Short-Term Memory Difficulties in Children

A Practical Resource
Author: Joanne Rudland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351701088
Category: Education
Page: 144
View: 1201

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Children who have low self-confidence; a negative attitude towards school; score below average on assessments of language comprehension; and have an erratic pattern of errors with no specific linguistic weaknesses on assessments of comprehension, may be suffering from short-term memory difficulties. Written by a practising speech language therapist, this book provides a structured yet flexible approach to addressing the needs of children with short-term memory difficulties. "Short-term memory therapy can be of great benefit with very positive results. "Memory therapy can have a direct and positive impact on a child's receptive language skills, self-confidence and ability to learn. "This practical resource provides a complete programme of ideas for developing a child's short-term memory skills. "The programme can be administered in its entirety, or as an accompaniment to clinician's existing packages of care and is best suited to individual intervention. "The book provides a structured programme for individual therapy, although activities may be adapted for group therapy. "Containing photocopiable activity sheets and supporting material, ideal for use with 7 to 11 year-olds, the book also includes child-friendly recording forms and progress charts. Although written primarily for speech language therapists, this book will prove useful in teaching and practising memory strategies for learning support assistants, teachers, educational psychologists and anyone working with school-aged children. "Anyone working with school-aged children would find the contents of the book useful." Child Language Teaching and Therapy

Improving Working Memory

Supporting Students' Learning
Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446259788
Category: Education
Page: 136
View: 7060

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Your working memory is the information your brain stores for a short period of time, it is your brain's 'post-it note' if you like, and how much information you can remember has a huge influence on how well you do at school, and beyond. By understanding a child's working memory, you will be able to support his/her learning and concentration at school, and their concentration. Better working memory can be particularly useful to children with conditions where poor working memory is thought to be an underlying factor. Such conditions include: - dyslexia - dyscalculia - speech and language difficulties - developmental co-ordination disorders (motor dyspraxia) - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - autistic spectrum disorders. This book explains how to spot problems early and how to work with children to improve their working memory, therefore increasing their chances of success in the classroom. It also explains the theory behind working memory. Underpinned by rigorous research and written in a highly accessible style, this book will appeal to practitioners, parents and students as an essential guide to helping their students fulfil their maximum potential.

The Development of Working Memory in Children


Author: Lucy Henry
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446291057
Category: Psychology
Page: 384
View: 9309

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Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Using the highly influential working memory framework as a guide, this textbook provides a clear comparison of the memory development of typically developing children with that of atypical children. The emphasis on explaining methodology throughout the book gives students a real understanding about the way experiments are carried out and how to critically evaluate experimental research. The first half of the book describes the working memory model and goes on to consider working memory development in typically developing children. The second half of the book considers working memory development in several different types of atypical populations who have intellectual disabilities and/or developmental disorders. In addition, the book considers how having a developmental disorder and/or intellectual disabilities may have separate or combined effects on the development of working memory. The Development of Working Memory in Children is for undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in development/child psychology, cognitive development and developmental disorders.

Working Memory and Learning

A Practical Guide for Teachers
Author: Susan Gathercole,Tracy Packiam Alloway
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446200388
Category: Education
Page: 144
View: 2098

