Showdown at Gucci Gulch

Author: Alan Murray
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307761746
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 1551

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The Tax Reform Act of 1986 was the single most sweeping change in the history of America's income tax. It was also the best political and economic story of its time. Here, in the anecdotal style of The Making of the President, two Wall Street Journal reporters provide the first complete picture of how this tax revolution went from an improbable dream to a widely hailed reality. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Shifting the Burden

The Struggle Over Growth and Corporate Taxation
Author: Cathie J. Martin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226508320
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 251
View: 1021

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Since World War II, the corporate tax burden has, overall, decreased enormously as a percentage of the government's total revenue. Until now, however, no explanation of this phenomenon has accounted for the periodic reforms—such as the dramatic 1986 Tax Reform Act—which significantly increase some corporate taxes. Remarkably accessible and rich in historical evidence, Shifting the Burden is the most compelling explanation to date of how our nation's tax policy is formulated. Cathie J. Martin shows how presidents' cultivation of allies within the business community and struggles within that community itself combine to shape tax policy.

Mr. Chairman

Power in Dan Rostenkowski's America
Author: James L. Merriner
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 9780809322800
Category: History
Page: 333
View: 6863

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A sympathetic portrait of the former House Ways and Means Committee chairman who was ousted and indicted in 1994 reveals Rostenkowski as a man who openly sought power and wealth, but who was also victimized by the system he served.

Parallel Politics

Economic Policymaking in Japan and the United States
Author: Samuel Kernell
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815717805
Category: Political Science
Page: 390
View: 8549

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While much has been written about economic competition between the United States and Japan, it is easy to lose sight of the fact that their relationship is founded essentially on each sides' domestic political concerns. Many critics have concluded that to gain a new equilibrium in relations, the two counties must develop a sophisticated appreciation of each other's political dynamics. Because budgets, taxes and macroeconomic policy are so central to activities of both governments, this book, by Japanese and American experts, focuses on the role of political institutions in formulating economic policy. Despite the differences in the two counties political systems—one-party/parliamentary versus two-party/presidential—there are striking similarities in the way politics is transacted in Japan and the United States. In particular, politicians in both countries are motivated primarily by the desire to serve local constituencies, which leads to overly parochial public policies. Combining case studies and discussions, the contributors provide an overview of the Japanese and American political systems, particularly those aspects that are most relevant to economic policymaking. In addition, they offer a comparative analysis of the politics of budgeting, tax reform, and structural policies

The Tools of Government

A Guide to the New Governance
Author: Lester M. Salamon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199881278
Category: Political Science
Page: 688
View: 2119

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The Tools of Government is the first professional guide to the principles and practices of public administration in an age when governments no longer provide many services--but arrange for others to do so. Characterized by extensive collaboration among levels of government and between government and the private sector, this new approach to solving public problems presents many new important issues. Comprehensive in scope, this new book offers a first hand look at the challenges faced by contracting out to nonprofit and profit sectors for grants, insurance, regulation, vouchers, cooperative arrangements, tax data, grants-in-aid, and others. The chapters examine over 20 different tools in use today and summarizes their basic features, patterns of usage, key tasks, political and substantive rational, and the major management challenges that each one poses. International in coverage and application, this book is ideal for students, teachers, and scholars in public administration, management, public policy, economics, political science, and nonprofit management; managers and heads of state, local, and federal agencies; executives in foundations and other nonprofit organizations; and academic, government, and research libraries.

The Benefit and The Burden

Tax Reform-Why We Need It and What It Will Take
Author: Bruce Bartlett
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451646267
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 8775

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A thoughtful and surprising argument for American tax reform, arguably the most overdue political debate facing the nation, from one of the most respected political and economic thinkers, advisers, and writers of our time. THE UNITED STATES TAX CODE HAS UNDERGONE NO SERIOUS REFORM SINCE 1986. Since then, loopholes, exemptions, credits, and deductions have distorted its clarity, increased its inequity, and frustrated our ability to govern ourselves. By tracing the history of our own tax system and assessing the way other countries have solved similar problems, Bruce Bartlett explores the surprising answers to all these issues, giving a sense of the tax code’s many benefits—and its inevitable burdens. From one of the most respected political and economic thinkers, advisers, and writers of our time, The Benefit and the Burden is a thoughtful and surprising argument for American tax reform.

