Christina Maslach
Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Attitude change
Page: 271
View: 407

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An Introduction to Sociology


Author: Ken Browne
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745632580
Category: Social Science
Page: 470
View: 6341

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Thoroughly revised and fully updated, An Introduction to Sociology gives concise yet comprehensive coverage of all the topics specified by the GCSE examining boards. The second edition was described by the AQA′s Chief Examiner for GCSE Sociology as establishing ′the standard for textbooks at this level′ – this new edition builds on the book′s existing achievements. New material is found throughout the book, including substantive new sections on gender, identity, citizenship, education, new social movements, poverty and the welfare state, religion, the mass media, work and leisure, and population. The book has been carefully designed to support and extend students′ learning. Each chapter begins with a summary of the key issues to be covered, and goes on to highlight important terms, which are then explained in a clear glossary. Summaries at the end of each chapter, a lively range of new activities and discussion points, the use of websites, as well as helpful suggestions for coursework, all add to the book′s value as a learning and teaching resource. Student–friendly cartoons, tables, diagrams, and photographs – and the re–designed internal lay–out – also enliven the text, making sociology seem exciting and relevant to students of all interests and abilities. The new edition of this highly successful textbook will prove invaluable to anyone taking an introductory sociology course, especially at GCSE and related levels. Students taking AS and A–level – as well as Access, nursing, and health and social care courses – will also find the book provides an easy and fun introduction to studying sociology.