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Dr Tracy Alloway has been awarded the prestigious Joseph Lister Award from the British Science Association. 'The authors have written a guide for practitioners that is both highly practical, and yet based upon sound theoretical principles....This book achieves a successful, yet often elusive, link between theory, research and practice, and deserves to have a high readership. I will have no hesitation in recommending it to a range of readers' - Jane Mott, Support for Learning 'This book fulfils its aim to explain working memory and the limits it places on children's classroom learning. For teachers it gives a very clear guide and fills a gap in understanding that can only lead to more child-centred approaches to teaching and learning' - Lynn Ambler, Support for Learning 'A clear and accessible account of current theory and research, which is then applied to children's learning in the classroom....The range of strategies...are well grounded in theory derived from research and sit within a coherent conceptual model' - The Psychologist 'An easy to read yet informative book that explains the concepts clearly and offers practitioners ways to support those with poor working memory in the classroom' - SNIP `The topic of working memory nowadays tends to dominate discussions with teachers and parents, and both groups can helpfully be directed to this easy-to-read but serious text ... (it) is likely to prove a turning-point in the management and facilitation of hard-to-teach children. In a situation muddied by ever-multiplying syndromes and disorders, this book delivers a clarifying and reassuring isolation of the major cognitive characteristic that cuts across all the boundaries and leaves the class teacher and SENCO empowered. I think very highly of the book and shall be recommending it steadily' - Martin Turner, Child Center for Evaluation and Teaching, Kuwait Susan Gathercole is winner of the British Psychological Society's President's Award for 2007 A good working memory is crucial to becoming a successful learner, yet there is very little material available in an easy-to-use format that explains the concept and offers practitioners ways to support children with poor working memory in the classroom. This book provides a coherent overview of the role played by working memory in learning during the school years, and uses theory to inform good practice. Topics covered include: - the link between working memory skills and key areas of learning (such as literacy & numeracy) - the relationship between working memory and children with developmental disorders - assessment of children for working memory deficits - strategies for supporting working memory in under-performing children This accessible guide will help SENCOs, teachers, teaching assistants, speech and language therapists and educational psychologists to understand and address working memory in their setting.

Auditory Memory Skills


Author: Mark Hill,Katy Hill
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781855034402
Category: Auditory perception in children
Page: 48
View: 3065

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Auditory Memory Skills enables children to improve their auditory recall ability in a focused, innovative and enjoyable way. The book starts by exploring recall of sounds, numbers and objects before moving on to elements of objects such as colour and shape. Next, children focus on memory forletter strings, digits and words, with the final sections designed to practise remembering sentences, instructions and narratives.

Working Memory and Neurodevelopmental Disorders


Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway,Susan E. Gathercole
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 113542134X
Category: Psychology
Page: 320
View: 1232

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Short-term or working memory - the capacity to hold and manipulate information mentally over brief periods of time - plays an important role in supporting a wide range of everyday activities, particularly in childhood. Children with weak working memory skills often struggle in key areas of learning and, given its impact on cognitive abilities, the identification of working memory impairments is a priority for those who work with children with learning disabilities. Working Memory and Neurodevelopmental Disorders supports clinical assessment and management of working memory deficits by summarising the current theoretical understanding and methods of assessment of working memory. It outlines the working memory profiles of individuals with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders (including Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, and ADHD), and identifies useful means of alleviating the anticipated learning difficulties of children with deficits of working memory. This comprehensive and informative text will appeal to academics and researchers in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and developmental psychology, and will be useful reading for students in these areas. Educational psychologists will also find this a useful text, as it covers the role of working memory in learning difficulties specific to the classroom.

Understanding Working Memory


Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway,Ross G. Alloway
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473909295
Category: Education
Page: 168
View: 2556

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It is hard to conceive of a classroom activity that does not involve working memory – our ability to work with information. In fact, it would be impossible for students to learn without working memory. From following instructions to reading a sentence, from sounding out an unfamiliar word to calculating a math problem, nearly everything a student does in the classroom requires working with information. Even when a student is asked to do something simple, like take out their science book and open it to page 289, they have to use their working memory. Most children have a working memory that is strong enough to quickly find the book and open to the correct page, but some don’t – approximately 10% in any classroom. A student who loses focus and often daydreams may fall in this 10%. A student who isn’t living up to their potential may fall in this 10%. A student who may seem unmotivated may fall in this 10%. In the past, many of these students would have languished at the bottom of the class, because their problems seemed insurmountable and a standard remedy like extra tuition didn’t solve them. But emerging evidence shows that many of these children can improve their performance by focusing on their working memory. Working memory is a foundational skill in the classroom and when properly supported it can often turn around a struggling student’s prospects. This book will make sure you are able to spot problems early, work with children to improve their working memory and ensure they reach their full potential. How does the book work? Each of the following chapters includes a description of the learning difficulty (WHAT), followed by an inside look into the brain of a student with the disorder (WHERE), their unique working memory profile (WHY), and classroom strategies to support working memory (HOW). There are two types of strategies: general working memory strategies that can be applied to all students in your class, and specific working memory strategies for each learning difficulty. The final chapter (Chapter 9) provides the student with tools to empower them along their learning journey. The aim in supporting students with learning difficulties is not just to help them survive in the classroom, but to thrive as well. The strategies in the book can provide scaffolding and support that will unlock their working memory potential to boost learning. They are designed to be easily integrated within the classroom setting as a dimension of an inclusive curriculum and used in developing an individualized education program (IEP) for the student. The strategies recommended here can also complement existing programs that support a core deficit, such as a social skills program for a student with autistic spectrum disorder, or behavior modification for those with ADHD. Each chapter also includes: Try It box: Provides the reader with an opportunity to have a hands-on understanding of the material Science Flash box: Gives the reader a snapshot of current and interesting research related to each chapter Current Debate box: Discusses a controversial issue pertaining to the disorder What's new to this edition? Watch this video Tracy Packiam Alloway is an award-winning psychologist based at the University of North Florida Ross Alloway is the CEO of Memosyne Ltd, a company that brings cutting-edge scientific research to parents.