The Classics of Interest Group Behavior

Author: Robert M. Alexander
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534643843
Category: Political Science
Page: 401
View: 6265

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An edited collection of articles on interest group behavior, this reader includes a combination of classic and contemporary readings with topics including group formation and mobilization, group behavior, and influence. An introductory chapter to the book includes a general overview and discussion of research in the area of Interest Groups and in each chapter there is a brief overview to each section, a summary chapter that discusses the future of research as well as suggestions for further reading, including internet resources.

The Lobbyists

How Influence Peddlers Work Their Way in Washington
Author: Jeffrey Birnbaum
Publisher: Three Rivers Press
ISBN: 0804152306
Category: Political Science
Page: 334
View: 8701

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Jeffrey H. Birnbaum's The Lobbyists exposes the world of Washington's most influential players -- the more than eighty thousand who descend upon our national government, informing and bartering with Congress and blocking legislation on behalf of the richest business interests in the country. This acclaimed work -- now with a new introduction that analyzes the changes in lobbying in 1990s -- provides a shocking view of how our government really works.

The Thumpin'

How Rahm Emanuel and the Democrats Learned to Be Ruthless and Ended the Republican Revolution
Author: Naftali Bendavid
Publisher: Doubleday
ISBN: 9780307491923
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9317

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In the 2006 midterm elections, the Democratic party ended twelve years of electoral humiliation by seizing back Congress and putting an end to Republican rule. The Thumpin’ is the story of that historic victory and the man at the center on whom Democratic hopes hinged: Congressman Rahm Emanuel, head of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC). Chicago Tribune reporter Naftali Bendavid had exclusive access to Emanuel and the DCCC in the year and a half leading up to the elections and ended up with the story of a lifetime, the thrilling blow-by-blow account of how Emanuel remade the campaign in his own ferocious image. Responsible for everything from handpicking Congressional candidates to raising money for attack ads, Emanuel, a talented ballet dancer better known in Washington for his extraordinary intensity and his inexhaustible torrents of profanity, threw out the playbook on the way Democrats run elections. Instead of rallying the base, Rahm sought moderate-to-conservative candidates who could attract more traditional voters. Instead of getting caught in the Democrats’ endless arguments about their positions, he went on the attack, personally vilifying Republicans from Tom DeLay to Christopher Shays. And instead of abiding by the gentlemen’s agreements of good-old-boy Washington, he broke them, attacking his counterpart in the Republican party and challenging Howard Dean, the chairman of his own party. In 2005, no one believed victory was within the Democrats’ grasp. But as the months passed, Republicans were caught in wave after wave of scandal, support for the war in Iraq steadily declined, and the president’s poll numbers plummeted. And in Emanuel, the Democrats finally had a killer, a ruthless closer like Karl Rove or Lee Atwater, poised to seize the advantage and deliver what President Bush would call “a thumpin.’” Taking its cues from classic political page-turners like Showdown at Gucci Gulch and documentaries like The War Room, The Thumpin’ takes us inside the key races and the national strategy-making that moved the Democrats from forecasted gains of three seats in 2005 to a sweeping gain of thirty seats when the votes were finally counted. Through this masterful account of Rahm’s rout, Bendavid shows how the lessons the Democrats learned in 2006—to fight for every vote, to abandon litmus tests, and to take no prisoners—will be crucial to the party’s future electoral success, and shape the political course the nation will take in the twenty-first century. From the Hardcover edition.

Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie

Author: Anthony Downs
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783165290523
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 303
View: 7713

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English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.

The Money Men

The Real Story of Fund-raising's Influence on Political Power in America
Author: Jeffrey H. Birnbaum
Publisher: Times Books
Category: Political Science
Page: 287
View: 5828

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A revealing look inside the workings of power in American government focuses on the new deal brokers--the people who raise campaign money and the contributors who expect access and even favors in return for their support. 25,000 first printing.