Reading Between the Lines

Understanding Inference
Author: Catherine Delamain,Jill Spring
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351705903
Category: Medical
Page: 154
View: 4412

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Suitable for teachers and speech and language therapists working in the fields of language and literacy, and concerned with developing inferencing skills in their students, this book contains a collection of 300 texts which are graded, and lead the student gradually from simple tasks.

Working Memory and Education


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080454860
Category: Psychology
Page: 344
View: 3943

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Psychologists have been trying to understand the factors that underpin children's success and failure in different educational domains for many years. One psychological function that has been found to play an important role in educational achievement is 'working memory', the processes involved in the temporary maintenance and manipulation of information. This book provides the reader with an up-to-date review of the research that has identified how working memory relates to academic attainment in: reading, reading comprehension, arithmetic and writing, as well as looking at how children with difficulties relating to hearing impairment and attention deficits differ in terms of their working memory. Other chapters focus on how working memory is called upon in classroom settings, how working memory can be assessed, and approaches to remediation. The opening chapter of the book provides an account of working memory from the architect of the model that has dominated psychological theory for over two decades. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists, educationalists, and anyone seeking to understand more about the cognitive basis of educational achievement in children. * It brings together in one volume information that would normally be found in different sources * It brings together two disciplines that are highly relevant to one another (psychology and education) but not often linked directly * Provides psychologists with a perspective on educational practice * Provides educationalists with a well-established psychological framework for viewing educational phenomena * It provides information about up-to-date research techniques * It provides suggestions on how psychological theory can be translated into practice in educational settings

Language for Thinking


Author: Stephen Parsons,Anna Branagan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351703722
Category: Education
Page: 194
View: 1356

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This photocopiable resource provides a clear structure to assist teachers, SENCOs, learning support assistants and speech language therapists in developing children's language from the concrete to the abstract. It is based on fifty picture and verbal scenarios that can be used flexibly with a wide range of ages and abilities. Quick, practical and easy to use in the classroom, this programme can be used with individual children, in small groups or can form the basis of a literacy lesson or speech language therapy session. Features: question sheets are carefully structured to promote children's development of inference, verbal reasoning and thinking skills; the three parallel assessments of spoken and written language can be used to assess each child's starting level and then to monitor progress; score forms and worksheets for each lesson are included. The book is particularly useful for children who are recognised as having delayed language skills, specific language impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder (including Asperger's Syndrome), pragmatic language impairment or moderate learning difficulties. The 2nd Edition is now in full colour throughout and has been updated with a simplified introduction. All illustrations and worksheets will now be available online. Features: full colour throughout; new and revised illustrations; simplified introduction; online resources; illustrations and worksheets.

Feeding and Swallowing Disorders in Dementia


Author: Jacqueline Kindell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351693387
Category: Medical
Page: 136
View: 1394

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This informative manual draws on expert research to highlight the feeding and swallowing difficulties that can occur with dementia. It is also a practical guide that offers potential strategies to manage these problems. Professionals are encouraged to focus on the needs of the individual by providing practical questions that should be asked when making an assessment. This is achieved through a step-by-step process, which allows a worker to observe, document and manage feeding and swallowing difficulties. Forms, schedules and checklists that can be photocopied are provided to aid in implementation. This is a detailed, practical resource which offers support and direction for speech and language therapists, and others with an interest in swallowing problems, working with people with dementia. It includes case studies to illustrate theory in practice, as well as a wide ranging bibliography.

Working Memory Activities


Author: David John Newman
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781492912682
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 186
View: 6194

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This Working Memory Activities book features a variety of highly engaging and inventive exercises that will help to improve your students' memory abilities. To be efficient learners, children need to hold information in their memory just long enough to sort and manipulate it. Children with poor working memory skills may struggle to hold onto, and effectively 'work', newly learnt information so that it ultimately fails to be retained. In the classroom, this difficulty may present as students missing out on vitally important verbal informationand struggling to sequence newly learnt material in a meaningful way. The activities and instructions in the workbook have been designed so that students are encouraged to listen and attend to a specific sequence of instructions. Each sequence needs to be held in the students' memory systems long enough to manipulate the information so that they can successfully complete each individual exercise. The workbook has seven sections for your students to practice their memory skills. Each section has a series of activities that are graded from entry to intermediate to advanced. Importantly, each section has a record sheet to chart student progress as they work throughthe activities. The Working Memory Activities book was formed from games and strategies that the author has developed over the last several years to engage children when working on their memory and thinking skills. This 178 page resource will be of high interest to classroom teachers, speech-language pathologists and parents of children with language and literacy difficulties.

The Brain Injury Workbook

Exercises for Cognitive Rehabilitation
Author: Trevor Powell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351699237
Category: Medical
Page: 256
View: 9738

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Evolved from working with head injured groups at Headway and those attempting to return to work, this is a rich, comprehensive and photocopiable workbook for professionals, carers and clients. It contains over 140 cognitive rehabilitation exercises - tailored for memory, thinking skills, executive functions, awareness and insight, and emotional adjustment. It provides more than 40 information sheets on key problem areas, with questions for the reader, designed to educate and stimulate thinking and discussion. It is suitable for both individuals and groups. It includes questionnaires for clients to complete with or without help and quizzes to evaluate and encourage information retention. Primarily for professionals where exercises or handout sheets can be photocopied and used therapeutically, The Brain Injury Workbook can also be used by carers or family members to provide stimulating activities for a head-injured person. In addition, the head-injured person themselves can work through the book on their own.

Optimizing Cognitive Rehabilitation

Effective Instructional Methods
Author: McKay Moore Sohlberg,Lyn S. Turkstra
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609182251
Category: Psychology
Page: 292
View: 1477

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Rehabilitation professionals face a key challenge when working with clients with acquired cognitive impairments: how to teach new skills to individuals who have difficulty learning. Unique in its focus, this book presents evidence-based instructional methods specifically designed to help this population learn more efficiently. The expert authors show how to develop, implement, and evaluate an individualized training plan. They provide practical guidelines for teaching multistep procedures, cognitive strategies, the use of external aids, and more. User-friendly features include 17 sample worksheets and forms; blank forms can be downloaded and printed in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.

Developing Memory Skills in the Primary Classroom

A complete programme for all
Author: Gill Davies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317484819
Category: Education
Page: 144
View: 3703

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How can we help children to develop their working memory? The memory demands in the classroom for children are high; they are constantly bombarded by new knowledge in multiple topic areas, given series of instructions to complete and expected to both learn and demonstrate their mastery of knowledge and skills on a daily basis. Developing Memory Skills in the Primary Classroom is a highly practical book that contains all the guidance and resources a school needs to boost their pupils’ working memory. Proven to have a positive impact on pupils, this tried and tested complete programme combines teaching pupils memory strategies with opportunities to practice those strategies within a small group, the classroom and at home. The resources provided by this book include: a variety of photocopiable games and activities extensive teaching notes a range of sample letters to parents/carers essential information sheets bespoke baseline assessment tools a detailed programme that can be run by a teaching assistant under the guidance of the SENCo. This text provides a clear link between working in the classroom and with parents in the home, making it a one-stop resource for any teacher, SENCo, teaching assistant or parent wanting to help children develop their working memory.