Geheimakte 16

Author: Steve Berry
Publisher: Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag
ISBN: 364120805X
Category: Fiction
Page: 544
View: 7658

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Eine Enthüllung, die die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika in den Ruin treiben könnte. Und nur 24 Stunden Zeit, um sie zu verhindern ... Cotton Malone hat sich aus dem aktiven Geheimagentenleben zurückgezogen. Doch dann bittet ihn seine ehemalige Chefin, einen Mann aufzuspüren, der in den Besitz hochbrisanter Geheimakten des amerikanischen Finanzministeriums gekommen ist. In den falschen Händen könnten diese Unterlagen die Vereinigten Staaten in die Knie zwingen. Die Spur führt von Venedigs Kanälen bis nach Nordkorea. Eine nervenzerfetzende Jagd beginnt, denn Malone bleibt nur ein Tag Zeit, um die Katastrophe zu verhindern ...

The Wealth of Choices

Use the New Economy to Put Power in Your Hands and Money in Your Pockets
Author: Alan Murray
Publisher: Crown Business
ISBN: 0676806600
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 4485

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The world has been turned upside down. The economy is unpredictable. And it’s time for you to take control. There’s no better guide to being a savvy buyer and a smart investor than Alan Murray, the Washington bureau chief of The Wall Street Journal. A clear and confident voice in times of chaotic change, Murray combines the big picture and street-smart tactics that will help you profit and live well. He begins with a perceptive overview of a rapidly changing economy, pointing out that even with the stock market zigging and zagging, the American economy is opening up more and more power to the individual consumer and investor. There is indeed a wealth of choices. Alan Murray doesn’t just talk about the new economic landscape—he shows you how to live in it. Health care: The most potentially traumatic change will be in the relationship between you and your doctor. Murray explains what you need to know to be an effective consumer. Education: The price of a good education has gone sky high. But your mind is your most important investment. Murray shows how to cut costs and cut deals that will help you grow. Your job: The revolution in the workplace means that you have to think of yourself as a brand. Murray shows you how to compete and excel. Investing: “Professional money manager” is an oxymoron. Money managers don’t know much more than you do. Murray provides easy-to-use rules that will let you get great returns on your own. Retirement: Old age isn’t what it used to be. Murray explains why the traditional three-legged stool (social security, private pension, personal saving) is rickety—and what to do about it. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Turncoat

Author: Alan Murray
Publisher: Cargo Publishing
ISBN: 1911332031
Category: Fiction
Page: 272
View: 7445

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Beneath the rubble of war lies a terrible truth In 1941, over two nights, the Luftwaffe attacked the town of Clydebank, resulting in over 500 deaths, 600 seriously injured and 48,000 left homeless. Danny Inglis and George Maclean, officers in Military Intelligence, have the unenviable task of rooting out those German informants believed to be responsible for directing the assault. By chance a random arrest may have identified a prime suspect but the man concerned is found dead before he can be questioned. What has the killing to do with the IRA and could the outrageous claims of the German pilot who just crash landed in the Scottish countryside possibly be true? In a world where nothing is as it seems, Inglis and Maclean battle through the fog of war to uncover a brutal conspiracy at the heart of the countryís fight against the Nazis. With the freedom of the world at risk, the stakes could not be higher. Here, mixing fact and fiction, Alan Murray delivers a brilliant historical conspiracy thriller, with all the pace of Robert Harris and the authenticity of Gordon Ferris. 'Shades of John Buchan and Erskine Childers in this deft and stirring wartime thriller. Vivid, pacy, powerfully authentic...' Liam McIlvanney, author of Where the Dead Men Go 'Historical crime fiction, arguably the literature's most important sub-genre in our increasingly anti-intellectual age, does not have a strong tradition in Scotland, where contemporary whodunnits and howcatchems have long dominated the bestseller charts. Yet if Alan Murray's new novel - a WW2 thriller full of explosive drama and down-and-dirty historical detail - is as influential as it is intelligent and intriguing, The Turncoat may soon make a name for itself as a turning point in the history of Tartan Noir." Len Wanner, author of Tartan Noir