Word Aware 2

Teaching Vocabulary in the Early Years
Author: Stephen Parsons
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351698486
Category: Education
Page: 216
View: 5933

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This is a highly practical, comprehensive resource designed to support Early Years practitioners in the provision of effective vocabulary development in preschool children of all abilities. It is based on the same theory as the existing 'Word Aware' resource (9780863889554) but is adapted for Early Years. This rigorously tried and tested approach is an outstanding resource that will be an essential addition to any early years' setting or preschool classroom. It is also an important addition to the materials used by speech and language therapists.

Visual Memory Skills


Author: Mark Hill,Katy Hill
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781855034396
Category: Memory in children
Page: 48
View: 9495

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The book is divided into handy sections, each of which is designed to improve a different aspect of visual memory, such as remembering objects, object details and elements of objects like colour and pattern. The second part of the book explores sequential memory for objects, letters and digits; andobject details such as orientation and size.

Assessment of Learners with Dyslexic-Type Difficulties


Author: Sylvia Phillips,Kathleen Kelly,Liz Symes
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446287041
Category: Education
Page: 344
View: 9936

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This comprehensive guide enables teachers to understand a range of approaches to the assessment of children with dyslexic-type difficulties. Linking theory, research and practice, practitioners will gain critical knowledge of procedures to analyse, interpret and use in appropriate assessments which will facilitate setting targets for teaching. The book covers: - how to use both informal and formal assessment procedures - frameworks for evaluating published and teacher-made assessments - the professional development needs of any teacher involved in assessment Ideal for those training to be specialist teachers of learners with dyslexia, this text is equally useful to all teachers and SENCOS (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators) and complements the authors' book Teaching Literacy to Learners with Dyslexia to provide comprehensive guidance for assessing and teaching learners with dyslexic-type difficulties. Sylvia Phillips is an experienced Special Educational Needs educator, and currently leads Glyndwr University's specialist course for teachers of learners with dyslexia. Kath Kelly is Programme Leader for the Masters in Specific Learning Difficulties, Manchester Metropolitan University. Liz Symes is Senior Lecturer in SEN (Special Educational Needs) and Professional Studies, Manchester Metropolitan University.

Cognitive Remediation for Psychological Disorders

Therapist Guide
Author: Alice Medalia,Nadine Revheim,Tiffany Herlands
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195383710
Category: Psychology
Page: 164
View: 8020

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Individuals who suffer from chronic mental disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, often experience cognitive deficits. For example, they may have difficulty with attention, memory, processing speed, abstract reasoning, and problem solving, among others. Cognitive remediation is an evidence-based behavioral treatment for people who are experiencing cognitive impairments that interfere with daily functioning. This volume contains all the information you need to set up a cognitive remediation program or "Learning Center" where clients can strengthen their cognitive skills. The program described is a group-based treatment that provides highly individualized learning, by allowing group members to work at their own pace on cognitive tasks carefully chosen to be both engaging and remedial. The goals of the Neuropsychological and Educational Approach to Cognitive Remediation (NEAR) are to provide a positive learning experience to each and every client, to promote independent learning, and to promote optimal cognitive functioning in daily life. Clients come to the Learning Center for 60 - 90 minute sessions at least twice a week. Sessions are structured to enhance motivation and learning through a set of instructional techniques that are carefully implemented as outlined in this manual. Guidelines for effectively administering therapy and running a successful program as a cognitive remediation specialist are set forth in the chapters of this book. You will learn how to choose appropriate software, recruit clients, perform intakes and assessments, and create treatment plans. Strategies for dealing with difficult clinical situations are also provided. This guide comes complete with all the tools necessary for facilitating treatment, including program evaluation forms and client handouts. Remediation (NEAR) Model is an evidence-based approach to cognitive remediation that utilizes a set of carefully crafted instructional techniques that reflect an understanding of how people learn best. This therapist guide provides a step-by-step instruction on how to implement NEAR techniques with patients to improve their cognitive functioning and quality of life.