Applications of Neural Networks

Author: Alan Murray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475723792
Category: Science
Page: 322
View: 7080

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Applications of Neural Networks gives a detailed description of 13 practical applications of neural networks, selected because the tasks performed by the neural networks are real and significant. The contributions are from leading researchers in neural networks and, as a whole, provide a balanced coverage across a range of application areas and algorithms. The book is divided into three sections. Section A is an introduction to neural networks for nonspecialists. Section B looks at examples of applications using `Supervised Training'. Section C presents a number of examples of `Unsupervised Training'. For neural network enthusiasts and interested, open-minded sceptics. The book leads the latter through the fundamentals into a convincing and varied series of neural success stories -- described carefully and honestly without over-claiming. Applications of Neural Networks is essential reading for all researchers and designers who are tasked with using neural networks in real life applications.

Analyzing Intercultural Communication

Author: Karlfried Knapp,Werner Enninger,Annelie Knapp-Potthoff
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110874288
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 327
View: 2761

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Die Autobiografie von Gucci Mane

Author: Neil Martinez-Belkin
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956142810
Category: Music
Page: 300
View: 4905

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Die lang erwartete Autobiografie von Gucci Mane, einem der erfolgreichsten und beliebtesten Hiphop- Künstler. Radric Delantic Davis, besser bekannt als Gucci Mane, ist einer der erfolgreichsten und kontroversesten Rapper der letzten Jahre. Seine einflussreichen Mixtapes und Straßenhits haben den Weg von Trap geebnet und eine ganze Generation von Künstlern wie Migos, Young Thug, Nicki Minaj, Zaytoven und Mike WiLL Made it maßgeblich beeinflusst. Die Kooperationen mit u.a. Selena Gomez, Mariah Carey, Rae Sremmurd, Kendrick Lamar und The Weekend haben wesentlich dazu beigetragen, Trap- Musik im Popgeschäft zu etablieren. Kurz: Gucci Manes Musik hat HipHop entscheidend geprägt. In seiner Autobiografie nimmt Gucci Mane uns mit zu seinen Wurzeln im ländlichen Alabama, auf die Straßen von East Atlanta, wo er aufwuchs, in Drogenküchen und Crackhäuser und in das Studio, in dem er seine Stimme als Rapper gefunden hat. Er reflektiert seine einzigartige Karriere, konfrontiert sich mit den Dämonen seiner Vergangenheit – der Mordanklage, den Jahren hinter Gittern, der Sucht – und erzählt uns die ganze Geschichte der Entstehung des Trap God. Eine der größten Comebackstories der Musikgeschichte und schon jetzt ein Klassiker.

Die Tragödie des Euro

Ein System zerstört sich selbst
Author: Philipp Bagus
Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
ISBN: 3862483290
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 205
View: 5257

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DAS ENDE DES EURO? Das Projekt Euro steht kurz vor dem Scheitern. Philipp Bagus, Professor für Volkswirtschaft und Experte für Geld- und Konjunkturtheorie, belegt, dass diese Entwicklung eine fast schon logische Folge des intrigenreichen Ursprungs des Euro, seines selbstzerstörerisch angelegten Systems und politischer Einzelinteressen ist. So war es beispielsweise schon bei der Gründung ein vorrangiges Ziel der französischen Politklasse, sich der DM und der »Tyrannei der deutschen Bundesbank« zu entledigen. Die einzelnen Regierungen können sich zudem relativ unkontrolliert des Zentralbankensystems bedienen, um ihre Defizite zu finanzieren. Das Ganze ähnelt einer Notenpresse, aus der sich verschiedene Eigentümer nach Bedarf eindecken. Die Folgen sind die Schuldenkrise, monetäre Umverteilung und die Gefahren einer Transferunion – nicht zuletzt zu Lasten der Deutschen. Die gemeinsame Währung wird somit selbst zum Konflikterzeuger und potenziellen Zerstörer Europas. Der Autor stellt schlüssig dar, welche Auswege und Alternativen den Euro-Ländern noch bleiben.